Skip to main content

Full text of "Albemarle County in Virginia; giving some account of what it was by nature, of what it was made by man, and of some of the men who made it"

See other formats





Cornell University Library 
F 232A3 W89 

Albemarle County in Virginia: giving som 


3 1924 028 785 703 

Cornell University 

The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



Giving some account of "wKat it was 
by nature, of wKat it "was made by 
man, and of some of the men who 
made it. 

By Rev. Edgar >Voods 


" It is a solemn and toucHin^ reflection, perpetiaall^ recurring, 
of tHe -weaKness and insignificance of man, tKat "wHile his 
^fenerations pass a-way into obli'vion, -witK all tHeir toils and 
ambitions, nat\ire Holds on. Her un:v!aryin^ course, and poxirs 
out Her streams and renevrs Her forests -witH undecayin^ 
activity, regardless of tHe fate of Her proud and perisHable 
Sovereign. ' '^Jeffrey, 

Copyrig-ht 1901 by Edgrar Woods. 

The Michie Company, Printers, 

Chariottesville, Va. 




/ r K^\ 


An examination of the records of the county for some in- 
formation, awakened curiosity in regard to its early settle- 
ment, and gradually led to a more extensive search. The 
iruits of this labor, it was thought, might be worthy of notice, 
and productive of pleasure, on a wider scale. 

There is a strong desire in most men to know who were 
their forefathers, whence they came, where they lived, and 
how they were occupied during their earthly sojourn. This 
desire is natural, apart from the requirements of business, or 
the promptings of vanity. The same inquisitiveness is felt 
in regard to places. Who first entered the farms that checker 
the surrounding landscape, cut down the forests that once 
covered it, and built the habitations scattered over its bosom? 
With the young, who are absorbed in the engagements of 
the present and the hopes of the future, this feeling may not act 
with much energy ; but as they advance in life, their thoughts 
turn back with growing persistency to the past, and they 
begin to start questions which perhaps there is no means of 
answering. How many there are who long to ascertain the 
name of some ancestor, or some family connection, but the 
only person in whose breast the coveted knowledge was 
lodged, has gone beyond the reach of all inquiry. How many 
interesting facts of personal or domestic concern could have 
been communicated by a parent or grandparent, but their 
story not being told at the opportune season, they have gone 
down irrecoverably in the gulf of oblivion. 

Public affairs are abundantly recorded. Not only are they 
set forth in the countless journals of the day, but scores of 
ready pens are waiting to embody them in, more permanent 
form in histories of our own times. Private events — those 
connected with individuals and families — are less frequently 
committed to writing. They may descend by tradition 
through one or two generations, and then perish forever 


from the memory of mankind. Some general facts may be 
found in local records ; but memorials of this kind are dry 
and monotonous in their nature, and never resorted to by 
ordinary readers. Their contents are soon lost sight of 
except by the antiquarian, or by those who are compelled 
by professional duty to unearth them from the forgotten past. 

Such considerations induced the collection of the facts 
compiled in this volume. They were taken mainly from the 
county archives ; in cases where they were derived from tradi- 
tion, or where suggestions were made from conjecture, it is 
generally so stated. Except in a few particulars, the narra- 
tive was not designed to extend to the present generation. 

Some matters that may be of interest to many, may be 
found in the appendix. To some now living in the county, 
and to others descended from those who once lived in it, the 
long list of names therein inscribed may show in some meas- 
ure how their ancestors were employed, whither their wander- 
ings led, or at what time they passed away from the present 
scene of action. 

July 1st, 1900. 


The settlement of Virginia was a slow and gradual pro- 
cess. Plantations were for the most part opened on the 
water courses, extending along the banks of the James, and 
on the shores of the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries. 
It was more than a century after the landing at Jamestown 
before white men made the passage of the Blue Ridge. As 
soon as that event was noised abroad, it was speedily fol- 
lowed up, and in the space of the next twenty years the tide 
of population had touched the interior portions of the colony, 
one stream pushing westward from the sea coast, and 
another rolling up the Shenandoah Valley from the wilds of 

Besides the restless spirit animating the first settlers, the 
occupation of the country was hastened by the rage for spec- 
ulation. The laws of the colony allotted fifty acres for 
every person transported into its territory ; and men of 
wealth, in addition to availing themselves of this provision, 
largely invested their means in the purchase of land. While 
the wilderness was thus peopled, the institutions of civil 
government did not linger far behind. As growing numbers 
reached the frontiers, and were removed a great distance 
from the seats of justice and trade, these necessities of 
civilized life were soon established. One by one, the older 
counties were cut in two, the limits of the new ones stretch- 
ing westward as far as the limits of the colony itself. Those 
recently formed were at first represented by public buildings 
made of logs, and by the scattered clearings and cabins of 
the pioneers ; but men of knowledge and experience were 
always at hand to hold the reins of government and admin- 
ister the laws. At once the courthouse was erected, and the 
power of the magistrate exerted to preserve peace and order 
in the community. 

The county of Goochland was formed in 1727, a little 
more than ten years after Gov. Spotswood's expedition to 
the Blue Ridge. The first settlements within the present 


bounds of Albemarle were made while they were still parts 
of that county and Hanover. They ascended the courses 
of the South Anna, the James, the Rivanna and the Hard- 
ware, and were met by others proceeding from the foot of 
the Blue Ridge, and planted by immigrants who had come 
up the Valley, and crossed that mountain at Woods' Gap. 

The first patents were taken out on June 16, 1727. On 
that day George Hoomes obtained a grant of thirty-one 
hundred acres "on the far side of the mountains called Ches- 
nut, and said to be on the line between Hanover and Spot- 
sylvania," and Nicholas Meriwether a grant of thirteen 
thousand seven hundred and sixty-two acres "at the first 
ledge of mountains called Chesnut," and said to be on the 
same line. That was the first appropriation of the virgin 
soil of Albemarle, as it is at present. These locations 
occurred in the line of the South Anna River, up which the 
increasing population had been slowly creeping for a number 
of years. The patent to Nicholas Meriwether included the 
present seat of Castle Hill, and the boundaries of the Grant, 
as it was termed by way of eminence, were marks of great 
notoriety to surveyors, and others interested in the descrip- 
tion of adjacent lands, for a long period afterwards. 

The next patent for twenty -six hundred acres was obtained 
nearly two years later by Dr. George Nicholas. This land 
was situated on James River, and included the present village 
of Warren. In the year following, 1730, five additional 
patents were issued : one to Allen Howard for four hundred 
acres on James River, on both sides of the Rockfish at its 
mouth ; one to Thomas Carr for twenty-eight hundred acres 
on the Rivanna at the junction of its forks, and up along the 
north fork ; one to Charles Hudson for two thousand acres 
on both sides of the Hardware, the beginning evidently of 
the Hudson plantations below Carter's Bridge; one to 
Secretary John Carter for nine thousand three hundred and 
fifty acres "on the Great Mountain on Hardware in the fork 
of the James," and to this day called Carter's Mountain; 
and one to Francis Eppes, the grandfather of Mr. Jefferson's 
son-in-law of the same name, for six thousand four hundred 


acres "on the branches of the Hardware, Rockfish, and 
other branches of the James" — one of the branches of Hard- 
ware being still known as Eppes Creek. The same year 
Nicholas Meriwether located four thousand one hundred and 
ninety acres more, adjoining his former tract, and running 
over the South West Mountain on Turkey Run, taking out 
an inclusive patent for seventeen thousand nine hundred and 
fifty-two acres in one body. From the recital of this patent, 
it appears that Christopher Clark was associated in the first 
grant, although it was made out to Nicholas Meriwether 

In 1731 only three patents were obtained within the present 
county : one by Charles lyewis for twelve hundred acres on 
both sides of the Rivanna, at the mouth of Buck Island 
Creek ; one by Charles Hudson for five hundred and forty 
acres on the west side of Carter's Mountain; and one by 
Major Thomas Carr for two thousand acres "on the back 
side of the Chesnut Mountains." Several other patents were 
taken out the same year along the Rivanna within the present 
limits of Fluvanna County, one of which was by Martin 
King, whose name is still kept in remembrance in connection 
with the road which runs from Woodridge to the Union 
Mills, where was a ford also called by his name. 

In 1732 were made eight grants, still confined to the James 
River, and the western base of the South West Mountain. 
One of these was made to Thomas Goolsby for twelve hun- 
dred acres "on the north side of the Fluvanna," that is, the 
James ; another in the same region to Fdward Scott for five 
hundred and fifty acres "at a place called Totier;" another 
for four hundred acres to John Key, the head of a family 
which subsequently owned all the land between the South 
West Mountain and the river from EJdgemont to the bend 
below the Free Bridge ; and another to Dr. Arthur Hopkins 
for four hundred acres "on the south side of the Rivanna, 
running to the mouth of a creek below Red Bank Falls, 
called I^ewis' Creek." This last entry included the site of 
the future town of Milton. 

Only four patents were taken out in 1733. None of them 


reached further west than the west bank of the Rivanna under 
the shadow of the South West Mountain. One was obtained 
by Charles I^ynchfor eight hundred acres, which extended up 
the Rivanna from the mouth of Moore's Creek, and included 
the plantation of Pen Park. 

In 1734 thirteen grants were made. These were mainly 
located near the bases of the South West Mountain on the 
Rivanna and Mechunk. One was obtained by Henry Wood, 
the first clerk of Goochland, and great grandfather of V. W. 
Southall, for two hundred acres on the south side of the 
Rivanna at the mouth of Buck Island Creek, increased subse- 
quently to nearly three thousand in different tracts ; and 
another by Edwin Hickman, Joseph Smith, Thomas Graves 
and Jonathan Clark for three thousand two hundred and sev- 
enty-seven acres on the north side of the Rivanna, running 
down from Captain MacMurdo's place and embracing the 
estates of Pantops and Lego. Another formed a notable 
exception to what had hitherto been the rule. It was the 
first to leave the streams, and strike out towards the middle 
of the county. It was obtained by Joel Terrell and David 
I/ewis for twenty-three hundred acres, and shortly after for 
seven hundred more, lying on both sides of the Three Notched 
Road and extending from I,ewis's Mountain, which it in- 
cluded, to a point near the D. S. The Birdwood plantation 
was comprehended in this tract. 

From this time the county was settled with greater rapid- 
ity. Most of the entries thus far noted were made in large 
quantities, and by wealthy men for the purpose of specula- 
tion. Few of those who have been mentioned occupied their 
lands, at least in the first instance. They made the clearings 
and entered upon the cultivation which the law required in 
order to perfect their titles, but it was done either by tenants, 
or by their own servants, whom they established in "quar- 
ters." Now, however, a new order of things began. Grants 
were more frequently obtained in smaller amounts by persons 
who left the older districts with the design of permanently 
residing in the new country. Accordingly in 1735 the num- 
ber of patents rose to twenty-nine. Not that this number 


was constantly maintained ; in some years, on the contrary, 
it greatly diminished. The population of the colony was yet 
comparatively sparse. The whole Piedmont region, and the 
fertile plains of the Valley were simultaneously opened, and 
held out strong inducements to settlers; and at the same 
time, inviting sections in the western portions of North and 
South Carolina were presented in glowing colors before the 
public eye, and soon drew largely on the multitudes given to 
change. Still the county steadily filled up. Patents were 
taken out this year on Green Creek in its southern part, on 
the south fork of Hardware near the Cove, on the south fork 
of the Rivanna, on Meadow Creek, on Ivy Creek, and on 
Priddy's and Buck Mountain Creeks in the north. Among 
the patentees were John Henry, father of the famous orator, 
to whom were granted twelve hundred and fifty acres situated 
on tributaries of the south fork of the Rivanna called Henry, 
Naked and Fishing Creeks, the same land afterwards owned 
by the Michies southwest of Earlysville ; William Randolph, 
who was granted twenty-four hundred acres on the north side 
of the Rivanna and Mountain Palls Creek, including the 
present Shadwell and pdge Hill ; Nicholas Meriwether, who 
Was granted a thousand and twenty acres west of the 
Rivanna, embracing the plantation known as the Farm; 
Peter Jefferson, who was granted a thousand acres on the 
south side of the Rivanna, including Tufton; Abraham 
I<ewis, who was granted eight hundred acres on the east side 
of I^ewis's Mountain, then called Piney Mountain, including 
the present lands of the University ; Thomas Moorman, who 
was granted six hundred and fifty acres, extending from the 
branches of Meadow Creek to the south fork of the Rivanna, 
"including the Indian Grave low grounds ;" Michael Hol- 
land, who was granted four thousand seven hundred and 
fifty-three acres on both sides of Ivy Creek, including the 
present Farmington estate; and Charles Hudson, who was 
granted two thousand acres on Ivy Creek adjoining the 
Holland tract, and lying southwest of Ivy Depot. 

In 1736 Robert Ivcwis obtained a patent for four thousand 
and thirty acres on the north fork of Hardware in the North 


Nineteen patents were taken out in 1737. Michael Woods, 
his son Archibald, and his son-in-law, William Wallace, 
secured grants for more than thirteen hundred acres on 
Ivickinghole, Mechum's River and Beaver Creek, embracing 
the present Mechum's Depot and Blair Park. The same day 
Michael Woods purchased the two thousand acre patent of 
Charles Hudson on Ivy Creek. These transactions took 
place at Goochland C. H., or more likely at Williamsburg; 
and this fact lends probability to the tradition that the Woods 
settlement occurred at the mouth of Woods's Gap in 1734. 
Crossing from the Valley into an unbroken forest, as Michael 
Woods did, it is almost certain that he made a clearing and 
built a cabin, and thus established his right to the estate the 
law gave, before he set himself to acquire a knowledge of the 
surrounding country and its owners, and to make large pur- 
chases. The axe had commenced to resound amidst the 
deep solitudes at the foot of the Blue Ridge, while yet no 
white settler had gone beyond the Rivanna at the South 
West Mountain. The same year, 1737, Henry Terrell, of 
Caroline, obtained a grant of seventeen hundred and fifty 
acres on the head waters of Mechums, including the present 
village of Batesville. As a suggestion of special interest, it 
may be mentioned that in October of that year a William 
Taylor patented twelve hundred acres lying on both sides of 
Moore's Creek. It can scarcely be questioned, that this was 
the tract of land which in process of time passed into the 
hands of Colonel Richard Randolph, which was sold by him to 
the county, and on which was laid out in 1762 the new 
county seat of Charlottesville. 

It was not until 1739 that the first patent was located on 
Moorman's River. David Mills was by that instrument of 
writing granted twenty eight-hundred and fifty acres on its 
north fork. Two years later Dennis Doyle obtained the grant 
of eight hundred acres on the same stream, and from him 
was derived the name it has borne ever since. The same 
year, 1741, Thomas Moorman patented seven hundred and 
fifty acres lower down the main river, and as often as men 
now speak of it, they perpetuate the memory of his name. 


All sections of the county had at that time been occupied in 
some degree, and the work of laying claim to its unappropri- 
ated lands constantly progressed from year to year. As 
late however as 1796, Matthew Gambell procured the grant 
of twenty five thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight acres 
lying in Albemarle, Orange and Rockingham Counties near 
Seamond's Gap; and still later in 1798, John Davidson, 
who subsequently removed to Hardin County, Ky., took out 
a patent for eighteen hundred and seventy-seven acres on 
Buck's Elbow. 

Reference has been made to the entry of bodies of land 
extending over a wide area. It may be further stated, that 
Major Thomas Carr patented altogether upwards of five 
thousand acres; George Webb, of Charles City, in 1737 
upwards of seven thousand, near a mountain north of Ear- 
lysville still called by his name ; Secretary John Carter in 
1738, ten thousand within the present limits of Amherst; 
John Chiswell in 1739, nearly thirty thousand on Rockfish 
River, mainly within the present bounds of Nelson; William 
Robertson in 1739, more than six thousand on Naked and 
Buck Mountain Creeks; Robert I^ewis in 1740, more than 
six thousand on Ivy Creek; Ambrose Joshua Smith in 1741, 
more than four thousand on Priddy's Creek ; Samuel Garlick, 
of Caroline, in 1741 and 1746, thirty -six hundred on Buck 
Mountain Creek ; Rev. Robert Rose in 1744, more than thirty- 
three thousand within the present counties of Amherst and 
Nelson; Rev. William Stith, President of William and 
Mary, from 1740 to 1755, nearly three thousand, and Dr. 
Arthur Hopkins in 1748 and 1765, nearly four thousand, 
on Totier and Ballenger's Creeks; and Allen Howard in 
1742, more than two thousand on the lower waters of Rock- 

Mr. Jefferson, in a brief sketch of his family, wrote of his 
father, "He was the third or fourth settler, about the year 
1737, of the part of the county in which I live." 

The act establishing the county of Albemarle was passed 
by the I^egislature in September. 1744. It ordained its 
existence to begin from the first of January, 1745 ; and the 


reason alleged for its formation was the "divers inconven- 
iences attending the upper inhabitants of Goochland by rea- 
son of their great distance from the courthouse, and other 
places usually appointed for public meetings. ' ' The dividing 
lines were directed to run from the point of fork of James 
River — that is, from the mouth of the Rivanna, where Col- 
umbia now stands — north thirty degrees east to the I^ouisa 
line, and from the same point a direct course to Brook's 
Mill, and thence the same course continued to the Appomat- 
tox River. These boundaries embraced the county of Buck- 
ingham, parts of Appomattox and Campbell, and the 
counties of Amherst, Nelson and Fluvanna, the Blue Ridge 
being the western line. That portion of the present county 
north of a line running past the mouth of Ivy Creek with the 
course of north sixty -five degrees west, remained in I<ouisa 
for sixteen years longer. 

In accordance with a custom already begun of commemo- 
rating the governors of the Commonwealth, the name of 
Albemarle was given to the new county, from the title of 
William Aane Keppel, second Earl of Albemarle, at that 
time Governor General of the colony. 

The organization took place the fourth Thursday of Feb- 
ruary, 1745, doubtless on the plantation of Mrs. Scott, near 
the present Scottsville, where the next court was directed to 
be held. The commission of the first magistrates was dated 
the second of the preceding January. Those present were 
Joshua Fry, Peter Jefferson, Allen Howard, William Cabell, 
Joseph Thompson and Thomas Ballou. Howard and Cabell 
administered the oaths to Fry and Jefferson, and they in 
turn to the others. The oaths taken were those of a Justice 
of the Peace, and of a Judge of a Court of Chancery, and the 
Abjuration and Test oaths were subscribed, — the former 
renouncing allegiance to the House of Stuart, and the latter 
affirming the receiving of the sacrament according to the 
rites of the Church of England. William Randolph was 
appointed Clerk by a commission from Thomas Nelson, 
Secretary of the Council, and Joseph Thompson, Sheriff, 
Joshua Fry, Surveyor, and Edmund Gray, King's Attorney, 


by commissions from William Gooch, the Governor ; and all 
were sworn in. Patrick Napier and Castleton Harper were 
made Deputy Sheriffs, and Benjamin Harris, Deputy Clerk, 
the following May. As appears from the Deed Books, John 
Fleming was also Deputy Clerk. Thomas Turpin was 
appointed Assistant Surveyor, and John Hunter, Adrian 
Angle, John Hilton, John Harris, Robert White and Abra- 
ham Childress, Constables. The civil offices being filled, 
the military side of the organization was duly constituted. 
Joshua Fry received the appointment of I^ieutenant of the 
county, Peter Jefferson of Lieutenant Colonel, and Allen 
Howard of Major. William Cabell, Joseph Thompson, 
Charles Lynch, Thomas Ballou, David Lewis, James Daniel, 
James Nevel, and James Martin were sworn as Captains. 
Charles Lynch, Edwin Hickman and James Daniel having 
been named magistrates, were subsequently inducted into 
office by taking the oaths. Of these officers, Jefferson, 
Howard, Cabell and Lynch had already been magistrates, 
and Jefferson had also acted as Sheriff, in Goochland. The 
William Randolph, who was the first Clerk, was unquestion- 
ably Colonel William Randolph, of Tuckahoe, who had 
some years before entered the tract of land known as Edge 

The original attorneys who practiced in the courts of the 
county, were Edmund Gray, Gideon Marr, William Bat- 
tersby — whose daughter Jane, the wife of Giles Allegre, was 
the mother-in-law of the eminent statesman and financier, 
Albert Gallatin — James Meredith, Clement Read and John 
Harvie. All except Harvie, and probably Meredith, resided 
on the south side of James River. 

The routine of public business was at once begun and 
prosecuted with stated regularity. The location of the court- 
house was a matter of deep interest. It was a conceded 
point that it should be fixed on James River. Jefferson, 
Howard , Lynch and Ballou were appointed to view the river 
and make a report; and as the result, Samuel Scott, son of 
Edward, agreed with proper security to erect at his own cost 
a courthouse, prison, stocks and pillory, as good as those 


of Goochland, the site to be selected by the Court, provided 
it was placed on his land. The site actually chosen was on 
the plantation of his brother Daniel, and is still pointed 
out about a mile west of Scottsville and a quarter of a mile 
north of the river bank. 

During the next three years a number of ordinaries were 
licensed — Giles Allegre, to keep one on Mechunk ; Daniel 
Scott and John Lewis each, one at the courthouse; Wil- 
liam Battersby, opposite the courthouse; John Anthony, 
in the Glendower section; James Fenly, Isaac Bates and 
Gideon Marr, in Buckingham ; William Morrison, in the 
Rockfish Valley ; Charles Bond, on Briery Creek, a branch 
of the lower Hardware; Joseph Thompson, in the vicinity 
of Palmyra; Hugh McGarrough, not far from Afton, and 
John Hays, probably in the same neighborhood; and Wil- 
liam Cabell, at his ferry at Warminster. Daniel Scott was 
licensed to establish a ferry from the courthouse landing 
to the opposite side of the river, and William Battersby, one 
from his land to the mouth of Totier Creek on Daniel Scott's 

The roads received much attention. At that time they 
were not so much to be worked, as to be opened and cleared ; 
and permission to this end was readily granted under the 
restriction, that they should not be conducted through any 
fenced grounds. John Henderson was summoned to show 
cause why a road should not be cleared through his land 
from the Three Notched Road to the Hardware River; that 
is, from near Milton to the vicinity of Mount Air. John 
Defpe was made Surveyor of the road from Number Twelve 
to Number Eighteen — numbers used to designate the dis- 
tance, probably from the courthouse to certain trees, as 
mention is subsequently made of the road from the late 
Secretary's Ford to the Twelve Mile Tree. David I,ewis 
was Surveyor of the road over Capt. Charles I^ynch's Ford, 
or Ferry; this was a road which ran from some point 
on the Three Notched Road near the University, over the 
shallows of the Rivanna, a short distance southeast of the 
Pen Park mansion, and down the west side of the South 


West Mountain. Andrew Wallace was Surveyor of the road 
from the D. S. to Mechum's River Ford — Archibald and 
Michael Woods, Jr. to assist in clearing it — and William 
Woods from Mechum's River to Michael Woods's Gap on the 
Blue Mountains. Benjamin Wheeler was Surveyor from his 
place into the "Four Chopped Road" to Woods's Gap. 
William Harris petitioned for a road from his plantation on 
Green Creek to the South River — that is, the James — on the 
lower side of Ballenger's Creek; and Robert Rose, Clerk, 
petitioned for one from his place on Tye River to I,eake's, 
in the neighborhood of William Harris. The hands of Col. 
Richard Randolph, Rev. Mr. Stith and William Harris, were 
ordered to clear a road from the Green Mountain Road near 
the head of Hog Creek, to the courthouse Road below Mr. 
Stith' s Quarter. Thetithables of the late Secretary at Clear- 
Mount — which must have been at Blenheim, or in that 
vicinity — were directed to work on the road from James 
Taylor's Ford to Martin King's Road, that is, fiom below 
Carter's Bridge to Woodridge; and his servants living above 
the mountains, together with the inhabitants on Biscuit Run, 
were to keep the road from David lycwis's to the late Secre- 
tary's Mill. This mill was on the north fork of Hardware, 
a short distance above its junction with the south fork. Fry 
& I^ynch were appointed to apply to the I^ouisa Court, to 
continue the road over King's Ford on the Rivanna — at 
Union Mills — from the county line to I^ouisa C. H. These 
are a few instances of the care and energy devoted to this 
important object. 

Howard and Daniel were appointed to list the tithables on 
the south side, and I^ynch, Cabell, Hickman and Ballon, 
those on the north side, of the Fluvanna River. The number 
of tithables in 1745 was thirteen hundred and ninety-four, in 
1746 fourteen hundred and seventy-nine, and in 1747 seven- 
teen hundred and twenty -five. They were taxed twenty 
pounds of tobacco per poll. Taking Mr. Jefferson's calcu- 
lations in his Notes on Virginia as a basis, this would make 
the whole population of the county as it then was, white and 
black, in 1745 about four thousand two hundred and fifty ; 


in 1746 four thousand five hundred ; and in 1747 five thousand 
two hundred and seventy-five. According to the Census 
Reports, the progress of the population of the county within 
its present limits, has been as follows : 

1790—12,585. 1830—19,747. 1870—25,800. 

1800—16,439. 1840—22,618. 1880—26,625. 

1810—18,268. 1850—22,924. 1890-27,554. 

1820—32,618. 1860—32,379. 1900—28,473. 

The population of Charlottesville was for the first time 
taken separately from that of the county in 1870. Its num- 
bers are as follows : 

1870—2,838. 1880—2,676. 1890—5,591. 1900—6,449. 

Eleanor Crawley was sentenced to receive fifteen lashes on 
her bare back, well laid on, for stealing linen of the value of 
eleven pence — a little over fifteen cents — and Pearce Reynolds 
to receive twenty -one, for stealing a handkerchief of the same 
value. James, a negro of William Cabell, for stealing 
twelve pence, was burnt in the hand, and given thirty-nine 
lashes at the whipping post. In a suit James Fenly gained 
against Samuel Stephens, and Stephens choosing to be 
whipped rather than be imprisoned, the Sheriff was ordered 
to administer twenty-one lashes. The grand jury presented 
George McDaniel for profane swearing — two oaths within two 
months — and Abraham Childress for failing to clear the road 
of which he was surveyor. On motion of David Reese, the 
testimony of John and Stephen Heard, and of Patrick Nowlin, 
was recorded, certifying that a piece was bit out of Reese's 
left ear, in a fray with Nowlin. The testimony of Thomas 
Nunn and his wife Kate was recorded, showing that they had 
been imported about fourteen years before, and had never 
received their dues; and subsequently their two children, 
Mary and Lucretia, were directed to be bound out by the 
Church wardens of St. Anne's parish. 

The Court was mindful to protect its own dignity. For 
misbehavior in its presence, Martin King was ordered into 
custody, and bound over for a year, and Martin King, Jr. 
and James Fenly were placed in the stocks. 


The scalps of wolves were reported in large numbers. One 
hundred and forty pounds of tobacco were allowed for the 
scalp of an old wolf, and seventy -five for that of a young 
one, that is, one under six months old. When tobacco 
ceased to be a circulating medium, twelve and six dollars 
were given as the premiums. These reports continued with 
more or less regularity in subsequent years down to 1849, 
the last on record, when Isaac W. Garth was awarded 
twelve dollars for killing an old wolf. Jonathan Barksdale, 
Samuel Jameson, William Ramsey and Ryland Rodes, are 
names which appear most frequently in this connection. In 
1835 Lewis Snow received a dollar and a half for the scalp of 
a red fox. The Court agitated the removal of these pre- 
miums once or twice after 1849, but there is no indication 
that their offer was ever made. 

The foregoing particulars were compiled from the first 
order book of the County Court, a venerable relic of the past 
of great interest. Unhappily the records for many years 
iollowing have been lost. 



Albemarle County has somewhat the shape of a lozenge. 
Its northwestern border follows the crest of the Blue Ridge. 
Its boundary on the southwest leaves the Ridge a little 
north of Rockfish Gap, runs a course of south thirty degrees 
east till it strikes the Rockfish River at the mouth of Green 
Creek, and then coincides with that river to its junction 
with the James. The angle at the south instead of coming 
to a point is irregularly truncated by the James, that river 
forming its border for about fifteen miles. The southeast- 
ern boundary starts from the lower end of Scottsville, and 
has a course of north thirty degrees east to the western side 
of the town of Gordonsville; whence that on the northeast 
runs north seventy-one degrees west till it intersects the top 
of the Blue Ridge. Its greatest length from north to south 
is about forty miles, and its greatest breadth about the same 
distance. It has an area of slightly over seven hundred and 
fifty square miles. 

Its surface is greatly diversified. Parallel with the Blue 
Ridge, the Southwest Mountain traverses its entire extent 
at an interval of eighteen or twenty miles. This range is 
continuous, except where it breaks to afford a passage for the 
Rivanna, Hardware and Rockfish rivers. Its highest point, 
Peter's Mountain, occurs where it enters the county on the 
northeast, having an altitude of perhaps fifteen hundred feet. 
In its course southward it maintains an elevation of ten or 
twelve hundred feet until it passes the Hardware, when it 
gradually declines, and exhibits a prominence but little 
different from the surface of the surrounding country. This 
mountain is for the most part a single ridge, and- has none of 
the lateral offshoots so characteristic of the Blue Ridge, un- 
less for a short distance on the west side of its northern por- 
tion. Here and there occur low depressions in its crown, 
which supply a natural and convenient way for roads. North 
of the Rivanna are three of these depressions — the most north- 


erly, the Turkey Sag, so named from Turkey Run, a branch 
of Priddy's Creek which rises at its western base, the next, 
Stony Point Gap, opposite the village of that name, and the 
third, Hammock's or Thurman's Gap. Between the Rivanna 
and the Hardware there is but one, the Monticello Gap, 
which separates Monticello from the continuation of the 
range, called Carter's Mountain. South of the Hardware, 
the range bears the name of Green Mountain. 

In the northwest part of the county, and still more in the 
southwest, irregular and massive formations raise their heads 
on high, which from their disorderly appearance pass under 
the name of the Ragged Mountains. Jutting from the Ridge 
near the western corner is a huge spur, denominated Buck's 
Elbow. Across Moorman's River to the north is another 
lofty spur, the Pasture Fence Mountain, called so without 
doubt because it contained one of the first enclosures for 
grazing. It is a peculiar feature of this spur, as it is of the 
whole Blue Ridge, that in summer it is covered with a lux- 
uriant growth of blue grass ; and in former days, large 
planters commonly owned farms on these mountains for the 
special purpose of pasturage. Along the eastern foot of the 
Pasture Fence lies a rich and beautiful valley, which from 
one of its first settlers is named Brown's Cove, and which is 
watered by an affluent of Moorman's River, called in early 
times its north fork, but now known as Doyle's River. 
Bordering the Cove on the east is a succession of smaller 
eminences. Pigeon Top, Fox's Mountain and High Top, 
while scattered towards the northeast are numerous elevations, 
some having the appearance of ridges, and some rising as 
solitary peaks, and bearing the names of Currants, lyong, 
Green, Buck and Piney Mountains. 

Just west of where the University now stands is a small 
range with a higher summit at either end, which was origi- 
nally called Piney Mountain. The north end has the name 
of Lewis's Mountain, and the south. Observatory Moun- 
tain, from its being the site of the astronomical depart- 
ment of the University. At a short interval southwest 
of this range, are heaped up for some miles great moun- 


tainous masses, rugged and broken, that may well be 
termed by way of eminence the Ragged Mountains. These 
heights are skirted on the east by a range which runs with a 
good degree of continuity to the extreme southwest of the 
county, called on the north side of the Hardware, Dudley's 
Mountain, and on the south. Gay's, Fan's and Appleberry's. 
Running off from the Ragged Mountains in a westerly direc- 
tion is a range bearing the names of Martin's and Israel's 
Mountains, indented by Taylor's, Martin's and Israel's Gaps; 
while south and southeast of Israel's Gap, tower aloft some 
of the loftiest summits in the county. Castle Rock, High Top, 
Chalk and Heard's Mountains. Some views of these im- 
mense piles are truly grand and magnificent. In the midst 
of these gigantic heaps, are found reaches of comparatively 
level country of prime fertility, one lying along the north 
fork of the Hardware called the North Garden, another on 
the south fork called the South Garden, and a third, the 
Rich Cove, separated by a slight elevation from the South 
Garden on the south. The section north of James River is 
varied by gently sloping hills, and that east of the South 
West Mountain stretches away to the east as an extensive 
plain, and being covered with forest, is known as the Flat- 

Besides the James, the county is cut throughout its entire 
breadth by two streams, and is washed at its southwest 
corner by a third, all of considerable size. In the summer 
the volume of water they discharge is much reduced — so 
much at times, that during a remarkable drought in 1806, 
James O. Carr, who was then attending school at Milton was 
able to stop the entire current of the Rivanna with his hand ; 
but being mountain streams, that is having their sources 
near the foot of the Blue Ridge, or its outlying spurs, they 
become speedily filled by heavy rains and the melting snows 
of winter, frequently rush down with the fury of a torrent, 
and overflow all the low grounds along their banks. The 
most northerly of these water courses is the Rivanna, which 
has two forks uniting about four miles north of Charlottes- 
ville, and forming the main stream. The north fork is made 


up near the north line of the county by the union of Swift 
Run and I^ynch's River, both of which rise in Greene County 
near the Blue Ridge. It flows southeast and south to its 
junction with the south fork, augmented by Marsh Run, 
Herring's Run, Priddy's and Foster's Creeks, flowing into 
its north side, and by Beaverdam, Jacob's Run, and 
Flat Branch, coming from the south. The south fork is 
formed by the confluence of Moorman's and Mechum's 
Rivers, and being fed on its north side by Buck Moun- 
tain, Naked, Fishing and Powell's Creeks, and on its south 
by Ivy Creek, runs eastwardly about five miles to its junc- 
tion with the north fork. Buck Mountain Creek has a 
large branch on its west side called Piney Run. Moorman's 
River rises in the deep ravine between the Blue Ridge and 
Pasture Fence Mountain, known as Sugar Hollow, and runs 
a south and then an east course, receiving on its north side 
Doyle's River, and Rocky and Ward's Creeks. Mechum's 
River has a greater length, some of its head waters spring- 
ing beyond the county line in Nelson, and interlocking with 
branches of the north fork of Rockfish. It has also a more 
tortuous channel, but its general trend is east of north. It 
receives on its north side Virgin Spring Branch, Stockton's, 
Beaver and Spring Creeks, and on its south, Whitesides 
Creek, Pounding Branch and Broadaxe Creek. The Rivanna 
proper flows south, turns to the east in its passage through 
the South West Mountain for about four miles, and then 
runs southeast to the county line, when passing through 
Fluvanna County, it empties into the James at Columbia. 
In its course through Albemarle, it receives Red Bud, Moun- 
tain Falls, Carroll and I^imestone Creeks on the north, and 
Meadow, Moore's, Henderson's and Buck Island Creeks on 
the south. 

The Hardware divides into two forks, which join just 
above its passage through the Southwest Mountain. The 
north fork also divides not far from Red Hill Station, the 
south and middle prongs heading near each other on either 
side of Tom's Mountain, while the north prong rises in the 
vicinity of Taylor's Gap. Just before reaching the junction 


it receives on its north side Sowell's Branch. The south 
fork has its source south of Castle Rock, and northwest of 
Covesville. It makes its way in different directions among 
the mountains, but its general course is northeast. Its 
northern tributaries are Jumping Branch and Black Walnut, 
and its southern, Rapshin and Eppes Creeks. A well known 
branch of the latter is Beaverdam, which has recently 
acquired celebrity from the Soapstone Works successfully 
operated on its banks. After the union of its forks, the 
Hardware pursues a southeast course, crosses the county 
line about three miles north of Scottsville, and empties into 
the James in Fluvanna County. It is enlarged on its north- 
ern side by Murphy's and Turkey Runs, and on its south- 
ern by Harris's Creek, formerly known as lyittle Eppes, and 
by Coles's Creek, formerly called Hudson's. 

The southwestern line of the county is intersected by the 
head waters of I^ynch's, Taylor's, Hickory and Cove Creeks, 
all branches of Rockfish River. On the east side of Apple- 
berry's Mountain are Ivy, Green and Hog Creeks, debouch- 
ing into the same stream. Two creeks of moderate size 
water the southern part of the county, and fall into the 
James, one at Warren called Ballenger's, and the other about 
two miles above Scottsville called Totier. Both are fed by 
a number of branches. Mechunk Creek takes its rise not 
far from Gordonsville, flows southwest and southeast, and 
passing out of the county joins the Rivanna opposite Union 
Mills. The sources of the South Anna are also in Albe- 
marle, located not far from that of Mechunk. 

The character of the soil is various. The degrees of its 
fertility are distinguished by different colors, the richest 
exhibiting a deep red, and the less fertile a gray. The 
former prevails at the base of the mountains, and along the 
banks of the streams. Some parts of the county, especially 
in the mountainous localities, are stony; the more level 
lands are free from this incumbrance. The prevalent rocks 
are quartz and what is colloquially known as mountain 
granite. A single vein of limestone runs through the county, 
about four miles east of the Southwest Mountain. In a 


number of places slate and soapstone occur, both of fine 
quality. Gold is found in the southwestern corner. The 
soil and climate of Albemarle are well adapted to all the 
staple productions of the temperate zone, and are exceedingly 
favorable to the cultivation of fruit. The ravines and hol- 
lows of the mountains which might seem unfitted for the 
growth of any crop, are found to produce in perfection 
the Albemarle Pippins, the most highly prized apples in the 

Most of the names given to the features of Albemarle 
scenery, belonged to them from the earliest times. In the 
patents first issued, the mountains and streams were already 
indicated by names, and they were generally those which 
they still bear. Who gave them, or why in many cases they 
were given, must now be reckoned among the things un- 
known. Sometimes they were suggested by natural circum- 
stances, and sometimes derived from persons who were 
owners, or occupiers, of the neighboring lands. The latter 
have undergone more change than others, because with the 
lapse of years the names of former residents passed out of 
remembrance, and those of their successors were applied in 
their stead. As settlements were made in different parts of 
the county at the same time, it has happened that names are 
frequently repeated. 

The Southwest Mountain on which the first lands were 
entered, was originally called the Chestnut Mountains. It 
was also spoken of as the lyittle Mountain. Particular por- 
tions had local names, for the most part taken from owners 
or first settlers, as Peter's, Carter's, Lively's, Sugar Loaf, 
Monticello. Green Mountain no doubt derived its name from 
the color of its luxuriant vegetation. The Blue Ridge bore 
that name from the first planting of the country. The early 
inhabitants called it also the Blue Ledge, and the Blue Moun - 
tain. Sometimes it was designated the Great Mountain, in 
opposition to the Little Mountain, and occasionally the South 
Mountain, in opposition to the North Mountain on the west 
side of the Valley. Buck's Elbow and Pasture Fence — at first 
Smith's Pasture Fence — Mountain have always been so called. 


Brown's Gap and Brown's Cove were named from the family 
that largely settled the land in that region. Turk's Gap was 
first called Jameson's, and Jarman's bore the name of Woods' 
— all from families who lived near by. Rockfish Gap has 
always had that name, acquiring it from the river which rises 
in part at its base. Pigeon Top was once called Jameson's 
Mountain, and may have obtained its later name from a roost 
of that bird. Fox's Mountain took its name from a family 
that lived on it, and High Top from its lofty peak. Currant's 
and Webb's Mountains were named from persons who pos- 
sessed the adjoining lands, and Buck Mountain, and the 
Creek of the same name, from the abundance of deer that 
roamed the forests. Piney Mountain was first called Poin- 
dexter's, from the man who entered the land at its foot. Yel- 
low Mountain at one time went by the name of Epperson's. 
Castle Rock was so denominated from its huge towering form, 
Chalk Mountain from the light -colored rocks which face its 
crest, and Heard's, Appleberry's, Fan's, Gay's, Dudley's, 
from primitive settlers in their vicinity. In early times the 
Mountains north of Moorman's River, and south of Me- 
chum's, were called Ragged, from their disordered appear- 
ance, and not from the garments of their inhabitants, as has 
sometimes been suggested. 

The Hardware River has always borne that name. Rivanna 
was in use from the first, according to the fashion then in 
vogue, of honoring Queen Anne with the names of rivers 
recently discovered. In the earliest patents and deeds it was 
more frequently called the north fork of the James, as the 
James above the Rivanna passed under the name of the South 
Fork, or more euphuistically, the Fluvanna. In some in- 
stances the Rivanna was simply termed the North River, 
and the Fluvanna the South. The crossing of the Rivanna 
at the Free Bridge was known at the beginning of the century 
as Moore's Ford, or lycwis' Ferry, according to the stage of 
water, and its north fork was sometimes called, down to a 
quite recent date, the I^ittle River. Red Bud was first named 
Key's Mill Creek, or Swamp. In early days, swamp seemed 
to be interchangeable with creek, no doubt from the rubbish 


of logs and leaves which for ages had obstructed the channels 
of the smaller streams. Priddy's, Buck Mountain and Rocky- 
Creeks, and Jacob's and Piney Runs, had those designations 
from the beginning. The names of Meadow and Ivy Creeks 
obtained from the earliest times. Moorman's River was 
named from Thomas Moorman, one of the first patentees on 
its banks, and Mechum's, from a George Mechum, who was 
an owner of land near its head. The north fork of Mechum's 
was called Stockton's Creek, and its south fork, now re- 
garded as the main stream, Stockton's Mill Creek, from a 
numerous family occupying their margins. The middle 
fork was always termed Virgin Spring Branch. Union Run 
was first named Mountain Falls Creek; afterwards, from 
being a favorite feeding place of the wagoners who brought 
their produce to Milton, it acquired the name of Camping 
Branch. Carroll's Creek was the original title of that 
stream. lyimestoue was first called Plum Tree Branch, 
then Scales Creek, and finally its present name, from wash- 
ing the only vein of limestone in the county. Buck Island 
Creek was so designated from the beginning. It is a mis- 
take to write it Buckeyeland, as if derived from the deer -eyed 
tree. The name was taken from an island in the Rivanna 
opposite its mouth, and as in the case of so many objects 
of natural scenery, was suggested by the great numbers of 
deer found everywhere in the country. There were two other 
tributaries of the Rivanna below Milton in early times, 
though their names are never heard at present, Henderson's 
and Miller's Branches. Moore's Creek has been so called 
from the first. The same is true of Biscuit Run; but the 
names of its branches. Plum Orchard on the east, and Cow 
Branch on the west, have slipped from the memory of men. 
A small prong of Moore's above Biscuit Run once had the 
name of Edge's Creek; it is forgotten now. 

There were three Beaverdams in the county, one running 
into Mechunk, another into I,ynch's River, and the third 
into Eppes Creek. Besides Ivy Creek that passes the depot 
of that name, there is another which empties into Rockfish. 
An affluent of Priddy's Creek, and one of Ballenger's, were 


both called Wolf Trap. Wolf Pit was a branch of Beaver 
Creek, and a cavity on the west side of South West Mountain 
had the same name. Piney Mountain was the designation, 
not only of the present mountain of that name, but also of 
I/ewis's Mountain near the University and of an eminence 
near Afton. A branch of the lower Rockfish was called Buck 
Island, besides the stream so named that flows into the 
Rivanna. A Turkey Run empties into Priddy's Creek, and 
another of the name enters the Hardware. There were three 
Round Top Mountains, one in the Buck Mountain region, 
another not far from Batesville, and another near the Uni- 

Whitehall was an election precinct under the successive 
names of Glenn's Store, William Maupin's Store, Maupin's 
Tavern, Miller's Tavern, Shumate's Tavern, till at length 
the present name was established about 1835. For a long 
time Batesville went by the name of Oliver's Store. Mechum's 
Depot was anciently known as Jarman's Mill, and afterwards 
as Walker's Mill. Ivy Depot was formerly called Woodville. 
The name of Gle'ndower at first was Scott's Mill, then Dyer's, 
and then Dawson's. Woodridge was for many years denom- 
inated McGehee's Old Field. Besides Stony Point on the 
Barboursville Road, there was a Stony Point not tar from 
Scottsville. Free Union formerly went by the name of 
Nixville, and is still so spoken of by the older citizens. 
Petersburg is the appellation of a hamlet on Priddy's Creek 
between the Southern Railroad and the Barboursville Road. 
Cartersburg is a straggling collection of houses on the hill 
south of Rio Bridge. Brownton and L,emon Hill stand for 
places not far from Glendower. 

As already intimated, the former denizens of the forest 
were frequently alluded to in the names by which objects 
were distinguished. When the county was first occupied, 
game of every kind abounded. Traces of the buffalo still 
remained. A trail is said to have run up Rockfish River to 
the Gap of that name. It is also reported that the old Richard 
Woods Road closely followed a buffalo trail. A tract of 
land belonging to the Webb entry, sold in 1769 to Isaac 


Davis, and lying on the north fork of the Rivanna, is de- 
scribed as adjoining Buffalo Meadow. A branch of Buck 
Mountain Creek was called Elk Run. Deer were exceedingly- 
plentiful. A tradition, which descended from one of the 
first settlers near the Blue Ridge, states, that by stepping 
from his door almost any morning, he was able to shoot a 
deer. From this circumstance it arose that the word Buck 
so frequently forms part of the names of the county. I/ick 
Run was a branch of Beaverdam in its northern part. Bears 
were found, not only as they still are in the deep ravines of 
the Blue Ridge, but also in every neighborhood. Near the 
Rich Cove were Bear Creek, and Red Bear Hollow. Benja- 
min Brown devised to his son Bezaleel the Bear cornfield. 
In a deed of 1789, conveying land north of Stony Point, one 
of the lines passed by "the Bear Spring on the road." As 
late as 1823, it was stated, that Henry Bruce with two other 
men, killed on the Blue Ridge twelve fine fat bears in fifteen 
days. As previously mentioned, an exterminating war was 
waged from the beginning against wolves. A prong of Green 
Creek bore the name of Black Fox Branch. Beaver and 
Beaverdam Creeks were connected with every leading stream 
of the county. In the first times flocks of turkeys thronged 
the woods, and every fall and spring wild ducks and geese 
darkened the rivers. Tradition refers to more than one 
pigeon roost, where great limbs of trees were broken down 
by the countless numbers of that bird. Before the construc- 
tion of dams, fish of the best kinds, shad and herring, 
ascended the water courses. Dr. William Cabell derived a 
considerable revenue from his fisheries on James River, and 
fine shad, taken from the Rivanna, were often seen on the 
tables of the early inhabitants. 

There is no evidence that Indians were resident in the 
county at the first approach of the white man, though they 
still passed through on their journeys from one part of the 
country to another. But memorials of their former occupa- 
tion were not wanting. Mr. Jefferson mentions having often 
seen them in his boyhood, and refers in his Notes to a large 
band visiting the mound containing the remains of their an- 


cestors on the Rivanna low grounds, and there expressing 
their customary signs of grief. In a description of land on 
Bremo Creek, in a deed of 1751, is noted a line that ran "up 
to the head of the branch that the Indian shot John I,awson 
at." The head stream of Buck Island that flows past Over- 
ton, was variously called Indian Creek, Indian Camp Creek, 
and Camping Branch, and the plantation at its source, once 
owned by William Short, and sold by him to David Higgin- 
botham, bore the name of Indian Camp. Flint arrowheads, 
often of superior workmanship, are found in large numbers 
in many sections of the county. 

The first division of the county, besides its separation into 
the two parishes of Fredericksville and St. Anne's, was that 
made by the bounds of the militia companies. Each of the 
two regiments embodied in it contained eight companies, and 
thus there were sixteen of these divisions. The persons 
selected to perform the duty of Processioning, whilst that 
method of determining the boundaries of lands was prac- 
tised, were chosen for these divisions, usually four persons 
for each. They were referred to by Mr. Jefferson as forming 
suitable districts for stationing common schools, and appear 
in the records until quite a late period in connection with 
the appointment of patrolling parties. 

For a long time the county seat was the exclusive locality 
for holding political elections. For electing Overseers of the 
Poor, there existed in the early part of the century four dis- 
tricts : for the northeast, the voting place was Trice's Tav- 
ern below Turkey Sag, and afterwards Stony Point; for the 
northwest, Fretwell's Store, or Free Union; for the south- 
west, Everett's Tavern, or the Cross Roads; and for the 
southeast. Dyer's Store. It was not until the second quarter 
of the century was considerably advanced that the number of 
election precincts was increased, and the convenience of the 
people thus consulted. As late as 1820, Charlottesville was 
the only post office for the county; subsequent to that date, 
mail facilities began rapidly to multiply. 

In 1846, in accordance with an act of the Ivegislature, the 
county was divided into twenty -one School districts. A 


description of their limits is recorded in the Order Book for 
that year, page 312. In Deed Book No. Fifty, occurs the 
record of the boundaries of ten districts for election purposes, 
which were constituted in pursuance of an act of the IvCgis- 
lature passed in 1852. 

The last division was effected by an act of the I^egislature, 
under the requirement of the new Constitution, adopted in 
July, 1869. By this law the county was laid off into 
five Townships, subsequently termed Districts. These 
were Rivanna, Whitehall, Samuel Miller, Scottsville and 
Charlottesville. In 1875 another was added, called Ivy, 
which was enlarged on its northern border in 1889. 

Allusion has been made to the great misfortune sustained 
in the loss of the early records. The gap thus occasioned 
reaches from 1748 to 1783, a period of thirty-five years, and 
one intensely interesting in the history of the country at large. 
The loss was caused by the wanton ravages of the British 
troops near the close of the Revolutionary War. Many refer- 
ences to this event are met with in the subsequent proceedings 
of the County Court. In 1794 it recommended John Key, 
George Divers, Thomas Garth, Thomas W. Ivewis, Garland 
Carr, Thomas Bell, Robert Jonett, W. W. Hening, and 
Cornelius Schenk as "Commissioners to reinstate such rec- 
ords as had been lost or destroyed." These persons or 
others were certainly appointed for this purpose, as the Court 
in one place ordered the transactions of the Commissioners 
"for reinstating the records destroyed by the enemy," to be 
recorded. A copy of Gideon Carr's will was proved before 
them, and directed to be placed on record. On a deed from 
Thomas Goolsby to Samuel Shelton dated July 1745, the 
following memorandum was inscribed: "February Court, 
1788. This Indenture was produced to the Court, and it 
appearing from a certificate on the same, that it had been 
formerly recorded in this Court, the record whereof was de- 
stroyed by the British in the year 1781, on motion of Samuel 
Shelton it was ordered by the Court that it be recorded again, 
in pursuance of an act of Assembly for that purpose." The 
act here referred to may be found in Hening XII, 497. It 


is hard to conceive any conduct in an army more outrageous, 
more opposed to the true spirit of civilization, and withal 
more useless in a military point of view, than the destruction 
of public archives. 

Other interruptions of the series however have happened 
since that time. The order books of the Court are missing 
from 1785 to 1791. Those for the years 1805 and 1827 are 
also wanting. It is difficult to account for these losses, 
except from want of due care in the removal of the books at 
different times from one office to another. 

During the long interval posterior to 1748, two events 
transpired on which it is desirable to have as much light as 
possible, the change of location of the Court House, and the 
Revolutionary War. Materials fortunately exist to furnish 
some account of both. 

The first occurrence was rendered necessary by the partition 
of the county in 1761. The territory on the south side of 
James River was cut off to form the county of Bucking- 
ham. That part which lay north of the James, and west of 
the Rockfish from its mouth up to the mouth of Green 
Creek, and thence west of a line running directly to the 
house of Thomas Bell, and continuing thence to the Blue 
Ridge, was constituted the county of Amherst. At the 
same time there was added to Albemarle that part of Louisa 
lying west of a line, beginning at the boundary between 
Albemarle and lyouisa on the ridge between Mechunk and 
Beaverdam Swamp, and running along said ridge till inter- 
sected by an east course from the widow Cobb's plantation, 
and thence a direct course to the Orange line opposite the 
plantation of Ambrose Coleman. When this arrangement 
took place, it left the Court House on the extreme southern 
border, and rendered attendance thereat unnecessarily incon- 
venient to the people residing in the northern sections of the 

What proceedings transpired to determine the site of the 
new Court House, whether it was fixed by the judgment of 
the County Court, or settled by a popular vote, there remains 
no means of knowing. Certain it is no more suitable place 


than the one selected could have been chosen. It occupies 
almost the exact centre of the county, it lies in the midst of 
a fertile country, and it is beautiful for situation. I/ofty ideas 
were evidently entertained in relation to its establishment. 
A thousand acres were purchased from Colonel Richard Ran- 
dolph, of Henrico, extending north and south from near 
Cochran's Pond to the south side of Moore's Creek, and east 
and west from the Chesapeake and Ohio Depot to Preston 
Heights. The title to this property was vested in Dr. 
Thomas Walker as Trustee, and he was empowered to sell 
and convey it to purchasers. The town was planned at the 
eastern edge of this tract, and consisted of four tiers of 
squares, each tier running east and west, and containing 
seven squares, and the four tiers extending from Jefferson 
Street on the north to South Street on the south. The public 
square for the courthouse was exterior to the limits of the 
town. The act of Assembly establishing the town was 
passed in November 1762. It is therein recited that fifty 
acres of land contiguous to the courthouse had already been 
laid off into lots and streets, and as it would be of great advan- 
tage to the inhabitants of the county if established a town 
for the reception of traders, it was so established, to be 
called and known by the name of Charlottesville. Dictated 
by the spirit of loyalty then prevalent, the name was given 
in honor of Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg Strelitz, who 
had recently become Queen of England as the wife of King 
George III. 

There being two half-acre lots in each square, the original 
town contained fifty-six lots. They were not disposed of 
with great rapidity. At the first sale in September 1763, 
about a year after the survey of the town, fourteen lots were 
sold to seven purchasers. Ten more were sold at intervals 
during the next year. Strange to say, the most of those 
alienated at first were remote from the courthouse, and lay 
on Main, Water and South Streets, although it is within the 
memory of some living since the Square ceased to be the 
business centre of the town. The next sale took place in 
October 1765, when twenty- three lots were disposed of, four- 


teen being purchased at once by Benjamin Brown and David 
Ross. By this time it may be supposed the courthouse was 
built, and the prospects of the new settlement being some- 
what assured, the spirit of speculation began to operate. 
In the deed to John Moore of Lot No. Three in 1765, it 
was stated that the Court of the County was recently held 

The residue of the public land was divided into fifteen 
parts, designated as outlots. They ranged in size from 
thirty-three to one hundred and fifty acres. The smallest 
of them lying north of the town and immediately on the 
public square, was sold to John Moore in April 1764. On 
this lot was a spring in the ravine behind Miss Ross' resi- 
dence, which had already acquired the name of the Prison 
Spring. The latter part of the same year two others adjoin- 
ing the town on the south, and containing seventy -three 
acres, were purchased by Richard Woods. In October 1765, 
eight more lying to the north, south and west, and aggre- 
gating upwards of six hundred acres, were bought by John 
Moore, Joel Terrell, and Richard and Samuel Woods. The 
last sale of outlots mentioned occurred in 1791, when the 
most northerly of them was sold to Dr. George Gilmer. 
The whole sum realized by the county from the sale of town 
lots and outlots averaged a pound an acre, amounting to 
thirty-three hundred and thirty-three dollars. 

The improvements made in the town before the Revolu- 
tion seem to have been few and scattered. One of the 
earliest was the residence of Joel Terrell, which was built 
on the corner of Market and Fifth Streets, where the City 
Hall now stands. Thomas West, a saddler by trade, lived 
on Main Street, on the square now occupied by the Leter- 
mans' Store. Samuel Taliaferro resided on the square to 
the east, on which afterwards stood the dwelling and store 
of Colonel Thomas Bell, occupied later by the family of Jesse 
Scott, and at present the seat of the Post Office. The first 
home of Dr. George Gilmer was on the south side of Main 
Street, near the present location of T. T. Norman's Store. 
John Day, a blacksmith, lived on the southeast corner of 


Water and First Streets. Tucker Woodson, Deputy Clerk 
of the County, who. married Elizabeth, daughter of John 
Moore, had his residence north of town, near the road to 
Cochran's Mill. A short time before the outbreak of the 
war, John Jouett built his public house, the Swan Tavern, 
on the east of the public square, where the house of the late 
Samuel I^eitch now stands. The square on which is now 
erected the Perley Building, was known in those days as 
"the Grass IvOt," and on a part of it was a house in which 
a Richard Scott lived, and which when sold during the war 
was reserved to him for his life. In a house on lyot Twenty- 
one, now marked by Huyett's Corner, a Mary Murphy lived 
the latter part of the war. Being afterwards married to 
Joseph Neilson, they sold it in 1784, and the same year it 
came into the possession of Robert Draffen, a former mer- 
chant of Charlottesville. 

As the war of the Revolution drew near, the people of 
Albemarle were deeply aroused. Their opposition to the 
obnoxious measures of the British government was prompt 
and strong. Upon the first mutterings of the storm, an 
independent company of volunteers was formed, and by 
spirited resolves they devoted themselves to the public wel- 
fare. When the election of officers was entered upon, the 
choice fell upon Charles I/ewis, of North Garden, as Captain, 
Dr. George Gilmer and John Marks, as lyieutenants, John 
Harvie, as Ensign, William Simms, William Wood, William 
T. Lewis, and John Martin, as Sergeants, and Frederick W. 
Wills, Thomas Martin, Jr., Patrick Napier and David Allen, 
as Corporals. As soon as the news was received of the 
removal of the powder by Lord Dunmore, without waiting 
ior a call, eighteen men at once marched to Williamsburg. 
How long they remained under arms, does not appear. They 
returned home shortly after, in the midst of the prevailing 
uncertainty. But their eagerness to sustain "the cause of 
America," was unabated. In fact so enthusiastic was their 
warmth, that they were not disposed to listen to counsels 
which cooler minds deemed prudent. On receiving a mes- 
sage from Captain Hugh Mercer, to the effect that the Speaker 


and others thought the companies assembled should be dis- 
missed, they were at a loss how to act, It was determined 
however that the matter should be submitted to the decision 
of the company. They voted to march again, and on July 
11th, 1775, twenty-seven men under I/ieutenant George Gil- 
mer proceeded a second time to Williamsburg. 

The Convention which met on July 17th of that year, 
formed sixteen districts in the colony, in which troops should 
be raised for its defence. In one of these Albemarle was 
associated with Buckingham, Amherst and East Augusta. 
The Committee of the district convened on September 8th, 
1775, at the house of James Woods'in Amherst. There were 
present from Albemarle, Charles Lewis and George Gilmer ^ 
from Amherst, William Cabell and John and Hugh Rose, 
from Buckingham, John Nicholas, Charles Patterson and 
John Cabell, and from Augusta, Sampson Matthews, Alex- 
ander McClanahan and Samuel McDowell. Thomas Jefferson 
was the other delegate from Albemarle, but was absent at the 
Continental Congress, of which he had been appointed a 
member the previous June. At this meeting it was resolved, 
that two companies of minutemen should be enlisted in each 
of the counties of Albemarle, Amherst and Buckingham, and 
four in that of Augusta, and that these ten companies should 
constitute a battalion under George Matthews, of Augusta, 
and afterwards Governor of Georgia, as Colonel, Charles 
Lewis, of Albemarle, as Lieutenant Colonel, Daniel Gaines, of 
Amherst, as Major, and Thomas Patterson, of Buckingham, 
as Commissary. This battalion was raised and went into 
camp November 11th, 1775, three miles from Rockfish Gap, 
and continued in training till December 6th. Inquiry fails 
to find any local tradition of the place of this camp, but it is 
said that grounds at that distance from the Gap, and admir- 
ably fit for military exercises, may be found on the main road 
between Hebron and Rodes' Churches. Charles Lewis ap- 
pears as Colonel of a battalion the next year, and was ordered 
by the Convention in May to North Carolina. He was after- 
wards Colonel of the Fourteenth Virginia Regiment, and at 
the time of his death in 1779, Commander of the post at 


Soldiers from Albemarle fought on all the important batr 
tie fields of the war, Long Bridge, Trenton, Stony Point, 
Brandywine, Germantown, Saratoga, Monmouth, Savannah, 
Charleston, Camden, King's Mountain, Cowpens, Guilford, 
Eutaw and Yorktown. 

The most striking event connecting the county with the 
war, was the location within its bounds of the camp for the 
Convention Troops, as they were called; that is, the pris- 
oners captured in October 1777, at Burgoyne's surrender. 
These troops were first sent to Boston, whence they were to 
be allowed to return to Europe on their parole not to serve 
again till exchanged ; but Congress on account of its unsat- 
isfactory relations with the British authorities, refused to 
ratify the terms of the Convention, and the next year directed 
the prisoners to be removed to Charlottesville. Being led by 
way of Ivancaster, Pennsylvania, and Frederick, Maryland, 
they reached their new quarters about the first of the year 
1779, and remained until October 1780. The camp was 
stationed on the northern bank of Ivy Creek, on what is now 
the farm of the late George Carr, and the place has ever since 
borne the name of The Barracks. There remain some inter- 
esting reminiscences of this episode of the war, derived from 
contemporary documents. 

The prisoners arrived in the winter, when a spell of ex- 
tremely bitter weather was prevailing. Such was the lack 
of preparation for their reception, and such their sufferings, 
that numerous remonstrances were presented by their officers 
to the Governor of the State, as well as to Congress. De- 
mands were made for their immediate removal. In this state 
of affairs Mr. Jefferson wrote at much length to Patrick 
Henry, the Governor at that time, stating the circumstances, 
and urging that there was no necessity for a change. The 
letter, dated March 27th, 1^79, is valuable for the interesting 
facts it preserves. In the course of it he says, 

"There could not have been a more unlucky concurrence 
of circumstances than when these troops first came. The 
barracks were unfinished for want of laborers, the spell of 
weather, the worst ever known within the memory of man, no 


Stores of bread laid in, the roads by the weather and the 
number of wagons soon rendered impassable ; and not only 
the troops themselves were greatly disappointed, but the 
people of the neighborhood were alarmed at the consequences 
which a total failure of provisions might produce. 

"The barracks occupy the top and brow of a very high 
hill ; you have been untruly told they were in a bottom. 
They are free from fog, have four springs which seem to be 
plentiful, one within twenty yards of the picket, and another 
within two hundred and fifty; and they propose to sink 
wells within the picket. Of four thousand people it should 
be expected according to the ordinary calculations, that one 
should die every day. Yet in the space of more than three 
months there have been but four deaths, two infants under 
three weeks old, and two others by apoplexy. The officers 
tell me the troops were never so healthy since they were 

"The mills on James River above the falls, open to canoe 
navigation, are very many. Some of these are of great 
value as manufacturers. The barracks are surrounded by 
mills. There are five or six round about Charlottesville. 
Any two or three of the whole might in the course of the 
winter manufacture flour sufficient for the year. 

"The officers after considerable hardship have procured 
quarters comfortable and satisfactory to them. In order to 
do this, they were obliged in many instances to hire houses 
for a year certain, and at such exorbitant rents as were suffi- 
cient to tempt independent owners to go out of them, and 
shift as they could. These houses in most cases were much 
out of repair. They have repaired them at considerable 
expense. One of the general officers has taken a place for 
two years, advanced the rent for the whole time, and been 
obliged moreover to erect additional buildings for the accom- 
modation of part of his family, for which there was not room 
in the house rented. Independent of the brick work, for the 
carpentry of these additional buildings I know he is to pay 
fifteen hundred dollars. The same gentleman to my knowl- 
edge has paid to one person thirty-six hundred and seventy 


dollars, for different articles to fix himself commodiously. 
They have generally laid in their stocks of grain and other 
provisions. They have purchased cows, sheep, &c., set in 
to farming, prepared their gardens, and have a prospect of 
quiet and comfort before them. 

"To turn to the soldiers. The environs of the barracks 
are delightful, the ground cleared, laid off in hundreds of 
gardens, each enclosed in its separate paling; these are well 
prepared, and exhibiting a fine appearance. General Riede- 
sel alone laid out upwards of two hundred pounds in garden 
seeds for the German troops only. Judge what an extent of 
ground these seeds would cover. There is little doubt that 
their own gardens will furnish them a great abundance of 
vegetables through the year. Their poultry, pigeons and 
other preparations of that kind present to the mind the idea 
of a company of farmers, rather than a camp of soldiers. 
In addition to the barracks built for them by the public, and 
now very comfortable, they have built great numbers for 
themselves in such messes as fancied each other; and the 
whole corps, both officers and men, seem now happy and 
satisfied with their situation." 

Besides this narrative of Mr. Jefferson, there is extant an 
account of the Barracks, and of the condition of affairs in the 
surrounding country, in the published letters of Major 
Thomas Anbury, a British officer, and one of the prisoners. 
These letters were despatched from time to time to his friends 
in England, and exhibit a detail of his experiences and ob- 
servations, from Burgoyne's march from Canada till near the 
close of the war. They were written in a free, dashing style, 
and while his descriptions are sprightly and entertaining, 
they present things in such aspects and colors as would natu- 
rally be expected from a British point of view. Most of 
those written from Albemarle were dated at Jones's Plantation, 
and the circumstances to which he refers make it evident 
that the place was that of Orlando Jones, situated north of 
Glendower, and now bearing the name of Refuge. Respect- 
ing matters concerning the prisoners, he writes, 

"On our arrival at Charlottesville, no pen can describe the 


scene of misery and confusion that ensued ; the officers of 
the first and second brigades were in the town, and our ar- 
rival added to their distress. This famous place we had 
heard so much of, consisted only of a courthouse, one tavern, 
and about a dozen houses, all of which were crowded with 
officers; those of our brigade were therefore obliged to ride 
about the country, and entreat the inhabitants to take us in. 
As to the men, their situation was truly horrible, after the 
hard shifts they had experienced in their march from the 
Potomac. They were, instead of comfortable barracks, con- 
ducted into a wood, where a. few log huts were just begun to 
be built, the most part not covered over, and all of them full of 
snow. These they were obliged to clear out and cover over, 
to secure themselves from the inclemency of the weather as soon 
as they could, and in the course of two or three days rendered 
a habitable, but by no means a comfortable, retirement. 
What added greatly to the distress of the men was the want 
of provisions, as none had as yet arrived for the troops, and 
for six days they subsisted on the meal of Indian corn made 
into cakes. The person who had the management of every- 
thing, informed us that we were not expected till spring. 

"Never was a country so destitute of every comfort. Pro- 
visions were not to be purchased for ten days ; the officers 
subsisted upon fat pork and Indian corn made into cakes, 
not a drop of spirit of any kind; what little there had been, 
was already consumed by the first and second brigades. 
Many officers to comfort themselves put red pepper into 
water to drink by way of cordial. Upon a representation of 
our situation by Brigadier General Hamilton to Colonel Bland, 
who commanded the American troops, he promised to make 
the situation of the men as comfortable as possible, and with 
all expedition. The officers upon signing a parole might go to 
Richmond and other adjacent towns, to procure themselves 
quarters; accordingly a parole was signed, which allowed a 
circuit of near a hundred miles. And after they had drawn 
lots, as three were to remain in the barracks with the men, 
or at Charlottesville, the principal part of them set off for 
Richmond, while many are at plantations twenty or thirty 


miles from the barracks. On the arrival of the troops at 
Charlottesville, the officers what with vexation and to keep 
out the cold, drank rather freely of an abominable liquor 
called peach brandy, which if drunk to excess, the fumes 
raise an absolute delirium, and in their cups several were 
guilty of deeds that would admit of no apology. The inhab- 
itants must have thought us mad, for in the course of three 
or four days there were no less than six or seven duels 

"I am quartered with Major Master and four other officers 
of our regiment at this plantation, about twenty miles from 
the barracks. The owner has given up his house and gone 
to reside at his overseer's, and for the use of his house we 
pay him two guineas a week. It is situated upon an emi- 
nence, commanding a prospect of near thirty miles around 
it, and the face of the country appears an immense forest, 
interspersed with various plantations four or five miles dis- 
tant from each other. Informing the Commissary of pro- 
visions where we were quartered, he gave us an order on a 
Colonel Coles , who resides about four miles distant , to supply 
us, he being appointed to collect for the use of Congress in 
this district; who upon application sent us about a month's 
provision of flour and salt pork for ourselves and servants. 
Cattle, horses, sheep and hogs followed the cart, to lick the 
barrels containing the salt meat. 

"The house where General Phillips resides is called Blen- 
heim. It was erected shortly after that memorable battle 
by a Mr. Carter, Secretary of the Colony, and was his favor- 
ite seat of residence. It stands on a lofty eminence, com- 
manding a very extensive prospect. Colonel Carter, its pres- 
ent proprietor, possesses a most affluent fortune, and has a 
variety of seats surpassing Blenheim, which he suffers to go 
to ruin. When General Phillips took it, it was crowded with 
negroes, sent to clear a spot of ground a few miles off. The 
extent of his land is immense, and he has fifteen hundred 
negroes on his different plantations. 

"The Congress must be acquitted of the bad treatment of 
the prisoners ; they were misguided and duped by a Colonel 


Harvie, a member from this province. When Virginia was 
fixed on as a depot for the prisoners, Colonel Harvie pro- 
posed to Congress to remove the Convention army to a tract 
of land belonging to him, about six miles from Charlottes- 
ville, about four from the Blue Mountains, and near two 
hundred from the sea coast; and if Congress approved, he 
would engage to build barracks and lay in provisions by the 
ensuing spring. The resolution was passed the latter end of 
June. Colonel Harvie immediately resorted to Virginia, and 
set all his negroes, and a number of the inhabitants, to build 
the barracks and collect provisions ; and after having planned 
everything, he left its completion to the management of his 
brother, and returned to Congress. His brother not possess- 
ing so much activity, and not being perhaps so much in- 
terested in the business, did not pay proper attention to it; 
and this was the cause why the barracks were not finished, 
and affairs were in such confusion on our arrival. Colonel 
Harvie supposed all would be ready by Christmas. 

"Colonel Bland, who commands the American troops, was 
formerly a physician at a place called Petersburg on the 
James River, but at the commencement of the war, as being 
in some way related to Bland, who wrote a military treatise, 
he felt a martial spirit arise within him, quitted the Esculapian 
art, and at his own expense raised a regiment of light horse. 
As to those troops of his regiment with Washington's army, 
I cannot say anything; but the two the Colonel has with 
him here for the purposes of express and attendance, are the 
most curious figures you ever saw ; some like Prince Pretty- 
man with one boot, others without any ; some hoseless, with 
their feet peeping out of their shoes, others with breeches 
that put decency to the blush; some in short jackets, and 
some in long coats, but all have fine dragoon caps, and long 
swords slung around them ; some with holsters, some with- 
out, but, gramercy, pistols, they haven't a brace and a 
half among them; but they are tolerably well mounted, and 
that is the only thing you can advance in their favor. The 
Colonel is so fond of his dragoons, that he reviews and 
maneuvers them every morning, and when he rides out, has 


two with drawn swords before, and two behind. It is really- 
laughable to see him thus attended by his ragged regiment, 
which looks, to borrow Shakespeare's idea, as if the gibbets 
had been robbed to make it up ; then the Colonel himself, 
notwithstanding his martial spirit, has all the grave deport- 
ment as if he were going to a consultation. He greatly 
amused some of us calling to see him not long since. He 
had just mounted his horse to ride out, and seeing us ap- 
proach, and wishing to air his French, he called out very 
pompously to his orderly, ' Donne z moi — donnez mot — eh — 
tnon scabbard/' " 

In May 1779, he wrote, 

"A few days ago Madame Riedesel, [who with her hus- 
band, Baron Riedesel, was living at CoUe, near Simeon] 
with two of her children, had a narrow escape. As she was 
going to the barracks in her post chaise, when the carriage 
had passed a wooden bridge — which are of themselves very 
terrific, being only so many rough logs laid across beams, 
without any safeguard on either side — an old rotten pine fell 
directly between the horses and the chaise, but providentially 
did no other damage than crushing the two fore wheels to 
pieces, and laming one of the horses. 

"I am filled with sorrow at being obliged to relate the 
death of W — , a relative of Sir Watkin Williams Wynne. 
He had been drinking peach brandy till he became insane; 
and riding from Charlottesville to the barracks, he contrived 
to escape his companions, and next morning was found dead 
in a by -place five miles off, being tracked by the foot -prints 
of his horse in the snow.' ' 

From the Barracks, to which he had removed in the early 
part of 1780, he wrote later, 

"The log huts of the men are becoming dangerous from the 
ravages of insects, that bear the appellation of Sawyers, and 
are infested with rats of enormous size. The prisoners are 
deserting in great numbers, especially the Germans, and 
duels have become very frequent among the German officers. " 

On November 20th, 1780, he wrote from Winchester, 

"About six weeks ago we marched from Charlottesville 


barracks, Congress being apprehensive that Coniwallis in 
overrunning the Carolinas might by forced marches retake 
the prisoners. The officers murmured greatly at the step, 
having been given to understand that they were to remain 
till exchanged. Many had laid out considerable sums to ren- 
der their huts comfortable, particularly by replacing the wood 
chimneys with stone, and to promote association, they had 
erected a coflfee house, a theatre, a cold bath, &c. My 
miserable log hut, not more than sixteen feet square, cost 
between thirty and forty guineas in erecting. The woods had 
been cleared away for the space of six miles in circumference 
around the barracks. It had become a little town, and there 
being more society, most of the officers had resorted thither. 
After we quitted the barracks, the inhabitants were near a 
week in destroying the cats that were left behind ; impelled 
by hunger, they had gone into the woods, and there was rea- 
son to suppose they would become extremely wild and fero- 
cious, and would be a great annoyance to their poultry. We 
crossed the Pignut Ridge, or more properly the Blue Moun- 
tains, at Woods's Gap, and though considerably loftier than 
those we crossed in Connecticut, we did not meet with so 
many difficulties; in short, you scarcely perceive till you are 
upon the summit that you are gaining an eminence, much 
less one that is of such a prodigious height, owing to the 
judicious manner that the inhabitants have made the road, 
which by its winding renders the ascent extremely easy. 
After traveling near a mile through a thick wood before you 
gain the summit of these mountains, when you reach the top, 
you are suddenly surprised with an unbounded prospect that 
strikes you with amazement. At the foot of the mountain 
runs a beautiful river; beyond it is a very extensive plain, 
interspersed with a variety of objects to render the scene still 
more delightful ; and about fifty miles distant are the lofty 
Alleghany Mountains, whose tops are buried in the clouds." 
As Anbuiry's work is out of print, it will no doubt prove 
acceptable to give a few extracts, in which are presented 
the condition of the country, and the state of society, as 
viewed by a stranger occupying his peculiar circumstances. 


"The plantations are scattered here and there over the 
land, which is thickly covered with timber. On these there 
is a dwelling house in the centre, with kitchen, smoke house, 
and other outhouses detached, and from the various build- 
ings each plantation has the appearance of a small village. 
At some little distance from the houses are peach and apple 
orchards, and scattered over the plantations are the negroes' 
huts, and tobacco barns, which are large and built of wood 
for the cure of that article. The houses are most of them 
built of wood, the roof being covered with shingles, and not 
always lathed and plastered within; only those of the bet- 
ter sort are finished in that manner, and painted on the out- 
side ; the chimneys are often of brick, but the generality of 
them are wood, coated on the inside with clay; the windows 
of the better sort are glazed, the rest have only wooden shut- 

"All taverns and public houses in Virginia are called 
Ordinaries, and 'faith, not improperly in general. They 
consist of a little house placed in a solitary situation in the 
middle of the woods, and the usual method of describing the 
roads is. From such an ordinary to such a one, so many 
miles. The entertainment you meet with is very poor indeed ; 
you are seldom able to procure any other fare than eggs and 
bacon with Indian hoe cake, and at many of them not even 
that. The only liquors are peach brandy and whiskey. 
They are not remiss however in making pretty exorbitant 
charges. Before the war, I was told, one might stop at any 
plantation, meet with the most courteous treatment, and be 
supplied with everything gratuitously. Gentlemen hearing 
of a stranger at an ordinary, would at once send a negro 
with an invitation to his house. 

"Most of the planters consign the care of their plantations 
and negroes to an overseer; even the man whose house we 
rent has his overseer, though he could with ease superintend 
it himself; but if they possess a few negroes, they think it 
beneath their dignity; added to which, they are so abomi- 
nably lazy. I'll give you a sketch of this man's general way 
of living. He rises about eight o'clock, drinks what he 


calls a julep, which is a large glass of rum sweetened with 
sugar, then walks, or more generally rides, round his planta- 
tion, views his stock, \nspects his crops, and returns about 
ten o'clock to breakfast on cold meat or ham, fried hominy, 
toast and cider ; tea and coffee are seldom tasted but by the 
women. He then saunters about the house, sometimes 
amusing himself with the little negroes who are playing 
round the door, or else scraping on a fiddle. About twelve 
or one he drinks a toddy to create him an appetite for dinner, 
which he sits down to at two o'clock. After he has dined he 
generally lies down on the bed, rises about five, then perhaps 
sips some tea with his wife, but commonly drinks toddy till 
bed time; during all this time he is neither drunk nor sober, 
but in a state of stupefaction. This is his usual mode of 
living which he seldom varies ; and he only quits his plan- 
tation to attend the Court House on court days, or some 
horse race or cock fight, at which times he gets so egregi- 
ously drunk, that his wife sends a couple of negroes to con- 
duct him safe home. 

"Thus the whole management of the plantation is left to 
the overseer, who as an encouragement to make the most of 
the crops, gets a certain portion as his wages; but having no 
interest in the negroes any further than their labor,- he drives 
and whips them about, and works them beyond their strength, 
sometimes till they expire. He feels no loss in their death, 
he knows the plantation must be supplied, and his humanity 
is estimated by his interest, which rises always above freezing 
point. It is the poor negroes who alone work hard, and I 
am sorry to say, fare hard. Incredible is the fatigue which 
the poor wretches undergo, and it is wonderful that nature 
should be able to support it. There certainly must be some- 
thing in their constitution as well as their color different from 
us, that enables them to endure it. They are called up at 
daybreak, and seldom allowed to swallow a mouthful of 
hominy or hoecake, but are drawn out into the field immedi- 
ately, where they continue at hard labor without intermission 
till noon, when they go to their dinners, and are seldom 
allowed an hour for that purpose. Their meal consists of 


hominy and salt, and if their master is a man of humanity, 
touched by the finer feelings of love and sensibility, he allows 
them twice a week a little fat, skimmed milk, rusty bacon and 
salt herring to relish this miserable and scanty fare. The 
man of this plantation in lieu of these, grants his negroes an 
acre of ground, and all Saturday afternoons, to raise grain 
and poultry for themselves. After they have dined, they re- 
turn to labor in the field till dusk in the evening. Here one 
naturally imagines the daily labor of these poor creatures 
was over. Not so. They repair to the tobacco houses where 
each has a task of stripping allotted, which takes up some 
hours, or else they have such a quantity of Indian corn to 
husk; and if they neglect it, they are tied up in the morning, 
and receive a number of lashes from those unfeeling monsters, 
the overseers, whose masters suffer them to exercise their 
brutal authority without restraint. Thus by their night task 
it is late in the evening before these poor creatures return to 
their second scanty meal, and the time taken up at it en- 
croaches upon their hours of sleep, which for refreshment of 
food and sleep together can never be reckoned to exceed eight. 
When they lay themselves down to rest, their comforts are 
equally miserable and limited ; for they sleep on a bench or 
on the ground, with an old scanty blanket, which serves them 
at once for bed and covering. Their clothing is not less 
wretched, consisting of a shirt and trousers of coarse, thin, 
hard, hempen stuff in the summer, with an addition of a very 
coarse woolen jacket, breeches and shoes in winter. But 
since the war the masters, for they cannot get the clothing as 
usual, sufier them to go in rags, and many in a state of 
nudity. The female slaves share labor and repose just in the 
same manner, except a few who are termed house negroes, 
and are employed in household drudgery. These poor crea- 
tures are all submissive to injuries and insults, and are obliged 
to be passive. The law directs the negro's arm to be cut off, 
who raises it against a white person. Notwithstanding this 
humiliating state and rigid treatment to which they are sub- 
ject, they are devoid of care, contented and happy, blest with 
an easy, satisfied disposition. They always carry out a piece 


of fire, and kindle one near their work, let the weather be 
ever so hot and sultry. 

"There were, and still are, three degrees of rank among 
the inhabitants, exclusive of the negroes ; but I am afraid the 
advantage of distinction will never exist again in this country, 
in the same manner it did before the commencement of hostil- 
ities. The first class consists of gentlemen of the best 
families and fortunes, which are more respectable and 
numerous here than in any other province. For the most 
part they have had liberal educations, possess a thorough 
knowledge of the world, with great ease and freedom in their 
manners and conversation. Many of them keep their car- 
riages, have handsome services of plate, and without excep- 
tion keep their studs, as well as sets of handsome carriage 

"The second class consists of such a strange mixture of 
character, and of such various descriptions of occupation, 
being nearly half the inhabitants, that it is difficult to ascer- 
tain their exact criterion and leading feature. They are 
however hospitable, generous and friendly; but for a want of 
a proper knowledge of the world, and a good education, as 
well as from their continual intercourse with their slaves, 
over whom they are accustomed to tyrannize, with all their 
good qualities they are rude, ferocious and haughty, much 
addicted to gaming and dissipation, particularly horse 
racing and cock fighting. In short, they form a most un- 
accountable combination of qualities, directly opposite and 
contradictory, many having them strangely blended with the 
best and worst of principles, many possessing elegant accom- 
plishments and savage brutality; and notwithstanding all 
this inconsistency of character, numbers are valuable mem- 
bers of the community, and very few deficient in intellectual 

"The third class, which in general composes the greatest 
part of mankind are fewer in Virginia in proportion to the 
inhabitants, than perhaps in any other country of the world ; 
yet even those who are rude, illiberal and noisy, with a tur- 
bulent disposition, are generous, kind and hospitable. We 


are induced to imagine there is something peculiar in the 
climate of Virginia, that should render all classes of so hos- 
pitable a disposition. The lower people possess that imper- 
tinent curiosity so disagreeable to strangers, but in no degree 
equal to the inhabitants of New England. They are averse to 
labor, much addicted to liquor, and when intoxicated ex- 
tremely savage and revengeful. Their amusements are the 
same with those of the middling sort, with the addition of 
boxing matches. 

"We found many gentlemen of the province very liberal 
and hospitable to the British officers, among whom I may 
mention Messrs. Randolph, of Tuckahoe, Goode, of Chester- 
field, and Gary, of Warwick. In conversing with the pris- 
oners, they carefully refrain from politics. So warm and 
bigotted was the prevailing spirit, that those who exercisei 
such courtesy incurred much criticism and censure. Some 
went so far on this account as to threaten to burn Colonel 
Randolph's mills. He however treated the matter with an 
easy independence, offering on the other hand five hundred 
pounds for the discovery of those who made the threat. 

"There is a place called Kentucky, whose soil is ex- 
tremely fruitful, and where an abundance of buffaloes is 
found. The emigration of the people to that place is amaz- 
ing, seeking thereby to escape the tyranny and oppressions 
of the Congress, and its upstart dependents. 

"In this neighborhood I visited Colonel Walker, a mem- 
ber of Congress, and found his home a hospitable house, but 
unpleasant, because the family chiefly conversed on politics, 
though with moderation. His father is a man of strong 
understanding, though considerably above eighty years of 
age. He freely declared his opinions of what America 
would be a hundred years hence, and said the people would 
reverence the resolution of their fathers, and impress the 
same feeling on their children, so that they would adopt the 
same measures to secure their freedom, which had been used 
by their brave ancestors." 

As can be seen by every intelligent reader, some of the 
information Anbury received from others was erroneous, or 


misunderstood, many of his observations were no doubt 
hastily formed, and all related to a country, and people, suf- 
fering under the hardships of war, and were tinctured by the 
prejudices and mortification of a vanquished enemy. Still 
his account is full of interest to those now living, inasmuch 
as it exhibits the views of a young man of cleverness and 
education, and especially of one who spent nearly two years 
of that memorable era on the soil of the county, and among 
the men who were then the conductors of its affairs. Copies 
of his Travels, as his book was called, are now rarely to be 

Not long before the removal of the prisoners, an unhappy 
tragedy occurred at the Barracks. James Garland, Jr., an 
officer of the guards, was killed by I,awrence ■ Mansfield 
while on duty as a sentinel. According to all the traditions 
connected with the case, it was a justifiable homicide. It 
was owing to a refusal to halt and give the countersign. 
The motive of Garland is differently explained. One ac- 
count represents him as designing to test the competence 
and fidelity of the guard. Another version has it, that he 
was indulging a spirit of frolic. With a number of compan- 
ions he had been invited to ah entertainment in the neighbor- 
hood. As they mounted their horses, he announced that he 
would have a little fun with the sentry. He preceded the 
others, and approaching the station was hailed. He con- 
tinued to ride on heedless of the warning. The sentinel 
raised his gun, and intended, as he said afterwards, to fire 
above the offender; but just as the gun was discharged, 
Garland's horse reared, and the ball struck the rider's head 
with fatal effect. His remains were buried on his farm some 
miles west of Batesville, and but a few years ago his grave 
was pointed out near the cabin of a negro, who in the 
changes of the times had become the owner of the place. 
The will of the unfortunate man is on record, and from the 
serious spirit with which it is pervaded, one would judge 
that the first account more probably indicates the reason of 
his conduct. 

The Tarleton Raid upon Charlottesville took place in June, 


1781. With two hundred and fifty horse, the British com- 
mander was passing Louisa C. H. at a rapid rate, when they 
were seen by John Jouett, who at the time was a temporary 
sojourner at the place. Suspecting their object, he leaped 
on his horse, and being familiar with the roads he took the 
shortest cuts, and soon left the enemy behind. He obtained 
a considerable advantage in addition by the detention Tarle- 
ton underwent at Castle Hill, where he stopped for breakfast, 
and for the capture of several members of the Legislature who 
were visiting Dr. Walker. Meeting an acquaintance near 
Milton, he despatched him to Monticello to warn Mr. Jeffer- 
son, who was then Governor of the State, while he pushed 
on to give the alarm at Charlottesville. By this means the 
Legislature which had just convened at that place, was 
notified in time to adjourn, and make a precipitate retreat 
to Staunton. After a short interval Tarleton and his troop 
entered the town. Though disappointed in their main object, 
they remained a part of two days, and it is said destroyed a 
thousand firelocks, four hundred barrels of powder, together 
with a considerable quantity of clothing and tobacco. The 
most important as well as most useless waste they committed, 
was the destruction of the public records already mentioned 
— a great contrast to the orders given the ofl&cer detailed to 
Monticello, to allow nothing on the premises to be injured. 
It is stated that Captain John Martin, a son-in-law of old 
David Lewis, was stationed in the town with two hundred 
men. Had they been seasonably apprised of the real state of 
the case, they might have lain in ambush in the gorge below 
Monticello, and sent the enemy on their return more quickly 
th'an they came. But the suddenness of the alarm, the uncer- 
tainty respecting the numbers approaching, and the wide- 
spread terror of Tarleton's name, probably led Captain Martin 
to think that the most prudent course was to withdraw from 
the scene. 

While at Charlottesville, Tarleton made his headquarters 
at the Farm, the residence of Nicholas Lewis. The story is 
told, that in living on the enemy, the British soldiers speedily 
made way with a fine flock of ducks belonging to Mrs. Lewis, 


at the same time for some reason laying no hands on its 
veteran leader. When after Tarleton's departure she was 
informed of her loss, she promptly ordered a servant to take 
the forlorn drake, and riding after the Colonel to present it 
to him with her compliments. Appreciating the courteous 
irony of the act, the Colonel bade the servant present his 
mistress in return his profoundest thanks. It is also related, 
that Mrs. lyewis was not as bitter in her feelings towards the 
invaders of her country as the other members of her family, 
and that the arm chair in which Tarleton sat while an inmate 
of her house was ever after cherished as an object of special 

As the buildings of Charlottesville were not numerous at 
that period, it is a question of some interest where the Legis- 
lature held its sessions. It is rather singular that no authen- 
tic tradition in regard to it has been handed down. It has 
been claimed, that they convened in the tavern which stood 
on the corner of Market and Fifth Streets, where the City- 
Hall now stands. The same claim has been made respecting 
the old Swan Tavern. The house, which is situated in the 
rear of the late Thomas Wood's, and which is said to have 
been removed from the public square in front of the court 
house as a cottage of the Eagle Tavern, has also been pointed 
out as the building ; but it is not likely that the Eagle Tavern 
was built as early as the Revolutionary War. The strong 
probability is that the courthouse was the place of their 
meeting. It may have been this circumstance that brought 
Tarleton's vengeance on its contents ; and for nearly fifty years 
subsequent to that date, it afforded accommodation to almost 
all the public assemblies of the town, both civil and ecclesi- 

The anecdote is recounted by the historians of Augusta 
County in regard to Patrick Henry flying with breathless 
haste, when a rumor of Tarleton's approach created a panic 
in Staunton. The same story is told, with the scene laid in 
Albemarle, and a sturdy Scotch Irish matron of the Blue 
Ridge section as the great man's devoted admirer. The ora- 
tor with two companions in their flight to Staunton, alighted 


at a house near the Ridge to procure the means of refreshing 
their weary frames after their hard ride. The mother of the 
household, while superintending a supply for their wants, 
learned that they were members of the Legislature, and were 
escaping from the dreaded Tarleton. She eyed them with 
evident contempt, and at length declared her firm belief, that 
if Patrick Henry had been there, he never would have 
quailed before the foe. "Why, madam," said one of his 
friends, laughing, "there is the man himself!" The 
announcement received no credit, till the silence of the dis- 
tinguished fugitive brought about a reluctant assent. The 
looks of the woman betrayed her utter amazement, and she 
no doubt thought that things were indeed fast rushing to ruin, 
when the idol of her trust had so wofulls'' failed. 

It seems there were owners of land in Albemarle, whose 
sympathies ran on the British side during the Revolution. 
Under the law confiscating the property of such persons to 
the State, six inquisitions were held in the year 1779 before 
Peter Marks, the public escheator. One of these referred to 
eight hundred acres of John Ividderdale on Buck Mountain 
Creek, and was held on the premises ; another to Lot Twenty- 
Two in Charlottesville, on which the former Presbyterian 
Church stands, and which belonged to Robert Bain; another 
to seven and a half acres adjoining Charlottesville on the east, 
belonging to Donald Scott & Co., the property afterwards 
owned by Judge Dabney Carr, and later the home of Ira 
Garrett; both of these inquisitions were held in Charlottes- 
ville. Another referred to more than three thousand acres 
on Ivy Creek, and fifty-two negroes, the property of Francis 
Jerdone, including the Farmington estate, and was held at 
the house of his steward, James Garland, Jr. ; another to two 
hundred acres on the south fork of Hardware, and the last to 
four hundred and fifty acres on James River, both tracts 
belonging to Henderson, McCaul & Co., the inquisition on 
the former being held on the premises, and that on the latter 
at the house of Charles Irving. In all these cases the juries 
rendered a verdict of condemnation. Robert Bain however 
appears to have made his peace with the State, as in 1781 the 


Ivegislature by a special act restored his estate, or made com- 
pensation for whatever part had been sold, on condition of 
his taking the oath of allegiance. Francis Jerdone too must 
in some way have made proper amends in the public eye, as 
he himself sold the same property to George Divers in 1785. 
It may be interesting to mention the names of the jury which 
sat in Charlottesville : James Kerr, foreman, James Marks, 
Thomas Garth, Bennett Henderson, Charles Lilburn I,ewis, 
Benjamin Dod Wheeler, Richard Woods, Charles Statham, 
John Key, Benajah Gentry, Isham I^ewis, William Grayson 
and Jacob Oglesby. In this connection it may be stated, that 
in August 1785 a deed from Thomas Meriwether, heir-at-law 
of Captain David Meriwether, to Chiles Terrell was ordered to 
be recorded, and a note was entered at the same time, that 
the same deed had been presented at November Court 1777, 
but its record had been refused, because of the suspicion that 
Mr. Terrell had not taken the oath of allegiance. In all 
ages, such differences of opinion have occurred in the trying 
ordeals of warm political strife. 



A weather-beaten stone lies near the centre of Maplewood 
Cemetery in Charlottesville, inscribed with the name of 
I/etitia Shelby, and the statement that she departed this life 
on September 7th, 1777. This Cemetery was not laid out 
until 1831. Previous to that time families of the town were 
generally in the habit of interring their dead in their own 
lots. A public graveyard however is said to have existed on 
the road to Cochran's Mill, about where the residence of 
Drury Wood now stands, and from this place this stone was 
removed after Maplewood was established. It is declared by 
descendants of the Shelby family, that this I,etitia was the 
wife of General E)van Shelby, and mother of General Isaac 
Shelby, the first Governor of Kentucky. A curious inquiry 
arises how she came to be in Charlottesville, or in Albe- 
marle County, at the time of her death. 

Evan Shelby was an immigrant from Wales, and at first 
settled in Maryland, near Hagerstown. There his son Isaac 
was born in 1750. In the year 1771 father and son were both 
in southwestern Virginia, in the neighborhood of Bristol; 
and there the home of Evan Shelby continued to be during 
his life. It is natural to suppose that his wife, whose maiden 
name was I^etitia Cox, accompanied them to their new home 
in the West. Whether she was visiting friends in Albemarle, 
or was passing through on a journey, at the period of her 
last sickness, it is perhaps impossible now to ascertain. 
But the plain, well preserved inscription on her tombstone 
leaves no doubt that this vicinity was the place of her death. 
A tradition in the Floyd family states, that about 1680 a 
Nathaniel Davis, who was also a native of Wales, married a 
child of Nicketti, a daughter of the Indian Chief, Opechan- 
canough, the brother of Powhatan. Robert Davis was a son 
of these parents, and an ancestor of Jefferson Davis, President 
of the Confederacy; and a granddaughter of Robert Davis 


was the wife of Evan Shelby. Probability is lent to this 
account by the fact, that Robert Davis had a son named 
Samuel, who would thus be the uncle of I,etitia Shelby ; and 
Samuel Davis was the owner of several tracts of land in 
Albemarle, on the north fork of Rockfish, on Green Creek, 
and on both sides of Moore's Creek, adjoining the Carter 
lands. At the time of her death, Mrs. Shelby may have been 
visiting the family of this man. 

General George Rogers Clark, the famous conqueror of 
the North West Territory, first saw the light in Albemarle. 
His grandfather, Jonathan Clark, of King and Queen County, 
joined with Hickman, Graves and Smith, as already men- 
tioned, in patenting more than three thousand acres of land 
on the north side of the Rivanna, opposite the Free Bridge. 
In the division of this land, the upper portion fell to Clark; 
and in a house situated a short distance from the present 
residence of Captain C. M. McMurdo, John Clark, the son 
of Jonathan, lived, and George Rogers was born. The wife 
of John Clark, and mother of George, was Ann Rogers, a 
sister of Giles, George and Byrd Rogers, all of whom pos- 
sessed land in Albemarle, in the Buck Mountain region. 
The birth of George Rogers Clark occurred in 1752, and 
when he was about five years of age his father removed to 
Caroline, where a kinsman had devised to him a handsome 
estate. It is not known that in his active and eventful life, 
the General was ever again in the county of his birth but 
once. In the fall of 1777 he travelled from Kentucky to 
Richmond, to procure means for setting on foot the expedi- 
tion to Illinois, which he had already conceived, and which 
he carried out the next year. His route lay through Cum- 
berland Gap, and the Holston country. He came down the 
Valley, and crossed the Blue Ridge at Rockfish Gap, or one 
of the gaps just above. He states in his diary that he spent 
the night at a Mr. Black's, who was beyond question James 
Black, a son of the old Presbyterian minister, who kept a 
tavern on the place afterwards owned by Alexander Garrett, 
and his son. Dr. Boiling Garrett. On his way to Richmond 
next day he passed through Charlottesville, where he tarried 


long enough to purchase a pair of shoes. During this visit 
to Richmond he became acquainted with Mr. Jefferson, and 
deeply impressed him with his vigorous and heroic qualities. 
In a letter Jefferson wrote to Judge Innes, of Kentucky, in 
1791, he says, 

"Will it not be possible for you to bring General Clark 
forward? I know the greatness of his mind, and am the 
more mortified at the cause which obscures it. Had not this 
unhappily taken place, there was nothing he might not have 
hoped; could it be surmounted, his lost ground might yet 
be recovered. No man alive rated him higher than I did, and 
would again, were he to become again what I knew him. 
We are made to hope he is engaged in writing the account 
of his expedition north of the Ohio. They will be valuable 
morsels of history, and will justify to the world those who 
have told them how great he was." 

William Clark, who was associated with Meriwether 
Ivcwis in his exploring tour across the Rocky Mountains, 
was a brother of George, but he was born in Caroline in 1770. 

Albemarle was the place of residence of Doctor Thomas 
Walker, one of the most remarkable men of his day. With his 
expeditions to southwest Virginia were connected some inter- 
esting and romantic facts of personal history. In the course 
of these travels he made the acquaintance of William Inglis, 
who married a Draper, planted the first white settlement west 
of the Alleghanies at Draper's Meadows, near the present 
site of Blacksburg, and subsequently spent his remaining 
days at Inglis's Ferry on New River. Inglis and his family 
suffered the common penalty of those who led the way in 
peopling the wilderness. His wife and children were cap- 
tured by the Indians, his wife marvellously escaped the same 
year, but his son Thomas was retained among them for a 
period of thirteen years. Being in the plastic season of 
childhood, the latter became so thoroughly inured to the 
habits of Indian life, that it was difficult to break their power ; 
in fact, it never was wholly broken. However, when his father 
penetrated the remote forests of Ohio to effect his ransom, 
he seemed to feel the promptings of natural affection, and 


returned with him to the old home. After being taught his 
native language, and the rudiments of learning, he was sent 
to Castle Hill, and placed under Doctor Walkers's care. 
Here he continued for three or four years, and made consid- 
erable progress in the elementary branches of education. 
But here he was also brought under a spell, which softened 
him far more than all the endearments of parental love, and 
all the mollifying influence of letters. He fell in love with 
a young woman of the neighborhood named Eleanor Grills. 
A John Grills in 1745 and subsequent years, became the 
owner by patent and purchase of more than two thousand 
acres of land in the county, part of it lying on Moore's Creek, 
where he built a mill, and where one has continued ever 
since, on the present site of Hartman's Mill. He was also 
the original purchaser of lyOt Eighteen in the new county 
seat, the western half of the square on which I,ipscomb's 
stable stands. Although he seems to have sold his possessions 
in Albemarle about the time Thomas Inglis came to the 
county, it is likely he continued to reside here or in Louisa, 
and that Eleanor was his daughter. At all events young 
Inglis, when he returned to his father's house in 1772, was 
bound to her by a promise of marriage. He was a Lieuten- 
ant in Colonel Christian's regiment in the battle of Point 
Pleasant in 1774; and the next year, crowned with the lau- 
rels of successful warfare, he returned to Albemarle, and 
secured the hand of his bride. He first settled on Wolf Creek 
of New River ; but unable to repress the roving disposition 
contracted during his sojourn among the Indians, he soon 
removed to Burke's Garden, where in an incursion of the 
savages he nearly lost his wife, then to Knoxville, and 
finally to Natchez in Mississippi, where at length he closed 
his wanderings with the close of his life. 

Another incident of personal history may be noted , illustrat- 
ing the progress of the early settlements, and the fortunes of 
individuals. As previously stated, a Dennis Doyle patented 
in 1741 eight hundred acres of land on the north fork of 
Moorman's River, and from him the stream acquired its name. 
In 1749 Doyle conveyed to William Battersby, the lawyer, a 


tract of four hundred acres on Biscuit Run, another of four 
hundred in North Garden, and another of eight hundred on 
Totier Creek. He appears to have been a man of means, 
and to have been still living in the county in 1760; as in 
that year was born within its limits John Doyle, who was in 
all probability a son of Dennis. At the age of eighteen, 
John accompanied the march of General George Rogers Clark 
into the North West Territory. Returning to Albemarle, 
he joined the army, and served to the close of the Revolu- 
tionary War. The year after the surrender at Yorktown, he 
was a private in Colonel Crawford's disastrous expedition 
against the Ohio Indians, but fortunately got back to the 
settlements in safety, In 1786 he went to Kentucky near 
Maysville, was a friend of Simon Kenton, and for three years 
occupied the post of captain of scouts on the Ohio River. 
He was in service with General Harmar in 1790, and under 
Scott with General Wayne in 1794. He then settled in what is 
now 1/ewis County, Kentucky, where he discharged the duties 
of a magistrate for more than twenty years. But his active 
and adventurous life was not yet ended. In 1813 he enlisted 
again under General Shelby, and took part in the battle of the 
Thames. He survived until May 1847, having nearly com- 
pleted his eighty-seventh year, and blest with the vigorous 
exercise of his powers to the end. In all his long life he was 
seldom sick, and in all his exposure to peril he was never 

The depreciation in the paper money of the country at the 
close of the Revolution, was apparent in the enormous prices 
paid for land. One hundred acres in the southern part of the 
county, not far from Heard's Mountain, sold for five thousand 
pounds, fifty acres on Buck Mountain Creek for four thou- 
sand, and a hundred and eighty-eight acres on Moorman's 
River for six thousand. Samuel Dedman sold to James 
Lewis ten acres on the Ragged Mountains beyond the Uni- 
versity, for ten thousand pounds, while Samuel Muse sold to 
Andrew Monroe, a brother of the President, two hundred and 
seven acres at the head of Mechum's River for twenty thou- 
sand, the same tract which two years before, also in war times, 


brought eight hundred and thirty, and which sixteen years 
before, with two hundred acres in addition, brought only 
thirty-five. At the same time John Curd sold to John Coles 
two hundred acres for fifty pounds "hard money," and 
Matthew Mills, of Guilford County, North Carolina, sold to 
William I^eigh five hundred and seventy -five acres, not far 
east of the Miller School, for two hundred pounds sterling. 
All these sales took place the latter part of ITSl.^^The story 
is told by tradition, that George Divers rode from Philadel- 
phia to Albemarle, and broke down five horses in the ride, 
to purchase Farmington with paper money, and that the pur- 
chase had scarcely been consummated when the money became 
worthless ; but as this transfer did not occur till 1785, the 
story may admit of some doubt. _( 

A large part of the business of the County Court immedi- 
ately after the Revolution consisted in certifying to bills for 
supplies furnished the army and the Barracks prisoners, to 
the value of articles taken for public use, and to pensions for 
soldiers disabled in the service. The location of the prison 
camp in the county proved a great pecuniary benefit to the 
inhabitants. From a long distance in the surrounding coun- 
try they carried thither, and to the different places where the 
officers lodged, quantities of corn, flour, meal, beef, pork and 
wood. In the prostration of business, and the consequent 
hard times occasioned by a state of hostilities, the demand 
for these commodities afforded a convenient market, of which 
most other parts of the country were destitute. It is said 
that Colonel William Cabell mainly paid for the fine Oak 
Hill estate in Nelson with the various kinds of produce fur- 
nished the Barracks, the land having been confiscated because 
the former owners were alien enemies. Colonel John Coles 
was allowed three hundred pounds for horses taken by Baron 
Steuben. Hastings Marks received remuneration for horses 
and wagons employed in the service. Joseph Morton was 
allowed five pounds, six shillings, and eight pence for his 
gun, "taken for the militia in 1781," and Edmund Woody 
was recompensed for his, "taken during the late invasion." 
Captain John Martin was awarded an allowance for conduct- 


ing the Convention troops, that is, the Barracks prisoners, to 
Frederick, Maryland. The detachments of the army men- 
tioned as having been supplied in this vicinity, were Baron 
Steuben's Command, Colonel Armand's Ivegion, and Captain 
Walker's Company. John Burton and Richard Marshall 
were assigned pensions at the rate of forty dollars a year. 
For the purpose of establishing proper lines of inheritance, 
it was certified that Charles Goolsby, corporal, and James 
and John Goolsby, privates, died in the service, Charles 
and James having been taken prisoners at Germantown, and 
that William Hardin was killed at Ninety Six, and John 
Gillaspy, of the Ninth Virginia, at Germantown. 

The statute guaranteeing religious freedom having been 
enacted, the law which required all marriages to be solemn- 
ized by ministers of the established Church was abolished, 
and the courts were authorized to license ministers of all 
denominations to perform that ceremony. In accordance 
with this provision, William Irvin, Presbyterian, was licensed 
to celebrate the rite in 1784, and Matthew Maury, Fpisco- 
palian, and William Woods, Benjamin Burgher and Martin 
Dawson, Baptists, the next year. The first Methodist min- 
ister mentioned as receiving such a license, was Athanasius 
Thomas, who lived near the present site of Crozet. This 
occurred in 1793, and was followed in 1797 by the licensing 
of William Calhoun, Presbyterian, and John Gibson, Metho- 
dist. John Shepherd, Methodist, was licensed in 1798. 

The migratory spirit which characterized the early settlers, 
was rapidly developed at this period. Removals to other 
parts of the country had begun some years before the Revo- 
lution. The direction taken at first was towards the South. 
A numerous body of emigrants from Albemarle settled in 
North Carolina. After the war many emigrated to Georgia, 
but a far greater number hastened to fix their abodes on the 
fertile lands of the West, especially the blue grass region of 
Kentucky. For a time the practice was prevalent on the part 
of those expecting to change their domicile, of applying to 
the County Court for a formal recommendation of character, 
and certificates were given, declaring them to be honest men 


and good citizens. Among those who were thus commended 
to the people of Georgia, were James Marks, one of the 
magistrates, Abraham Eades, William Sandridge, Christo- 
pher Clark, Bennett Henderson, and William and Samuel 
Sorrow. James Marks was not long after followed by his 
brother. Colonel John Marks, who removed during his in- 
cumbency in the ofSce of Sheriff. An act of the Legislature 
was passed in November 1788, which recited that no sale of 
lands in Albemarle County delinquent for taxes for the years 
1786 and 1787, was legally possible, because of John Marks, 
Sheriff of said county, removing some time within those 
years to Georgia, and which therefore authorized William 
Clark, one of his deputies, to make such sales. 

The increasing business of the colonies, the desire to 
develop their resources, and perhaps the threatening aspect 
of their relations with the mother country, led to early efforts 
to manufacture iron in this county. Three men from Balti- 
more, Nathaniel Giles, John I,ee Webster, and John Wilkin- 
son, bought land for this purpose in the latter part of 1768. 
Giles and Webster disappear after the first purchase. The 
next year Wilkinson was joined by John Old, from I,ancaster 
County, Pennsylvania, and they made further purchases along 
the Hardware in the vicinity of North Garden and the Cove. 
In 1771 the Albemarle Furnace Company was formed, with a 
capital of two thousand pounds, the following gentlemen 
being stockholders, James Buchanan to the amount of three 
hundred pounds. Dr. William Cabell of two hundred. 
Colonel William Cabell of two hundred, Joseph Cabell 
of one hundred, Edward Carter of three hundred, Allen 
Howard of two hundred, Thoipas Jefferson of one hun- 
dred, Nicholas lycwis of one hundred, John Scott of one 
hundred, John Walker of one hundred, and Dr. Thomas 
Walker of three hundred. Larger areas of mineral land were 
purchased on the lower Hardware, and among the Ragged 
Mountains. As far as can be ascertained, three furnaces 
were built, one about a mile below Carter's Bridge, giving to 
a colonial church erected near by the name of the Forge 
Church, another where the old Lynchburg Road crosses the 


north fork of Hardware, long known as Old's Forge, and 
the third on the south fork of Hardware below the Falls, and 
south of Garland's Store. The last still remains in a toler- 
able state of preservation, though covered with a thick 
growth of bushes and small trees. Local traditions yet 
linger, that ore was excavated near North Garden and the 
Cove during the Revolutionary War. Mr. Jefferson states in 
his Notes, that among the iron mines worked in Virginia at 
the time of their composition, was "Old's, on the north side 
of James River in Albemarle." The enterprise however ap- 
pears not to have been successful. Colonel Old soon became a 
farmer, instead of an iron -master. A suit instituted in the 
County Court under the style of Cabell v. Wilkinson to wind 
up the affairs of the Company, was determined in 1796, and 
Andrew Hart and Samuel Dyer as Commissioners made sale 
of all the lands, Nicholas Cabell becoming the purchaser. 
Of all the mines opened by Wilkinson and Old, the only one 
now remaining is that known as the Betsy Martin Mine in 
Cook's Mountain, near North Garden; and though its ore 
seems rich and plentiful, it has not been worked for a number 
of years, because of some foreign ingredient which impairs 
its utility. 

In 1789, and the years succeeding, an eager ambition was 
manifested to build up towns in the county. At the first 
mentioned date an act of the I/Cgislature was passed, vesting 
one hundred acres of the land of Bennett Henderson at a place 
on the Rivanna called the Shallows, in Wilson C. Nicholas, 
Francis Walker, Edward Carter, Charles L. I^ewis, William 
Clark, Howell lycwis and Edward Moore, to be laid out as a 
town, and sold in half acre lots, and to be called Milton. 
More than twenty lots were sold in the next ten years. The 
first disposed of was bought by Christian Wertenbaker, and 
among others who became lot holders were Joel Shiflett, 
Edward Butler, Richard Price, James and John Key, William 
Clark, Jacob Oglesby, George Bruce and Joseph J. Monroe. 
The village was soon in a thriving state, rapidly growing, 
and transacting a prosperous business. Up to the war of 1812 
it was the chief commercial centre of the county. Except in 


time of freshets, it was the head of navigation on the 
Rivanna, and became the shipping port of perhaps three- 
fourths of the county, aUd of a large section of the Valley. 
Some who have but recently been gathered to their fathers, 
could remember the long lines of wagons that formerly passed 
over Swift Run and Brown's Gaps, and crossed the South West 
Mountain at Hammock's (Thurman's) Gap, bringing their 
loads of grain, flour and tobacco to the warehouses of the 
newly erected town. The brook on the north side of the 
river, which at first bore the romantic name of Mountain Palls 
Creek, became at this time Camping Branch, from the multi- 
tude of wagoners who camped with their teams along its 
banks. Milton was the seat of a public Tobacco Warehouse, 
called Henderson's, long after the Henderson family had 
removed to Kentucky, and regularly equipped with a corps 
of inspectors; for many years William D. Fitch, Jacob 
Oglesby, John Fagg and Richard Gambell discharged the 
functions pertaining to that office. A large merchant mill 
was also erected by the Hendersons. A number of firms 
conducted the trade of the place, and in some cases laid the 
foundation of large fortunes ; among these were Fleming and 
McClanahan, Henderson and Conard, Peyton and Price, 
Divers, Rives & Co., Brown, Rives & Co., Martin Dawson, 
William and Julius Clarkson, David Higginbotham & Co. 
Its business gradually declined as Charlottesville grew ; and 
when the town of Scottsville was established, and the site of 
the University fixed near the county seat, its prestige was 
completely broken, and it quietly subsided into the straggling 
hamlet which now crowns the river hill. 

About the same time Warren was projected by Wilson C. 
Nicholas on James River, at the mouth of Ballenger's Creek. 
A few lots were sold and a few houses built. An extensive 
mill and distillery were erected and carried on for some years 
by Samuel Sbelton & Co. A large stone tavern was built by 
Jacob Kinney, afterwards of Staunton, rented for some time, 
and finally sold to William Brown, under whose management 
it made a prominent figure in its day. At this village was 
located another Tobacco Warehouse called Nicholas's, which 


in the early part of the century shipped about as many hogs- 
heads as Henderson's. The first inspectors were Clifton 
Garland, Abraham Eades, Samuel Childress, Robert Moor- 
man and John T. Holman. Beyond these enterprises Warren 
never made much progress. 

About the beginning of the century plans were outlined for 
four other towns, ot which even the memory has perished 
from among men. One was North Milton, laid out by 
Thomas Mann Randolph on the north side of the Rivanna, 
opposite Milton. It was established by the I^egislature and 
placed in the hands of trustees. Those appointed to that 
office were Francis Walker, William D. Meriwether, Edward 
Moore, James Barbour, William Bache, George Divers, Hore 
Brouse Trist, Edward Garland and David Higginbotham. 
It appears the only lot ever sold was I^ot numbered Eight, 
and that was conveyed to John Watson in 1802. Still another 
Tobacco Warehouse was established here, and for a short 
period conducted under the same inspection that had the 
oversight of the warehouse at Milton. But the place was 
over shadowed by its neighbor across the river, and from 
all indications, never had more than a name. 

The other three attempts were private speculations. 
Travellers' Grove, a name suggestive of refreshment and 
repose, was planned by Colonel John Everett at the junction 
of what are now known as the Lynchburg and the Taylor's 
Gap Roads. Four lots formally numbered, but apparently 
unmarked by improvements of any kind, were sold to a Paul 
Apple, and subsequently underwent two other transfers. 
There their history terminates. Not long after Colonel 
Everett disposed of the environs of the new town, and removed 
to Cabell County. He was succeeded in the possession of 
Travellers' Grove by James Kinsolving, Jr., in whose time 
the name was changed to Pleasant Grove. In later years 
the place was purchased by the Methodist churches of the 
adjacent circuit for a parsonage, and though held now by 
other hands, it still goes in the neighborhood by that name. 

Another of these mushroom creations was New York, or 
as it was colloquially spoken of, Little York. It was estab- 


lished by James Hays at the foot of the Blue Ridge, a few- 
hundred yards north of the present road to Staunton. At 
the time it was laid out, the road passed along its main 
street. Ivike Charlottesville it was divided into lots and out 
lots. Its first inhabitants were for the most part Germans 
from Pennsylvania, Greegors, Spieces, Hallers, Ivandcrafts. 
Its manufactories were a smith's shop, and a tanyard. It 
was once the seat of a postof&ce, and had a meeting house. 
More than that, it had a place on the map of Virginia^ 
published in 1824. At present no sign of buildings or streets 
can be seen, its very ruins have disappeared, and its site is a 
fertile field, on which a late proprietor raised the most abun- 
dant crop of corn he has ever gathered. 

In some respects the most remarkable of these temporary 
municipalities was Morgantown ,a place well known, but not by 
that name. It was a pretentious city on paper, laid off into at 
least two hundred and fifteen lots, and wood lots, as they 
were called. It was situated on the main road to Staunton, 
about a mile west of Ivy Depot. It was planned by a man 
named Gideon Morgan, and sold by lottery at the rate of 
fifty dollars a ticket. The special attraction was lyot One 
Hundred and Seventy-six, on which were built a large brick 
house and stable, and this attraction had such power that 
tickets were purchased by persons, not only in Albemarle, 
but also from the surrounding counties, Frederick, Shenan- 
doah, Rockingham, Bath, Augusta, Rockbridge, Fluvanna, 
and even places as far distant as Henrico and Lancaster 
Counties, and the city of Philadelphia. Among those who 
participated in the affair from Augusta were Chesley Kinney, 
Jacob Swoope and Judge John Coalter; while from Albe- 
marle were Peter and John Carr, Isaac Miller, Elijah Garth, 
Richard Gambell, Andrew Kean and Thomas Wells. The 
fortunate ticket-holder was George Anderson, of Greenbrier ^ 
who sold the place to Benjamin Hardin. In 1821 Anderson's 
widow, then living in Montgomery County, conveyed her 
interest in the property to Hardin, to whom Morgan also sold 
his remaining land. Hardin kept tavern there down to 1827 
or 1828, when the place was sold for his debts. As the 


Other lots lay on bare fields and forest , running up on Turner' s 
Mountain, the owners most probably quietly abandoned 
them, and allowed them to lapse into Hardin's possession. 
In 1814 however, Micajah Woods and wife conveyed to Har- 
din two lots which had been drawn by William Davenport, 
and Taylor and Newbold, of Philadelphia, conveyed to him 
another in 1821. Altogether one hundred and nine persons 
bought tickets, and Morgan derived from his few acres, 
nearly twice as much as the county derived from the thou- 
sand acres on which Charlottesville was built. Intoxicated 
by his success, he went over to Rockingham and projected 
another town not far from Port Republic, which he named 
New Haven ; but in this attempt he was not so highly 
prospered. The last heard of him, he was living in Rowan 
County, Tennessee As will be readily conjectured, the brick 
house and stable are still standing, the same that Francis 
McGee occupied as a tavern after Hardin, and that was 
recently the residence of his daughter, Mrs. John J. Woods. 

It may be stated, that another town, called Barterbrook, 
spread itself in the books more extensively than it did on the 
face of the earth. Its situation was on the west side of the 
road to Stony Point, just where it crosses the branch oppo- 
site Ifiberty Church. It contained a tanyard, and a tavern, 
which had the significant appellation of Pinch'em-slyly. A 
muster ground was contiguous, where the militia company 
of the district assembled to perform their exercises, and 
where Joshua Key, a neighboring magistrate, was often 
called upon to exert his authority for the preservation of the 
peace. According to the records, L,ot Fifty -Six in Barter- 
brook was conveyed by William Smith to Thomas Travil- 
lian's heirs, by said heirs to Pleasant Sandridge, of Green 
County, Kentucky, and by Sandridge to Dr. John Gilmer, 
when it became a part of the Edgemont estate. A successor 
in some sort, possessing the same name, and consisting 
principally of a tanyard conducted by Bernard Carr, was at 
a later date located in the western part of the county, near 
Mechum's River. 

An impression has prevailed with many, that the cele- 


brated statesman and philosopher, Benjamin Franklin, was 
once a visitor in Albemarle, and while here purchased a plan- 
tation for his son. There is no real ground for this impres- 
sion. A Benjamin Franklin did live in the county in its 
early days, but he came from Orange, and died in 1751. 
Franklin, the philosopher, appears never to have been South 
but once, and then he visited Charleston, South Carolina, mak- 
ing the journey most probably by sea. He had but one son 
who lived beyond maturity, who in all likelihood was never 
South at all, and who was the Tory Governor of New Jersey, 
obliged at the close of the Revolution to leave the country, 
never to return.* But it is true, that a grandson of Franklin 
came to Albemarle, bought property, and resided on it for a 
short time. His name was William Bache, the son of Frank- 
lin's daughter, and already referred to as one of the trustees 
of North Milton. In 1799 he purchased from James Key the 
farm which is known as the old Craven place, and which 
Still bears the name of Franklin. The letters of the Jeffer- 
son household about that period make mention of him and 
his family. His son, Benjamin Franklin Bache, a distin- 
guished surgeon in the navy, is stated in Appleton's Bio- 
graphical Cyclopedia to have been born at Monticello, 
February 7th, 1801. William Bache was evidently not blest 
with prosperity. He incurred many debts, was harrassed 
with many lawsuits, gave a deed of trust to Thomas Mann 
Randolph to sell Franklin, and left the State. He was a 
physician by profession. His place was sold to Richard 
Sampson in 1804. Dr. Bache while here also invested in 
Charlottesville lots. He bought from David Ross I^ots 
Forty-Three and Forty-Four, now cut in two by the track 
of the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad ; and in 1837 they were 
conveyed to Dr. Hardin Massie by his son B. F. Bache and 
his wife, and his daughter Sarah and her husband, who was 
Rev. Dr. Charles Hodge, the eminent professor of theologj' 
at Princeton. 

John Blair, Justice of the United States Supreme Court, 
was also a land owner in Albemarle. The old Michael- 
Woods place, Mountain Plains, at the mouth of Woods' Gap,. 


descended to his son William, who sold it to Thomas Adams, 
a resident, the latter part of his life, of the Pasture District 
of Augusta County. Adams, who died in 1788, made title 
by his will to this and other parcels of land he had bought 
in the neighborhood, amounting to nearly a thousand acres, 
to Judge Blair — "To my honorable friend, John Blair, Esq., 
Chancellor, all the lands he purchased of me in Albemarle 
County, known by the name of Mountain Plains, and for 
which he has long since honestly paid me." From him the 
place has since acquired the name of Blair Park. Judge 
Blair devised it to his two daughters, through whom it came 
to their two sons, James P. Henderson and John Blair 
Peachy. In 1831 Peachy sold his interest to Henderson. 
After Henderson's death in 1835, it passed into other hands. 

A still more distinguished jurist. Chief Justice Marshall, 
owned land in the county. He was once the proprietor of 
the old D. S. place. He purchased it from Henry Williams 
about 1809, and in 1813 sold it to Micajah Woods. 

When the county was organized, settlements had been 
making within its present limits for twelve or thirteen years. 
Williamsburg being the capital of the colony, and its public 
business being transacted there, it was natural that the first 
great roads of the country should tend in that direction. 
There can be little doubt that one was opened along the river 
James ; but that leading to the more northerly portions of the 
county was the Three Notched Road. It was cleared on 
the track it pursues now, following the watershed between the 
South Anna and the James, and still bearing the name, 
though the tree -marks on account of which it was given, 
have not been seen for three or four generations. It passed 
the county line where it does now, not far from Boyd's 
Tavern, came up the Rivanna on its north side, crossed at 
the Secretary's Ford, coincided with what is now the main 
street of Charlottesville, crossed Ivy Creek and Mechums' 
River where it does still, but at that point diverged from what 
is the main road at present. It continued in a straight line 
to Woods's (now Jarman's) Gap, instead of striking the 
Ridge at Rockfish Gap. At the mouth of Woods's Gap was 


the first settlement in that part of the county, and for some 
years the chief route of travel passed over it to the Valley. 
In the diary of Thomas lyewis, dated 1746, in which he 
describes his journey to Orange County to join the surveyors 
appointed to run the line between the Northern Neck and the 
rest of the colony, he states that he crossed from Augusta at 
Woods's Gap, and stopped with Michael Woods both on his 
departure and return. As late as near the close of the Revo- 
lution, when Rockfish Gap was much used, the prisoners of 
the Convention army, as already mentioned, were upon their 
removal taken across the Blue Ridge at Woods's Gap. The 
Three Notched Road was the dividing line between the par- 
ishes of Fredericksville and St. Anne's. 

Another road had the name of Three Notched in early 
times. It was the cross road leading from Carter's Bridge 
to Red Hill Depot. At present it is only a neighborhood 
road; but when the county seat had its location near Scotts- 
ville, being the highway thither for all the northwestern 
part of the county, it occupied a place of the highest impor- 
tance, and was one of the earliest cleared. As settlements 
extended up the James in what is now Nelson and Amherst, 
they necessarily sought a way of access to the Court House. 
Accordingly one of the first roads established was that 
which was known as the River Road, crossing the Rockfish 
at lyimestone Ford near Howardsville, and at another higher 
up, called Jopling's, and proceeding along the brow of the 
river hills to the county seat. In 1746 Rev. Robert Rose 
petitioned the County Court for the clearing of a road from 
Tye River to the Rockfish. 

The Buck Mountain Road was made in the primitive 
times. This name was applied to the series of roads which 
start from Rockfish Gap, bend along the base of the Ridge 
and Buck's Blbow to Whitehall, pass over Moorman's River 
at Millington to Free Union and Earlysville, cross the north 
fork of the Rivanna at the Burnt Mills, and enter the Bar- 
boursville Road at Stony Point. It still follows the route 
on which it was originally laid out, except slight deviations 
for short distances to avoid some obstacle, or gain an easier 


grade. The Barboursville Road ran from the beginning, 
much as it does now. Just after the county was formed, old 
Dayid I^ewis was appointed Surveyor of the road from his 
place south of Birdwood to lyynch's Perry; at that point 
the Rivanna was crossed, instead of as now at the Free 
Bridge. This road must have intersected the Three Notched 
Road some distance west of Charlottesville, the existence of 
which at that time had not entered the thought even of the 
most sagacious. The hill at the old Craven place was in all 
probability always ascended where it is at present. The 
trade of the upper part of the county, and the adjacent sec- 
tions of the Valley, being then carried on with Fredericks- 
burg, both of these roads, and the Three Notched also as far 
as the fork at Everettsville, possessed in common the name 
of the Fredericksburg Road. In early times the Barbours- 
ville Road was continued down the river on the eastern side, 
and probably ran across the hills through the Haxall and 
Pantops plantations to the Secretary's Ford. 

When the Court House was removed to Charlottesville, it 
of course became the centre of the county roads. The Three 
Notched Road running along its main street, afforded a 
ready approach both from the east and the west. One out- 
let towards the north was the Barboursville Road by way of 
Ivynch's Perry. Another was by a connection with the 
Buck Mountain Road at David Wood's old place, which was 
at or near the late Colonel Bowcock's. The road making 
this connection left the west end of High Street, ran to the 
foot of the hill near Clay Michie's, thence over Meadow Creek 
past the place recently occupied by the late Harvey Hull, and 
crossed the south fork of the Rivanna at Carr's old Ford on 
the Carrsbrook plantation. Shortly after another road was 
opened, branching from the last mentioned north, of Harvey 
HuU'.s, crossing the south fork at the Broad Mossing Ford, 
and continuing thence to the Burnt Mills. 

The Barracks Road was laid out during the Revolution, 
and has since been a noted way, though much deflected from 
its original course. It started from the west end of High 


Street, ran on the highland south of the ravine crossed by 
the present road near Kellytown — remains of the stone 
fences lining it can still be seen — passed over Preston Heights 
not far from the mansions of Colonel Preston and General 
Rosser, forking on the summit with the road to Carr's Ford, 
continued past Colonel Duke's and the colored settlement of 
Georgetown to the ridge east of Ivy Creek, and descended to 
the ford of the creek past the old Ivy Creek Church. Near 
town a branch of the Barracks road diverged from its main 
course on the eastern slope of Preston Heights, and ran into 
the Three Notched Road not far from the Junction Depot. 
The present location of the Barracks Road immediately west 
of Charlottesville, was fixed about the beginning of the Cen- 
tury. A contention respecting it arose between Isaac Miller 
and John Carr, Clerk of the District Court, owners of the 
adjoining lands. After several views and reports on the 
subject, it was finally determined according to the ideas of 
Mr. Miller, whose residence at the time was either at Rose 
Valley, or near the house of Mason Gordon. 

The course of the road from Brown's Gap was always much 
the same as it is at present. It crossed Mechum's River 
where it does now, coming down through the rocky defile on 
the west, then known as the Narrow Passage. After passing 
Ivy Creek, it turned southeast and ran over to the Three 
Notched Road — passing in its way the old D. S. Church — 
entering it where the old Terrell, or Lewis's, Ordinary stood, 
the location of which must have been near the site of Jesse 
l,ewis's blacksmith shop. This road went for many years 
by the name of Rodes's Road. The connecting link between 
Rodes's and the Barracks Roads was made about the first of 
the century. It wound round Still House Mountain as it 
does now, and then turned south and continued down the 
ravine in which the outflow of what was called Wade's 
Spring was carried off. The old Poor House was built 
immediately upon this road. Somewhat later Governor 
Nicholas petitioned for the opening of a road from the D. S. 
Church to his plantation on the Rivanna, the present Carrs- 
brook; but it does not appear that anything was ever done. 


The road that crosses the river at Rea's Ford was opened 
about the close of the last century. The people of the north- 
west section of the county petitioned for a more convenient 
way to the courthouse. It was decided after several views, 
that a new road should start at Fretwell's Store, which was 
at or near Free Union, cross at Rea's Ford, fall into the 
Barracks Road and continue with it to the top of the ridge 
east of Ivy Creek, and there branching off run to Meadow 
Creek at the plantation of Bernard Carter, now F. B. Moran's, 
uniting at that point with the road from Carr's Ford. 

The Richard Woods, or Dick Woods Road, as it was fre- 
quently called, is one of the oldest in the county. It diverged 
from the Three Notched just west of the D. S., passed 
Richard Woods' place at the mouth of Taylor's Gap to the 
little stream called Pounding Branch, crossed Mechum's river 
at the Miller School, and continued thence to Rockfish Gap. 
The place of Pounding Branch went in early times by the 
name of I^ittle D. S. A tanyard was located there, which at 
first was named Simpson's, and afterwards Grayson's. 
Near that point the road turned off, described in old deeds as 
the road to Amherst C. H., the same that stills exists, run- 
ning through Batesville, and passing the Nelson line at what 
was formerly known as Harlow's Tavern on I^ynch's Creek. 
Tradition relates that Richard Woods, in laying out the road 
called by his name, followed a well marked buffalo trail, and 
the fact of its being established by those sagacious engineers 
of nature accounts for the gentle grade for which it has been 
distinguished. It seems that the road through Israel's Gap 
was not made till near the end of the last century. At that 
time William Woods, Surveyor Billy, was summoned by the 
County Court to show cause why he had not opened a road 
from Israel's Gap into the Richard Woods Road. 

The outlets from Charlottesville to the south were mainly 
the same as now exist. The road by which the people of 
Fluvanna south of the Rivanna reached the county seat, 
passed through Monticello Gap, then called the Thorough- 
fare, crossed Moore's Creek where it does now, and joined 
the Three Notched Road at the top of the hill near the junc- 


tion of the macadamized road recently made by Mr. Brennan ; 
for the Three Notched Road then came from the Secretary's 
Ford along the ridge now followed by the Chesapeake and 
Ohio Railroad, or over the low grounds of Moore's Creek in 
the rear of the Woolen Mills. The road from town to Carter's 
Bridge has always pursued the present route. It was for- 
merly described as passing by a place, well known as the 
Colts' Pasture, and the Plum Orchard Branch of Biscuit Run. 
The old Ivynchburg Road has been in use from the first 
settlement of the town. It commenced at the foot of Vinegar 
Hill, reached the top of the Ridge beyond the Dry Bridge, 
and continued along its crest to the branch at its south end, 
then called Haggard's, and afterwards West's Saw Mill Run. 
It crossed the north fork of Hardware where it does at pres- 
ent, the place long known as Old's Forge, turned around the 
end of Gay's Mountain past Andrew Hart's Store, and cross- 
ing Jumping Branch and the south fork of Hardware as at 
present, united with the present Ivynchburg Road at the end 
of Persimmon Mountain a short distance north of Covesville. 
Near town it went by the name of Haggard's Road, from a 
Nathaniel Haggard, who owned the land on its course from 
the end of the Ridge to Moore's Creek. In those days the 
present Ivynchburg Road was a mere farm road bearing the 
name of Wheeler's, from a family who lived at the head of 
Moore's Creek. 

The Secretary's Road has frequent mention in the early 
records. It set out from Carter's Mill on the north fork of 
Hardware, shortly above its union with the south fork, ran 
•on the north side of that river to Woodridge, and thence 
pursued the watershed between it and the Rivanna to Bremo 
on the James. From its lower terminus it was sometimes 
called the Bremo, corrupted to Brimmer, Road. Near Wood- 
ridge the Martin King Road branched from it, crossing the 
Rivanna at Union Mills, and thence proceeding to I,ouisa. 
The road which passes over the Green Mountain west of 
Porter's Precinct was established at an early date. For 
many years it was known as the Irish Road, as far as can 
be ascertained from a man name James Ireland, who was a 
patentee of land in that neighborhood. 


The first turnpike in the county was built in 1806. It 
crossed the Blue Ridge at Brown's Gap, descended Brown's 
Cove, and joined the Three Notched Road at Mechum's 
Depot. It was made and owned by William Jarman and 
Brightberry Brown. It received a formal acceptance by 
inspectors appointed by the County Court, though the tolls 
were taken by the owners . In 1819 Jarman's share was sold 
by James Jarman to Ira Harris ; and in 1867 the title as 
individual property was relinquished, and it lapsed into an 
ordinary road of the county. It was known as Brown's 

About 1830, a few years before and after, a number of 
turnpikes were undertaken. The first was the Staunton and 
James River, having a charter of incorporation, and extend- 
ing from the place first named to Scottsville. It crossed the 
Ridge at Rockfish Gap, and ran through Batesville and 
Israel's Gap, following for the most part the course of old 
roads. As far back as 1790 a lottery was authorized by the 
Legislature, to be managed by Francis Walker, William 
Clark, Nicholas Lewis, John Breckinridge, George Divers, 
William D. Meriwether, Charles Irving and Isaac Davis, to 
raise not exceeding four hundred pounds for the purpose of 
cutting a road from Rockfish Gap to Nicholas's and Scott's 
Landings; what was accomplished in pursuance of this act 
is not known. The Staunton and James River Turnpike 
was for a number of years the route of a heavy transporta- 
tion, passing from the Valley to connect with the James 
River and Kanawha Canal. Later, when plank roads be- 
came the fashion of the day, it was converted into a Plank 
Road Company. Under its auspices some alterations were 
made in the grades, particularly avoiding the hills between 
Kidd's Mill and North Garden, and between Hart's and 
Garland's Stores, and an inconsiderable portion near 
Hughes's Shop was covered with plank; but the coming of 
the railroads, and the temporary nature of the construction, 
destroyed the public interest in its maintenance. The build- 
ing and support of good roads over which the produce of the 
farm is to be hauled, and rapid and comfortable transit to 


be enjoyed, constitute a lesson the people have yet to learn. 
The Staunton and James River Turnpike was abandoned in 
1867, and taken back by the county as a common road. 

The next was the Blue Ridge and Rivanna River Turn- 
pike, which ran from Meriwether's Bridge on the Rivanna to 
the Turnpike last mentioned at Brooksville. Its construc- 
tion occasioned the laying out of the straight road from the 
Woolen Mills to the east end of Market Street. Not many 
years before, Mrs. Mary I^ewis, of the Farm, petitioned for a 
more convenient approach from her residence to Charlottes- 
ville, as previously her only way lay directly south to the 
Three Notched Road. Opie Norris was the Secretary and 
Treasurer of this Turnpike, and advertised for bids for 
its construction. Its route west of town mainly coin- 
cided with the Three Notched Road to Mechum's River, 
and generally with the old road from that point to its 
termination. Toll gates were erected and for some years its 
business was regularly transacted. The first gate west of 
town was immediately opposite the large oak tree on Jesse 
lycwis's place, under which General Washington is said once 
to have lunched, and which was blown down by a violent 
storm in September 1896; its keeper was Patrick Quinn. In 
1857 the road was purchased by the county for fifteen hun- 
dred dollars, John Wood, Jr. being appointed to receive the 
purchase money for distribution among the stockholders. 
When this Turnpike was first projected, an urgent petition 
was presented to the I^egislature for the establishment of a 
similar one from Meriwether's Bridge to Boyd's Tavern, but 
nothing further was ever effected. 

About the same time the present I,ynchburg Road was 
Opened. The Legislature passed an act, granting permis- 
sion to the counties of Amherst, Nelson and Albemarle, to 
co-operate in the construction of a road from Lynchburg to 
Charlottesville, each county to make the road within its own 
bounds. Amherst declined to engage in the work, but at the 
request of the Albemarle Court reconsidered its action, and 
decided to join forces with the other counties. John Pryor 
surveyed the route, and William Garland made the roadbed 


in Albemarle. Advantage was taken of country roads already 
existing, but the line was then first run by way of the old Sud- 
darth Mill, and the Cross Roads, and on the old Wheeler 
Road down Moore's Creek, instead of the east side of Dud- 
ley's Mountain. 

The Harrisonburg and Charlottesville Turnpike was laid 
out shortly after. Col. T. J. Randolph, Alexander Garrett 
and Achilles Broadhead, Surveyor of the county, were ap- 
pointed to determine its course, Dr. Gilly M. I^ewis recording 
his protest against its construction. It crossed the Blue Ridge 
at Swift Run Gap, entered the county at Nortonsville, fell 
into the Buck Mountain Road west of Earlysville, ran from 
Colonel Bowcock's to Rio Mills, ascended the hill south of the 
river by the present easy grade, and continued by way of 
Rio Station and Cochran's Mill to town. 

Many efforts were put forth about the same time to build 
a turnpike from Scottsville to Rock Spring in Nelson, and 
thence to the head waters of Rockfish River ; but the project 
was never consummated. 

The first bridges, built within the present county, were 
undoubtedly those over the main Hardware at Carter's 
Bridge, and over its north fork, just above its junction with 
the south fork. That river was the largest stream between 
the old Court House and the greater part of the northern sec- 
tion of the county; and the north fork, besides being crossed 
by one of the great highways to the county seat, was passed 
by many to reach Carter's Mill, one of the first erected in the 
newly-settled country. Owing to the loss of the records, no 
account exists of the original building of these bridges ; but 
when rebuilt towards the close of the last century, it is 
recited that there had been one — and in all likelihood more 
than one — before, at each of those places. Both have since 
been often renewed, not so much because of use and decay, 
as because of the freshets, which from time to time have 
swept down from the mountains with terrible violence. 

A great flood in James River and its branches occurred in 
1771, so remarkable for its enormous and wide -spread 
destruction as to become the special occasion of action by the 


Legislature that year; and in an application Mr. Jefferson 
made for a writ of ad quod damnum in order to erect his mill 
at Shadwell in 1795, he states that the former one had been 
carried ofi by the flood of 1771. It is presumable the Hard- 
ware bridges met the same fate. Certainly Carter's Bridge 
was rebuilt in the years 1795, 1800, 1812, 1859, and 1876. 
Inasmuch as these improvements are one of the chief signs 
of civilization, and are so indispensable to the convenience 
and prosperity of communities, experience teaches that it is 
true economy to build them substantially, and put them 
beyond the reach of all contingencies, in the first instance. 
In such cases it is better to spend more once, than less often. 

The first bridge over Moore's Creek was erected in 1798, 
and it would seem its location was on the old I,ynchburg 
Road. In 1801 another was built over the same stream, 
apparently on the Monticello Road. As far as appears, there 
was no structure of the kind near Meriwether's Mill, now 
Hartman's, till 1848. 

The same I,egislature which established the town of Char- 
lottesville, passed an act authorizing any person to erect a 
bridge over the Rivanna near that town, and as a remunera- 
tion allowing him to take tolls, the reason assigned being 
that the river was often rendered impassable by freshets ; but 
no one availed himself of the permission. For many years 
the passage of the stream was made either at the Secretary's 
Ford, or near the Free Bridge by what was known according 
to the amount of water as Moore's Ford, or Lewis's Ferry. 
It was not until 1801 that the County Court took the matter 
in hand. They then passed an order that George Divers, 
Thomas M. Randolph, John Watson, Nimrod Bramham, 
Joshua Key and Achilles Douglass should let the erection of 
a bridge at the latter point, the cost not to exceed two thou- 
sand dollars. Against this action Thomas Garth entered his 
protest. Since that time it has been rebuilt in 1831, 1846, 
1865 and 1870. It stood safe in the flood of 1877, but the 
causeway on the western side with its stone retaining walls 
was washed away, and the wooden approach on trestles which 
still remains, was then constructed. 


A bridge was built at the Woolen Mills in 1825 by Wil- 
liam H. Meriwether. Being on the line of the Three Notched 
Road, the main thoroughfare through the county, it was at 
once a great convenience and a desirable means of safetj". 
Some four or five years before in the month of May, a wagon 
and six horses belonging to a Mr. Collins, of Augusta 
County, in attempting to cross the river at the Secretary's 
Ford on their return from Richmond, were swept down and 
lost, the driver making his escape with the greatest difficulty. 
It was most likely in consequence of this disaster, and the 
constant threatening of others, that Col. T. J. Randolph soon 
after sought the establishment of a ferry at that point 
Meriwether's Bridge obviated such perils, and proved a sig 
nal benefit to the community for something like twenty years 
In 1843 the County Court was compelled to make some pro 
vision by reason of the Free Bridge having been destroyed 
and deliberated whether to rebuild, or purchase the Meri- 
wether Bridge. They adopted the former alternative. In the 
course of a year or two Meriwether sold his bridge to Thomas 
Farish, and shortly after it was swept away by a flood. 

The bridge over the south fork of the Rivanna near Rio 
Mills was first erected in 1836. Those Mills had a few years 
before been built by William H. Meriwether, and in 1833 the 
Harrisonburg Turnpike had been located to cross the river at 
that place. These were beyond question the constraining 
reasons for the erection of the bridge. Previously the stream 
had been passed from time immemorial at two fords near by, 
one called Carr's Ford, and the other the Island Ford. Rio 
Bridge has been built twice since, in 1860 and 1865. The 
latter year G. F. Thompson and M. S. Gleason obtained 
the contract for replacing it for nineteen hundred dollars, and 
the Free Bridge also for twenty-six hundred and sixty. 

The first bridge across the Rockfish at Howardsville seems 
to have been erected in 1839. Prior to that time the river had 
been crossed at the neighboring fords. 



The County Court continued to supervise the affairs, and 
guard the interests, committed to its trust. In 1783 James 
Stowers for stealing a horse from Joseph Chapman was 
examined and sent on to Richmond, where at that time all 
felonies were tried. John Mullins, son of William, was 
acquitted of burglary, but sent on for stealing leather from 
the tan vats of John Watson, of Hightop. Crimes of every 
class perpetrated by negroes, were entirely under the juris- 
diction of this Court. Sam, a slave of James Kerr, for 
attempting to assault a daughter of David Humphreys, was 
punished with thirty -nine lashes; the same day however he 
was cleared of stealing fifty pounds in specie from his mas- 
ter's desk. Ben, a slave of Charles Rodes, was burnt in 
the hand for poisoning James, a slave of Thomas Smith, 
under pretence of giving him medicine. 

Not only did it punish evil doers, but it interposed in 
behalf of the weak and oppressed. Daniel Dunavan, a serv- 
ant of James Ivcwis, probably a redemptioner, made 
complaint that his master furnished him with insuffi- 
cient food and raiment. It promptly required security that 
suitable provision should be made in future. George Bruce, 
the jailor, charged Richard Woods with compelling his boy 
Tom, an orphan child, to wear a collar ; it at once ordered 
the degrading appendage to be removed. It especially exer- 
cised a judicious care over apprentices, protecting them 
from improper treatment, yet refusing to lend an ear to 
groundless representations. Samuel Burch was summoned 
to show cause why his apprentice, Abraham Gaulding, 
should not be discharged from his service, and William D. 
Hunt why Fielding and William Starke should not have 
their bonds cancelled. When James Robinson sought to 
obtain the release of his sons Matthew and Moses as appren- 
tices of Bartlett Dedman, it decided there was no just reason 


for interference in the case. In like manner Newberry, son 
of Thomas Stockton, was continued under the charge of his 
master, Nathaniel lyandcraft. 

The Court likewise vindicated its own dignity, and strictly 
quelled the bold spirit of insubordination that sometimes 
displayed itself. Martin Marshall for profane swearing in 
open court was fined five shillings, and William Thurmond 
for the same offence committed twice was fined and placed 
under bonds. Daniel Thacker was bound over for making an 
affray, and breaking the peace in the presence of the court. 
A fine of eight dollars was imposed on William Alcock for 
refusing in open court to serve as a juror. 

The first instance of capital punishment that appears in 
the records, occurred at the beginning of the century. 
Aaron, a slave of Hugh Rice Morris, for breaking into the 
store of Philip Moore, and stealing seven sides of leather, was 
condemned to be hanged on the second Friday of February, 
1801 . Though this punishment seems severe, yet forcibly 
entering any building on the curtilage, especially at night, 
was always viewed with jealous sternness. Aaron too was an 
old offender, having been previously convicted and punished 
for breaking into the lumber room of Andrew Hart. In this 
case he had the advantage of being defended, the Court 
appointing James Brooks as his counsel. 

An event of pathetic and tragical interest happened some- 
time in 1802 or 1803 ; and it is specially remarkable, as it fur- 
nished the only case in which a white man has ever been 
judicially hanged in the history of the county. James Hop- 
kins was the son of Dr. Arthur Hopkins, who was one of the 
earliest and largest landholders in Albemarle. He was a 
man of fine education and considerable wealth. Making 
choice of his father's profession, he travelled abroad and 
studied medicine in the University of Fdinburgh. On his 
return to this country, he settled in what is now Nelson 
County under the shadow of Sugar I^oaf Mountain, where for 
many years he was occupied with an extensive practice. He 
was possessed not only of great learning, but also of great 
piety. He had an only child, a daughter, who was married 


to a Captain Richard Pollard. One evening while the doctor 
was kneeling in the act of conducting family worship, he 
was shot through a window of the room, and died in the 
course of an hour. After a careful measurement of tracks 
made in the snow by the shoes of the guilty person, a man 
named I^ewis McWane was arrested for the crime, examined 
by the Amherst County Court, and sent on for trial in the 
District Court of Charlottesville. In due time he was con- 
victed and executed at that place. On the scaffold he denied 
having performed the deed. He avowed that he had been 
employed by Pollard to commit the murder, and had 
approached the window of the house for that purpose, but 
when he saw the old man kneeling in prayer, his heart failed 
him, and he returned to Pollard a short distance ofi, and de- 
clared he could not perpetrate the act ; that Pollard, after forc- 
ing him to exchange shoes, went to the window and shot his 
father-in-law with his own hand; and that his motive in desir- 
ing his death was to prevent him from making a will, having 
in some way formed the impression that he was to be excluded 
from all interest and control in the estate. On the ground 
of this statement Pollard was arrested and tried, but in the 
absence of all other testimony was acquitted ; yet the belief 
was widely prevalent that McWane's declaration was true. 
Pollard lived to a great age, but never by word or act in the 
slightest degree betrayed his guilt. His purpose, if he had 
formed it, was in vain. Dr. Hopkins had already made his 
will. He provided for the gradual emancipation of his slaves, 
and devised his estate to his daughter, and his grandson, Dr. 
Arthur Pollard, requiring the name of the latter to be changed 
to Hopkins, which was duly effected by the County Court of 

About this time Dr. John T. Gilmer was placed under 
bonds for an alleged offence in inoculating for smallpox. 
Legislation on this subject had been enacted in Virginia. 
Rules had been prescribed for its regulation, and the superin- 
tendence of it committed to the County Courts. The milder 
and safer mode of preventing the disease by vaccination had 
not yet been fully developed. The interest of Dr. Gilmer in 


the matter was so great, that he had established a hospital 
for the special treatment of those who sought exemption from 
the dreaded malady. The immediate cause of his being 
summoned before the Court was the occurrence of a fatal 
case, after the operation had been performed. A panic 
ensued, and complaint was made against the philanthropic 
leech. The sympathies of the Court, as well as of all 
•enlightened men, must have been exerted in his favor; for 
he was required to give bond only for three months "for his 
good behavior, especially in not alarming the neighborhood 
in which his hospital is established, unless he first obtain the 
consent of the citizens." The doctor's residence — and pre- 
sumptively, his hospital — was at Edgemont, on theBarbours- 
ville Road. 

An interesting point of law came before the Court in the 
■early part of the century. Mrs. Elizabeth Henderson, widow 
of Bennett Henderson, on whose land the town of Milton was 
laid out, sued out a writ of dower against those who had 
purchased lots within its limits. The decision was that the 
widow was barred by the Act of Assembly authorizing the 
■establishment of the town, vesting its lands in trustees, and 
giving them power to sell. The case was appealed to the 
District Court. What its decision was, cannot be known, as 
its records have disappeared ; but it can hardly be supposed 
the lower court was not sustained. Mrs. Henderson's coun- 
sel was George Poindexter, who was a l/ouisa man, settled 
for a time in Milton, removed to Mississippi while it was a 
Territory, became successively Judge, Aide to Jackson at the 
battle of New Orleans, Representative in Congress, Gov- 
ernor, United States Senator, and died in 1853. 

President Monroe was one of the magistrates of the county, 
as Mr. Jefferson also was. When Jeflerson was appointed 
cannot be definitely known, as no record of the event exists. 
From his prominence, even while a student of law, it may 
be conjectured he received the appointment shortly after his 
attaining his majority, in 1764 or 1765. It does not appear 
that he ever sat upon the bench. The only official act he 
ever performed as Justice of the Peace apparent in the records. 


was taking the acknowledgment of Mrs. Elizabeth Eppes in 
1777 to a deed of her husband and herself, conveying three 
thousand acres of land on Green Mountain to John Coles ; 
this acknowledgment, and the memorial of respect entered 
in the minutes of the court at his death, are the only indica- 
tions the records show, that he ever was a magistrate. The 
truth is, that until his Presidential term expired, he was 
comparatively speaking rarely at home. The same thing is 
largely true of Mr. Monroe. He was frequently absent on 
public business. But when at home he often attended court. 
The latter half of 1799, just before he became Governor of 
the State, he sat upon the bench regularly every month. 

A feeling of regret may naturally be indulged, that the old 
County Court system has passed away. It was a peculiar 
feature in the history of Virginia from a very early period, 
and in many respects a most valuable institution. It is hard 
to conceive how justice could be administered in a less bur- 
densome form. In large measure the rights of the people 
were secured, and their convenience promoted, absolutely free 
of expense. It possessed a high degree of dignity, and was 
regarded by the community with sentiments of veneration 
and respect. Its members for the most part occupied the 
most reputable standing in society. They generally fulfilled 
the requirement of.'the law, that they should be "able, honest 
and discreet." Their wealth placed them above temptations 
to corruption and rapacity, their integrity inspired general 
confidence, while their honorable character and gentleman- 
like bearing presented an example worthy of imitation, and 
were not without effect in imparting a chivalrous tone, and 
disseminating habits of politeness, among the public at large. 
And it may be affirmed with truth, that their cheap adminis- 
tration did not produce cheap results. Their work was usu- 
ally well done. They spared no pains in promoting the 
peace of their neighborhoods. If business was sometimes 
delayed by the pressure of private claims, perhaps on the 
whole it amounted to no more than the interruptions necessa- 
rily incident to all human affairs. Their official duties were 
often performed with no little trouble. Men of the highest 


position would ride for miles across mountain ranges, and 
over almost impassable roads, to receive the acknowledg- 
ment of a poor neighbor's wife, whose infirmity or want of 
means prevented her from travelling to the county seat. Nor 
was there a failure in respect to their judicial decrees. 
Guided by their own intelligence and sound sense, and the 
aid of the Commonwealth's attorney, they attained substan- 
tial righteousness in their conclusions. Their decisions were 
not often reversed ; and it happened more than once that they 
were sustained by the Court of Appeals against the counter- 
adjudications of such eminent jurists as Archibald Stuart 
and lyucas P. Thompson. 

For some years after the Revolution, all persons charged 
with felony, were sent to Richmond for trial before the Gen- 
eral Court. To remedy this arrangement which was both in- 
convenient and expensive, a law was passed in 1788, forming 
judicial districts throughout the State, and appointing a court 
for each district. Three judges were to preside in each court, 
two of them to form a quorum. One of these districts com - 
prised the counties of I,ouisa, Fluvanna, Albemarle and 
Amherst, and its court was called the District Court of Char- 
lottesville. Who were its judges is not known, it records 
being lost. John Carr, son of Major Thornas Carr, was its 
Clerk. This Court was abolished in 1809, and the Circuit 
Superior Court of lyaw for the county was organized, with 
Archibald Stuart, of Staunton, as Judge, and John Carr as 
Clerk. Mr. Carr resigned in 1818, and Alexander Garrett 
was appointed in his stead. During this time the Court of 
Chancery having jurisdiction of such cases arising in this 
county, was held in Staunton. In 1830 the Circuit Superior 
Court was invested with the jurisdiction of all cases, both of 
I^aw and Chancery, and this scheme continues to the present 
day. In that year Judge Stuart was appointed to the bench 
of the Court of Appeals, and was succeeded by IvUcas P. 
Thompson, of Amherst. Judge Thompson continued in 
office until 1852, when he was promoted to the Court of Ap- 
peals, and was succeeded by Richard H. Field, of Culpeper. 
Judge Field sat for the last time in October 1864, and soon 


after died. When the confusion consequent upon the war 
somewhat subsided, Egbert R.Watson was made Judge of the 
Circuit Court in 1866 by the United States military authorities. 
He was superseded in the beginning of 1869 by the appoint- 
ment of Henry Shackelford, of Culpeper, who held the office 
until his death in 1880, when Daniel A. Grimsley, of Cul- 
peper, was chosen. In 1882 he gave place to George P. 
Hughes, of Goochland, until 1886, when he was again elected, 
and continues to occupy the position at the present time. 

Before the Constitution of 1850 the Circuit Judges had 
the appointment of the Attorneys for the Commonwealth 
practising in their courts. When Judge Stuart took his seat 
on the Albemarle bench in 1809, he selected Dabney Carr to 
represent the State. Upon Mr. Carr's resignation in 1811, 
he appointed John Howe Peyton, of Staunton, who held 
the oflSce until 1839 when he resigned. Thereupon Judge 
Thompson appointed Thomas J. Michie, of Staunton, whose 
incumbency was terminated by the provisions of the new 
Constitution. Under those provisions the office became 
elective, and the person who filled it practised in all the 
courts alike. 

Nothing is known concerning the first building occupied as 
a courthouse, except that it was erected by Samuel Scott on 
the land of his brother Daniel, near Scottsville. It afforded 
accommodation to those transacting the public business for 
seventeen years, when the removal to Charlottesville took 
place. Nor does any record remain, giving an account of the 
building of the first courthouse at the new county seat. The 
edifice erected however answered the purpose of a hall of 
justice for a little more than forty years. It must have had 
some pretension to architectural display in the shape of an 
ornamental cover to its entrance, as we learn that in 1800 
Richard Thurmond was bound over for "a fray in the portico 
of the courthouse." This courthouse, and the early jails, 
were evidently of slight and temporary construction ; with 
the course of years they required almost continual repairs. 
The first jail appears to have been built by William Terrell, 
and the second by Henry Gambell about the close of the 


Revolutionary War. Trouble was encountered in settling 
with the latter contractor, on account of the imperfect manner 
in which his work was done. In 1785 a stone prison was 
built, sixteen feet by sixteen, and two stories in height, and 
lasted till 1798. A new jail was then erected, the cost of 
which was a thousand pounds, or three thousand, three hun- 
dred and thirty -three dollars. Thomas Whitlow was the 
builder. This structure continued in use, with repairs from 
time to time — particularly in 1846, when three thousand 
dollars were expended in its improvement— until the present 
jail was built in 1876. 

The court square was first enclosed in 1792. Thomas Bell, 
James Kerr and Thomas Garth were directed to have a rail- 
ing put up at a distance of not more than forty -five feet from 
the courthouse. A large space was consequently left as 
open ground. The subject of selling a part of this unoccu- 
pied space was seriously agitated. In 1801 the justices of 
the county Were specially convened to deliberate in regard to 
the matter; fortunately, after due consideration they came 
to the conclusion, that it was inexpedient that any part of 
the public grounds should be sold. 

In 1803 it was determined that a new courthouse was nec- 
essary. George Divers, William D. Meriwether and Isaac 
Miller were appointed to draw a plan for the edifice, and 
Messrs. Divers, Miller, Thomas Garth, William Wardlaw 
and Thomas C. Fletcher were directed to solicit bids for its 
erection, the cost not to exceed five thousand dollars. The 
building committee was also directed, when the new house 
was finished, to remove the old one, together with the rub- 
bish incident to the work. From this circumstance it is 
inferred, that the old building was located not far from the 
site of the present Clerk's Office. The house then erected is 
substantially the one which now exists. Iron bars were 
placed in the office windows in 1807. The cupola was re- 
paired in 1815. After a consultation to devise some means 
of protecting the public buildings from fire, the Court ordered 
lightning rods to be put up on the courthouse ; this was done 


in 1818. These safeguards then went by the name of Frank- 
lins. James I,eitch furnished the iron necessary for fifty 
dollars , and Jacob Wimer did the work for seventy-five. The 
building was covered with tin in 1825. In 1849 an inquiry 
was made as to the propriety of embellishing the front with 
a porch and pillars, but was attended with no result until ten 
years after. At that time a contract was entered into with 
George W. Spooner to construct a front addition designed by 
William A. Pratt,aformerProctor of the University, he giving 
bond for the faithful performance of the work in the sum of 
nine thousand four hundred dollars. This addition was 
flanked with towers and crowned with gables. While this 
work was in progress, the Court held its sessions in the old 
Town Hall. After the war the gables and towers were re- 
moved, and the pediment with its supporting pillars, as they 
appear at present, was erected by Mr. Spooner. These 
improvements were deemed suflBcient until the recent altera- 
tions in 1897. 

At the organization of the county, the pillory, stocks and 
whipping post were regarded as necessary accompaniments 
of the courthouse, and court proceedings. In 1807 order 
was given to repair these important means of correction. In 
process of time they seem to have disappeared by natural 
decay. In 1820 they were all directed to be restored in the 
public square. Subsequent to that period the first two re- 
ceive no further mention, but James Lobban and Andrew 
Brown were appointed to select a place for the whipping post 
as late as 1857. 

In 1811 a brick and stone wall was ordered to be erected 
on the Square forty-five feet from the courthouse. John Jor- 
dan contracted to perform the work. In 1816 the trustees of 
the town were allowed to sink a well on the Square, exterior 
to the wall. In 1824 V. W. Southall obtained permission 
to build an office on the southeast corner of the Square, and 
F. B. Dyer one on the southwest corner. At the same time an 
office was directed to be built on the northeast corner for the 
use of the County Clerk's assistant, and William H. Meri- 
wether was allowed to build one adjoining it on the west; 


but a month or two after the entire order was rescinded. The 
next year a commission, consisting of Joseph Coffman, John 
M. Perry, John Winn, Alexander Garrett, Micajah Woods 
and Opie Norris, was directed to have two offices erected 
on the northeast corner of the Square for the Commonwealth's 
Attorney and the Sheriff, the brick wall taken down, the 
front yard paved with the materials, and a light railing 
placed around the Square. These two offices were occupied 
in 1830 by V. W. Southall and T. W. Gilmer at a rent of 
fifty dollars. In 1841 permission was again given for the 
erection of offices on the front corners of the Square ; but it 
was evidently withdrawn, though no notice of the counter- 
manding order appears. The same year the Charlottesville 
Ivyceum had leave to hold their meetings in the courthouse. 
Authority was given in 1855 to Messrs. Strange and Jones, 
to ring the courthouse bell for the uses of their school, but 
it was soon after recalled. 

In 1847 in answer perhaps to some ebullition of public 
spirit, James W. Saunders, John R. Jones and William A. 
Bibb were directed to enclose and improve the public square, 
provided the expense of the work was borne by private sub- 
scription. What was effected in pursuance of this movement 
is not known. Two years later Allen B. Magruder and W. 
T. Early asked leave to build offices on the Square, and the 
petition was so far taken into consideration that Malcolm F. 
Crawford and Thomas Wood were appointed to examine and 
report on the subject. In 1855 the town was granted liberty 
to erect an engine house on the west side of the Square, in a 
line with which Drury Wood and W. T. Early were allowed 
to build offices on the east side. The next year an order 
was passed, directing the enclosing and paving of the Square 
according to a plan submitted by William S. Dabney ; and 
it was no doubt in agreement with the provisions of this 
plan, that shortly after the stone wall and iron railing now 
existing were ordered to be erected, not to exceed the cost of 
fifteen hundred dollars. 

Not long after the beginning of the century an efiort was 
made to secure the transportation of the produce of the 


county by water. The need of a cheaper and more expedi- 
tious mode of reaching a market had long been felt. Farmers 
had been obliged to move their crops, first to Fredericksburg, 
and then to Richmond, by wagons; and the goods of mer- 
chants had been conveyed to their stores by the same slow ' 
and expensive process. The course of James River was then 
unobstructed, and the question arose whether the Rivanna 
might not be rendered useful for the purposes of commerce. 
The scheme was attempted of turning to account these water 
courses, which nature had placed at the door to be outlets of 
such admirable convenience. The Rivanna Navigation Com- 
pany was formed, and a charter procured. In 1810 George 
Divers, Williams D. Meriwether, Nimrod Bramham, John 
Kelly and Dabney Minor were its Directors, and Peter Minor 
its Treasurer. The original methods of procedure were 
simple enough. They aimed to keep the channel of the 
river clear of snags and hammocks, and to provide flat- 
bottomed boats called batteaux, for the carriage of freight. 
Advantage was taken of freshets to load the boats, and run 
them down, while the stream was at high water mark. As 
at such times the water rushed with the speed of a torrent, 
the navigation was often dangerous ; but the management of 
the boats became a special business, and the men employed 
acquired an intelligence and skill which were seldom ba£3ed 
by accidents. A family named Craddock bore for many 
years a high reputation as adroit and successful watermen. 
In 1827 books were opened for an enlarged subscription of 
stock, and eleven hundred and fifteen shares were taken at 
fifty dollars a share. A list of the subscribers remains on 
record in Deed Book Twenty-Seven. This money was raised 
to improve still further the channel of the river. The 
improvement consisted in the erection of dams at shoal places, 
to increase the depth of water, and thus secure slack water 
navigation, locks being provided to raise or lower the boats 
at the different levels. Some of the locks were handsomely 
faced with hewn stone, and built in a substantial manner. 
Besides the dams located in Fluvanna, there was one erected 
at Milton, three at Shadwell, one at the Woolen Mills, one 


at the Three Islands, two at the Broad Mossing Ford, and 
two at Rio Mills. It was no doubt in preparation for this 
effort, that commissioners were appointed by the County 
Court in 182 5 to consider the practicability of clearing out 
the south fork from the mouth of Ivy Creek to the "I/ittle 
River." The court also in 1841 directed an examination of 
the improvements on the south fork with the view of allowing 
additional tolls. Some still living remember boats bound for 
the James River Canal at Columbia, which carried from 
eighty to a hundred barrels of flour, and from forty to fifty 
hogsheads of tobacco. The value of this work was entirely 
destroyed by the advent of the railroads ; yet it seemed hard 
to abandon an enterprise, on which so much had been 
expended, and from which such great benefits had been 
derived. Since the war another attempt was made to renew 
its usefulness. Two dams were constructed, one above Milton, 
and the other above Shadwell ; but both being damaged by 
sweeping floods, the whole matter has been finally dropped. 
The early settlers of Albemarle amidst all the distracting 
labors of founding new homes, set no small value on the 
advantages of education- Both those who pushed their way 
up from the tidewater section, and the Scotch Irish element 
who came over from the Valley, made it their care to build 
the schoolhouse. Soon after the formation of the county. 
Rev. James Maury, Rector of Fredericksville parish, opened 
a classical school on the borders of Albemarle and Louisa, 
which he superintended for many years with eminent success. 
In this nursery of learning Mr. Jefferson received in part his 
mental training. At the same period Rev. Samuel Black, 
whose home was on Mechum's River below the Miller School, 
was also engaged in teaching. Rev. Matthew Maury, son of 
James, succeeded his father in the school as well as in the 
parish. In fact, it was generally the case that ministers of 
the gospel, whose salaries were small, joined the work of 
instruction to their regular professional duties. In the early 
deeds, it is not uncommon to find in the description of places 
sold, the incidental mention of the schoolhouse, or the school- 
house spring. It was also customary in setting forth the 


parties to deeds, to state their residence and occupation, a 
matter of no slight importance in a historical point of view. 
We learn in this way that about 1760 a James Forbes, who 
bought land on the head of Ivy Creek, was a schoolmaster, 
and that William Coursey, Jr. , who lived in the northern part 
of the county, pursued the same vocation. David Rodes, 
who resided on Moorman's River, mentions in some notes 
still remaining, patronizing from 1766 to 1768, the schools of 
Charles Lambert, William Coleman and William Harris. 

In consequence of Mr. Jefferson's repeated suggestions, 
seconded by the active efforts of Joseph Cabell in the I<egis- 
lature, a State law was passed in 1818 in which it was pro- 
vided, that Commissioners should be appointed in every 
county, not less than five, nor more than fifteen in number, 
who should give attention to the children of families unable 
to bear the expense of their education. These appointments 
were made in Albemarle every three years for a considerable 
time. Those who constituted the first commission were 
Martin Dawson, James Clark, Francis Carr, John Goss, 
Thomas Wood, James Jarman, John A. Michie, Isaac A. 
Coles, William Harris, Allen Dawson, William Woods, 
Samuel L. Hart, Charles Yancey, Christopher Hudson, and 
Henry T. Harris. 

In the early part of the century John Robertson, a native 
of Scotland, and father of Judge W. J. Robertson, taught a 
classical school on the east side of the South West Mountain. 
His library, a catalogue of which is recorded in Will Book 
No. Seven, contained a more complete set of the Greek and 
lyatin authors than perhaps could be found in any other 
private collection in the State. The first numbers of the 
Central Gazette supply some information in regard to the 
educational facilities of the county during the decade of 1820. 
In that year was commenced the Charlottesville Female 
Seminary, the site of which was what is now the Leterman 
lot, corner of High and Third Streets. Its first Principal 
was a Mrs. George. It was subsequently presided over by 
Mr. and Mrs. lyittleford, of Baltimore, Mrs. G. K. Taylor, 
and Mrs. Fgan. Mr. Gerard E. Stuck, who was accredited 


by most flattering testimonials, taught the Charlottesville 
Academy, designed for boys. Allen Dawson had a school, 
first at his farm on the Scottsville Road, then at his house 
on Main Street, west of Third, and still later at a school- 
house that once stood on J. W. Marshall's lot on Park 
Street. In this house Thomas Woodson taught some years 
later. The small brick near the east end of Main Street, 
now occupied by William Durrett, accommodated suc- 
cessively the schools of George Carr, Thomas W. Maury 
and Rev. Mr. Hatch. Mr. Carr afterwards taught in con- 
nection with Christopher Hornsey, and Mr. Maury removed 
his school to his residence west of the University, now owned 
by Samuel Kmerson. Mrs. Charles Spencer gave instruc- 
tion to small children on the south side of Main Street at the 
foot of Vinegar Hill, and to the same class of pupils Mrs. 
Ebenezer Watts devoted her labors at a subsequent period. 
Mrs. Rebecca Estes had a school for young ladies in the 
large brick on the top of Vinegar Hill. About 1829 Mrs. 
Blaetterman opened an academy for young ladies in the large 
brick, south of where the I/ynchburg Road passes under the 
Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad. S. Overton Minor taught 
at the Farm, and later in the basement of the old Baptist 
Church. In the old brick next east of the Opera House on 
West Main Street, a classical school was conducted by Bar- 
tholomew Egan and Victor Ferrow. William A. Bowen 
taught near Ivy Depot, holding his examinations in Moun- 
tain Plains Church, and afterwards near Batesville, making 
a similar use of Mount Ed Church. Thornton Rogers had a 
classical academy at his place at Keswick. Joseph Mills 
gave instruction near Earlysville, and William J. Wilkerson 
two miles west of Michie's old Tavern. Mason Frizzell, 
a graduate of Williams College, had charge of a school 
on Chestnut Ridge, and John Duggins of one near H. 
Martin's, presumably south of Covesville. T. 1,. Terrell 
was a teacher at James H. Terrell's on the east side 
of the South West Mountain. Samuel Harrison taught 
at Piney Grove. A school in Brown's Cove was instructed 
by William Brander, and a Female Seminary in the 


same place by Miss Sarah P. Catlett. When Jonathan 
B. Carr retired from the practice of the law, he opened 
a school at his place, the Retreat, north of Dunlora. Rev. 
Ovid A. Kinsolving received part of his early education at 
Plain Dealing, the residence of Samuel Dyer. 

During the next decade was built the house where Dr. 
William S. White taught for some years, now the Presbyte- 
rian Manse, and shortly after the brick at the corner of Maple 
and Seventh Streets was erected as a Female Seminary. 
Midway, first opened as a hotel under I<ouis A. Xaupi^ 
became the seat of a flourishing academy taught by Duke 
and Powers — Alexander Duke and Pike Powers — and after- 
wards by Duke and Slaughter — Alexander Duke and Charles 

These were some of the places of instruction which existed 
at that time, and which for the most part might be styled 
high schools. Inthem were imparted the elements of a clas- 
sical education. They were the forerunners of those admirable 
preparatory seats of learning which arose in the next genera- 
tion, and still exist in living memory, those of Franklin 
Minor at Ridgeway, of Charles Minor at Brookhill, of Pro- 
fessor Gessner Harrison at Cocke's Tavern, of William Din- 
widdie at Greenwood, of Col. J. B. Strange on the Ridge 
at Charlottesville, and of Brown and Tebbs at Bloomfield; 
and at a later period, those of Major Horace Jones in Char- 
lottesville, of the Wood Brothers at Cocke's Tavern, and of 
John R. Sampson at Pantops. 

A project was conceived of establishing at or near Char- 
lottesville a large academy, to be organized and managed on 
the plan of the German Gymnasium. Its great design was 
to insure a more exact and thorough drill in the rudiments 
of learning, and thus afford a more adequate preparation for 
entrance into the University. In prosecution of this idea, a 
long prospectus was published in 1829, signed by a large 
number of the most eminent men in all sections of the State, 
but nothing tangible ever resulted. Things still seem to be 
shaping themselves more and more in agreement with the 
wonderful foresight of Mr. Jefferson, forming that gradation 


which constituted the ideal of his mind, each step rising 
higher from the common school to the University, at which 
all the last and most finished results of every branch of 
learning could be obtained. 

Jefferson well deserves the title of Father of the University 
of Virginia. The whole establishment was the outgrowth 
of his views upon education. These views occupied his 
mind while acting as one of the Revisors of the I^aws of 
Virginia in 1776, were constantly revolved in his thoughts, 
and were from time to time expressed in legislative bills, 
and correspondence with his friends, until they finally 
assumed permanent form in the noble institution which is 
the chief ornament of Albemarle, and one of the chief orna- 
ments of the State. His fundamental maxim was, that the 
stability and happiness of the republic depended on the gen- 
eral diffusion of knowledge through the mass of the people; 
hence the attainment of this object was perhaps more the 
dictate of his patriotism, than of his literary tastes. The 
instrumentality to be employed comprehended common 
schools, grammar schools or academies, and a university as 
the head of the system. An act containing these general 
ideas was prepared and presented to the General Assembly 
in 1779, but amidst the turmoil of the Revolution attracted 
but little attention. The same views were expressed in his 
Notes on Virginia, in which he proposed that William and 
Mary should be enlarged, and made to occupy the place of a 
university. In 1796 the lyCgislature passed an act which 
approached as near the attainment of free schools in Virginia, 
as was ever realized until after the war. 

This act provided that a majority of the acting justices of 
each county should determine whether they should be estab- 
lished ; that in case they came to this conclusion, they should 
elect three officers called aldermen, who should divide their 
county into hundreds, in imitation of the political divisions 
of old Knglish times; and that the people of each hundred 
should tax themselves for the erection of a school house 
in the most convenient place, and for the support of a 
teacher. According to Mr. Jefferson, the common schools 


were to be wholly supported by local taxation, the acad- 
emy was to be assisted by the State, and the University 
was to receive a larger measure of State assistance, in con- 
junction with the benevolent contributions of the friends 
of education. But his conceptions were far in advance of 
his age. The magistrates were as little inclined as the peo- 
ple, to levy a special tax for general education. Although 
before the system was introduced by the present con- 
stitution, the counties and cities of the state were allowed 
by special enactment to adopt free schools for themselves, it 
is doubted whether a single county availed itself of the priv- 
ilege, and whether more than one or two cities were liberal 
minded enough to enter upon the work. A meeting of the 
magistrates of Albemarle was called to consider the subject 
in 1797, the year after the act referred to was passed, at 
which were present Francis Walker, Samuel Murrell, Rice 
Garland, Wilson C. Nicholas, George Divers, Bernard Brown, 
Thomas C. Fletcher and Thomas Bell. The decision at 
which they arrived was, "that no election of aldermen shall 
be held this year" — nor was any ever held thereafter. Under 
the law of 1818 which required not less than five nor more 
than fifteen Commissioners to be appointed in every connty, 
the full number was appointed in this county. They dis- 
posed of the quota of the State I<iterary Fund apportioned 
to the county, and provided for free education as far as this 
means would allow. Children thus aided were admitted to 
the schools upon certificate from one of the magistrates. In 
1849 a memorable debate on the question took place before 
the people of the county, and an election was held. Dr. 
William H. McGufiey, of the University, took the stump in 
behalf of free schools, and General William F. Gordon and 
Col. T. J. Randolph against them. By the popular vote 
it was decided, that the time for public schools had not yet 

As early as 1783, just after the Revolutionary War, a move- 
ment was begun to establish a grammar school in Albemarle. 
This appears from a letter of Mr. Jefferson, written the last 
day of that year. In it he narrates the efforts he had made 


to secure a teacher, some literary character of the Irish nation, 
or some person from Scotland — "from that country we are 
sure of having sober, attentive men." A charter was ob- 
tained for the Albemarle Academy in 1803 ; but though 
trustees were elected, nothing further was accomplished. 
Mr. Jefferson was President of the United States, and had 
the affairs of the country on his hands ; the mainspring was 
therefore wanting. In 1814 he was appointed a trustee. 
Agitation at once commenced, plans were devised, a site 
was pitched upon, the town of Charlottesville was selected. 
But the project was soon enlarged. Albemarle Academy 
grew into Central College. The I^egislature made this change 
of name in 1816, and provided for the appointment by the 
Governor of six visitors, who should choose professors, and 
superintend the affairs of the new institution. The visitors 
were Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, 
Joseph C. Cabell, David Watson and John H. Cocke. The 
next year land was bought from John M. Perry, the present 
site of the University, and on October 6th, 1817, the corner 
stone of Central College was laid. 

The design had received a start, and like the letting out 
of waters could not be stopped. Matters ripened fast. In 
Pebruary 1818, the lyCgislature enacted that the Governor 
should appoint Commissioners, one from each Senatorial 
district of the State, who should meet in the month of August 
in that year at a tavern in Rockfish Gap on the Blue Ridge, 
and settle the site for a university, a plan for its construction, 
the sciences to be taught, the number of professors, and a 
legislative bill for organizing and managing the institution. 
That body was appointed, and consisted of the following 
gentlemen: Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Spencer 
Roane, Creed Taylor, Peter Randolph, William Brocken- 
brough, Archibald Rutherford, Henry E. Watkins, Armis- 
tead T. Mason, Hugh Holmes, John G. Jackson, William H. 
Cabell, Nathaniel H. Claiborne, William A. E. Dade, Wil- 
liam Jones, James Breckinridge, Philip C. Pendleton, Archi- 
bald Stuart, Thomas Wilson, M. C. Taylor, Philip Slaughter, 
John Johnson, R. B. Taylor, and Faulkner. All 


except the last three met at the tavern designated, which was- 
the predecessor of the present Mountain Top, and was kept 
at the time by two brothers named I,eake, kinsmen of the 
late Hon. Shelton F. I^eake. Their hall of assembly was a 
low, whitewashed room, furnished with a deal dining table 
and split-bottomed chairs. The Commissioners were men 
of distinction, yet with them as with others local predilections 
had their weight. Jefferson, who was chosen president^ 
strongly endeavored to secure Central College as the site. 
Two other places were proposed, Staunton and Lexington. 
After mature consideration the vote was taken, and stood 
sixteen for Central College, three for Lexington, and two for 
Staunton. The work was virtually accomplished. On Jan- 
uary 25th, 1819, Central College was by the Legislature 
transmuted into the University of Virginia. 

The erection of buildings which had been begun by the 
authorities of Central College, was already in a good degree 
of forwardness. The plan of the whole group, as well as the 
styles of the particular edifices, had been designed by Mr. 
Jefferson himself. All the residences, or pavilions, as they 
were called, and all the dormitories, on the West Lawn were 
put up, and the interior wood work and plastering were in. 
progress. This was true also in regard to the first and sec- 
ond pavilions, that is, the two most northerly, and ten dormi- 
tories, on East Lawn. No contracts had yet been let for the 
remaining buildings, the three southern pavilions and the other 
dormitories on East Lawn, and the hotels and dormitories on 
the East and West Ranges. Nor was any mention yet made 
of the erection of the Rotunda. The first pavilion designed 
in the Doric order, with the four adjoining dormitories, 
on West Lawn was built, the brick work by Carter and 
Phillips, and the wood work by James Oldham. Matthew 
Brown did the brick work, and James Dinsmore the wood 
work, of the second pavilion in the Corinthian order. The 
third pavilion in the Ionic order, with the seven nearest dor- 
mitories, was erected, the brick work by John M. Perry, and 
the wood work by Perry and Dinsmore. The fourth pavilion 
in the Doric order, with fifteen dormitories adjacent, was 


built, the brick work by Matthew Brown, David Knight and 
-Hugh Chisholm, and the wood work by John M. Perry. The 
fifth pavilion and one dormitory were built, the brick 
work by Carter and Phillips, and the wood work by George 
W. Spooner and John Neilson. The entire work of pavilions 
-one and two, with the ten adjoining dormitories, on East 
I^awn, was contracted for by Richard Ware. 

According to Mr. Jefferson's report in 1821, the cost of the 
ten pavilions was estimated at eighty -six thousand dollars, 
of the one hundred and nine dormitories at sixty-five thou- 
sand, and of the six hotels at twenty -four thousand. The 
entire sum for land, buildings and labor was placed at two 
hundred and seven thousand. The construction of the 
Rotunda proved to be an expensive undertaking. An esti- 
mate published in Niles's Register in 1826, set down the cost 
•of the complete establishment at about four hundred thousand 

The scholastic duties of the University began at length on 
March 7th, 1825. The number of students present at the 
■opening was forty; the whole number matriculated during 
the session up to the last of September, was one hundred 
and sixteen. The Central Gazette issued on the seventh of 
March noticed the opening, and stated "that many were said 
to have been prevented from being present by heavy rains 
and bad roads." 

In the early days of the University there was a greater 
tendency to disorder among the students than has since been 
apparent. In 1836 wild and boisterous spirits prevailed to 
such an extent that the firm hand of Benjamin Picklin was 
required to repress their effervescence, and in 1840 the deplor- 
able death of Prof. John A. G. Davis occurred by the 
rash violence of a student. But the height of these excesses 
produced a reaction, and led to a more quiet and rational 
line of conduct. It may be safely aflBrmed, that in the history 
•of the institution as a whole, there have been as little turbu- 
lence and destructive riot as in any assemblage of like kind 
in the country. In truth, notwithstanding reports to the 
contrary, the most healthful moral influences have been in 


operation from the beginning. In 1828 the faculty by their 
formal action invited Rev. F. W. Hatch and Rev. F. Bow- 
man, the only resident ministers in the town, to preach 
alternately every Sunday at the University. In 1830 a Tem- 
perance Society, holding regular sessions, was formed among 
the students. Its first ofBcers were J. W. C. Watson, Presi- 
dent, Thomas H. Hamner, first Vice President, Socrates 
Maupin, second Vice President, and Samuel Scott, Secretary, 
and a hall was erected for its special use in 1856. About 
1830 a chaplain was chosen by the faculty to ofiBciate regu- 
larly in the institution, and for more than sixty years thi& 
oflSce was statedly filled, and supported by the voluntary 
contributions of the professors and students; and in 1854 a 
comfortable house was built on the University grounds as 
the chaplain's residence. During the period when the scenes. 
of greatest disorder occurred, a weekly prayer meeting was 
maintained among the students by the energetic zeal of such 
men as Dr. Frank Sampson and Rev. Dennis Dudley, then 
prosecuting their academic studies ; and later a Young Men's 
Christian Association was formed within its walls, which 
was the first organized body of the kind in the countr5'-. 

In those early days the students of the University wore a 
uniform. It consisted of a suit of grayish cloth, called Ox- 
ford Mixed, specially imported from year to year by John 
Cochran, the coat braided on the collar, and the pantaloons 
striped at the sides. This badge of distinction gave rise to 
an extensive industry in Charlottesville. From a hundred 
to a hundred and twenty journeyman tailors were engaged 
in its manufacture, and the firm of Marshall & Bailey, 
Shoemakers, employed from thirty- five to forty hands in 
their business. 

The Public Hall annexed to the Rotunda, and destroyed 
by the fire of 1895, was commenced in 1851 , and in 1859 Daw- 
son's Row was erected. These buildings were constructed 
with the proceeds of a farm devised by the will of Martin 
Dawson, a citizen of the county, who died in 1835. By the 
sale of this farm, the sum of fourteen thousand dollars was. 
realized. The Chemical I^aboratory was erected in 1870,. 


the Brooks Museum in 1875, and the buildings of the Mc- 
Cormick Observatory in 1881. In 1859 a parcel of land be- 
longing to Mrs. Sophia Johnson, containing several springs, 
and lying in a ravine north of Observatory Mountain, 
together with the right of way for pipes, was condemned for 
the use of the University. A reservoir was formed in the 
ravine to furnish the institution with a supply of water. 



The only reference to the war of 1812 in the records occurs 
in 1866, where an enumeration of the family of James Michie, 
Jr., was presented to the Court. It was there stated, that in 
that contest that gentleman was a corporal in the company 
of Captain Estes, of the Virginia militia, and that a land war- 
rant for one hundred and sixty acres was issued to his 
descendants on that account. It is ascertained upon inquiry 
that a cavalry company from the county commanded by 
Colonel Samuel Carr, and of which Dr. Frank Carr was 
Surgeon, and an infantry company of which Achilles Broad - 
head was Captain, were also called into service. From the 
same source it is learned that William Wertenbaker was a 
private in Captain Estes' s company, and Henry Turner, the 
father of the venerable William H. Turner, served in the 
cavalry. To what point these troops were marched is not 
known; but as the enemy never landed on the soil of the 
State, no occasion happened for their employment in action. 
In a letter dated September 1814, and written by William 
Wirt, who commanded an artillery company in camp on York 
River, he says, "Frank Gilmer, Jefferson Randolph, the 
Carrs and others, have got tired waiting for the British, and 
gone home." 

Captain Estes above mentioned was Triplett T. Estes, who 
for many years kept the Stone Tavern on the square on which 
I<ipscomb's livery stable stands. In the appointment of 
Processioners in 1811, he is designated as Captain of the 
militia company in the district immediately south of Char- 
lottesville, and to which the inhabitants of the town belonged. 
He was unfortunate in his business affairs. He purchased 
the Stone Tavern with its surrounding square, but was un- 
able to make the payments. At one time he also owned the 
farm on Biscuit Run which Martin Dawson afterwards devised 
to the University ; but that together with all his property 


was sold under deeds of trust. About 1819 he removed from 
Charlottesville to Fredericksburg, and in 1832 was living in 
Dinwiddle County, probably in Petersburg. 

In 1816 the County Court received a communication from 
the State authorities, requesting a survey of the County to 
be made in order to the preparation of an accurate map of 
the State. In compliance with this request they appointed 
Dabney Minor, Dr. Frank Carr and Dr. Charles Brown to 
arrange for the survey; and in answer to their overtures 
William H. Meriwether proposed to undertake the work. It 
is supposed he carried it into effect; but no details of the 
time or manner of its accomplishment have been found. 
The results of this and other similar surveys throughout the 
State, were committed to John Wood, an eminent engineer 
of the day. He however died in 1822, before the completion 
of his task. The fruits of his labors, with all the materials 
which had been collected, were then entrusted to Herman 
Boye. By the contract entered into with him, the map was 
to have been finished on the first of April 1824, and in all 
likelihood it was published during the course of that year. 
A well preserved copy formerly hung in the University 
Library in the Rotunda, but it no doubt perished in the fire 
of 1895. Two or three other copies in private hands, much 
defaced by time and want of care, have been met with in the 

The lyCgislature passed an act in January 1818, establish- 
ing the town of Scottsville on James River. This point had 
been well known from the beginning of the county. In its 
proximity the first courthouse had been located, and for 
seventeen years was the centre of public business for all the 
surrounding country. It can hardly be questioned that the 
people of the neighborhood looked upon it as a heavy blow, 
when the seat of justice was removed, and they were obliged 
to repair to Charlottesville in discharge of their public 

It continued nevertheless to be a place of considerable 
notoriety. As Scott's Ferry, it was a point of chief impor- 


tance in crossing the river James, and maintaining the means 
of communication between the inhabitants north and south 
of that stream; and as Scott's Landing, it was a station of 
some consequence in the business of its navigation. When 
the Tobacco Warehouses were established at Milton and the 
mouth of Ballenger's Creek in 1792, liberty was also given 
for the erection of one on John Scott's land at Scott's Perry, 
but restricted by the conditions, that the proprietor should 
construct an edifice of brick or stone, with roof of slate or 
tile, and with gates of iron, and that until the County Court 
entered upon their records the fact of such construction, no 
tobacco should be received, and no inspectors appointed. 
As no fact of the kind was made a matter of record, it would 
appear the proprietor regarded the conditions too burdensome 
to fulfil. 

The desire for the founding of a town at this place was un- 
doubtedly stimulated by the progress of the James River im- 
provement, and the further extension of the canal. An 
abortive attempt seems to have been made in 1816 by private 
efforts of the Coles family, who sold a number of lots with that 
end in view. Two years later the sanction of the Legisla- 
ture was obtained for the project. Fifteen acres of land be- 
longing to John Scott were vested in Samuel Dyer, Sr. , Samuel 
Dyer, Jr., Christopher Hudson, Tucker Coles and John Coles 
as Trustees, to be laid out in half acre lots, to be conveyed 
to purchasers , and to be called the town of Scottsville. Thirty- 
three lots and four outlots were sold the same year for 
upwards of thirteen thousand dollars. About 1830 an addi- 
tion was made on its western boundary by Peyton Harrison, 
who had since its origin purchased the Belle Grove planta- 
tion, which lay just above the town, and on which the old 
courthouse formerly stood. 

In 1824 the Staunton and James River Turnpike was com- 
menced, and Scottsville was its river terminus. Because of 
its fine shipping facilities, it was not long before great num- 
bers of huge, old-fashioned wagons thronged its streets, 
large consignments of produce from the west, and of merchan- 
dise from the east, filled its warehouses, and it became the 


emporium of a busy commerce, and rapidly rose to great 
prosperity. A tobacco warehouse was now successfully 
established, and its first inspectors were James B. Holman, 
James Thomas, Fleming Moon and Richard Omohundro. 
It enjoyed the brightness of these palmy days until about 
1850, when its flourishing trade was greatly diminished by 
the advent of the railroads. It continued however to possess 
the benefits of the canal, and when that was relinquished, 
those ot the railway which succeeded in its stead. 

No newspaper was published in Albemarle during the first 
seventy-five years of its existence, nor until the fifty-seventh 
year after the establishment of Charlottesville. People de- 
pended on Richmond and Washington for information of 
events transpiring in the world, and as in those days the mail 
was received but once a week, it is probable but few dailies 
were taken. At the close of the last century the Courts di- 
rected their orders to be published in the Virginia Gazette in 
Richmond, and after the beginning of the present century, 
sometimes in a paper of Staunton, and sometimes in one of 

But in a county where so much of intellectual cultivation 
existed, where Charlottesville Academy had merged into 
Central College, and Central College was merging into the 
University of Virginia, it was high time that a step so in- 
dicative of mental and literary activity should be taken. The 
first paper issued in its bounds was the Central Gazette, its 
first number appearing on the twenty-ninth of January, 1820. 
Its proprietors were Clement P. and John H. McKennie. 
It became the medium of advertisements for this and the 
contiguous counties. Some original communications were 
contributed, but the main part of its literary matter consisted 
of extracts from other papers, setting forth the political events 
of the day, and the news from foreign countries. After a 
time Thomas W. Gilmer was associated with its editorial 
staff. It is not certainly known how long its publication 
continued, but it probably ceased about 1827 or 1828. A 
number of its volumes bound, and running perhaps through 
its whole course, were deposited in the University Library, 


but all except the first were unfortunately consumed in the 
fire of 1895, 

The Virginia Advocate was the next journal that appeared. 
It began simultaneously with the cessation of the Gazette. Its 
first editors were Thomas W. Gilmer and John A. G. Davis. 
Nicholas P Trist subsequently took part in its management. 
It then passed into the hands of Dr. Frank Carr, and was 
sold by him in 1830 to E. W. Reinhart. After an interval 
of some years it was under the control of William W. Tomp- 
kins and Alexander Moseley, the latter of whom afterwards 
became the distinguished editor of the Richmond Whig. 
Later it was conducted by Robert C. Noel, William J. Shel- 
ton and James C. Halsall, and still later it was edited succes- 
sively by John ly. Cochran and James C. Southall. 

In the meantime, about 1829 or 1830, James Alexander 
came to Charlottesville from Massachusetts through the 
agency of Colonel T. J. Randolph, to undertake the printing 
of Mr. Jefferson's correspondence. When that work was 
completed, Mr. Alexander commenced in 1836 the publica- 
tion of the Jeffersonian Republican, avowedly as a Demo- 
cratic organ. Some years before the opposition to General 
Jackson had assumed positive form, and between the Whig 
and Democratic parties lines of demarcation had been dis- 
tinctly drawn. The Advocate had taken sides with the for- 
mer, and to further the interests of the latter the Jeffersonian 
was set on foot. Mr. Alexander was the ostensible editor 
as well as publisher, though he was constantly supplied with 
articles written by such active members of the party as Col- 
onel Randolph, Frank RuflBn, Shelton F. lycake and others. 
These two papers ran side by side until both were suspended 
by the disorganizing influences of the civil war. During 
their continuance a periodical of some sort, exhibiting the 
title of The Idea, was started by Thomas W. Michie, but 
apparently it proved ephemeral in its duration. A few 
months before the war began, a new journal appeared under 
the name of the Charlottesville Review, but owing to the disas- 
trous pressure of the times it survived but a short season. 
A religious paper, the Christian Intelligencer, was published 
for a time in Charlottesville by Rev. James Goss. 


All papers had discontinued their issues by May 1862. 
While the period of suspension lasted, orders of Court were 
directed to be published in lyynchburg or Staunton. In Oc- 
tober 1864- James C. Southall commenced the publication of 
the Chronicle, and in 1868 disposed of it to Bennett Taylor 
and John W. Foster. They were succeeded by I/ittleton 
Waddell, and he, by H. B. Michie. Some years after the 
war the Jeffersonian Republican was recommenced by R. P. 
Valentine, with A. R. Blakey as editor. It was afterwards 
transferred to James Blakey, who conducted it several years. 
The present paper of the county, the Progress, was launched 
as a Daily in 1890 by J. H. I^indsay, and it was not long 
before it absorbed both of the other papers. The Chronicle 
was published as a Tri-Weekly, and all the other journals 
mentioned except the Progress as Weeklies. 

Besides the Correspondence of Mr. Jefferson which has 
been mentioned, a Gazetteer of Virginia was published in 
Charlottesville in 1835 by Joseph Martin. It was an octavo 
of more than six hundred pages. It contained a collection 
of statistics, valuable at the time, a description of each 
county, with an enumeration of its post offices, a history of 
Virginia, written expressly for the work, and a map of the 
State as it then was. Quite a corps of collaborators was 
engaged in its execution. William H. Brockenbrough , a 
member of the Albemarle bar, and subsequently Judge of the 
United States District Court of Florida, was editor, Moseley 
and Tompkins printers, Joseph Martin binder, and E. C. 
Morse general aid. 

In early periods the people of the county seem to have 
been animated by a stronger public spirit than prevails at 
present. This was manifested in their frequent co-operative 
action for attaining important results. For sometime prior 
to 1820 the Albemarle Agricultural Society was accomplish- 
ing a successful work, its members publishing accounts of 
their individual experiments, maintaining a correspondence 
with kindred bodies, and holding annual exhibitions of their 
products, with the award of liberal premiums to competitors 
who excelled. An idea of the powerful influence it exerted 


for good, may be formed from the list of those who took a 
leading part in its affairs. James Madison was its Presi- 
dent Its first Vice President was Thomas Mann Ran- 
dolph, its second, John H. Cocke, its Treasurer, Nimrod 
Bramham, and its Secretaries, Peter Minor and Dr. Frank 
Carr. Its Committee of Correspondence were T. M. 
Randolph, James Barbour, Dr. Thomas G. Watkins, Wil- 
liam D. Meriwether and Peter Minor, and its Committee 
of Accounts, Dabney Minor, Dr. Thomas E. Randolph 
and John J. Winn. Among the excellent disquisitions 
published on these subjects. Colonel Randolph described his 
experiments with clover, John H. Craven how he reduced 
the great gullies with which Pen Park was furrowed when it 
came into his possession, and Peter Minor the results of 
different methods of corn-planting on high lands. At one of 
its yearly exhibitions, the first premium for the best tilled 
farm in the county was assigned to John Rogers, and the 
second to John H. Craven. On these occasions George W- 
Kinsolving and William Woods, Surveyor, displayed their 
fine blooded horses, the latter supplying his stables with 
purchases from the choice stock of John Randolph of Roa- 
noke. Beyond question the agency of this Society gave a 
powerful stimulus to the improvement of the live stock of the 
county, as well as to the better cultivation of its soil. 

In those days a Colonization Society existed, of which 
Jonathan B. Carr was Treasurer, and which held an annual 
meeting on the first Monday of October. In furtherance of 
its objects Rev. Francis Bowman preached a sermon on the 
Fourth of July 1824, and in May 1830 the ladies of Char- 
lottesville and the county held a fair at Fitch's Tavern. 

The Albemarle Bible Society was organized in August 
1828. Nathaniel Burnley acted as Secretary when they first 
convened, and the first Monday of August was appointed as 
the time of the annual meeting. A full staff of ofiicers was 
elected for a thorough canvass of the county, and for the 
energetic prosecution of its work. Hugh Nelson was Presi- 
dent, John Kelly, Vice President, Rev. F. W. Hatch, Secre- 
tary, Rev. F. Bowman, Treasurer, and Dr. Hardin Massie, 


William Woods, Surveyor, Nimrod Bramham, G. W. Kin- 
solving and John Rogers, Managers. Agents were likewise 
chosen to awaken interest in the different battalion districts. 
George Wood and Allen Dickerson served in the first bat- 
talion of the Eighty-Eighth Regiment, John J. Bowcock and 
M. Fretwell in the second, Dr. Harris and John B. Hart in 
the first battalion of the Forty-Seventh, John 1,. Thomas and 
Matthew Pilson in the second, and Dr. H. Massie in the town 
of Charlottesville. It is a matter of interest to know who 
at that time were leaders in so praiseworthy a cause. 

A Debating Society was maintained in Charlottesville, 
which, besides kindling the talents and directing the studies 
of the young men of the town, quickened the patriotism of 
the community by occasionally celebrating the Fourth of July. 
On that day 1830, they assembled in the Presbyterian Church, 
where Dr. Frank Carr read the Declaration of Independence, 
and Nathaniel Wolfe, a member of the bar, delivered an 

In 1830 the Albemarle Temperance Society was formed 
with Dr. Frank Carr as President, Dr. H. Massie, Vice Presi- 
dent, J. W. C. Watson, Secretary, and Edward S. Watson, 

Nor should it be omitted, that as a means of promoting 
the mental life and culture of the community, a meeting was 
held in 1823 for the establishment of a public library. A 
committee was appointed to draft a constitution, and another 
consisting of Mr. Jefferson, Rev. F. Bowman and John 
Ormond, a member of the bar, to prepare a catalogue of 
appropriate books for purchase. The next year the Albe- 
marle I/ibrary Association was organized. V. W. Southall 
was its President, John J. Winn its Vice President, Ira 
Garrett its Secretary, William Wertenbaker its Treasurer, 
and William H. Meriwether its I/ibrarian. Its doors were to 
open Mondays and Fridays, from eleven A. M. to three P. 
M. I^ike many other beneficent projects, it has passed 
away among the things that were, and its books scattered to 
the four winds. Occasionally an odd volume may still be 
met with, marked with the label of the Association. 


The visit of lyafayette to this country occurred in 1824, and 
Albemarle was particularly honored with his presence. In 
November of that year he came from Richmond to exchange 
greetings with Mr. Jefferson. Special preparations were 
made for his reception. At the Fluvanna line a troop of 
cavalry, named in his honor the Lafayette Guards, met him 
on Thursday the eleventh, to escort him to Monticello. The 
officers of this detachment were John H. Craven, Captain, 
George W. Kinsolving, First Lieutenant, Richard Watson, 
Second Lieutenant, and Thomas W. Gilmer, Cornet. On its 
arrival at that point, the carriage containing Lafayette was 
halted, and he was addressed by William C. Rives, who in 
the course of his remarks mentioned, that he was held in 
lively and affectionate remembrance by the people of Virginia, 
and that not far from where they stood there remained a 
memento of him and his gallant services in their behalf dur- 
ing the Revolution, as the road by which he led his army to 
protect the old Court House from Cornwallis's approach, 
still bore the name of the Marquis's Road. 

When the cortege arrived at Monticello, the troop was 
drawn up, on each side of the southern lawn. Lafayette 
alighted a short distance from the portico, from which Jef- 
ferson descended with tottering steps to meet him as he 
approached. As they drew near, the one exclaimed with 
choking emotion, "Lafayette," and the other with the 
same tender pathos, "Jefierson," and for a season they were 
locked in each other's embrace, while tears freely coursed 
down their cheeks. So affecting was the scene that there 
was scarcely a dry eye among all the spectators. At length 
the venerable friends turned and entered the house. Before 
they were seated however, word was brought to Lafayette 
that a company of youth, styled the Junior Volunteers, who 
had been a part of his escort from the Fluvanna line, wished 
to offer him the tribute of their respect. He immediately 
returned to the portico, where he was saluted in an admirable 
and manly address by Egbert R. Watson, then fourteen 
years of age. When the conclusion was reached, he ap- 
proached the youthful orator, and taking both his hands in 


his own, assured him and his companions of his hearty 
appreciation of their reception. 

On Friday the twelfth, he was conveyed to the Central 
Hotel in Charlottesville, where he was addressed by Thomas 
J. Randolph. A public reception followed. At noon a 
procession was formed and marched to the University, where 
on the portico of the Rotunda he was again addressed by 
William F. Gordon. In the Rotunda, then in an unfinished 
condition, a large number of guests sat down with him to 
dinner. According to the programme. Governor Randolph 
was to have presided on the occasion ; but being necessarily 
absent, his place was happily filled by V. W. Southall. At 
six o'clock lyafayette returned to Monticello, accompanied by 
Jefferson and Madison, with whom he quietly spent the 
interval until Monday the fifteenth. On that day he was 
again taken in charge by the Guards, and conducted as far 
as Gordonsville on his way to Montpelier. 

At this period, and for some time previous, many persons 
visited the county to obtain the sight of Monticello, and its 
distinguished occupant. They came from all parts of the 
country, and even from foreign lands. Mr. Jefferson was 
obliged largely to pay the penalty of greatness. Some of his 
visitors were animated by a just admiration of his brilliant 
gifts and services, others moved by a curiosity both low and 
annoying. An Englishman, who spent some time in the 
country toward the end of 1824, left on record his great 
delight with the aged statesman, with Charlottesville, and 
with the whole state of Virginia ; and as an instance of the 
unbounded hospitality he had experienced, he states, that 
the evening before his departure from Charlottesville he was 
obliged to sup with three different families. Another 
stranger, in a letter dated March 1825, expresses himself in 
the following enthusiastic terms over the beauty of Albemarle 
scenery : 

"The site of the village [Charlottesville] is upon the sum- 
mit of a gentle elevation which begins to rise from the foot 
of Monticello. It contains a courthouse, a half finished 
church, and three or four taverns, which constitute the whole 


of its public buildings. It covers a limited portion of ground, 
and from its appearance, though I cannot positively affirm 
the fact, may number six hundred inhabitants. When a 
traveller arrives in the village, he is struck with the sublime, 
beautiful and picturesque scenery which everywhere sur- 
rounds him, and he pauses to contemplate with eager curi- 
osity the magnificent prospect which meets his view. He 
forgets there is such a place as Charlottesville in existence, 
when he casts his eye upon mountain after mountain rising 
in regular succession, and whose lofty summits mingle with 
the sky till they are lost in the distance. At one time the tops 
of these lofty hills are enveloped in clouds, and at others 
when the glorious King of day sinks behind them, and tinges 
with golden rays their elevated heads, it calls forth an 
unfeigned burst of admiration. The pure, unadulterated air 
which descends into this village, surrounded with these 
mountains, gives infallible token that the best of all earthly 
blessings, health, dwells among them." 

Besides the public buildings referred to above, Charlottes- 
ville had at that time a market house. In October 1829, 
Opie Norris advertised the "old" structure of that name for 
sale, and required the removal of all the materials from the 
ground. Its site was on Market Street immediately east of 
Third. Soon after the war another edifice of the kind was 
taken down at the west end of Market Street; whether it was 
erected just after the demolition of the first is not known. 

It was an advanced period in the history of the county 
before banking facilities were enjoyed. In the earlier years 
when a business man wished to remit money in the long in- 
tervals of a payment in person, it was a common practice to 
cut in two a bank note of high denomination, and send a 
half by mail, and when the receipt of that was acknowledged, 
to send the other half. In one instance this mode of remit- 
tance led to an unhappy episode in the life of one of the 

In 1820 Solomon Ballou advertised to run a hack to and 
from Richmond once a week, leaving Charlottesville on Wed- 
nesdays at the tavern of G. W. Kinsolving, and Richmond on 


Sa,turdays at Saunder's Taveru. His design was to trans- 
port passengers, and also to carry the mails. Sometime 
after Opie Norris in the course of business sent the half of a 
fifty dollar note to a correspondent in Richmond. Hearing 
nothing in reply, he had the other half mailed from Nelson 
County to go by a different route, accompanied with the 
explanation that he had already sent the first half. Assured 
that the latter had not been received, he had Ballon arrested 
and searched, and the missing piece was found on his person. 
In consequence he was convicted of robbing the mail, and 
sent for a term of years to the penitentiary. What seemed 
a prosperous career, was thus brought to a sad end. Ballou 
was doubtless the son of a man of the same name, who in 1780 
bought a large plantation between Ivy Creek and Mechum's 
River from Rev. William Woods. After his fall, Frank B. 
Dyer sold under a deed of trust Lot Twenty-Nine — the most 
easterly lot of the old town on the south side of Main Street 
— of which he was the owner; and in 1832, when his im- 
prisonment had probably ended, he and his wife Philadelphia 
sold to John Lee the south end of the lot on which the Perley 
Building stands. 

It was still some time before a banking house was opened 
in the county. The first concern of the kind was founded 
during the decade- of 1830. This was the Savings Bank of 
Charlottesville, of which John H. Bibb was Cashier, and 
which, when its business had grown to large proportions in 
later years, had its ofiice in the building of the Monticello 
Bank. In the beginning of 1840, a branch of the Farmers' 
Bank of Virginia was located in Charlottesville, at first on 
the west side of the Square. John R. Jones, James W. 
Saunders and T. J. Randolph were its Presidents in succes- 
sion, William A. Bibb its Cashier, and Kemp Lowry and 
Edlow Bacon its Tellers. It was here the venerable John 
M.. Godwin received his financial training, being connected 
with the bank during the whole of its existence. The 
present City Hall on the corner of Market and Fifth Streets, 
was erected for the prosecution of its business. 

Shortly after the establishment of the Farmers' Bank, the 


Monticello Bank was commenced. Its place of business was 
the large edifice on the corner of Main and Fourth Streets, 
which was especially built for its use. N. H. Massie was its 
President, B. C. Flannagan its Cashier, and Alexander P. 
Abell its Teller. 

All these institutions were permanently closed by the civil 
war. The one last mentioned had a somewhat romantic 
prolongation of its proceedings after the cessation of hostili- 
ties. When towards the termination of the war apprehen- 
sions were entertained of the Sheridan Raid, it was deemed 
advisable to remove the specie of the bank from its vaults. 
Protected by a detachment of the Provost Guard, several 
boxes of gold and silver coin were taken from the bank to 
the residence of B. C. Flannagan, now in the occupancy of 
Judge Lyon. The same night the bank ofEcers, accom- 
panied by a friend and a negro in whom confidence was 
reposed, transported them across the country to the brow of 
the hill on the east side of Ivy Creek, near the point where it 
is crossed by the Whitehall Road. In the evidence detailed 
before the Court, a graphic description was given of the 
journey, made toilsome by their heavy burdens, amidst the 
gloom of the nocturnal darkness, over the face of the land 
unmarked by any object in the shape of enclosure or fence, 
all having been swept away by the ravages of the war. 
Reaching the place proposed, they hastily dug holes for the 
reception of the boxes. They found the ground frozen and 
stony, so that their work was difi&cult. They were likewise 
hampered by the fear, that the noise of their picks striking 
upon the rocks might attract the ears of some belated passen- 
ger. The result was that the boxes were partly buried in 
shallow excavations, and partly covered with leaves under 
the trunk of a fallen tree. After the return of peace it was 
discovered that the money buried in the earth was gone, 
while that concealed under the leaves remained undisturbed. 

In searching the surrounding locality, an envolope was 
found addressed to George W. Bailey. Inquiry revealed the 
fact, that he and several friends had been fishing along Ivy 
Creek a few days before. Bailey was arrested, and no other 


evidence appearing at his examination, was discharged. He 
thereupon brought suit against B. C. Flannagan, who had 
procured his arrest. The case was tried at the October term 
of the Circuit Court in 1866, and excited intense interest iii 
the community, both from the mysterious incidents involved, 
and from the brilliant array of legal talent on both sides. 
The jury came to the conclusion that the defendant had not 
acted unjustly or unreasonably. 

After the war the Charlottesville National Bank was 
organized in place of the Monticello Bank, with the same 
officers. In 1867 the Farmers' and Merchants' Bank opened 
its doors on the north side of Main Street below Fifth, its 
President being John I,. Cochran, and its Cashier John M. 
Godwin. About the same time the Virginia Ivoan & Trust 
Company was projected, but was not long after transformed 
into the Citizens' National Bank, under Doctor Henry How- 
ard as its President, and W. W. Flannagan as its Cashier. 
On the death of Doctor Howard in 1874, this institution was 
consolidated with the Charlottesville National Bank. In 
consequence of the financial panic which swept over the 
country in 1873, and of discounts granted beyond safe limits, 
both of the remaining banks collapsed, entailing upon the 
community no little loss, and causing a serious disturbance 
of its business. In the lack of banking facilities thus oc- 
casioned, the Albemarle Insurance Company, which was 
established in 1854, and had been managed with great profit, 
became a place of deposit in charge of John Wood Jr. ; but 
it shortly failed under the stringency of the times. To meet 
the requirements of trade, B. H. Brennan, who had recently 
come to the county from Buffalo, New York, opened a private 
bank, with his son Frederick, as Cashier, and Daniel Harmon, 
as Teller. It likewise suffered from adverse conditions, and 
soon succumbed. 

At the close of this season of commercial disaster and 
gloom, the present monetary institutions, the People's Na- 
tional Bank, and the Bank of Albemarle, entered upon their 
career, and by careful and skilful supervision, it is believed, 
are fixed on firm foundations. 


The Courts, besides discharging the ordinary routine of 
business committed to their charge, maintained a vigilant 
oversight of the morals of the people. Some of the former 
generations of the county appear to have been much more 
addicted to the vice of gambling than the present. It per- 
tained to the country as well as the town ; and the gamesters , 
by resorting to the country taverns, frequently brought their 
hosts into the clutches of the law, as its prohibition was 
levelled at the place no less than the person. The magis- 
trates sought to repress the evil with a steady hand. In 1807 
Ferrell Carr was presented before the County Court for this 
offence, and was bound over to abstinence. Joshua Grady, 
Daniel Farley and Henry Chiles were frequent transgressors. 
In 1812 Martin Thacker was held under bonds in the Circuit 
Court "to abstain from the infamous practice of gambling.'' 
In fact a large portion of the cases coming before Judge 
Stuart during his early occupancy of the bench, were tres- 
passes of this kind; and no doubt the rigid sternness with 
which he pursued the delinquents, greatly diminished their 
number, and the frequency of their misdeeds. 

The Courts were also firmly resolute in keeping in check 
the impetuous spirits, that became unduly heated in the con- 
flicts of the bar, or the competitions of daily life. Not to 
cover great names with reproach, but to show that the most 
eminent are men of like passions with the mass of mankind, 
records of this nature may be recalled. Dabney Carr, 
"'clarum et venerahile noinen," and George Poindexter were 
placed under bonds to keep the peace in 1801. So were John 
T. Hawkins and Richard Terrell the next year. In 1828 
Charles A. Scott was bound over for a breach of the peace 
against Isaac A. Coles. In 1833 Thomas W. Gilmer and 
William C. Rives were obliged to give security to live peace- 
ably with each other, and the sum of one thousand dollars 
specified in their bonds indicated the sharpness of their con- 
tention. In this case John Gilmer became surety for the 
former, Peter Meriwether for the latter, and James Clark for 
both. Alexander Rives was held under bonds in 1836 with 
Alexander Moseley, and in 1846 with Willis H. Woodlev. 


In 1841 John S. Moon and Jesse ly. Heiskell were placed 
under similar restraint; and so strained were the relations 
between the two, that the same year they were presented for 
attempting to fight a duel. Many instances happened in the 
past history of the county, in which these barbarous en- 
counters proceeded as far as design ; but fortunately through 
the vigilance of the magistrates, or the opportune interven- 
tion of the police, they were suffered to proceed no further. 
Among these was the case of the irrepressible I^ewis T. Wig- 
fall in 1835, while a student of the University, and subse- 
quently a member of the United States Senate from Texas. 
For contempt of Court in 1850, a fine of fifty dollars was 
imposed on Roger A. Pryor, at that time a practitioner of 
the Albemarle bar. 

At the October term of the Circuit Court in 1818, a pre- 
sentment of a different character took place. Andrew Hart 
Sr., Alexander Blain, William B. Harris, James Hart, An- 
drew Hart Jr., James Robinson Sr., Jesse Hamner and 
James Robinson Jr., were summoned to answer to the charge 
of the unlawful assembling of slaves, and teaching them at the 
Cove Meeting House, on the Sundays of September twenty - 
seventh and October fourth. This presentment was based 
on the information of Henry T. Harris, Isaac Hays Jr. , Wil- 
liam Suddarth and Samuel W. Martin. James Robinson, 
Pastor at the Cove, was also presented individually for words 
spoken in addressing the negroes. He was reported, on the 
information of Isaac Hays, Jr. alone, as having said, "You 
have been disappointed in your school, hut do not be dis- 
heartened. Come and attend to me. I will instruct you, 
and I have no doubt that in fifteen or twenty years you will 
be as free as your masters." It is impossible now to obtain 
an exact knowledge of all the particulars of this case, as all 
the parties connected with it have long since passed from the 
I land of the living, and a recollection of the faintest tinge as 
to the mere fact remains in the minds of their descendants. 
That there was a technical offence, cannot be gainsaid. Nor 
is it unlikely that some local excitement was aroused by the 
occurrence, as the language of Mr. Robinson, if he really 


Uttered it, was inexcusably indiscreet. It happened too that 
James Robinson, the son, abused Elijah Brown, who was a 
Grand Juror in the case, for which he was summarily brought 
before the Judge and fined one hundred dollars ; though upon 
his poverty being proved it was reduced to fifty. But it may 
well be conjectured there were considerations of an extenuating 
nature. Mr. Robinson was probably in bad health, as he 
died within the next two years. He was himself a slave- 
holder. In 1834 two negroes belonging to his estate, were 
on account of age or disease exempted from taxation. Henry 
T. Harris was one of his elders, and William Suddarth per- 
haps one of his members, certainly a member of his congre- 
gation. No doubt these persons testified simply in obedience 
to their summons. But the strongest apology was the nature 
of the work in which the accused were engaged. Instruction 
from the word of God, even when given against the letter of 
the law, was an act which not only no Christian, but no re- 
flecting and right-thinking, mind would condemn. Every 
enlightened conscience would arise to speak in its behalf. 
At any rate such observant guardians of the law as Judge 
Stuart and John Howe Peyton permitted it quietly to drop. 
The case was continued for two or three terms, and then 

Near the latter part of 1822 a brutal murder was committed 
in the Ragged Mountains, not far from Taylor's Gap. A 
man named Hudson Sprouse killed Susan Sprouse, a woman 
nearly related to him by the ties of kindred. He was tried 
for the crime at the October term of the Circuit Court, 1823, 
and though defended by Rice Wood, Frank Dyer and V. W. 
Southall, was convicted of murder in the first degree. In the 
examination of persons summoned on the venire, as to 
whether they had formed opinions respecting the guilt of the 
accused, Abraham Wiant declared that he had formed a sub- 
stantial opinion on the subject. Judge Stuart directed his 
enrollment as a juror, when he was peremptorily challenged 
by the prisoner's counsel. This order of the Judge was made 
the ground of an appeal, and the Court of Appeals, holding 
that a substantial opinion was tantamount to a decided opin- 


ion, granted a new trial. The prisoner being arraigned again 
at the October term 1824, it was found impossible to obtain 
a jury, the whole community appearing to have adjudged 
him guilty. The Judge immediately removed the case to 
Rockingham County, where he was tried on the nineteenth of 
the same month, and convicted. He was hanged atHarrison- 
burg on the tenth of the ensuing December, utterly hardened 
to his fate, and repelling every approach on the part of others, 
except towards a Mr. Best, who had made kind and ear- 
nest efforts to prepare him for his end. It ought not to be 
questioned that the Court above acted, as they were obliged 
to act, according to the rules of law; but it can be as little 
questioned, that these are the proceedings that occasion the 
enforcement of Lynch law. It is difficult to see how, if the 
I,egislature should make final a certificate of the Judge, that 
the accused had a fair, impartial trial, and was convicted on 
sufficient testimony, it would militate against the most scru- 
pulous dictates of justice, or in any way abridge the rights 
and safety of mankind. 

Another shock was given the community in 1833 by a 
murder perpetrated on the person of Peter U. Ware. He was 
a tinner by trade, and had his shop on Fifth Street below the 
old Advocate office. He was a quiet, inoffensive man, and 
had only a year or two before been married to Elizabeth 
Mayo. In compliance with some call of convenience or busi- 
ness, he had gone to the Buck Island neighborhood, where 
he was assailed by two negroes, and killed, as was supposed, 
for the purpose of robbery. Circumstances of a suspicious 
kind led to the arrest of Peter, a servant of Isaiah Stout, and 
Leander, who belonged to Elizabeth Dean, and they were 
speedily brought to trial. Egbert R. Watson, who had been 
recently admitted to the bar, was assigned as their counsel , 
and put forth his maiden advocacy in their defence. They 
were however condemned, and in the following October exe- 
cuted on the hill above Schenk's Branch opposite Mudwall, 
which at that time had become the Gallows Hill of the town. 

The most unhappy event in the history of the University 
occurred in November 1840. Some of the students had for a 


time been participating in scenes of disorder, contrary to the 
regulations of the institution. In attempting to quell the 
disturbance one night, Prof. John A. G. Davis laid hold of a 
young man who was present, and who when seized turned 
upon the Professor and shot him. The wound proved fatal. 
Joseph G. Semmes, a student from Georgia, was arrested for 
the deed, and after arraignment before the examining Court 
was sent on for trial. At the succeeding May term of the 
Circuit Court, the case for some reason was continued. 
Efforts were then made to procure the liberation of the pris- 
oner on bail. Judge I^ucas Thompson, who was then on the 
bench, positively refused to accede to the motion. Applica- 
tion was thereupon made to the General Court, and on 
receiving the testimony of Drs. Carter, Massie and James 
L. Jones as to the prisoner's ill health, bail was allowed in 
the sum of twenty-five thousand dollars. Reuben Grigsby 
and B. F. Porter, of Rockbridge, and William Porter, of 
Orange, became sureties for his appearance in that amount. 
When the time for trial arrived, the prisoner failed to appear, 
and the bail was forfeited. The report was believed, that 
Semmes fled to Texas, and a few years after died. 

An event happened in 1846, which was the occasion of 
much regret both in the community and at the University. 
A menagerie was holding its exhibition on the open space 
between the lot of Mrs. John Kelly and the Cemetery. One 
of its features consisted in a showman riding in a car drawn 
by a lion. The route to be traversed extended through two 
or three of the cages, the ends of which were opened and con- 
nected together. A rope was stretched a short distance in 
front to keep the spectators back, and an address given, 
exhorting them to the observance of quietness and silence 
during the performance. Just as it began, a student named 
John A. Glover, from Alabama, who was leaning against the 
rope, threw a lighted cigar at the animal between the bars of 
the cage. The performer, enraged by the reckless act, leaped 
from the cage, and seizing a tent pin struck Glover on the 
head, and felled him to the ground. Glover was taken up 
unconscious, and borne to the Parish House, where a day or 


two after he died. His remains were interred in the Univer- 
sity Cemetery, where a monument, erected by his fellow 
students, still commemorates his untimely end. The man 
who gave the blow, during the confusion that ensued, made 
his escape. George Nutter, a proprietor of the show, was 
arrested for murder, and sent on by the examining magis- 
trates. He was tried at the May term of the Circuit Court, 
and defended by Judges Watson and Rives; but the evi- 
dence produced failing to connect him with the fact, he was 
acquitted . 

In March 1853 John S. Mosby, whose family at the time 
were residents of the county, shot George W. Turpin, the 
son of a tavern keeper in Charlottesville, in the course of an 
altercation; but his adversary, though severely iniured, 
fortunately recovered. For the offence Mosby was prose- 
cuted. At that period Judge W. J. Robertson was Attorney 
for the Commonwealth, and Watson and Rives defended the 
accused. Mosby was convicted and sentenced to pay a fine 
of five hundred dollars, and to suffer imprisonment in the 
county jail for twelve months. During the term of his con- 
finement his counsel loaned him the necessary books, and he 
improved his enforced leisure by devoting himself to the 
study of law. Two years later he was admitted a member of 
the Albemarle bar. Shortly after he removed to Abingdon, 
where he was practising his profession when the civil war 
broke out, in which he was destined to achieve such brilliant 

The old Ivouisa Railroad, afterwards the Virginia Central, 
and now the Chesapeake and Ohio, was extended to Char- 
lottesville in 1848. The line was continued westward and 
reached Staunton in 1854. For some years while the tunnel 
through the Blue Ridge was in progress, trains were moved 
over the summit of the mountain on tracks laid in a zigzag 
manner, one of the most remarkable feats of civil engineer- 
ing ever accomplished. It was performed by Colonel Claude 
Crozet, formerly a professor in the Military Academy at 
West Point, and the distinguished engineer of the road. 
During the process of construction west of Mechum's River, 


the Colonel was presented by the Grand Jury for obstructing 
the Mountain Plains Road ; but no doubt because the incon- 
venience was temporary, and the benefit immeasurable and 
permanent, it was judged best not to push the matter to 

The Orange and Alexandria Railroad, then the Washing- 
ton City, Virginia Midland and Great Southern, later the 
Richmond and Danville, and now the Southern, was opened 
between Charlottesville and Ivvnchburg during the war, in 
1863. The link between Charlottesville and Orange C. H. 
became a line of travel in 1881. Before that time its trains 
were run over the Chesapeake and Ohio track between Gor- 
donsviUe and Charlottesville. By the intersection of these 
roads, Charlottesville is made a prominent railroad centre, 
with arms radiating to all the cardinal points of the compass. 

For some time previous to the civil war, symptoms of 
uneasiness were apparent in the community. A man named 
Rood was tried in 1859 on the charge of conspiring against 
the Southern people, and endangering the safety and per- 
petuity of the Union. He was acquitted. Rumors that the 
negroes were plotting to rebel were circulated in various sec- 
tions of the county. Chapman, a servant of Mrs. Frances 
Estes, was apprehended, but no serious charge against him 
was substantiated. Patrolling parties were sent out more 
frequently, and were more vigilant in observing the state of 
things in every neighborhood. A person so sedate as Miss 
Rebecca I,eitch was fined and bound over, for permitting her 
servant John to hire himself out according to his own pleas- 
ure. Owing to vague anticipations of evil, free negroes in 
some instances voluntarily subjected themselves to slavery, 
and made choice of masters. In this manner John Martin 
placed himself under the sheltering wing of J. E. Huckstep, 
Sachel Grayson of John Wood Jr., and Anderson Hutton of 
B. F. Abell. But notwithstanding all these disquieting 
tokens, a benignant Providence maintained peace between 
the people and their servants. In Albemarle, as generally 
throughout the South, the kindly relations between the races 
were manifested by the absence of any insubordination dur- 
ing all the trying circumstances that arose. 


Because of the demoralizing influences of the war, much 
more trouble was experienced from a certain class of white 
people. Numbers deserted from the array, and to evade the 
officers seeking their arrest, took refuge in the hollows and 
secluded places of the Blue Ridge. Sallying forth from time 
to time from their secret haunts for purposes of plunder, they 
became a terror to the neighboring districts. It is said that 
more than once the people were constrained to form them - 
selves into vigilance committees, to pursue these marauders 
into the mountains, and to make them the objects of their 
quiet but determined vengeance. During the last years in 
which hostilities continued, and those immediately succeed- 
ing, the courts were busy with prosecuting transgressors of 
this description. Indictments for larceny, assaults, obtaining 
property on false pretences and horse-stealing, were frequent, 
and indicated the vicious and depraved spirit which was 

As soon as the tocsin of war sounded, steps were at once 
taken to raise money and arm men for the conflict. At a 
special meeting of the County Court, it was proposed to 
authorize a levy of fifty thousand dollars for the purchase 
of arms. The Nineteenth Virginia was mainly formed of 
men enlisted within the bounds of the county. A large por- 
tion of the Second Virginia Cavalry consisted of Albemarle 
men. Many were scattered in other divisions of the army, 
especially the Forty-Sixth Virginia, of which R. T. W. Duke 
became Colonel. The older men were disposed into com- 
panies of Home Guards. The county authorities displayed 
their zeal in such important measures as procuring supplies 
of salt, and preventing the spread of smallpox and other 
contagious diseases. They answered the call of the general 
government in sending the servants of the county to perform 
work on the defences of Richmond. Three drafts for this 
purpose were made in 1862 and 1863, the first for five hun- 
dred and forty laborers, the second for two hundred, and the 
third for one hundred and ninety. In connection with the 
last draft, W. T. Barly drew on himself the animadversion 
of the Court. He refused to comply with the order. He 


was consequently fined ten dollars for contempt, and one 
hundred and eighty for failing to furnish a servant according 
to the allotment made, for sixty days at three dollars a day. 
Both fines were immediately paid in open court ; and those 
who remember the Captain, can readily imagine the odd 
mixture of scorn and good humor with which the sentence 
must have been discharged. 

Early in the war Charlottesville was designated as the seat 
of a large military Hospital. Two spacious frame buildings 
were erected just south of the present Junction, and furnished 
with cots and other appliances for ministering to the sick and 
wounded. Great numbers of these afflicted classes were con- 
veyed thither for treatment throughout the war. The medi- 
cal professors of the University devoted their time and skill 
to this benevolent work, and the ladies of the town and 
surrounding country exhibited a laudable interest in provid- 
ing supplies of necessaries and delicacies, and many of them 
in exercising the soothing and efficient care of the nurse. 

As an illustration of the manner in which the South suf- 
fered loss from their deranged currency, some of the public 
payments may be mentioned. In early times the ordinary 
daily allowance made to the county jailor for maintaining a 
prisoner in his custody, was twenty cents. As the war pro- 
gressed, it rose to eighty cents, then to a dollar, in June 
1863 to a dollar and a quarter, in December 1863 to two and 
a half, in May 1864 to three and a half, and in August 1864 
to four dollars. The ordinary amount for which the Sheriff 
gave his bond for the faithful performance of his duty was 
sixty thousand dollars. During the war the amount required 
rose to two hundred and twelve thousand, and in September 
1864, 1,. S. Macon was directed to increase his bond to five 
hundred thousand. 

At the close of the war no courts were held from May till 
August 1865. The county was then under military govern- 
ment. The State of Virginia had been transformed into Mil- 
itary District No. One, and General John M. Schofield was the 
first military ruler. An officer of the United States army 
was stationed in Charlottesville, with the style of Military 


Commissioner of Albemarle County, and through him the 
orders of the commander at Richmond were carried out. For 
the most part these military rulers were fair and broad-minded 
men. Captain William Ivinn Tidball first occupied this 
office in Albemarle. He was ordered to Mississippi in July 
1867, and was suceeded by Ivieutenant A. F. Higgs, Sixteenth 
United States Infantry. I^ieutenant Higgs was subsequently 
ordered to Georgia, and was followed by lyieutenant Town. 
The people generally acknowledged that they had reason to 
congratulate themselves, that posts justly esteemed odious 
and repulsive, were filled by men who evidently tried to dis- 
charge their duties in the least odious and repulsive way. 

By the force and sharp practice of Federal authority, 
Francis Pierpoint, of Marion County, was at the time Gov- 
ernor of the State, though his tenure of the office was merely 
nominal. All real government proceeded from Head- 
quarters. An order from this source permitted an election 
to be held for county officers under William W. Gilmer as 
Commissioner of Elections, and in August 1865 he swore in 
the magistrates chosen, mainly those who had occupied the 
office before. Egbert R. Watson was appointed Judge of the 
Circuit Court, but because of his connection as counsel with 
numerous cases on the docket. Judge Sheffey, of Staunton, 
frequently sat on the bench in the way of exchange. 

Affairs moved on with tolerable smoothness until the early 
part of 1869. In the meantime the Underwood Convention 
was held in Richmond, in the Hall of the House of Delegates, 
sitting from December 1867 till April 1868. The representa- 
tive in this body for the District composed of l/ouisa, Albe- 
marle and Augusta, was James C. Southall, and those for 
the county of Albemarle, James T. S. Taylor, colored, and 
Clifton Iv. Thompson. This Convention was largely made 
up of members holding the most extreme radical views. 
More than twenty were ignorant negroes. The constitution 
they formed not only disfranchised all who had ever served 
in any civil or military capacity, even down to the most un- 
important county position, but it prescribed the iron clad 
test oath to be taken by every one before he could enter upon 


any oflBce. This was virtually turning over the whole State 
government in all its ramifications to negroes, or to unscrup- 
ulous white men, who thronged into the State in great num- 
bers from every section of the country, to profit by this 
wholesale disqualification of the native population. By the 
direction of the Convention, a vote was to be taken on the 
adoption of the Constitution in the ensuing July, at which 
time State officers and members of the Legislature were also 
to be elected. 

Both parties immediately bestirred themselves. A Radical 
Convention assembled in Richmond on May sixth, and nomi- 
nated Henry H. Wells, for Governor, James H. Clements, of 
Portsmouth, for Lieutenant Governor, and George W. Booker, 
of Henry County, for Attorney General. A Conservative Con- 
vention met at the same place the next day, and nominated 
Robert E. Withers for Governor, James A. Walker, for Lieuten- 
ant Governor, and John L. Marye, for Attorney General. Dur- 
ing the same month the Radicals made nominations for the 
county. C. L- Thompson was to be State Senator, and J. T. 
S. Taylor, Franklin Nelson — both negroes — and John B. 
Spiece were to be members of the House of Delegates. The 
Conservatives proceeded so far as to nominate Dr. Robert S. 
Beazley, of Greene, who had been a member of the Convention, 
for the State Senate. Their greatest efforts however were put 
forth to have the Constitution voted down. Fortunately the 
higher authorities intervened. General Schofield, who had 
paid a formal visit to the Convention, and strongly advised 
against their policy of disfranchisement, ordered the election 
for July both as to the Constitution and State officers, to be 
indefinitely postponed. This afforded opportunity for the 
initiation of other measures. General Grant was elected presi- 
dent in November 1868. On the last day of that year, at the 
suggestion chiefly of Alexander H. H. Stuart and John B. 
Baldwin, of Staunton, a Convention assembled in Richmond 
to devise some plan of obviating the difficulties of the situ- 
ation. As a result of their deliberations, a Committee of 
nine persons was selected to confer with the authorities in 
Washington. This Committee consisted of Mr. Stuart, Mr. 


Baldwin, John L,. Marye, Wyndham Robertson, William T. 
Sutherlin, William ly. Owen, James F. Johnson, James Nee- 
son and J. F. Slaughter. They were successful in gaining 
the ear and good will of General Grant. It was arranged 
that the provisions of the Constitution, especially that of 
negro suffrage, should stand, but that a few of its clauses, 
embracing particularly the sweeping disfranchising section 
and the iron clad test oath, should be submitted to a separate 

While matters were thus working for better days, present 
troubles seemed to be growing thicker and darker. In July 
1868 General Schofield was appointed by President Johnson 
Secretary of War, and gave place to General George Stone- 
man as Commander of District No. One. Governor Pierpoint's 
term had expired, and by an order from Headquarters, H. H. 
Wells was appointed Governor of Virginia. January twenty- 
third 1869 the crushing blow fell. On that day Congress, 
maddened by the idea that any of the people of Virginia 
should presume to oppose the radical Constitution, passed an 
act that swept out of ofiS.ce all incumbents, who could not take 
the iron clad oath , and allowed none to be appointed but those 
who could. Accordingly on March twenty-sixth came an 
order from Richmond, ejecting the Clerk, Commonwealth's 
Attorney, Commissioners of the Revenue, and all the magis- 
trates. As the term of 1^. S. Macon as Sheriff had ended, a 
new Sheriff, J. C. Childress had already been appointed. By 
military authority, W. J. Points was made Clerk, George F. 
Jones and Angus A. McDonald Commissioners of the Reve- 
nue, the former for Fredericksville parish, the latter for St. 
Anne's, William F. Worthington, Commonwealth's Attorney, 
and the following persons magistrates, Henry N. Harrison, 
William G. Merrick, John Thornley, Thomas Garland, John 
W. Porter, William H. Hotopp, Fdward S. Johnson, John 
W. Williams, Charles Goodyear and Charles A. Goodyear. 
About the same time Wells was removed as Governor, and 
the entire power of directing affairs, nominal as well as real, 
rested in General Stoneman. 

How completely at this period the laws were silent, and the 


force of arms had absolute sway, may be seen in the records 
of the County Court. Indictments were forwarded to Head- 
quarters for the inspection of the General commanding, and 
orders were returned from the General commanding, directing 
them to be quashed. In other cases when grand juries found 
indictments for such crimes as robbery, and they were brought 
to the notice of the Court, one of the justices stated to his 
brethren that there was no ground for them, and his mere 
word was enough for the Commonwealth's Attorney to ignore, 
and the Court to dismiss them. 

But the better daj'S were coming. In May of this year, 
1869, the third Commander, General Edward Canby, was 
sent to occupy Headquarters. By his order the election was 
held in July. The new Constitution was adopted, but all the 
clauses on which a separate vote was taken were rejected. 
Gilbert C. Walker, a New Yorker, was elected Governor, 
John P. I<ewis, I^ieutenant Governor, and James C. Taylor, 
Attorney General. The State and county were rescued from 
negro control. Things gradually returned into their proper 
channels. Henry Shackelford became Judge of the Circuit 
Court, and the year following John L,. Cochran, Judge of the 
the County Court, the new Constitution dispensing with the 
service of the magistrates in this respect, and requiring the 
office to be filled by a man learned in the law. Ira Garrett 
was appointed to his old office of Clerk, and James S. Barks- 
dale was made temporary Sheriff. At that time Virginia, 
and the County of Albemarle, were relieved from military 
rule, and all functions of government have since been dis- 
charged according to the usual provisions of law. 

During the era of general confusi on consequent upon the war, 
a foul murder was committed on the west side of the South 
West Mountain, not far from Stony Point. John H. Salmon, 
instigated by the desire of becoming sole owner of a small 
farm which had descended from his father, killed his mother 
and brother, the other joint tenants. The evidence was 
wholly circumstantial, but such as left no doubt of the guilt 
of the accused. He was brought to trial in the County Court 
in July 1870, and after a hearing protracted through a large 


portion of the month, was convicted and sentenced to be 
hanged in the ensuing November. Meanwhile his counsel 
appealed the case to the Circuit Court on some points excepted 
to in the trial, with the result that a new trial was awarded. 
The prosecution was accordingly continued in the County 
Court the following May. A venire was summoned from 
I^ynchburg, a jury was empanelled, and the trial was abotlt 
to begin, when the prisoner's counsel moved for his discharge 
on the ground that the number of the terms of Court pre- 
scribed by the statutes had been suffered to pass since his 
indictment without a trial. The jury was discharged, and 
argument on the motion heard. It turned out that in the pre- 
vailing derangement of afiairs, and because of several inter- 
ferences of the General commanding at Richmond, the ground 
alleged was true. The Court took the matter under advise- 
ment, and finally discharged the prisoner. So intense was 
the feeling of indignation awakened throughout the com- 
munity by his crime, that the man at once fled, and according 
to report made his way to Texas. 




By the old law of Virginia, the Anglican, or Episcopal, 
was recognized as the Church of the State. The territory of 
the State was divided into parishes for ecclesiastical govern- 
ment, just as it was divided into counties for civil govern- 
ment. The officers of the parishes were styled vestrymen, 
twelve honest and discreet men for each, originally elected 
by the freeholders of the parish, and vacancies afterwards 
occurring to be filled by themselves. They had charge of 
the erection and preservation of the church buildings, the 
choosing of the rectors, and the care of the poor. The two 
parishes which Albemarle contained were Fredericksville in 
the north, and St. Anne's in the south. The dividing line 
between them was the Three Notched Road, entering the 
present limits of the county near Boyd's Tavern, and running 
to Woods's Gap. Before the formation of the county, the 
scattered inhabitants of the southern part, being still in 
Goochland and the parish of St. James Northam, were the 
objects of Ihe spiritual care of Rev. Anthony Gavin. He 
was the rector of that parish from about 1736 until his death 
in 1749. From the description of him given by Bishop 
Meade, and a letter of his quoted by him, he was evidently 
a man of devoted industry and zeal. Though his residence 
was in the neighborhood of Dover Mills, and the present 
bounds of Goochland afford a large field of labor and travel, 
yet he made frequent visits to the people living "up in the 
mountains." In these remote parts he had seven places of 
service, and in his journeys within the space of two years had 
forded the North and South Rivers, that is, the Rivanna and 
the James, nineteen times. 

In St. Anne's parish two churches were built in early 
times, the Church on Ballenger's Creek and the Forge 
Church. The former is still standing, and has been altered 


and occupied as a private residence. It is situated near the 
creek, between the road from Warren to Howardsville, and 
that passing through Porter's Precinct. The Forge Church 
stood on the north side of the Hardware River, about a mile 
or two below Carter's Bridge. From an act of the Legisla- 
ture passed in 1777, directing the Sheriff to summon the 
freeholders of the parish to meet "at the new church on 
Hardware," to elect a new vestry, it is inferred that it was 
built but a short time before. Bishop Meade describes a 
service held in it with Bishop Moore, not long after the lat- 
ter came to Virginia, which must have been about 1814; and 
the account he gives of its dismantled condition, and the 
open crevices through which wind and rain were wont to 
drive, touches the heart with its pathos. At a meeting of 
the Convention in Charlottesville in 1822, they adjourned to 
meet at the Forge Church on Friday, and at Walker's on 
•Saturday. The Forge Church was still standing a few years 
ago, but reduced to ignoble uses. Converted into a barn, 
and filled with the fodder, in some way it caught fire, and 
burned to the ground. The glebe of St. Anne's was bought 
from William Harris in 1751 by Samuel Jordan and Patrick 
Napier, Church Wardens of the parish. It consisted of four 
hundred acres, and was located on the south fork of Totier 
Creek, where it is crossed by the road from Scottsville to 
Howardsville. After the glebes were declared public prop- 
erty, it was sold in 1779 by Thomas Napier, George Thomp- 
son and John Harris as Commissioners, to Joseph Cabell. 
He gave it to his daughter Mrs. Breckinridge, and it was the 
residence of her husband till his removal to Kentucky in 
1793. The proceeds of the place, as well as of all the glebes 
of the county, were eventually applied to the erection of the 
University buildings. 

The first rector of St. Anne's was Rev. Robert Rose. His 
residence was in what became Amherst County, not far 
from New Glasgow, but he occasionally preached in the 
churches in Albemarle. He was succeeded by Rev. William 
Camp, who in a short time went west, and was killed by the 
Indians near Vincennes. He was followed by Rev. John 


Ramsay, who in 1759 purchased from Jacob Eades three 
hundred acres of land on the south fork of Totier. It is 
judged from his will, which is on record, that he died in 
1770. He left his whole estate to his wife Barbara, who the 
same year sold the land on Totier to Abraham Bades, Jr., and 
bought more than four hundred acres on Hardware, adjoin- 
ing the lands of the Carters and Hudsons. This land is 
described as being near Scratchface Mountain, which it is 
impossible now certainly to identify. Mrs. Ramsay subse- 
quently sold to John Wilkinson for the Iron Company, was 
married to Thomas Richards, and removed to Bedford 
County. Rev. Charles Clay, a cousin of Henry Clay, was 
the next incumbent. He was an earnest minister, preaching 
not only in the churches, but also in private houses and at 
the Prison Barracks. He unhappily became involved in 
lawsuits both with his vestry and with individuals, and this 
occasioned his removal about 1784. He finally settled in 
Bedford County, where he died, and by the directions of his 
will an immense heap of stones, twenty feet in diameter and 
twelve feet high, was piled up upon his grave. Rev. Isaac 
Darneille succeeded Mr. Clay. He seems to have lived in 
Nelson. Incurring heavy debts, he became a lawyer, and 
finally escaping his liabilities as well as forsaking his family, 
he went South. 

Fredericksville parish at first occupied Louisa County; 
but when in 1761 the western portion of Louisa was annexed 
to Albemarle, the parish was divided by the county lines, the 
part remaining in Louisa receiving the name of Trinity. 
Two churches were erected in this parish, one on either side 
of the South West Mountain. That on the east side was 
first called Belvoir Church, then in common speech Walker's, 
but is now known as Grace. When it was first built does 
not appear. It already existed in 1769, as in that year John 
Walker conveyed to Thomas Walker, Mosias Jones, Isaac 
Davis, William Barksdale, Thomas Carr, Nicholas Lewis, 
Nicholas Meriwether, John Rodes, Mordecai Hord, Thomas 
Jefferson and William Simms, Church Wardens and Vestry- 
men of Fredericksville parish, two acres "whereon the 


Belvoir Church is situated." The church on the west side of 
the mountain was the Buck Mountain Church. It originally 
stood on the Buck Mountain Road, west of Earlysville. 
The date of its construction is unknown. Bishop Meade 
mentions that in 1745 it was determined to build three 
churches in the parish, the third to be erected on the Buck 
Mountain Road between the mountains. Its first mention 
in the records occurs in 1797, when Lucy Mills, Executrix of 
David Mills, conveyed to David Michie thirty-three acres, 
"whereon the Buck Mountain Church was built." The 
edifice, having fallen into disuse, was occupied by the 
Baptists in 1801. They held services in it till 1833, when 
the Episcopalians, being increased in numbers, asserted their 
right, and resumed possession. In subsequent years the 
church was rebuilt in Earlysville. 

Rev. James Maury became the rector of Fredericksville 
parish in 1754, and continued until his death in 1768. He 
was succeeded by his son Rev. Matthew Maury, who 
served until his death in 1808. Neither of these ministers oc- 
cupied the glebe, choosing rather to reside on their own farms. 
This glebe on the side east of the mountain, consisting of four 
hundred acres, was sold in 1809 to Nathaniel Ragland by 
Edward Garland, Stephen Moore and others, who at the time 
were acting as Overseers of the Poor. There was also a 
glebe on the west side of the mountain, which was situated 
between the Burnt Mills and Earlysville, and which was 
sold in 1780 by Thomas Johnson and William Simms, 
Church Wardens, to Epaphroditus Rhodes. 

For many years after the death of Rev. Matthew Maury, 
there was no Episcopal preaching in the county except occa- 
sionally by ministers, who in passing held services in the 
courthouse in Charlottesville. In 1818 Rev. John P. Baus- 
man was settled in the neighborhood for a short time. He 
was followed by Rev. Frederick W. Hatch in 1820, who 
lived in Charlottesville till 1830. He was an active and ear- 
nest, minister, and a zealous mason. During his incumbency 
the Episcopal Church in town was built. The memory of 
the older inhabitants differs in regard to the manner of its 


erection, some affirming that it was built solely as an Epis- 
copal Church, and others as a Union Church. The truth 
seems to be that the affair began as a union effort, but that 
the house was at last erected as an Episcopal place of worship. 
Bishop Meade states, that while the project of a union church 
was agitated, it was opposed by Mr. Hatch. An advertise- 
ment appeared in the Central Gazette on January twenty - 
third, 1824, proposing to purchase a lot for the building of a 
church, and it was discontinued on April sixteenth. On 
March nineteenth another appeared, inquiring for a lot for 
an Episcopal Church. Doubtless the change of plan took 
place in the interval between January and March. The 
building was commenced that year. As already stated, a 
letter dated in March of the ensuing year mentions that the 
town contained "a half finished church." After the removal 
of Mr. Hatch, and a short period of service by Rev. Zach- 
ariah Mead, Rev. Richard K.. Meade, son of the Bishop, 
became rector, and the termination of his long pastorate is a 
somewhat recent event. 

Mr. Hatch, in addition to his busy ministerial labors, 
preaching frequently at Buck Mountain and Walker's as well 
as in town, was a school teacher. He erected as his residence 
the brick house on the northeast corner of Market and Sev- 
enth Streets, and taught in the one story brick near the east 
end of Main, now occupied by William Durrett. A ludicrous 
incident is told of him in connection with his celebrating the 
rites of matrimony. In performing this useful work, he often 
rode miles in the country in every direction. On one occasion 
he was called to unite, a couple in the Ragged Mountains. 
When the ceremony was finished, the groom announced with 
some confusion that he was unable to remunerate him for his 
trouble. Mr. Hatch, observing a long string of gourds fes- 
tooned on the wall of the room, proposed accepting a number 
of them. The young man was overjoyed at discharging his 
obligation so easily. He cut off a goodly array, and to relieve 
the parson from the inconvenience of carrying them, tied 
them around his horse's neck. Thus accoutred, he started 
on his return. As he approached the top of Vinegar Hill, 


the horse took fright at something by the wayside, and set 
off at full speed. The clash and rattle of the gourds increased 
his panic, and made him dart ahead at a still wilder rate. 
Down the hill he dashed, with his rider thrown forwards, and 
clinging around his neck with both hands, the gourds all the 
while keeping up their discordant clatter. The mad race 
continued through the whole length of the street, before the 
gaze of the astonished townsmen; nor was the rider released 
from his perilous position, until the panting steed drew up 
at the stable door. While Mr. Hatch was a resident of 
Charlottesville, a son was born to him, who received his 
own name, became a distinguished physician, and died a few 
years ago in Sacramento, California. 

Besides the meeting of the Convention in 1822, it met 
again in Charlottesville in 1829, and during its sessions Rev. 
William Meade was elected Bishop of the Diocese of Virginia. 


Presbyterians were settled in the county while it was yet a 
part of Goochland. The colony of Scotch Irish who came 
over the Blue Ridge in 1734 under the auspices of Michael 
Woods, brought with them the faith of their fathers. Among 
these were the families of Wallace, Kinkead, Stockton, 
McCord and Jameson. Further to the south along the base 
of the Ridge were the Morrisons, McCues, Montgomerys, 
Reids and Robertsons. These last were the founders of 
Rockfish Church, located in the forks of Rockfish River. 
About 1746 James McCann, who had patented the land in 
1745, conveyed to John Reid, James Robertson and Samuel 
Bell one acre and thirty-five poles, tor the Rockfish Church, 
and for a school for the inhabitants of that vicinity. 

Among the families first mentioned two churches were 
established. The first was Mountain Plains, which was 
built near the confluence of I/ickinghole Creek and Mechum's 
River, and called after Michael Woods's plantation, and 
which still exists as a Baptist Church. The second was the 
D. S. Church, which was situated on the southwest face of 


the hill, on the summit of which S. W. Caulbeck recently 
resided. These communities, and others in Virginia and 
North Carolina, received the visits of several Presbyterian 
ministers in early times, beginning with that of Rev. James 
Anderson in 1738. In 1745 John Woods was sent to the 
Presbytery of Donegal in Pennsylvania, to prosecute a call 
for the services of Rev. John Hindman in the churches of 
Mountain Plains and Rockfish, but his errand seems to have 
been unsuccessful. Mr. Hindman was no doubt the same 
man who became an Episcopalian, and was the first rector of 
Augusta parish, dying there a year or two after entering 
upon the oflSce. A call is still extant, dated March 1747, and 
signed by fifty-seven persons, which solicited the labors of 
Rev. Samuel Black in the church of Mountain Plains, and 
among the inhabitants of Ivy Creek. The place of worship 
for the people last mentioned was the D. S. Church, which 
was probably erected shortly after, as Mr. Black accepted the 
call. He was the first Presbyterian preacher who settled in 
the county. In 1751 he purchased from Richard Stockton 
four hundred acres on both sides of Stockton's Creek, and 
there he resided until his death in 1770. Descendants bear- 
ing his name still live on a part of the old place. 

About the time of Mr. Black's settlement in Albemarle, 
Rev. Samuel Davies commenced his work in Hanover County. 
He had at first no little trouble with the State authorities, 
whose intervention was invoked by some bigoted ministers 
of the establishment under the old repressive laws against 
non-conformity. He however boldly and skilfully appealed 
to the provisions of the English Act of Toleration, which he 
claimed applied to the colonies no less than to the mother 
country, and was soon able to pursue his labors without 
molestation. He gathered several congregations, reaching 
from Hanover through Louisa and Goochland to Charlotte 
County. In 1755 the Presbytery of Hanover was formed. 
At their first meeting, they received a petition from the peo- 
ple of Albemarle near Woods's Gap, asking for preaching, 
and Mr. Davies himself being appointed spent with them the 
second Sunday of March 1756. Prom that time through a 


number of years, tbey had, besides the services of Mr. Black, 
those of Mr. Davies, John Todd, John Brown, John Martin, 
Henry Patillo and others. These ministers occasionally 
preached to the people on Buck Island at Mr. I^ewis's — un- 
questionably at Monteagle — to those living between the 
Secretary's Ford and the mountains — no doubt in the Char- 
lottesville courthouse, and at D. S. Church — to those at 
North Garden at Mr. Garland's, and to those at the Cove at 
George Douglas's. 

As years passed on, ministers born and educated in Vir- 
ginia were settled in the county. In 1769 Rev. William 
Irvin, who had been a pupil at Mr. Todd's school in Louisa, 
became pastor of the Cove Church. In 1770 Rev. Samuel 
Leake accepted a call to the D. S. Church. The next year 
Mr. Irvin extended his labors to Rockfish and Mountain 

The Presbytery of Hanover convened with considerable 
frequency in the churches of the county. It met at Rockfish 
in.l772, 1773 and 1775, at the Cove in 1793, 1794, 1799,1800, 
and 1803, and at the D. S. in 1771, 1772, 1775 and 1792. 
The last time it met at D. S. was in October 1809, holding 
night sessions at the house of John R. Kerr. At that meet- 
ing Rev. Thomas Lumpkin, a young minister, who had taught 
school for a short time in the neighborhood, was to have 
been ordained, and installed as pastor, but unhappily he had 
died the preceding month. The membership of this church 
was so much reduced by deaths and removals, that two years 
later its organization was dissolved. The ground on which 
it stood, and which had been conveyed to the congregation 
in 1773 by Joel Terrell, passed into the hands of Jesse 
Lewis, who within the memory of some now living re- 
moved the old building. Two meetings of the Presbytery 
were held in Walker's Church. The first occurred in 1814, 
when they convened at night at the house of Captain Meri- 
wether. At that time it received under its care John Robert- 
son, the father of Judge W. J. Robertson, as a candidate for 
the ministry. The second meeting took place iii 1819, and 
night sessions were held at the house of John Rogers. It 


met at Mountain Plains in 1778, and for the last time in 
October 1828, when they held night sessions at the house of 
the elder William Woods, of Beaver Creek. 

South Plains Church was established in 1820, as the result 
of the labors of Rev. William Armstrong, and Rev. James 
C. Wilson. John Kelly, of Charlottesville, was one of its 
first elders. A branch of the same church worshipped on the 
west side of the South West Mountain at Bethel. It was 
not until 1870, that Bethel was set apart as a separate organ- 
ization. Rev. Francis Bowman began preaching at South 
Plains in 1822, preaching occasionally also at the court- 
house. Under his ministry the first Presbyterian house of 
worship in Charlottesville was built in 1827. In that year 
the lot on which it stood, on the southeast corner of Market 
and Second Streets, was conveyed by James Dinsmore to 
John Kelly, James O. Carr, Francis Bowman, Thornton 
Rogers, William Woods, Surveyor, Thomas Meriwether and 
Dr. John Holt Rice, as trustees of the new congregation. It 
was not constituted a distinct organization until 1839, when 
it was under the ministry of Dr. William S. White. 

The Presbyterian Church of Scottsville was founded in 
1827, chiefly through the agency of Rev. Peyton Harrison. 
He had settled there as a young lawyer in 1825. Having 
been converted by the preaching of Rev. Asahel Nettleton, 
he became actively interested in religious work, and rested 
not till a church was formed. Shortly after he relinquished 
the law, and studied for the ministry. When he became a 
preacher, he returned to Scottsville, and was settled as pastor 
over the church for a brief period. Dr. William S. White 
succeeded him, and continued his labors there until he re- 
moved to Charlottesville. 


The first Baptist Church in the county was organized in 
January 1773. This event took place in I^ewis's Meeting 
House, which stood on old David Ivewis's place, on the ele- 
vated ground south of the Staunton Road, about where the 
house of Mrs. Humbert now stands. The church commenced 


with a membership of forty-eight persons. George Twy- 
man, who lived just south of Earlysville, was one of its origi- 
nal members, and at a meeting held two months later presided 
as Moderator. The influence of the Presbyterian polity, 
under which doubtless many of the members had grown 
up, was apparent in their earliest proceedings. The original 
organization was effected by two ministers and an elder, and 
at a subequent meeting it was determined that "the feeling 
of the church concerning elders and deacons should be made 
known." It was several years without a pastor, but was 
occasionally supplied by such ministers as John Waller, 
and Elijah and L,ewis Craig. This church was variously 
called by the names of Albemarle, Buck Mountain and Ches- 
nut Grove. In 1801 they took possession of the old Buck 
Mountain Church of the Establishment, which had been 
disused by the Episicopalians. When that place of worship 
was claimed by its former owners, they removed to the union 
church in Earlysville in 1833, and in 1879 erected their pres- 
ent building about a mile west of that place. 

Andrew Tribble was chosen their pastor in 1777, and was 
ordained by I^ewis Craig and others. How long Mr. Tribble 
continued in that relation is not known. He purchased a 
farm of one hundred and seventy -five acres a short distance 
below the D. S. Tavern, which he sold in 1785, and it is 
likely he performed his pastoral duties until that time. Wil- 
liam Woods, distinguished as Baptist Billy, was ordained at 
I^ewis's Meeting House by Messrs. Tribble and Benjamin 
Burgher in 1780, and became the pastor when the work of 
Mr. Tribble ceased. In 1798 Mr. Woods became a candidate 
for the I/egislature ; and as the law of Virginia at that time 
prohibited a minister from holding a civil office, he relin- 
quished his ministerial calling at Garrison's Meeting House 
in November of that year. 

When the church was first formed, it was in the bounds of 
Dover Association, which then embraced the whole State. 
In 1791 the Albemarle Association was constituted, including 
the territory south of the Rapidan, and west of a line run- 
ning from Barnett's Ford on the Rappahannock to the mouth 


of Byrd Creek on the James. Up to this time eight other 
churches had been founded, four of which lay within the 
present limits of the county, Totier in 1775, Ballenger's 
Creek probably about the same time, Priddy's Creek in 1784, 
and Whitesides, now Mount Bd, in 1788. Martin Dawson 
became a minister soon after 1774, and preached for many 
years at Totier, which was situated near Porter's Precinct, 
and was then commonly known as Dawson's Meeting House. 
His labors however extended largely over the whole county. 
Benjamin Burgher, who lived on the headwaters of Mechum's 
River, was for a long period the pastor of Mount Bd. In 
1822 he, Benjamin Ficklin and John Goss had advertised to 
begin a protracted meeting on a certain day at Mountain 
Plains, but on the very day of the appointment Mr. Burgher 
rested from his earthly labors. John Goss came to the county 
from Madison in 1802. 

In 1820 Daniel Davis, Jr., a Baptist minister, preached 
occasionally in Charlottesville, sometimes in the courthouse, 
and sometimes in a large room of John Burrus. An organi- 
zation seems to have existed in town at that date, as Mr. 
Davis advertised that he would baptize those who had made 
a declaration of their faith to the church. Yet it appears 
that the formal establishment of the Charlottesville Church 
did not take place till August 1831. On that occasion four 
ministers were present, John Goss, Valentine Mason, Reuben 
I/. Coleman and Charles Wingfield. Dr. Hardin Massie was 
appointed its Clerk. In October 1835, Dr. Massie conveyed 
to Nimrod Bramham, William Dunkum, Isaac White and 
lycwis Teel as trustees, a part of L,ot No. Five, on which, it 
was stated in the deed, the Baptist Church "stands." In 
1853 the Circuit Court granted permission to sell the old 
church property, and appointed as trustees for the new church> 
William P. Parish, lycwis Sowell, James I/obban, John T. 
Randolph, John Simpson, James Alexander and B. C. Flan- 


The first mention of a Methodist Church in the county 
occurred in 1788 in a deed from James Harris to Thomas 


Jarman, whereby seventy -five acres on the north side of 
Moorman's River were conveyed, surrounding two acres 
before given, on which "the Methodist Episcopal Church 
stands." This was beyond question the predecessor of 
Mount Moriah at Whitehall. The lot on which the latter 
was built, three and three -fourths acres, was conveyed in 
1834 by Daniel and Hannah Maupin to Jesse P. Key, Wil- 
liam Rodes, Thompson and Horace Brown and David Wiant. 
Many years anterior to the date just mentioned this church 
was commonly known as Maupin's Meeting House, and was 
a favorite place for holding camp meetings. Henry Fry, a 
former deputy Clerk of the county, speaks in his autobiog- 
raphy of Bishop Asbury preaching at an early day at Tandy 
Key's, who'lived north of the Cove, at the junction of the 
Austin Gap and I/ynchburg Roads; and in that vicinity, 
probably on Key's land, was located a building, which went 
by the name of Key's Meeting House, but of which no trace 
now remains. In 1795 Henry Austin conveyed a parcel of 
land to Thomas Stribling, Samuel Wills, Joseph Hardesty, 
Bernis Brown, Daniel Maupin, John Gibson, George Bing- 
ham, William Oliver and Basil Guess, of Orange, for a 
church, which was then called Austin's Meeting House, and 
is no doubt the same as that now known as Bingham's 
Church. In 1808 Bland Ballard donated one-fourth of an 
acre for a Methodist Church, which was the old Ivy Creek 
Church on the Barracks Road. 

The first Methodist preacher on record was Athanasius 
Thomas, who was licensed to celebrate the rites of matrimony 
in 1793. This gentleman was the purchaser of several small 
tracts of land in the vicinity of Mountain Plains Church, 
where in all probability he made his home. In 1811 he dis- 
posed of this property, and presumably removed to another 
part of the country. Following him were Bernis Brown in 
1794, John Gibson in 1797, John Goodman in 1802, and 
Jacob Watts in 1806. About the beginning of the century, 
there came to the county from Maryland two men, who 
although laymen filled the place of local preachers, John B. 
Magruder and George Jones. For many years they did a 


good work, and exercised a strong influence in behalf of their 
own church, and of true religion. In November 1823 a Dis- 
trict Conference met in Charlottesville, of which James Boyd 
was President, and Walker Timberlake, Secretary. 

The Charlottesville Church was established in 1834. In 
June of that year William Hammett purchased from Mary 
Wales, and other representatives of Thomas Bell, Lot No. 
Fifty-Five, and in the ensuing October conveyed it to Gess- 
ner Harrison, Nathan C. Goodman, Stapleton Sneed, Mat- 
thew and Thomas F. Wingfield, Fbenezer Watts and Thomas 
Pace as trustees, for a Methodist Church. 

During the twelve years from 1825 to 1837 there was a 
great accession of church buildings in the county. In the 
first of these years were built the Charlottesville Episcopal 
Church, and a Methodist Church near Hammock's Gap; in 
1827, the Charlottesville Presbyterian Church; in 1828, Mount 
Zion Methodist Church, and Mount Pleasant Methodist, near 
Hillsboro; in 1830, the Scottsville Presbyterian Church; in 
1831, the Buck Island Methodist Church ; in 1832, the Scotts- 
ville and Shiloh Methodist Churches ; in 1833, Wesley Chapel, 
Earlysville Free Church, and the Charlottesville and Milton 
Baptist Churches ; in 1834, Bethel Presbyterian, Charlottes- 
ville and Mount Moriah Methodist, and Hardware Baptist 
Churches; in 1835, Cross Roads Episcopal Church; in 1836, 
Charlottesville Disciples Church ; and in 1837, Free Union 
Free, and Piney Grove Baptist Churches. 


Account of Families. 


The first Abell in the county was Caleb, who came from 
Orange near the end of the last century. In 1V98 he pur- 
chased what is still known as the old Abell place on Moore's 
Creek. It originally consisted of six hundred and ninety- 
four acres, comprising three different grants, but all bought 
from the executors of Henry MuUins, of Goochland. Caleb 
conveyed it to his son, John S. Abell, in 1808, John S. en- 
tered the Baptist ministry about 1830, and died in 1859. In 
1816 he married I^ydia Ralls, and his children were Alexan- 
der P., who was a magistrate under the old regime, was first 
a merchant in Charlottesville, then Teller in the Monticello 
and Charlottesville National Banks, married Ann, daughter 
of William Mclyeod, and about 1876 removed to Greenville, 
S. C. ; George W., who was one of the early ministers of the 
Disciples Church; and J. Ralls, whose wife was Susan, 
daughter of William Dunkum. 

Besides John S., there were Joshua Abell, who married 
Caroline, and Richard, who married Emily, daughters of 
Benjamin Martin, of North Garden; Caleb, who married 
Jane, daughter of William Black; and Benjamin F., whose 
wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph Grayson. 


John Alphin began to purchase land in the county in 
1778, when he became the owner of two hundred and fifty 
acres on Meadow Creek between the Staunton and White- 
hall Roads. He continued his purchases till he acquired 
more than a thousand acres in one body. He con- 
ducted a noted hostelry, situated nearly opposite the resi- 
dence of Jesse I/ewis, and for many years a favorite resort 
for men of the turf. He furnished excellent accommodations, 


a prime cuisine, large stables, and a track for training horses. 
His house was a place of wide notoriety at the beginning of 
the century. 

He married Martha, daughter of Christopher Shepherd, and 
his children were Julius, Sarah, the wife of William Chapman, 
Jane, the wife of David Owen, Nancy, the wife of William 
Fagg, Mary, the wife of Blake Harris, and Elizabeth. He 
sold to the county in 1806 the land on which the old Poor 
House was built. He died in 1818. Most of his family dis- 
posed of their interests in his estate, and removed to the West, 
some of them to Blount County, Tennessee. 


David Anderson and his wife Elizabeth, came from Han- 
over County, and lived on a plantation in Albemarle, not far 
from Scottsville. David died in 1791, and his wife in 1804. 
They had eight sons, William, Nathaniel, Thomas, Richard, 
David, Matthew, Edmund and Samuel, and three daugh- 
ters. Of the daughters, Ann was married to Dabney 
Minor, of Hanover, Sarah, to Chrisopher Hudson, and 
the third to a Barrett, whose son Anderson Barrett lived 
in Richmond, and was an executor of both his grand- 
parents. One of the sons, Nathaniel, had his residence 
on the old glebe of St. Anne's on Totier, which he bought 
from John Breckinridge in 1796. He married Sarah, 
daughter of John Carr, of Bear Castle, and sister of Dabney, 
Mr. Jefferson's brother-in-law. He died in 1812, and left 
four children, William, Nathaniel, Mary, the wife of a 
Mosby, and Elizabeth, the wife of a I,awrence. Nathaniel 
married Sarah Elizabeth , and his children were Mar- 
tha, the wife of Stephen Woodson, Mary, Dabney Minor and 
Overton. Edmund, son of David, is thought to be the same 
person who married Jane, daughter of William Lewis, and 
sister of the celebrateii explorer, Meriwether Lewis. He 
died in 1809, leaving two sons and four daughters, William, 
Dr. Meriwether, who married Lucy Harper, Ann, the wife of 
Thomas Fielding Lewis, Jane, the wife of Benjamin Wood, 

Lucy, the wife of , Buckner, and Sarah, the wife of 

Gabriel Harper. 


Richard Anderson, son of David, married Ann Meriwether, 
sister of lYUcy, the wife of William I^ewis. He at one time 
owned an interest in the land on Ivy Creek on which the 
Prison Barracks were built, and which he sold to John Har- 
vie about a year before their building took place. His son 
David was living at Milton at the beginning of the century, 
and represented Brown, Rives & Co., one of the firms 
doing business in that town. In 1801 David was appointed a 
magistrate of the county, but resigned the next year. Some 
time after he removed to Richmond. He married Susan, 
daughter of Reuben Moore, of Culpeper, and his children 
Were Meriwether 1,., Richard, Catharine, the wife of Jefferson 
Trice, of Richmond, and Helen, the wife of a Porter. In 
1829 he returned to Albemarle, and married again Mary, 
daughter of Thomas W. lyewis, and widow of James lycitch, 
and two years later his son Meriwether married Eliza Ivcitch, 
daughter of his step -mother. Their home was at Pantops. 
David Anderson died in 1841, and Meriwether in 1872. 

It is believed Richard Anderson had two other sons, 
Edmund and Jasper. Edmund married first Frances Moore, 
sister of his brother David's first wife. Some years later he 
married Ann, daughter of William Cole, of North Garden, 
and not long after Jasper married her sister, Susan Cole. In 
1813 Edmund purchased from Clifton Rodes, executor of John 
Jouett, sixty acres of land lying east and north of Charlottes ■ 
ville, and extending from the present Ninth Street east to the 
hill overlooking Schenk's Branch, and laid it out in town lots. 
This tract was known as Anderson's Addition. He sold 
a number of lots, chiefly on East Jefferson and Park Streets, 
during the decade of 1820, and in 1831 conveyed to John J. 
Winn and Alexander Garret I<ot Thirty-Four, the present 
Maplewood Cemetery. In the meantime he removed to Rich- 
mond, and entered into business under the firms of Anderson 
& Woodson, and of Anderson, Woodson & Biggers ; but 
the business failing, he transferred all his property in Albe- 
marle to John R. Jones as trustee, who in 1829 sold it for 
the payment of his debts. A son, Charles Anderson, was a 
Druggist in Richmond, and a few years ago removed to 
Roanoke, where he died. 



Ballard was one of the first names of the county in the 
order of time. As early as 1738, Thomas Ballard obtained 
a patent for three hundred and twenty acres near the foot of 
Piney Mountain. His descendants became numerous, all 
having large families, and occupying farms in the stretch of 
country between Piney Mountain and Brown's Cove. 
Thomas died in 1781, leaving six sons and three daughters, 
Thomas, William, John, David, Bland, Samuel, Ann, the 
wife of Gabriel Maupin, Frances, and Susan, the wife of 
William Pettit. The second Thomas died in 1804. His 
children were John, James, Ann, the wife of a Bruce, Mary, 
the wife of a Davis, lyucy, the wife of Joseph Harvey, Eliza- 
beth, the wife of Frost Snow, and Martha, the wife of Thomas 
Pettit. John married, it is believed, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Roger Thompson, and died in 1829, leaving seven sons and 
one daughter, Edward, James, David, John, Nicholas, Wil- 
liam, Wilson, and Elizabeth, the wife of Pleasant Jarman. 
James, brother of John, married Ann, daughter of David 
Rodes, and died in 1853. His children were Garland, 
Thomas, David, Susan, the wife of Thomas I^. Shelton, 
Selina, the wife of Thomas Bohannon, Judith, the wife of 
Nimrod Day, Frances, the wife of Porter Cleveland, Sophia, 
the wife of Hudson Oaks, and Mary, the wife of William 
Thompson. William, son of the first Thomas, married a 
daughter of William Jarman, and lived below Mechum's 
Depot; and his son John P., after occupying a position with 
Valentine, Fry & Co. in Charlottesville, removed to Rich- 
mond, where he founded the Ballard House, formerly one of 
the most popular hotels of that city. Bland married 
Frances, daughter of John Shiflett, and died in 1809. His 
family consisted of five sons and ten daughters. He donated 
the ground on which the old Ivy Creek Methodist Church was 


Robert Barclay and his wife Sarah lived, in the early part 
of the century, on the south side of the road leading from the 
Cross Roads to Israel's Gap, at the place where James B. 


Sutherland now resides. There Barclay died in 1818, and his 
widow was afterwards married to John Harris, of Viewmont. 
He left two sons and two daughters, Mary E , who became 
the wife of John D. Moon Sr. , Thomas J. , James T. , and Ann 
Maria, the wife of Edward H. Moon. Thomas died unmarried 
in 1828. About the same time James came to Charlottesville, 
and opened a drug store. He lived in the brick house on 
the northeast corner of Market and Seventh Streets, which 
he bought in 1830 from Rev. F. W. Hatch. This place and 
some other property he sold to T. J. Randolph, Rnd the same 
year purchased from him Monticello, containing five hundred 
and fifty-two acies, then valued at seven thousand dollars, 
the transaction being in all probability an exchange. He 
resided there till 1836, when he sold it with two hundred and 
€ighteen acres to Commodore Uriah P. I,evy. He then be- 
came a Disciples minister, and sailed as a missionary to 
Jerusalem, where he remained for many years. As the re- 
sult of his researches there, he published a large work de- 
scriptive of the place, entitled The City of the Great King. 
He and his wife Julia had several children, among them a 
son, who was appointed bv Mr. Cleveland in his first term 
Consul to Algiers, where a kinsman of the same name had 
discharged the same functions a hundred years before. The 
latter part of Mr. Barclay's life was spent in this country 
with a son in Alabama, where he died a few years ago. 


William Barksdale is noticed in the records in 1765. He 
was for a number of year§ a buyer of land, chiefly on the 
south fork of the Rivanna north of Hydraulic Mills, and on the 
upper part of Mechum's River. He and his wife Ann were 
the parents of eleven children, Nathan, Goodman, Samuel, 

Jonathan, John H., Nelson, , the wife of John Douglass, 

Ann, the wife of Alexander Fretwell, Sarah, the wife of Wil- 
liam Warwick, of Amherst, Lucy, the wife of Richard Burch, 
and Elizabeth. William Barksdale died in 1796, and some 
years later his widow was married to Philip Day. 

Nathan seems to have died young, leaving two sons, 


Achilles and Douglass, to whom their grandfather gave a 
tract of land on Mechiim's River above the Depot of that 
name. Goodman and Jonathan were settled in the same 
neighborhood. Goodman died in 1832. Jonathan married 
lyucy, daughter of Giles Rogers, and died in 1831. His 
children were Nancy, the wife of George W. Kinsolving, 
I/Ucy, the wife of Richard Rothwell, Ralph, Nathan, who 
married his cousin Elizabeth, daughter of Parmenas Rogers, 
and whose children were Ralph, Lucy, Mary and George, 
and William G., who married Elmira, daughter of John 
Wood. Jonathan formerly owned the land on which the 
village of Hillsboro stands. 

Samuel Barksdale lived between the old Lynchburg Road 
and Dudley's Mountain. He was twice married, first to 
Mary, daughter of Jeremiah Hamner, and secondly to 
Jemima, daughter of Charles Wingfield Sr. His children by 
the first marriage were Elizabeth, the wife of William Wat- 
son, long the keeper of the county jail, and Mary, the wife of 
William Douglass. Those by the second were Rice G. , 
whose wife was Elizabeth White, whose children were John 
H. Jr., and James S., and who died in 1879, John, who was a 
Presbyterian minister, one of the first set of students at Union 
Theological Seminary, but who died in Charlottesville in 
1829, just after entering upon his work, Jane, the wife of 
Willis Day, and Sarah, the wife of Richard Fretwell. 

John H. Barksdale resided north of Hydraulic Mills. His 
children were Hudson, Elizabeth, the wife of Charles Over- 
street, and Orlando, who some years ago lost his life on the 
Railroad near the Burnt Mills, iij the act of saving Edward 
Gilbert from being crushed by a passing train. Nelson was 
the most active and thrifty of the family. His home was 
also north of Hydraulic Mills. For many years he farmed 
the Sheriffalty of the county, and was Proctor of the Uni- 
versity while it was yet in its humbler guise as Central Co) - 
lege. He died in 1861. He married Jane, daughter of Jesse 
Lewis, and his children were Mary Jane, the wife of J. Frank 
Fry, Sarah, the wife of John J. Bowcock, Sophia, the wife 
of James Fray, John T., Eliza, the wife of Albert Terrell, 


and secondly of Robert Durrett, Caroline, the wife of T. J. 
Eddins, and Margaret, the wife of Dr. H. O. Austin. 


The Bibbs came to Albemarle from I^ouisa. In 1821 Wil- 
liam A. became associated in the mercantile business with 
his father-in-law, Nimrod Bramham. He was appointed a 
magistrate of the county in 1832. When the Branch of the 
Farmers' Bank of Virginia was established in Charlottesville, 
he was appointed its Cashier, and managed its affairs with 
eminent skill until all business was interrupted by the war. 
In 1836 he purchased from the trustees the square on which 
the old Female Seminary stood, the present site of the I^eter- 
man mansion, and made it his residence until his death in 
1865. He married Sarah Bramham, and his children were 
Henry, Angeline, the wife of Edward J. Timberlake, Dr. 
William E., Horace, Cornelia, the wife of George W. Thorn - 
hill, Emma, the wife of Professor H, H. Harris, James T. , 
Sarah, the wife of Robert Williams, and F. Gillett, the wife 
of George Willingham, of South Carolina. 

John H. Bibb, a nephew of William A., commenced his 
business life as a clerk in the house of Valentine, Fry & 
Co. It was not long however before he became a merchant 
on his own account, conducting his affairs with success until 
the war. He was also the first Cashier of the Charlottesville 
Savings Bank. He built the brick house on the west side of 
Ridge Street, now in the possession of Dr. George Scribner, 
and resided there for some years. His home was afterwards 
at Branchland, where Major Bolton now resides, and he 
finally purchased the large brick on Jefferson Street, formerly 
the dwelling of John R. Jones. He married Harriet, daugh- 
ter of French Strother, of Culpeper, and his children were 
Helen, the wife of William P. I<outhan, A. Pendleton, and 
Catharine, the wife of Dr. William Du Bose, United States 
Navy. Mr. Bibb died in 1888. 


A William Bishop was the grantee of a small parcel of 
land on the south fork of Hardware in 1756, which his 


descendants sold in 1774 to George Eubank. In 1782 James 
Bishop entered four hundred acres on the Blue Ridge in the 
Afton neighborhood, which he and his wife Elizabeth subse- 
quently sold to other parties. About the end of the last 
century Joseph Bishop began to purchase land in the county, 
and continued to purchase from time to time in various 
localities, particularly in the Biscuit Run Valley and the 
vicinity of D. S. In 1803 he bought from John Carr twelve 
acres bordering on the west side of Charlottesville, and ex- 
tending from the Staunton to the Whitehall Road; with this 
tract his name was more intimately connected. He estab- 
lished the tanyard at the west end of Main Street. He 
erected the first buildings in Random Row, and gave lots on 
Vinegar Hill to most of his children. The largest part of 
this land he sold not long before his death to John Neilson, 
an Irishman, who was one of the contractors for the Univer- 
sity buildings. Joseph Bishop died in 1825. He left nine 
children, John T. , who married Mary Ann, daughter of James 
Jeffries, and removed to Dearborn County, Indiana, Joseph, 
James, Ann, the wife of Johnson Pitts, Patience, the wife of 
Gustavus Parsons, Mary, the wife of William Young, 
Frances, Jonathan A. J., who removed to Missouri, and 
Ivucy Jane, the wife of Ezra M. Wolfe. Joseph Bishop's 
wife was Jane, daughter of Edmund Terrell, and his wife, 
Margaret Willis, a grandaughter of Henry Willis, the founder 
of Fredericksburg, and his wife, Mildred Washington Greg- 
ory, sister of General Washington's father. His son, Joseph, 
was an active dealer in Charlottesville real estate. He was 
one of the original trustees of the Disciples Church. 


Samuel Black was a native of Ireland, and coming to this 
country as a student of theology, was licensed to preach by 
the Presbytery of New Castle. He was settled as pastor 
over two churches in Donegal Presbytery in Pennsylvania. 
In 1743 he began to visit Virginia as a missionary, and in 
1747 received a call from Mountain Plains Church, and the 
people of Ivy Creek, who formed the congregation of D. S. 


In 1751 he parchased from Richard Stockton four hundred 
acres on Mechum's River, where he made his home until his 
death in 1770. For a time he taught school in connection 
with his ministerial duties. His wife's name was Catharine 
Shaw, and his children were Samuel, James, Margaret, Mary, 
Sarah, John and William. James became the owner of six 
hundred acres on Stockton's Creek not far from Rockfish Gap, 
where he kept a public house, and where in the fall of 1777 
he had as a guest General George Rogers Clark. He and 
his wife Eleanor sold out in 1780, and seem to have removed 
from the county. John and his wife Elizabeth, in 1789 sold 
to Menan Mills one hundred and thirty acres adjoining the 
home place. After this time the only member of the family 
whose course can be traced is Samuel, the eldest son. 

He became a man of prominence, prospered in his affairs, 
was active as a magistrate for some years, and died in 1815. 
He and his wife Mary had six sons and three daughters, 
Samuel, William, Dorcas, the wife of Charles Patrick, Catha- 
rine, Mary, the wife of John Ramsay, James, John, Joel and 
Daniel. The second son, William, married Matilda Rowe, 
and died in 1809, leaving seven children, Samuel, who died 
unmarried in 1846, Jane, the wife of Caleb Abell, Andrew, 
James, Thomas, who died unmarried in 1878, John and Mary. 
Andrew died in 1875. His wife was Sarah, daughter of Nicho- 
las Merritt, and his children, William, Nicholas, Mary, the 
wife of Willis Piper, Elizabeth, the second wife of James H. 
Rea, and Cynthia. James married Rosanna, sister of 
Andrew's wife, and died in 1876. His children were Samuel, 
Nicholas, Elizabeth, the wife of Richard Robinson, and Sarah 
Ann, the first wife of James H. Rea. 


The first of the Bowcock family in the county was Jason. 
The records mention indeed a Samuel Bowcock, but nothing 
more is known of him except that he died in 1783. A daugh- 
ter of Alexander McKinzie, who from 1742 to 1799 owned 
part of the land now possessed by the University, was the 


wife of a Bowcock, and left a daughter who was living at the 
beginning of the century. The husband here referred to may 
have been Samuel, and he may possibly have been the father 
of Jason. The latter lived on the Barboursville Road north 
of Stony Point, and died in 1816. He and his wife Judith had 
six children, Ann, the wife of Achilles Douglass, Douglass, 
Achilles, Tandy, Mildred, the wife of John Douglass, and 
John, who succeeded his father on the old place. In Decem- 
ber 1822, Achilles Bowcock, while sitting at table at Nathaniel 
Burnley's in Stony Point, apparently in perfect health, fell 
dead from his chair. 

Douglass lived at the junction of the Earlysville and Piney 
Mountain Roads, and kept tavern there for some years before 
his death in 1825. His wife was Mildred Blackwell, and his 
children Catharine, the wife of Dr. John F. Bell, who removed 
^to Kentucky, and John J. John J. occupied a large place 
in the hearts of the people of the county. His early advan- 
tages in point of education w«re slender, and his natural 
gifts not brilliant, yet few men exercised a wider or more 
beneficial influence in the community. His powers of per- 
ception were clear, his judgment sound, and his integrity 
without spot or suspicion. He inherited his father's farm, 
and followed him in the conduct of a public house ; but almost 
immediately he espoused the views which had then begun to 
prevail on the subject of temperance, and turned the tavern 
into a house of entertainment. The disputes of the surround- 
ing country were largely referred to his arbitration, and his 
decision was accepted as an end of strife. His neighbors 
often desired that he should be the guardian of their children, 
and settle their estates. He was a magistrate under the old 
regime, and among the first elected under the new constitu- 
tion ; and four times in succession he was made by the choice 
of his fellow justices presiding magistrate of the County Court. 
For many years he served as Colonel of the Eighty-Fighth 
Regiment, his farm by the way being the regular place of its 
muster. He was a member of the House of Delegates, and 
according to a friend of opposite politics, such was the uni- 
versal regard in which he was held, that no competitor could 


Stand before him, and he might have been re-elected as often 
as he wished ; but his unambitious temper soon declined the 
honor. He was for a long period a ruling elder in the South 
Plains Presbyterian Church. He died full of days in 1892, 
and was followed to the tomb by the high esteem and sincere 
regrets of all who knew him. His wife was Sarah, daughter 
of Nelson Barksdale. Of his five sons and two daughters, 
Dr. Charles, who for many years practised his profession at 
Everettsville, did not long survive him. 


Four brothers named Bowen bought land in Albemarle, 
James M., William, Peter and Thomas C. They came from 
the vicinity of Jeffersonton, Rappahannock County. In 
1817 James and William together made their first purchase 
of five hundred acres from Benjamin Ficklin — the old White 
place southwest of Batesville. James must have relinquished 
his interest to William, since in 1829 the latter with his wife, 
who was Eliza George, of Fauquier, sold this land to Roland 
H. Bates. William was a teacher, having had a school 
near Ivy Depot, and afterwards near Mount Fd church. He 
finally returned to Rappahannock. Peter, who was a phy- 
sician, never resided in the county, though he more than 
once purchased land in the Greenwood neighborhood. Be- 
sides farming, James for some years prosecuted business as a 
merchant. He prospered in his affairs, and in 1835 bought 
the old Ramsey place, with its Mill, building the large brick 
mansion which still stands, calling it Mirador, and making 
it one of the finest seats in the county.- He married Frances 
Starke, and his children were Ann, the wife of Dr. John 
R. Baylor, Mary, the wife of Dr. O. R. Funsten, of 
Clarke, and Eliza, the wife of her cousin, Dr. George M. 
Bowen, son of Peter. James died in 1880. His grandson, 
James Bowen Funsten, was recently consecrated Episcopal 
Bishop of Boise, Idaho. 

When Thomas first came to the county, he also engaged in 
the vocation of teaching. One of his schools was located 
beside the old Mount Pleasant Methodist Church, which 


Stood on the hill three or four hundred yards west of Hills- 
boro, and there he had Slaughter Ficklin as one of his pupils. 
In 1837 he purchased from John Pilson the place which he 
occupied till his death, which had been the old home of Isaac 
Hardin, and which consisted of three tracts, Huntsmans, so 
called from a former owner who removed to Kentucky, Hard 
lyabor, and Greenwood, which gave name to the Depot sub- 
sequently established. Thomas Bowen acted a more promi- 
nent part in the affairs of the county than his brother, and 
served as a magistrate prior to the Constitution of 1850. He 
was twice married, first to Miss Wheatley, of Culpeper, and 
secondly to Margaret Timberlake, of Clark County. He left 
two daughters, Mary Eliza, the wife of Colonel Grantham, 
of Jefferson County, and Julia, the wife of John Shirley. 
His death occurred in 1886. Thornton W. Bowen, who 
lived north of Whitehall, was a brother of these gentlemen. 


Nimrod Bramham first appears, when he commenced busi- 
ness as a merchant at the point where the road over Turkey 
Sag comes into the Barboursville road. His store there was 
a noted centre for many years. He purchased the place in 
1797 from James Sebree and Gravett Edwards. He was 
highly esteemed both for his commercial skill and energy, 
and for his civil and military abilities. In 1800 he succeeded 
William Wirt as I/ieutenant in the militia, and in 1806 
Francis Walker as Colonel of the Eighty-Eighth Regiment. 
In 1801 he was appointed a magistrate. He represented the 
county in the Legislature in 1812. In 1805 he gave the 
ground for the Priddy's Creek Baptist Church, and was one 
of the first trustees of the Charlottesville Baptist Church. 
He probably removed to Charlottesville in 1806, as he then 
bought part of the lot on the west side of the Square, where 
for years he did business under the firms, first of Bramham 
and Jones, and afterwards of Bramham and Bibb. In 1818 
he purchased from Jesse W. Garth the place southwest of 
Charlottesville, on which he built the large brick house, the 
present residence of Herndon Fife, where he spent the 


remainder of his life. He died in 1845. His wife was 
Margaret Marshall, of Culpeper, and his children, Sarah, the 
wife of William A. Bibb, Nimrod, James, lyucy, the wife of 
John Simpson, Gilly, the wife of William Eddins, and Jane, 
the wife of Dr. Wyatt W. Hamner. 


Joseph Brand came from Hanover County, and in 1779' 
bought from John Clark seven hundred and seventy -three 
acres of land on Mechunk Creek. Some years after he pur- 
chased a tract of more than six hundred acres on the Rivanna 
opposite Milton. He also owned property in Hanover, and 
land in the North Western Territory on the Miami. He died 
in 1814. He and his wife Frances had twelve children, 
Benjamin, Sarah, William, James, Joseph, Chiles, David, 
Robert, Bliza, George, John, and Prances, the wife of David 
Huckstep. What became of most of this large household is 
not known. One of the sons, William, it is believed, emi- 
grated to New Orleans, where he prosecuted a successful 
business. The year after her father's death, Sarah was mar- 
ried to John Robertson, a native of Scotland, who had taught 
school in the county for some years, and who in 1814 was 
taken under the care of Hanover Presbytery as a candidate 
for the ministry. Chiles married Elizabeth Bryan, and died 
in 1861. His children were Ann Eliza, the wife of Thomas R. 
Bailey, Mary Jane, the wife of Richard Pinkard, Sarah, Rich- 
ard, Catharine, who was for many years a teacher in Char- 
lotteSville, and became the wife of William Bell, of Augusta, 
Maria. William, James, and I^ucy, the wife of R. H. Munday, 
who still occupies the house on University Street which was 
conveyed to her grandmother by John M. Perry in 1825. 
William D. Meriwether and James I,indsay were the acting 
executors of Joseph Brand, and according to the instructions 
of his will sold the land opposite Milton to Martin Dawson 
in 1815, and that on Mechunk to Joseph Campbell in 1833. 


One of the early land owners in the northeast part of the 
county was Samuel Brockman. He died in 1779, leaving 


two sons, Samuel and William, and probably a third named 
Jason. William was apparently prosperous in his affairs. 
He lived on Priddy's Creek, owned a considerable quantity 
of land, and had one of the first mills erected in that section. 
He died in 1809. A Baptist church, the precursor of the 
present Priddy's Creek Church, was on his land, and he de- 
vised it to the congregation using it as a place of worship. 
His children were Frances, the wife of a Taylor, Elizabeth, 
John, Margaret, the wife of a Henderson, Thomas, William, 
Ambrose, Samuel, and Catharine, the wife of a Bell. Am- 
brose married Nancy, daughter of Captain William Simms, 
and became a Baptist preacher. Samuel married Ann Simms, 
a sister of Ambrose's wife, and his son Samuel, who died in 
1847, was the father of Richard Simms, Bluford, Tandy, 
Simpson, Tazewell, and Agatha, the wife of Thomas Edwards. 
Richard Simms marriei Martha, the daughter of Wiley Dick- 
erson, and removed to Amherst. Among his children were 
Fontaine D., Harriet, the wife of William Jeffries, Tandy, 
and Willis Allen, who removed to Atlanta, Georgia. 

In the early part of the century many of this name emi- 
grated to Kentucky, a Tandy Brockman going to Christian 
County, and Elizabeth, a widow, with a large family of chil- 
dren, to Boone. 


James Brooks was a lawyer of the early Albemarle bar. 
He married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Woods, and lived 
on a parcel of land on Mechum's River below the Miller 
School, given him by his father-in-law. He died in f815, 
comparatively young. His children were Robert, Elizabeth, 
James and Richard. He, and after him his son Robert, had 
charge of the estate of Thomas West. 

In 1808 Robert married Elizabeth, daughter of James Hays, 
the founder of New York, and at first resided in Nelson 
County. In 1812 he became a resident of New York, pur- 
chasing Eot Thirty -One, on which stood at the time a one- 
story framed house. In 1817 he made from David Hays the 
first purchase of what was subsequently the Brooksville plan- 
tation in the same vicinity. The next year his brothers and sis- 


ters appointed him their attorney to sell nine thousand acres 
of land in Harrison County, Kentucky. For a long period 
he kept a tavern at Brooksville, held in high esteem among 
travellers for its capital good cheer. He was a magistrate of 
the county, and a ruling elder in the Mountain Plains 
Church. He and John Pilson were the only justices who 
appeared to enforce the law against profane swearing, both 
paying over to the Poor Fund fines which they had imposed 
for that offence. His children were FHzabeth, Mary Frances, 
William, Robert, Ira, Henry and Maria Antoinette. But 
though possessing a fine farm, and conducting a popular 
hostelry, his affairs became greatly embarrassed. In 1836 
he was compelled by his debts to sell his place to James P. 
Tyler, and removed to Kentucky. 


The Browns of Brown's Cove were a Hanover family. Its 
head, Benjamin, and his eldest son Benjamin, patented a large 
area of land in lyouisa County, both before and after its 
establishment in 1742. They began to obtain grants in 
Albemarle also soon after its formation. From 1747 to 1760 
they entered more than six thousand acres on both sides of 
Doyle's River. Benjamin Sr. , married Sarah Dabney, who 
according to Dr. Charles Brown's will, was descended from 
the Jennings that left the enormous estate in England, which 
such a multitudinpus posterity in this country has coveted, 
and which prompted Dr. Charles to cross the great sea twice 
in his old age. Benjamin died in 1762, leaving eleven chil- 
dren, Benjamin, William, Agnes, Barzillai, Benajah, Bernard, 
Bernis, Bezaleel, Brightberry, Elizabeth, the wife of John 
Price, and lyucretia, the wife of Robert Harris. Passing 
these names under review, one can imagine the delight of the 
old gentleman in the iterating alliteration of B. B., and how 
assiduously he searched the Scriptures and the I,ives of the 
Saints, to attain his pet ideal. 

Benjamin and William were their father's executors, and 
appear to have had their portions and residence in Hanover 
or l/ouisa. Barzillai sold out in Albemarle, and settled in 


Shelby County, Kentucky, in 1809. Benajah also disposed 
of his interests, and removed to Buckingham. 

Bernard had his home at the foot of Buck's Elbow, not far 
from Whitehall. He was the first of the family to depart 
this life, dying in 1800. He and his wife Elizabeth had 
twelve children, Robert, Reuben, Bernard M., Charles, 
Thomas H;, Ira B., Asa B., Benjamin H., Bezaleel, Fran- 
cina, the wife of John Rodes, I^ucy, the wife of Nathaniel 
Thompson Sr. , and Sarah. Robert and Reuben emigrated 
to Sumner County, Tennessee. Bernard M. rnarried Miriam, 
daughter of David Maupin, and had nine children, among 
whom were Thompson Brown, Sarah, the wife of Clifton 
Brown, and Pyrena, the wife of Tilman Maupin. Charles 
practiced medicine in Charlottesville in the early part of the 
century. He lived where Dr. W. G. Rogers now resides 
till 1822, when he removed to the farm on the waters of Ivy 
Creek which he bought from Crenshaw Fretwell, and on 
which his son Ezra still resides. He married his cousin 
Mary, daughter of Bezaleel Brown, and had six children. 
He died in 1879, having attained the remarkable age of 
ninety-six years. Thomas H. married first Mildred Brown, 
and secondly I<ucy, daughter of Horsley Goodman. By his 
first marriage he had a daughter Emaline, who was the wife 
of W. G. Fretwell. Ira B. married Frances Mullins, and 
had six children, among them Burlington D. Brown. Ben- 
jamin H. married Judith, daughter of Hudson Fretwell. 
Bezeleel married Elizabeth, daughter of John A. Michie, and 
his children were Cynthia, the wife of William H. Brown, 
Frances, Addison, Williamson, Mary, the wife of George 
W. Kemper, Martha, the wife of Charles H. Parrott, and 
John A. M. He was cut off in the prime of his days in 1825. 
The family of Bernard Brown was remarkable in one respect. 
He and his three sons, Charles, Thomas H., and Ira B. 
were magistrates of the county, and two of them served as 
Sheriff, Charles in 1841, and Thomas H. in 1849. 

Bernis was one of the early Methodist preachers in the 
county and country, entering the ministry . some years 
before the close of the last century. He married Hen- 


rietta, daughter of John Rodes, and died in 1815, leaving 
eight children, Sarah, the wife of Thomas Jones, Henrietta, 
the wife of John Ruff, Ann, the wife of John Dickerson, 
Bernis, Tyree, Benjamin T., who married Ivucy Richards, 
Elizabeth, the wife of Charles Carthrae, and John R. 

Bezaleel was an officer in the Revolutionary army at York- 
town, was a magistrate of the county, and served as Sheriff 
in 1805. He died in 1829. He and his wife Mary had six 
children, William T., Bezaleel, Elizabeth, the wife of Jesse 
Garth, I^ucy, the wife of her cousin Reuben, Bernard's son, 
Sarah, the wife of Charles Parrott, and Mary, the wife of Dr. 
Charles. William T. married Mary, daughter of James Jar- 
man, and died in 1877. His children were Lucy, Sarah, the 
wife of John R. Early, and Mary, the wife of Dr. William E. 
Bibb. Bezaleel was appointed a magistrate in 1835, was a 
member of the House of Delegates from 1844 to 1847, and 1878. 

Brightberry and his wife Mary had five sons, Horace, 
Clifton, William, Nimrod, and Brightberry. He died in 1846. 
Horace lived at the head of the Cove, just beneath Brown's 
Gap, and his house, on account of its bracing air, quiet se- 
clusion and generous fare, was a favorite resort of the Meth- 
odist clergy during the heat of summer. 

This family of Brown, from their early settlement, their 
prominent part in public affairs, the high character generally 
prevalent among them, and the lasting impress they have 
made on the natural scenery of the county, is one of the 
most noted in its history. 

A numerous family of the same name began with Andrew 
Brown, who in 1789 bought land in North Garden from John 
Everett. He lived in a house which is still standing, about 
a quarter of a mile west of North Garden Depot. He died 
in 1804, and the place was well known for many years after 
as the residence of his wife Mary. His children numbered 
thirteen, Elizabeth, the wife of Joel Yancey, John, James, 
Anderson, Nancy, Lucy, the wife of Ralph Thomas, Sarah, 
the wife of Absalom Johnson, Nelson, Mary, the wife of Mar- 
tin Moore, Margaret, the wife of James Kinsolving, Wil- 


liamson, Maurice and Damaris, the wife of Benjamin W. 
Wheeler. John married Martha, the widow of John P. 
Watson, who had devised to her his real estate, nearly five 
hundred acres lying east of North Garden Depot ; she how- 
ever in 1816 joined with her second husband in a deed to 
James lyeigh, that it might be reconveyed to him. He died 
in 1845, and his children were John A., William, Catharine, 
the wife of Jerome B. Wood, Sarah, the wife of John M. Carr, 
Ann, the wife of George W. Rothwell, Charles, Martha, the 
wife of Benjamin F. Ammonett, and Marietta, the wife of 
Elijah J. Bettis. Anderson and his wife Susan had ten chil- 
dren, among whom were Sarah, the wife of D. C. Rittenhouse, 
Mary Jane, the wife of James A. Watson, and the late 
Andrew J. Brown, of Charlottesville. 

A Benjamin Brown was associated with David Ross in the 
purchase of a large number of lots in Charlottesville, when 
they were originally sold. He died about 1799, and John 
Brown, of lyouisa, was his executor. It is probable Benjamin 
lived in lyouisa, and he may have been the eldest son of Ben- 
jamin Sr., of Brown's Cove. 

Another Benjamin Brown was a lawyer of the Albemarle 
bar at the beginning of the century. He was the owner at 
different times of the plantations of Meadow Creek and 
Mooresbrook, at which latter place his son, Robert M., a 
prominent attorney of Amherst, was born. He married Sarah 
E. W., daughter of Colonel Charles Ivcwis, of North Garden. 
After selling Mooresbrook to R. B. Streshley in 1812, he 
removed to Amherst County. 

Matthew Brown, who it is said was not related to the last 
mentioned Benjamin, married Ann, the sister of Benjamin's 
wife. For a few years subsequent to 1804, he resided on a 
thousand acres which he purchased from John M. Sheppard, 
of Hanover, and which were situated in North Garden on the 
north side of Tom's Mountain. He also removed to Amherst. 
At a later date he was a contractor for erecting the buildings 
of the University. He was the grandfather of Judge Thomp- 
son Brown, of Nelson. 



In 1763 Thomas Burch, of Caroline County, together with 
Ritchins Brame, purchased from Francis Jerdone four hun- 
dred acres on Ivy Creek, a part of the Michael Holland tract, 
of which another part is the present Farmington. He died 
in 1775, leaving his widow Sarah, and fourteen children, 
Mary, the wife of a Hewlett, Cheadle, John, Benjamin, 
Keziah, the wife of a Cook, William, Sarah, the wife of a 
Bowles, Ann, Frances, Samuel, Joseph, Richard, Jean 
Stapleton, the wife of John Rodes, son of the first Clifton, 
and Thomas. His widow and James Kerr were designated 
executors of his will. As to what became of most of this 
large family, no sign remains. 

Samuel was shot by George Carter in his own door on 
Main Street in Charlottesville in 1800. His house was situ- 
ated about where the store of T. T. Norman now stands. His 
wife, who was Mary, daughter of James Kerr, with her 
daughter Sarah , wh6 became the wife of Robert Andrews, re- 
moved to Fleming County, Kentucky, and their interest in the 
lot on which Samuel had lived, was sold to William Thombs 
in 1828. Two sons, Thomas D. and James Kerr settled in 
Wake County, North Carolina, James K., whose wife's name 
was Helen, became a Presbyterian minister, preached at one 
time in Kentucky, and in his last years removed to Missouri. 
His daughter, Catharine was the wife of the distinguished 
divine of Kentucky, Dr. Nathan L,. Rice. 

Joseph Burch in 1786 married Mary, daughter of the elder 
Clifton Rodes and his wife Sarah, daughter of John Waller, 
of Pamunky. He removed to Kentucky. A son of Joseph 
was the Rev. Clifton R. Burch, whose daughter was the wife 
of John C. Breckinridge, the Vice President; and a daughter 
of Joseph was the wife of Waller Bullock, and mother of the 
late Rev. J. J. Bullock, of Baltimore and Washington. 

Richard Burch married Lucy, daughter of William Barks- 
dale in 1791. He was the owner of what is now known as 
the Ivy Cottage plantation, which was no doubt a part of his 
father's place. In 1793 he entered upon a contest with Moses 
Bates in regard to the erection of a mill on Ivy Creek ; and 


in 1813 the Court decided that the right to the bed of the 
creek belonged to Burch. Meanwhile he devoted himself to 
tavern keeping. He conducted a public house at Stony 
Point, then at Michie's Old Tavern, and still later at the 
Swan in Charlottesville. In 1821 he was engaged in the 
same business in Ivovingston, Nelson County. 


John Burnley, an Englishman, who lived in Hanover 
County, returned to England in 1771, leaving in Virginia a 
will of that date, but making another in England in 1778. 
In both of these he bequeathed property to a son Zachariah, 
and to daughters, Elizabeth and Keziah, who were both 
married to Dukes. A litigation followed respecting these 
bequests, and was protracted through a period of fifty years. 
Hardin Burnley, a brother or son of John, obtained patents 
for land in Albemarle from 1749 to 1764. Zachariah, prob- 
ably the one already mentioned, and a citizen of Orange 
County, purchased in 1767 from Dr. Arthur Hopkins nearly 
fifteen hundred acres on Hardware and Totier, which Hardin 
had patented, but forfeited for non-payment of quit rents. 
In 1788 he also purchased upwards of four hundred acres at 
the mouth of Priddy's Creek, which he shortly after sold to 
Peter Clarkson. Nicholas Mills, of Hanover, in 1786 con- 
veyed to James Burnley, of Louisa, a considerable tract of 
land on Beaver Creek, north of Mechum's River Depot, and 
from the nominal consideration specified it is likely he was 
Mill's son-in-law. He fixed his residence there, as did his 
son John also; but toward the close of the century they 
appear to have sold to other persons, and removed elsewhere. 

A Reuben Burnley was the owner of Lots Seventy -Three 
and Seventy-Four in Charlottesville, the square on which Dr. 
W. G. Rogers resides, and with his wife Harriet conveyed 
them in 1806 to Dr. Charles Everett. A James Burnley 
purchased about eighty acres north and northeast of the Uni- 
versity in 1803, but dying before the deed was made, the prop- 
erty was conveyed to his wife Ann. He left a daughter Mary, 
who was married first to John L- O'Neal, and secondly to 


Daniel Piper, and in the decade of 1820 she and her second 
husband sold this land to different persons, in part to the 
University. When the estate of Cornelius Schenk was sold, 
Ann bought Lots Sixty-Seven and Sixty-Eight, immediately 
west of the Episcopal Church, and lived there for many years, 
selling them in 1837 to Alonzo Gooch. From her the spring 
at the foot of the hill, at the junction of the extension of 
High Street with the Whitehall Road, formerly went by the 
name of Burnley's Spring. There can hardly be a doubt 
that all these Burnleys, as well as those mentioned hereafter, 
derived their descent from the same stock. 

Of eight brothers of the name belonging to lyOuisa County, 
two, and the descendants of two others, settled in Albemarle. 
Seth Burnley lived north of Hydraulic Mills, married Ann, 
daughter of Horsley Goodman, and died in 1857. He was 
succeeded by his son Jame.'* H., who married Mildred, daugh- 
ter of John J. Bowcock. Nicholas, who lived in the Beaver 
Creek nieghborhood, married Susan, daughter of James Har- 
ris. He left two sons, James Harris and Joel, who removed 
to Pickaway County, Ohio, and a daughter Mary, who was 
the wife of John T. Wood. Samuel, the son of Henry Burn- 
ley, pursued for many years the calling of a teacher. He 
married Martha, the daughter of his cousin Nathaniel, and 
spent his last days on his farm on Mechunk, not far from 
Union Mills. He died in 1875. A sister of Samuel, Mildred, 
became the wife of Crenshaw Fretwell, and four of his nieces 
the wives of Judge George P. Hughes, James F. Burnley, A. 
J. Wood and J. R. Wingfield. Nathaniel, the son of John 
Burnley, settled in the early part of the century at Stony 
Point, where he kept tavern for many years. In 1829, in 
partnership with Rice W. Wood, he bought from John M. 
Perry the Hydraulic Mills, where he transacted the milling 
and mercantile business until his death in 1860. In 1811 he 
married Sarah, daughter of the elder Drury Wood, and his 
children were James F., William, Horace, Drury, Martha, 
the wife of Samuel Burnley, lyucy, the wife of Charles Vest, 
Mary J., the wife of Dr. Garland A. Garth, Emily, the wife 
of Burwell Garth, and Cornelia, the wife of James P. Railey. 


Nathaniel's sister Elizabeth was married in 1816 to Hudson 

Fret well. 


A family named Buster, occasionally spelled in the records 
Bustard, was settled in the county at, or soon after, its for- 
mation. Its head was William, who lived in North Garden 
on the north fork of Hardware, near where the old White 
mill stood. He was one of the signers of the call to Rev. 
Samuel Black. A bridge called by his name spanned the 
stream near by, and was a landmark in the vicinity up to the 
end of the last century. As early as 1749, his wife Elizabeth 
was left a widow. He had certainly two sons, John and 
Claudius, who were the owners of more than three hundred 
acres on the Hardware. Both also bought land on the head 
waters of Mechum's River. John was for a time a citizen of 
Augusta County. About 1785 he established himself on 
Moore's Creek, a mile or two south of Jesse Maury's resi- 
dence. He was a ruling elder in the D. S. Church, and died 
in 1820, aged eighty-three. He was twice married, first to 
Elizabeth Woods, and secondly, to Alice, daughter of John 
Gilliam. His children were Ann, the wife of John Wingfield, 
Martha, the wife of Matthew Wingfield, Sarah, the wife of 
Dixon Dedman, Margaret, the wife of William Poster, Eliza- 
beth, the wife of George Moore, Patience, the wife of I^evi 
Wheat, Claudius and David. 

Claudius about 1785 purchased the D. S., where he kept 
tavern until his death in 1807. He and his wife Dorcas had 
eleven children, John, Mary, the wife of James Hays, the 
founder of New York, William, Claudius, Thomas, Benja- 
min, Patience, the wife of Charles Bailey, Nancy, the wife of 
William Garland, Robert, Charles Franklin and Elizabeth. 
Claudius, whose wife's name was Ann, and Thomas re- 
moved to Kanawha, where Thomas was a Justice of the 
Peace in 1819. Another of the sons, thought to be Charles 
Franklin, removed to I,oudoun County, whence his descend- 
ants afterwards went to Greenbrier, of which county one of 
them was recently the Clerk. 

A Buster, no doubt another son of William and Elizabeth, 


married Mary, daughter of Thomas Smith, and had two 
sons, John and David. These brothers in 1784 bought a 
tract of land on the old Richard Woods Road southwest of 
Ivy Depot, part of which they sold to William Gooch. John 
also owned the land in North Garden east of Israel's Gap, 
which he sold in 1799 to Thomas Carr, and which was the 
home of!his son Dabney Carr for more than three score years. 
John Buster in 1786 married Lucy, daughter of Mask Leake, 
and about the beginning of the century removed to Charlotte 


Major Thomas Carr, of King William, commenced entering 
land within the present bounds of Albemarle in 1730. Up 
to 1737 he had patented more than five thousand acres along 
the north fork of Rivanna, and on the west side of the South 
West Mountain. The most of this land he gave to his son 
John, of Bear Castle, Louisa. John, who died about 1769, 
was twice married, first to Mary Dabney, and secondly to 
Barbara Overton. His children were Thomas, Dabney, 
Samuel, Overton, Garland, and Sarah, the wife of Nathaniel 
Anderson, who resided on the old glebe of St. Anne's. 
Thomas married Mary Clarkson, and his children were John 
Manoah, Dabney, Thomas, Samuel, and Mary, the wife of 
Howell Lewis, of North Garden. He lived on the south 
fork of the Rivanna, and died in 1807. John M. was the 
Clerk of the District Court of Charlottesville, and the first 
Clerk of the Circuit Court of Albemarle, which ofi&ce he filled 
till 1819. His home was at Belmont, the residence of the late 
Slaughter Ficklin. His wife was Jane, the daughter of Col- 
onel Charles Lewis, of North Garden, and his children Charles 
Lewis, a physician, who married Ann, widow of Richard P. 
Watson, and practised in North Garden, John H., who 
married Malinda, daughter of Manoah Clarkson, Nathaniel, 
Willis, a physician, who married Mary Ann Gaines, and 
practised in the vicinity of Ivy, and Jane. Most of this 
family, it is believed, emigrated to Kentucky. Dabney 
married Lucy, daughter of John Digges, of Nelson, lived in 
he southwest corner of North Garden, near the foot of Israel's 
Gap, and died in 1862, about ninety years of age. 


Dabney, the second son of John, was the rising orator of 
Revolutionary times, mentioned by Wirt in his Life of 
Patrick Henry. He married Martha, sister of Mr. Jefferson. 
He lived in Goochland, but died in 1773 in Charlottesville, 
whither he had come on business. He was buried at old 
Shad well, but in consequence of an agreement made in youth- 
ful friendship, Mr. Jefferson had his remains removed to 
Monticello, where it was the first of a long list of distin- 
guished interments in the present cemetery. His children 
were Peter, Samuel, Dabney, Martha, the wife of Richard 
Terrell, Jane, the wife of Miles Gary, and Ellen, the wife of Dr. 
Newsom, of Mississippi. Peter studied law, was some time 
Mr. Jefferson's private secretary when President, married 
Hester Smith Stevenson, a young widow of Baltimore, lived 
at Carrsbrook, was appointed a magistrate, but soon resigned, 
and died in 1815. He left three children, Dabney, minister 
to Turkey six years from 1843, Ellen, wife of William B. 
Buchanan, of Baltimore, and Jane Margaret, wife of Wilson 
M. Gary. Samuel lived at Dunlora, was a magistrate. Colo- 
nel of cavalry in the war of 1812, member of the House of 
Delegates and the State Senate, married first his cousin Ellen 
Carr, and secondly Maria, sister of Major William S. Dabney, 
was the father of James Lawrence, of Kanawha, and Colonel 
George, of Roanoke, and died in Kanawha in 1849. Dabney 
began life as a lawyer in Charlottesville, married his cousin 
Elizabeth Carr, lived where Ira Garrett so long resided, and 
after being Chancellor of the Winchester District, became 
Judge of the Court of Appeals in 1824. He died in Rich- 
mond in 1837. 

Samuel, the third son of John Carr, was an officer in the 
Navy, married a Mrs. Riddick, of Nansemond, and died 
without children. He devised his place Dunlora to his 
nephew and namesake, Samuel. 

Overton, fourth son of John, married a Mrs. Anderson, 
and resided in Maryland. His two daughters , Ellen and Eliza- 
beth, became the wives of Colonel Samuel and Judge Dabney. 
A son, Jonathan Boucher, came to this county, married his 
cousin Barbara, daughter of Garland Carr, settled in Char- 


lotlesville as a lawyer, was Commonwealth's Attorney for 
eleven years from 1818, bought Dabney Carr's place, and sold 
it to Ira Garrett when he moved to the country, lived wheie 
Dr. H. O. Austin recently resided, and finally emigrated to 
Missouri. He was the father of Mary Ann, wife of Hugh 
Minor. Another son, Overton, was for many years Door- 
keeper of the House of Representatives at Washington. 

Garland, youngest son of John, was a magistrate of the 
county, and lived at Bentivar, where he died in 1838. He 
married Mary, daughter of William Winston, of Hanover, 
and his children were Francis, Daniel Ferrel, James O., 
Barbara, the wife of J. Boucher Carr, Elizabeth, the wife of 
Rev. John D. Paxton, of Rockbridge, and Mary, the wife of 
Achilles Broadhead, who succeeded William Woods as 
County Surveyor, removed to Missouri, and was the father of 
the late Hon. James O. Broadhead, of St. lyouis, and Pro- 
fessor Garland C, of the University of Missouri. Francis 
was in many ways a useful man, a physician, a teacher, an 
editor, Secretary of the County Agricultural Society, Secre- 
tary of the Faculty of the University, and for many years an 
active magistrate. He also served as Sheriff in 1839. He 
married first Virginia, daughter of Richard Terrell, and sec- 
ondly Maria, daughter of Richard Morris. He had two sons, 
Peter, who removed to Missouri, and the late F. E. G. He 
lived in town in the one story frame in the rear of the late 
Thomas Wood's, and in the country at Red Hill, where he 
died in 1854. Daniel Ferrel succeeded his father at Bentivar, 
married Emily, daughter of William Terrell, and died in 
1847, leaving his estate to his son. Dr. W. G. Carr. James 
O., married Mary, daughter of Richard H. Allen, lived at the 
Meadows, the present residence of H. C. Michie, and near 
the close of his life removed to Amherst, where he ,died in 

William Carr was the patentee of upwards of four thou- 
sand acres on the north fork of the Rivanna, above that 
entered by Major Thomas Carr, and embracing the region 
lying west of the Burnt Mills. He was also granted a tract 


of four hundred acres on Buck Mountain Creek. These 
entries were made from 1737 to 1740. After the death of 
William, his widow Susan was married to Ivodowick O'Neal. 
He had a son Thomas, and a daughter Phoebe, the wife of 
Walter Chiles; these persons who sold portions of the land 
above mentioned, belonged to Spotsylvania. A part of this 
land also was the property of Mordecai Hord, during his 
residence in the county. It is likely William had another 
son named Charles, as in 1780 a part of the same land that 
William had entered, and that "had formerly belonged to 
Charles Carr," was sold by Walter Carr (presumably a son 
of Charles) and his wife Klizabeth. 

Three other Carrs, heads of families, lived on the west side 
of the South West Mountain, south of Stony Point. What 
relation they bore to each other, or to those already men- 
tioned, is not known; but there can scarcely be a question 
that they were all derived from the same source. Their 
names were Gideon, Micajah and John. Gideon died in 1795. 
His children were William, Thomas, Mary, the wife of 
Thomas Travillian, John, Gideon, Nancy, the wife of Ben- 
jamin Thurman, Micajah, Elizabeth, the wife of John Fitch, 
and Meekins. It is probable most of the descendants of this 
family emigrated to the West. A notice of the death of 
Thomas Carr is extant, in which it is stated that he was the 
son of Gideon Carr, a pioneer settler on the lyittle Mountain 
in Albemarle, that he removed to Wilson County, Tennessee 
in 1807, and that he died in 1821 in the seventy-ninth year 
of his age. 

Micajah died in 1812. He was at one time the owner of 
Colle. He and his wife Elizabeth had ten children, Mary, 
the wife of W. J. Blades, Martha, the wife of Daniel Shackel- 
ford, Mildred, the wife of James Travillian, David, James, 
John, Henley, the wife of Gideon C. Travillian, Sarah, the 
wife of John H. Maddox, George, who in early life taught 
school in Charlottesville, and at the time of his death in 1886 
was the Nestor of the Albemarle bar, and Burton, who 
removed to Green County, Kentucky. 

John Carr was a successful man. He became the owner 


by purchase of more than fifteen hundred acres in different 
parts of the county. He died in 1809. He and his wife 
Elizabeth had nine children, David, who married Eliza, 
daughter of Achilles Bowcock, Thomas D., Mary, the wife 
of Wiley Dickerson, Malinda, the wife of Drury Wood, 
Nancy, the wife of Allen Jones, Elizabeth, the wife of 
Thomas Salmon, Sarah, the wife of James Early, Anderson, 
who removed to Montgomery County, Tennessee, and John 
F. , who removed to Nelson County. 


John Carter obtained in 1730 the grant of nine thousand, 
three hundred and fifty acres, which embraced the whole of 
what is still called Carter's Mountain. It seems strange he 
should have taken up a rugged mountain, when the whole 
country lay before him to choose from, the Biscuit Run 
valley, the fair campaign between Moore's and Meadow 
Creeks, the fertile lands of Ivy, the North and South Gar- 
dens, and the Rich Cove; but perchance, having spent all 
his days in the tidewater district, wearied with its flatness, 
and languid from its malaria, the breezy summits of the 
mountains had a peculiar charm in his eyes. He was the 
eldest son of Robert (King) Carter, and was made Secretary 
of the Colony in 1721 ; for which appointment it is said he 
paid fifteen hundred pounds sterling. He also patented 
ten thousand acres on Piney and Buffalo Rivers in Amherst. 
He died in 1742, about two years before the formation of 
Albemarle ; hence the title frequently given him in the early 
records in connection with places associated with his name, 
the late Secretary's Ford, Road, Mill, &c. He never lived 
in the county, but had in it two establishments, both fur- 
nished with a large number of servants, the Mill improvement 
on the west side of the mountain, on the north fork of 
Hardware, and the other on the east side called Clear Mount, 
perhaps the same with Redlands, or Blenheim. His eldest 
son Charles succeeded to his patrimonial estate in I<ancas- 
ter, but his lands in Albemarle were given to his son Edward. 
Edward married Sarah Champe, and in his early life lived 


in Fredericksburg, but in his latter years spent much of his 
time at Blenheim. He represented the county in the House 
of Burgesses with Dr. Thomas Walker from 1767 to 1769, 
and in the House of Delegates with George Nicholas in 1788. 
He died in 1792. His children were John, Charles, Sdward, 
William Champe, Hill, George, Whitaker, Robert, Eliza- 
beth, the wife of William Stanard, uncle of Judge Robert 
Stanard, Sarah, the. wife of her cousin George Carter, Jane, 
the wife of Major Verminet, Mary, the wife of Francis T. 
Brooke, Judge of the Court of Appeals, and Ann W. Troup. 

Charles married Elizabeth, daughter of Fielding Lewis, 
and among his children was Maria, the wife of Professor 
George Tucker, of the University, and mother of Eliza, wife 
of Professor Gessner Harrison, and Maria, second wife of 
George Rives. 

Edward married Mary R., daughter of Colonel Charles 
I/ewis, of North Garden, and had among other children by 
this marriage Dr. Charles Carter. His second wife was 
Lucy, daughter of Valentine Wood and Lucy Henry, sister 
of the famous orator. He sold his possessions in Albemarle, 
and removed to Amherst. 

William Champe married Maria Farley, lived at one time 
at Viewmont, which he purchased from Governor Edmund 
Randolph, and subsequently removed to Culpeper. His 
daughter Elizabeth became the wife of Samuel Sterrow, of 
that county. Hill lived in Amherst, and married there it, is 
said, a Miss Rose. 

George became insane, and was no doubt suffering from 
mental derangement, when in 1800 he was bound over for 
challenging James Lewis, and a few days after killed Samuel 
Burch. Mr. Jefferson in a letter to his daughter dated' July 
fourth refers to this event : "A murder in our neighborhood 
is the theme of present conversation. George Carter shot 
Burch of Charlottesville in his own door, and on very slight 
provocation. He died in a few minutes. The examining 
Court meets to morrow." As the result of the trial, he was 
sent to the Asylum, where he continued until his death in 


Whitaker never married, and squandered his property by 
dissipation. He died in Charlottesville in 1821. A year or 
two before his death he conveyed to his sister-in-law, Mrs. 
Mary Eliza Carter, one-seventh and one-twelfth of a parcel 
of land in Fluvanna, about twenty-five acres near Scott's 
Ferry, devised by Edward Carter to his seven youngest sons ; 
in the consideration for this fag-end of a handsome estate, 
"for kindness, pecuniary and other favors," there was some- 
thing sadly pathetic. 

Robert married Mary Eliza, daughter of John Coles. He 
lived at Redlands, just east of Carter's Bridge, where he died 
comparatively young in 1810. His children were John Coles, 
who married Ellen Monroe Bankhead, was a magistrate, was 
once the owner of Farmington, and moved to Missouri. Rob- 
ert H., who succeeded his father at Redlands, was admitted 
to the bar, was appointed a magistrate, and married Margaret 
Smith, a granddaughter of Gov. W. C. Nicholas, Mary, 
the first wife of George Rives, and Sarah, the wife of Dr. 
Benjamin F. Randolph. 


Christopher Clark was a large land owner in Louisa, and 
obtained grants within the present limits of Albemarle in 
1732. He was a Quaker, and with his son Bowling was 
overseer of a Friends' Meeting House, which was situated 
on land he had entered near the Sugar Loaf peak of the South 
West Mountain. He and Bowling also took out patents on 
Totier Creek. Numerous tracts in the eastern part of the 
county were owned by the Clark family. John in 1778 pur- 
chased from Robert Nelson, of Yorktown, more than two 
thousand acres on Mechunk, which were patented in 1733 
by Thomas Darsie, and which Clark sold the same year to 
James Quarles and Joseph Brand. As well as can be ascer- 
tained, Christopher and his wife Penelope had five sons and 
four daughters, Edward, Bowling, Micajah, John, Christo- 
pher, Elizabeth, the wife of Joseph Anthony, who entered 
two thousand and forty acres in Biscuit Run valley, and 
moved to Bedford County, and a number of whose descend- 


ants intermarried with members of the Cabell family, Sarah, 
the wife of Charles Lynch, Rachel, the wife of Thomas 
Moorman, and the wife of Benjamin Johnson. 

The most of the family removed to Bedford, now Campbell 
County. In 1754 EJdward and Bowling were overseers of 
the Friends' South River Meeting House, located on L,ynch's 
Branch of Blackwater Creek, three or four miles from I,ynch- 
burg. Micajah married Judith, daughter of Robert Adams, 
and his children it is believed were Micajah, Robert, Jacob and 
William. Robert married Susan, daughter of John Hender- 
son Sr. , and followed his relatives to Bedford ; his children 
were Robert, the first manufacturer of iron in Kentucky, 
James, Governor of Kentucky when he died in 1839, and 
Bennett, the father and grandfather of the two John Bullock 
Clarks, who were both members of Congress from Missouri, 
and both Generals in the Confederate army. William was 
deputy sheriff for John Marks in 1786, and was empowered 
by the I,egislature on account of his chief's removal to sell 
lands delinquent for taxes. He was also a magistrate of the 
county, and died in 1800. His sons were Jacob, James and 
Micajah, and his widow Elizabeth (Allen) Clark is remem- 
bered by many as the proprietor of Clarksville, an excellent 
house of entertainment near Keswick, recently the country 
seat of James B. Pace, of Richmond. James was a magis- 
trate, married Margaret, daughter of Thomas W. I,ewis, of 
Locust Grove, and in 1836 with most of the Lewis family 
emigrated to Missouri. Micajah became a physician, and 
was for many years a successful practitioner in Richmond. 


Five Clarksons filled a considerable space in the early his- 
tory of the county, Peter, John, William, James and Ma- 
noah. There is documentary evidence that three of these 
were brothers, John, William and James, sons of David 
Clarkson, who came from Amherst; it is probable the other 
two were also brothers in the same family. There seems 
moreover to have been three sisters, Mary, the wife of Thomas 
Carr, Susan, the wife of John Lewis, the father of Jesse, and 
Letitia, the wife of Zebulon Alphin. 


Peter began to purchase land in 1770, buying two hundred 
and fifty acres from John Senter, not far from the present Rio 
Station, which he and his wife Ann sold soon after to Thomas 
Carr. Possessing apparently a large amount of money just 
after the Revolution, he purchased during the decade of 1780 
nearly three thousand acres, lying on Spring Creek near 
Whitehall, south of Ivy Depot, and in the neighborhood of 
the Burnt Mills. On this last tract he made his home until his 
death in 1814. His children were KHzabeth, William, Julius, 
Mary, the wife of Richard Harrison, David, and Ann, the wife 
of Mann Townley. William and Julius were merchants in 
Milton, but the former removed to Bourbon County, Ken- 
tucky. Julius married Mary, daughter of Jesse I,ewis, and 
died in 1812 . His widow afterwards became the wife of John 
H. Craven, and his only child, Elizabeth, the wife of Thomas 
W. Maury. David received a part of his father's place at the 
mouth of Priddy's Creek, where he died early. He and his 
wife l/ucy, daughter of Joseph Morton, had four children, 
Joseph Morton, who emigrated to Alabama, KHzabeth, the 
wife of Richard D. Simms, Mary, the wife of James Collins, 
of Madison, and Nancy, the wife of Francis Catterton. Ann, 
the venerable widow of Peter, died in 1822, in the eighty- 
eighth year of her age. 

John and William settled beside each other, west of the 
road between Hydraulic Mills and the Bowcock place. John 
bought upwards of five hundred acres from Major John Wood, 
and William upwards of four hundred from David Wood. 
A place of business existed somewhere on their land, known as 
Clarkson's Store, in all likelihood conducted by both, as both 
were alike overtaken by business disaster. In 1807 they con- 
veyed their farms to the same trustees to secure debts due 
William Brown & Co. of Richmond, and within nine years 
both farms were sold by the trustees, that of William to 
George Crank, and that of John to Nelson Barksdale. In 
1820 John and his wife Nancy made another conveyance to 
Barksdale, perhaps to dispose of the dower, in consideration 
of a life estate in fifty-nine acres. It is not known whether 
either of the brothers had children, but it is thought that 


James Clarkson, who married Maria, daughter of David 
Wood, was the son of John and Nancy. 

James Clarkson made his home in the forks of Hardware, 
his place embracing the mouth of Eppes Creek, and being 
the same afterwards owned by the young patriot, Roberts 
Coles, and now in the possession of Tucker Coles. He 
bought it from William Champe Carter in 1799. He suffered 
from the burden of debt, and to secure it placed his property 
under a deed of trust ; but he must have arranged his affairs 
successfully, as in 1828 he and his wife Elizabeth sold his farm 
to Thomas Maupin, son of William. He died in 1829 at the 
advanced age of ninety-five. A son Reuben removed to 
Meade County, Kentucky, and another, Julius, married 
Margaret M., daughter of John Thomas. Julius died about 
1835, and in 1838 his widow was married to Robert Cash- 

Manoah Clarkson advanced in the course of life more 
slowly, but more surely. In 1777 he bought nearly three 
hundred acres on Ivy Creek near the Barracks, which he 
sold two years later to John Harvie. He then rented from 
Garland Carr in the forks of the Rivanna. At length he 
purchased from David Anderson six hundred acres three or 
four miles south of Charlottesville, a part of the old Carter 
tract, where he lived until his death in 1829 in his eighty- 
eighth year. He was twice married, and had twelve children, 
Mary, the wife of Jeremiah A. Goodman, Nancy, the wife of 
Jesse l/cwis, Jane, the wife of Thomas Ammonett, Mildred, 
the wife of Nathan Goodman, who went to Kentucky, James, 
Anselm, who moved to Kentucky, Frances, the wife of M. 
C. Darnell, Dorothy, Malinda, the wife of John H. Carr, 
Elizabeth, the wife of William Watkins, Charlotte, the wife 
of Edmund Hamner, and Martha, the wife of Dudley Jones. 


John Cochran came to Charlottesville from Augusta County 
about 1825. For years he was one of the leading merchants 
of the town, occupying the store on the southwest corner of 
Jefferson and Fifth Streets, and residing in the building im- 


mediately to the west. He was a man of energy and sound 
judgment, and achieved great success. In 1829, at the sale 
of lots in Anderson's Addition, he purchased a parcel of 
ground on Park Street, where he erected the large brick man- 
sion, in which he lived until his death in 1883, at the age of 
eighty-six. He was appointed a magistrate of the county in 
1843. His wife was Margaret I/ynn, daughter of Major John 
I^ewis, of Sweet Springs , and his children were Judge John 1,., 
Margaret, the wife of John M. Preston, Howe P., Henry K., 
William Lynn, and George M. Mr. Cochran owned the mill 
on Meadow Creek that had formerly belonged to John H. 
Craven, and has left his name associated with it, and the ad- 
joining pond; which however in the ever-changing move- 
ments of time has already become a thing of the past. 


James Powell Cocke, of Henrico, went to Augusta County 
in 1783, and bought from Rev. James Waddell, the blind 
preacher. Spring Hill, the old Patton place, that lay at the 
west foot of the Blue Ridge. In 1787 he came over to Albe- 
marle, and purchased from Robert Nelson, son of President 
William Nelson, sixteen hundred acres, situated where the 
south fork of Hardware breaks through the mountain, one of 
the tracts patented in the name of Mildred Meriwether. He 
fixed his residence on the east side of Fan's Mountain, and 
the west edge of the Eppes Creek valley, on the place recently 
owned by J. Henry Yates. He first built the mill which has 
ever since continued in that vicinity, and which for many 
years went by his name. His death occurred in 1829. He 
was twice married, first to Elizabeth Archer, and secondly to 
lyucy Smith, and his children were James Powell, who mar- 
ried Martha Ann Lewis, but died without children in 1811, 
Smith, who died unmarried in 1835, Chastain, who also died 
unmarried in 1838, Mary, the wife of Dr. Charles Carter, and 
Martha, the second wife of V. W. Southall. 

Charles Cocke, a nephew of the elder James P., came from 
Southampton County in 1815, and bought from Rezin Porter 
the farm about two miles west of Porter's Precinct, on which 


he lived during his life, and which is now in the possession 
of the lyane brothers. He was a physician, though it is be- 
lieved he never practised in this county. He was an active 
politician, and from 1822 to 1843 was at times a member of 
the House of Delegates, and afterwards of the State Senate. 
He was appointed a magistrate in 1819, and was serving as 
Sheriff at the time the Constitution of 1850 became operative, 
and the office of Justice of the Peace was made elective. It 
is said he sued the county for the salary which would have 
accrued, had his term reached its usual end; but it is hardly 
supposable the sovereign power of a popular convention could 
not cut short any office. After some change in his politics, 
he was defeated as a candidate, and at a Fourth of July din- 
ner occurring shortly after, the circumstance gave rise to the 
following toast: "Dr. Charles Cocke, of Albemarle, a dead 
cock in the pit, killed in wheeling." His wife was Sarah 
Taylor, and he had one daughter, Charlotte, who became the 
wife of William Gordon, of Nelson. 

The distinguished and eccentric General John H. Cocke, 
of Fluvanna, though never a citizen of this county, was yet 
much interested in its affairs through his connection with 
the University. He was prominent among those who labored 
for its establishment, and was one of its first Board of Visit- 
ors. He was an earnest promoter of the cause of Temper- 
ance, and in his efforts to this end, especially to guard the 
students from temptations to inebriety, he purchased nearly 
fifty acres of land on the south side of the University Street, 
extending from the corner near the Dry Bridge to the Junction 
Depot, and built a large hotel in which no liquor was to be 
allowed, and which he named the Delavan, from his eminent 
friend and coadjutor in the cause, of Albany, N. Y. The 
hotel had a wall in front, flanked with heavy pillars, and 
covered with stucco stained with the tawny hue of the Albe- 
marle clay; and from this peculiarity it acquired the popular 
soubriquet of Mudwall. The hotel has long since gone, but 
its site is occupied by the Delavan Colored Church ; and to 
this day there is a struggle for the pre-eminency between the 
names of Delavan and Mudwall. The public-spirited scheme 


t)f the good General was premature; like many other well- 
laid plans of mice and men, it went agley. 

Another person of the same name, prominent in the Green- 
wood neighborhood, was John S. Cocke. He was settled in 
that section as early as 1824. In 1827 he bought from Elijah 
May the tavern which had been well known from the begin- 
ning of the century under the conduct of Colonel Charles 
Yancey and May, but which under Cocke's management 
became still more widely celebrated for its admirable fare 
among the throngs journeying to the Virginia Springs. As 
in the case of many noted hostelries in the county, the advent 
of the railroads destroyed his business. He was a magis- 
trate under the old system, and was active in public affairs. 
Pecuniary troubles overtook him in his old age, and his last 
days were spent in Charlottesville, where he died in 1879. 


In 1778 William Cole, a citizen of Charles City County, 
purchased from John Jones upwards of a thousand acres in 
North Garden, just north of Tom's Mountain. His wife 
was Susanna Watson, a sister it is believed of William 
Watson, who settled in North Garden in 1762. His children 
were William, John, Mary, the wife of Thomas Woolfolk, 
Nancy, the wife of Edmund Anderson, Sarah, Susan, the 
wife of Jasper Anderson, Richard, Joseph and Elizabeth, 
the wife of Joseph H. Irvin. The most of the sons never 
lived in the county, their father leaving them portions of his 
large estate below Richmond. He devised- to Joseph his 
Albemarle land, on which he, his mother and sisters appear 
to have had their dwelling. The father died in 1802, Joseph 
in 1812, and his mother in 1814. In 1815 the land was sold, 
part to Norborne K. Thomas & Co., of Richmond, and 
part to Stephen Moore; a considerable portion of it subse- 
quently came into the possession of Atwell and Philip Edge. 
For many years after the estate had passed into the hands 
of strangers, Miss Sarah Cole, whose residence was in Rich- 
mond, was accustomed to pay annual visits to the old home, 
where the remains of many of her kindred lay buried. 

172 history of albkmarle 

The main body of the land on which the Coles family re- 
sided, was granted to Francis Eppes in 1730, who received 
a patent for six thousand, five hundred acres. He devised 
it to his sons Richard and William. They sold three thou- 
sand acres to John Coles, but their deed was never admitted 
to record, because proved by only two witnesses. In 1777 
Francis Eppes, son of Richard, with his wife Elizabeth, made 
a conveyance of the tract to Mr. Coles, and acknowledged it 
before Thomas Jefierson and George Gilmer as magistrates. 

John Coles' father, John, came to this country from Ennis- 
corthy, Ireland, and established himself in Hanover Countyj 
Virginia, where he married Mary Winston. His children were 
Walter, Sarah, Mary, the wife of John Payne, and mother of 
Dorothy, President Madison's wife, John, and Isaac, who 
lived in Halifax County, and was a member of Congress 
from that district. John settled in Albemarle on the land 
above mentioned. He married Rebecca E. Tucker, who 
first drew the breath of life in the historic city of Jamestown. 
His children were Walter, John, Isaac, Tucker, Edward, 
Rebecca, the wife of Richard Singleton, of South Carolina, 
Mary Eliza, the wife of Robert Carter, Sarah, the wife of 
Andrew Stevenson, Elizabeth, and Emily, the wife of John 
Rutherford, of Richmond. John Coles died in 1808, and his 
wife in 1826. 

Walter was a magistrate of the county, but soon resigned. 
His home was at Woodville, the present residence of Charles 
Shaw, where he died in 1854, at the age of eighty-two. He 
married first Eliza, daughter of Bowler Cocke, of Turkey 
Island, and secondly Sarah, daughter of John Swann, of 
Powhatan. His children were Walter, who succeeded his 
father at Woodville, who married Ann E. Carter, and who 
was the father of Dr. Walter, of St. I^ouis, and of Sarah and 
Elizabeth, still residing near the old home, and Edward, 
who was given a farm about five miles south of Charlottes - 
ville, which his father bought from William T. Henderson 
in 1806, who married I^etitia, daughter of Rezin Wheat, and 
who died in 1883. 


John married Selina Skipwith, of Mecklenburg. His home 
was Estouteville, where he died in 1848. He left three sons, 
John, who lived near Warren, Peyton, who married his 
cousin Isaetta, and succeeded his father at Bstouteville, where 
he died in 1887, and Tucker, whose present residence is 

Isaac A. was a member of the Albemarle bar, for a time 
President Jefferson's private secretary, and a member of the 
House of Delegates. He lived at Enniscorthy, married 
Mrs. Julia Strieker Rankin, widow of Hon. Christopher 
Rankin, of I^ouisiana, and had two children, Isaetta and 
Strieker. He died in 1841 , and his wife in 1876. Tucker also 
represented the county in the House of Delegates. He mar- 
ried Helen Skipwith, of Mecklenburg, and died without 
children at Tallwood in 1861 . 

Kdward, the youngest son of John Coles, was the private 
secretary of President Madison, sold the plantation on Rock- 
fish River left him by his father, and in 1818 removed to Illi- 
nois, carrying with him all his slaves, giving them their 
freedom, and settling them by families on farms near Edwards- 
ville. He was appointed by Mr. Monroe first Governor of the 
Territory of Illinois, was elected its second Governor when 
it became a State, and having made an earnest and success- 
ful struggle against a party seeking to make it a slave State, 
he removed to Philadelphia in 1832. He there married Sarah 
I/. Roberts, and died in 1868. He had three children, one of 
whom, Roberts, came to Virginia, lived on the old Clarkson 
farm on the south fork of Hardware, was a Captain in the 
Confederate army, and fell on Roanoke Island in 1862. His 
remains were brought for interment to the Coles cemetery at 


The parents of JohnH. Craven belonged to Bucks County, 
Pennsylvania. He himself came to Albemarle from Loudoun 
County in 1800; in that year he became a renter from 
Mr. Jefferson of the land that now comprises the farm 
of Tufton. The lease was evidently drawn by Mr. Jeffer- 
son in the clear and exact language with which he 


usually wrote, mentioning the fields each by its own namCj 
and the order of their crops, and providing for the pay- 
ment of the rent in gold and silver, and the continuance 
of the ratio between them at that time existing, even 
though it might be changed by law during the term of the 
lease. Before its expiration — it was to run for five years — Cra- 
ven began to purchase land from Isaac Miller, and from Tucker 
and Samuel H. Woodson, till he was the owner of more than 
six hundred acres lying north and northwest of Charlottes- 
ville. In 1819 he bought from Richard Sampson, Pen Park, 
then containing four hundred acres, and two years later from 
the same person nearly five hundred acres on the east side of 
the Rivanna; so that his possessions extended from the top 
of Rich Mountain to Meadow Creek, opposite the present res- 
idence of H. C. Michie. He owned the mill now known as 
Cochran's, but then called the Park Mills. He was consid- 
ered one of the best farmers of the county. After the death 
of his first wife Elizabeth, he married Mary, widow of Julius 
Clarkson, and daughter of Jesse Ivewis. His children were 
John D. , who married Jane Wills, George W., who married 
Susan, daughter of Alexander St. C. Heiskell, William, who 
married Kllen Craven, his cousin, removed to Illinois, and 
died in Jacksonville in that State in 1868, Elizabeth, the 
wife of Stapleton C. Sneed, Amanda, the wife of Malcolm F. 
Crawford, and Sarah, the wife of Robert W. Ivewis. All 
these were the parents of large families, and their descend- 
ants have for the most part emigrated to other sections of the 
country. The old home of John D. Craven on Rose Hill, 
still occupied by his remaining children, is the only portion 
of the great estate now belonging to the name. John H. 
Craven died in 1845. 


In 1759 John Dabney, of Hanover, bought from Joel Ter- 
rell and David I<ewis four hundred acres, and from Joel 
Terrell four hundred more, which included the present Bird- 
wood plantation, and the oldest tavern perhaps in all the 
section, called at the time Terrell's Ordinary. In 1764 Wil- 
liam Dabney, a brother, purchased from Archibald Wood& 


four hundred acres on Mechum's River, above the Depot of 
that name. John soon returned to Hanover. William sold 
his place in 1768 to William Shelton, and John having died 
in the meantime, his trustees sold his land in 1773, six hun- 
dred acres of it to James Kerr, and the remainder to Robert 

In 1803 William S. Dabney came to the county, and 
bought from Wilson C. Nicholas nearly nine hundred acres 
on the head waters of Ballenger's and Green Creeks, now in 
the possession of Kdward Coles. He died in 1813. His wife 
was Sarah Watson, of Green Spring, Louisa, and his 
children were Maria, the wife of Colonel Samuel Can, James, 
Walter, William S., May Senora, the wife of Benjamin M. 
Perkins, and I^ouisa, the wife of William M. Woods. Walter 
removed to Arkansas. William S. succeeded his father in 
the possession of the farm. He was a man of decided 
efficiency and success, both in his private business and in 
matters of public concern. He was appointed a magistrate 
in 1835, and entrusted with many affairs of importance by 
his brethren of the county bench. His taste was relied on 
as well as his judgment. In 1856 when improvements to the 
courthouse were conternplated, a plan reported by him was 
adopted, according to which the present enclosure and pave- 
ments of the Square were made. In 1846 he purchased Dun- 
lora, Colonel Samuel Carr's old place, whither he removed, 
and where he died in 1865. He married Susan Gordon, and 
his family had the unusual distinction of having two sons 
occupy leading professorships in the University of Virginia, 
William C. in the Medical Faculty and Walter in that of 

Mildred, daughter of Samuel Dabney and his wife Jane 
Meriwether, of Hanover, was the wife of Dr. Reuben I^ewis, 
brother of the celebrated explorer. She died at her home near 
Ivy Depot in 1851. 


Isaac Davis in 1769 bought from the Webb family, of New 
Kent County, eight hundred acres on the north fork of the 
Rivanna, near Webb's Mountain. His deed for this land 


was witnessed by the great orator, Patrick Henry, and was 
probably drawn by him. He was one of the early magis- 
trates of the county. Dr. George Gilmer in a letter to Mr. 
Jefferson at the outbreak of the Revolution, refers to him; 
mentioning his leading the Albemarle company to Williams- 
burg, he speaks of old Isaac Davis marching at the head of 
the troop, as an indication of the determined and zealous 
spirit that animated the people. Many years were allotted 
the old patriot after the close of the war, his death not 
occurring till 1805. His children were William, Elizabeth, 
the wife of Richard Durrett, Isaac, who married Harriet, 
daughter of Garland Garth, and Robert. 

John A. G. Davis came to Albemarle from Middlesex, 
and engaged in the practice of law. In 1828 he was associ- 
ated with Thomas W. Gilmer in the publication of the Vir- 
ginia Advocate. In 1830 he was chosen to occupy the 
professorship of I,aw in the University of Virginia, as the 
successor of John T. I,omax. His death took place in 1840. 
He married Mary Jane, daughter of Richard Terrell and his 
wife Martha, who was the daughter of Dabney Carr and 
Martha, sister of Mr. Jefferson. His children were Eugene, 
Dr. John Staige, Rev. Dabney C. T., Rev. Richard T., and 
Caryetta, wife of Robert C. Saunders. 


The name of Dawson has place in the records from the 
beginning of the countj'. At the first meeting of the County 
Court, Martin Dawson was appointed to appraise the estate 
of Charles Blaney in the vicinity of the Cove, In 1747 he 
patented three hundred acres on Buck Island, which he sold 
in 1761 to John Burrus. He lived onBallenger's Creek, and 
was no doubt the father of Rev. Martin Dawson, one of the 
earliest Baptist preachers of Albemarle. The son com- 
menced preaching during the Revolutionary War, and as soon 
as the statute of religious freedom was passed, giving to 
non- Episcopal ministers a license to solemnize the rite of 
marriage, he was greatly in demand in this respect as well 
as in the pulpit. He supplied the Baptist churches through- 


out the county, but his labors were chiefly given to the 
Totier Church, which was commonly called by his name. 
His home was on a farm of more than five hundred acres, 
which lay southeast of Hughes's Shop, and there he finished 
his earthly course in 1821: His wife's name was Elizabeth, 
and of his twelve children, Martin, the eldest, removed to 
Gallia County, Ohio, John in 1812 to Mississippi Territory, 
and Elijah, who married Martha, daughter of Benajah Gentry, 
to Missouri. Another son, Allen, married I^ucy, daughter 
of Christopher Wingfield, and was for a number of years a 
citizen of Charlottesville, a magistrate, clerk of the town 
trustees, and deputy Suveyor of the county. He also taught 
school, first on his farm four or five miles south of town, 
and afterwards at his house on Main Street near east Third, 
which from his institution, and the Female Seminary, being 
located thereon, received its former name of School Street- 
Notwithstanding his multifarious occupations, he was un- 
successful. Accumulated debts constrained the sale of his 
property piece by piece, till all was gone. A daughter of 
Rev. Martin, Elizabeth, was the wife of Reuben Elsom, who 
lived in the southern part of the county. 

As early as 1757, John Dawson, whose wife was Sarah 
Carroll, was living on the waters of Carroll Creek. Did he 
remove to Amherst, now Nelson, and was he the father of 
Martin, the well known merchant of Milton? Certain it is, 
that Martin's father was named John, that his place was in 
Nelson, not far from Faber's Mills, and that he was the 
brother of Rev. Martin's father. Martin was one of nine 
children. He established himself in Milton shortly after it 
was founded, at first apparently connected with Brown, Rives 
& Co.; and he continued to be associated with the village, 
until its business was wholly absorbed by Charlottesville 
and Scottsville. By his diligence, thrift and good judgment, 
he amassed a considerable fortune. About 1822 he purchased 
Beilairon the north side of Hardware below Carter's Bridge, 
which had before belonged to Charles Wingfield Jr., and 
there he made his residence until his death in 1835. He 


left a will so elaborately indited, that it was twice taken 
before the Court of Appeals for construction. In his desire 
to promote popular education, he directed that an academy 
should be established at each of the three places, Milton, 
Bellair, and his father's old homestead in Nelson ; that suit- 
able buildings should be erected both for teachers and 
scholars; and that their advantages should be assigned in 
the first place to the boys of Albemarle and Nelson. Having 
a premonition that these provisions might be adjudged 
invalid, he directed that in case they were set aside, his 
property at the places mentioned should be sold, the pro- 
ceeds transferred to the Iviterary Fund of the State, and the 
interest devoted to the cause of education in the two counties 
specified. The latter bequest was approved by the judg- 
ment of the Court. He also prescribed the enclosing of ten 
acres at the old homestead in Nelson as a family burial place , 
where he enjoined his own remains to be interred. Besides 
his private business, he was much employed in that of the 
county. He was appointed a magistrate in 1806, and fre- 
quently occupied a seat on the bench of the County Court. 
He never married. 

A brother. Pleasant Dawson, was the owner of nearly 
fifteen hundred acres on the lower Hardware. He was 
engaged in milling operations, in the prosecution of which 
he was involved in a long litigation with lyittlebury Moon. 
He died unmarried in 1826. A sister, Nancy, was the wife 
of Rev. Hugh White, a Baptist minister, who was for a time 
a lot holder both in Charlottesville and Milton. 

Another brother was John S. Dawson, the father of seven 
children, some of whose representatives are at present resi- 
dents of the county. His son, Benjamin, married Dorothy 
Childress, and of their children Benjamin H. lives at the 
western foot of Still House Mountain, and Andrew, and 
Agnes, the wife of Peter Turner, about two miles south of 
Porter's Precinct. Another son of John S , was Pleasant I/. , 
whose daughter Jane, the wife of Dr. Isaac F. Forbes, 
recently died in Charlottesville, at the house of her son-in- 
law, Harrison Robertson, and whose son, John ly., still 


lives on the lower Hardware, where he has long and use- 
fully discharged the ofi&ce of Justice of the Peace. Pleasant's 
widow, Mahala, survives in the enjoyment of a green old 
age, and forms a link between this and former generations. 


Samuel Dedman came to Albemarle from I^ouisa in 1768. 
He settled in the Ragged Mountains, about a mile below 
the Reservoir, where he purchased two hundred acres from 
William T. I^ewis. He died in 1800. He and his wife 
Mary had a large family, John, Samuel, Richmond, Bart- 
lett, Nathan, who married Elizabeth, daughter of William 
Gooch, and from whom are descended Rev. Neander Woods, 
of Memphis,, and Rev. William H. Woods, of Baltimore, 
Dixon, Sarah, the second wife of John Everett, Susan, Nancy, 
the wife of Moses Clack, and Mary, the wife of John Simms. 
They all eventually emigrated to the West, some to south- 
west Virginia, and others to Kentucky. Bartlett lived for a 
few years in Charlottesville. He built a dwelling on a lot 
he purchased from John Nicholas at the foot of Fourth 
Street east, which he sold in 1801 to William Waller Hening. 
Dixon was the last to remain in the county. He succeeded 
to the property below the Reservoir. He was twice married, 
first to Sarah, daughter of John Buster, and secondly to 
Sarah Drumheller. He finally sold out about 1828, and 
went West. 


John Dickerson was settled in the north part of the county, 
while yet it belonged to Louisa. He lived on the north fork 
of the Rivanna, not far from Piney Mountain. He died in 
1788. He and his wife Mary had three sons, John, William 
and Thomas. Thomas died in 1807. His wife's name was 
Mildred, and his children were Frances, the wife of Rev. 
John Goodman, the wife of William Thurman, the wife of 
John Crossthwait, Thomas, Wiley, who married Nancy, 
daughter of Rev. Jacob Watts, and Lucy. Another 
Wiley, son of one of the other brothers, married in 1789 
Mary, daughter of John Carr. He died in 1847. His chil- 


dren were William, Willis, Malinda, the wife of George W. 
Turpin, Martha, the wife of Richard Simms Brockman, the 
wife of B. C. Johnson, Mary, the wife of Elisha Thurman, 
and Sarah, the wife of Archibald Duke. 


The family of Dollins has been established in the county 
from early times. The first of the name was Richard, who 
in 1761 bought land on the head waters of Mechum's River, 
and a few years later purchased from the Stockton family on 
Virgin Spring Branch. He died in 1774. His wife's name 
was Elizabeth, and his children were Ann, Presley, John and 
William. John died in 1787. He and his wife Elizabeth had 
six children, one of whom was John, who died in 1823, leav- 
ing five sons and one daughter, John, Tyree, Richard, Jere- 
miah, William, and Susan, who was the wife of a Poison. 
Of this family, Jeremiah married a daughter of Nicholas Mer- 
ritt, and died in 1856. Hischildren were Tyree, Martha, the 
wife of William I,upton, John, Nicholas, Mary Ann, the wife 
of a Rogers, and Sarah, the wife of a Baber. Some of the 
earliest nurseries in the county were planted by members of 
this family, and on this account the name is well known in 
connection with the cultivation of fruit. 


A family of Douglass was living in the Cove neighborhood 
as early as 1751, two of which were James and George, 
probably brothers. They were among the first members of 
the Cove Presbyterian Church. George died in 1785. 

Three brothers named Douglass resided in the north part 
of the county in 1761, Charles, Thomas and John. Their 
farms were situated on the Barboursville Road near the Or- 
ange line. Charles married a daughter of Robert and Mourn- 
ing Adams, and died in 1823. His children were Robert and 
Charles, to whom he gave lands he owned in Kentucky, and 
who removed to that State, Ann, the wife of Joseph Timber - 
lake, Judith, the wife of John Dickerson, and Sarah. 
Thomas died in 1830, leaving four children, James, Achilles, 


Nancy and John. Achilles was appointed a magistrate in 
1796, and acted a prominent part in the afiairs of the county. 
He served as Sheriff in 1823. He married Nancy, daughter 
of Jason Bowcock, and died in 1844. His home the latter 
part of his life was on the north fork of Priddy's Creek, near 
the present station of Burnley's. John Douglass Jr., married 
Mildred Bowcock, a sister of Achilles's wife. 


John Dowell was one of the pioneers who broke the virgin 
soil of the county. He obtained a patent for four hundred 
acres on Priddy's Creek in 1738, and up to 1759 had received 
grants of more than a thousand acres in that section. He 
died, it is believed, sometime during the Revolutionary War. 
He left at least four sons, John, who died in 1794, William, 
who died in 1795, Ambrose, and Thomas, who died in 1815. 
All had large families, and from them are descended those 
who still bear the name in the county, besides others who 
removed to different parts of the West. 


James Duke, of Henrico, was the owner of two hundred 
acres on Beaver Creek, in which he probably became inter- 
ested through his kinsman James Burnley, both of whom 
were descended Jrom the Englishman, John Burnley, before 
referred to. He and his wife Mary disposed of this land in 
1795 to George West. Cleviers Duke, of Louisa, also 
descended from John Burnley, had two sons Richard and 
James, who were settled in Albemarle. In 1806 Richard 
married Maria, daughter of Thomas Walker Jr! In 1821 he 
purchased from M. 1,. Walker and John Wren the Rivanna 
Mills, afterwards known as the Burnt Mills, which they and 
G. G. Lindsay had bought from Dabney Minor in 1819. He 
was appointed a magistrate in 1819, served as Sheriff in 1847, 
and died at Morea in 1849. His children were William J., 
who married Emily Anderson, Lucy, who was the wife of 
David Wood, and with him removed to west Tennessee, where 
she was married secondly to John H. Bills, Mary J., the wife 


of William T. Smith, Mildred, the wife of Christopher Gilmer, 
Sarah, the wife of Harvey Deskins, Martha, Margaret, the 
wife of Robert Rodes, Charles and Richard T. W. R. T. 
W. married Elizabeth Eskridge, of Staunton, taught school 
in L,ewisburg, W. Va., was admitted to Albemarle bar in 
1849, filled the office of Commonwealth's Attorney three 
times, represented the county in the House of Delegates, was 
a member of Congress, was Colonel of the Forty-Sixth Vir- 
ginia in the civil war, and died in 1898. 

James, the brother of Richard, was associated w'th him in 
the management of the Rivanna Mills. In 1832 he purchased 
from James McCuUoch the brick mill and store located at 
Millington. Subsequently he established a mill on Rocky 
Creek, where he spent his remaining days. He was 
appointed to the county bench in 1838, and departed this life 
in 1844. His wife was Miss Biggers, of Ivouisa, and his 
children were Richard, who removed to Nelson County, 
Horace, who removed to Mississippi, Charlotte, the wife of 
Dr William G. Carr, and Lucy, the wife of Thomas Ballard. 
A daughter of Richard became the wife of John Cole, and 
resides where her grandfather died. 

Alexander Duke, of Hanover, in 1835 married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Alexander Garrett. For some years he was con- 
nected with Rev. Pike Powers, and afterwards with Charles 
Slaughter, in conducting a high school at Midway. He was 
the father of Mrs. Horace Jones. 


Two brothers named Dunkum lived on the Carter's Bridge 
Road south ofCharlottesviUe, in the early part of the century, 
and both were efficient and prosperous farmers. William, 
who resided nearer town at the place lately occupied by I,ord 
Pelham-Clinton, and now by Mr. Harbottle, began his pur- 
chase of land in 1803, and continued it until his plantation 
comprised nearly a thousand acres. In 1837 he conveyed to 
Ivcwis Teel, Robert Gentry and Jeremiah A. Goodman the 
land on which stood the Piney Grove Baptist Church. He 
died in 1846. His wife was Frances Gentry, and his chil- 


dren were Mary Ann, the wife of I^ewis Sowell, William 1,., 
Chesley, James T. , Frances, the wife of Jesse I/. Fry, Eliza- 
beth, the wife of Philip Edge, Martha, the wife of John H. 
Barksdale, Susan, the wife of J. Ralls Abell, and Elijah, who 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Benjamin Ficklin, and built 
the large brick house on Ridge Street long occupied by the 
late Dr. R. B. Dice. 

John Dunkum lived about a mile south of his brother, where 
he settled in 1807. His lands were in extent but little short 
of those of William. He died in 1855. He married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Marshall Durrett, and his children were 
James, Martha, the wife of William Pitts, Mary, the wife of 
Chester BuUard, Elizabeth, Jane, and Sarah Ann, the first 
wife of Philip Edge. 


The name of Durrett was connected with the territory of 
Albemarle, while it was yet a part of Hanover. In 1737 Bar- 
tholomew Durrett patented nearly three hundred acres on 
Priddy's Creek, and the next year Richard patented three 
hundred in the same section. A genealogical chart of the 
Terrells in the possession of Gen. W. H. H. Terrell, of In- 
dianapolis, states that Abigail, daughter of Henry Terrell and 
Ann Chiles, of Caroline, was married to Colonel Durrett, of 
Albemarle. If this refers to Colonel Richard, she must have 
been a first wife. According to the records, the name of 
Richard's wife was Sarah. He passed his days on Priddy's 
Creek, and died in 1784. His children were Richard, Eliza- 
beth, the wife of Jacob Watts, Ann, the wife of Robert San- 
ford, Frances, the wife of Frederick William Wills, Agatha, 
the wife of William Flint, Mildred, the wife of a Williams, 
the wife of Stephen K. Smith, and the wife of a Burrus. 

Richard the younger, James Douglass and others bought 
parts of a large tract of land on Priddy's Creek, which had 
belonged to Roger Dixon. Dixon in 1766 had encumbered it 
with a deed of trust for the benefit of James Harford, an 
English merchant; and when the purchasers bought, they 
perhaps regarded themselves safe under the acts of the lyCg- 
islature barring the debts of British creditors. But Harford 


brought suit against the claimants in the United States Court, 
and about 1809 recovered judgment, so that they were obliged 
to pay again for their shares. Durrett's share amounted to 
five hundred and fifty acres. In 1772 he began purchasing 
the tract adjoining Earlysville, on which he resided the 
remainder of his life. He died in 1820. His wife was Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Isaac Davis, and his children John D., 
Isaac W., Thomas, Davis, Robert D., Mildred, the wife of 
James Simms, Susan, the wife of Thomas Garth, Elizabeth, 
the wife of James Watts, Sarah, the wife of John Early, and 
Frances, the wife of Archibald Buckner. John D. married 
Frances Davis, and his children were Matilda, the wife of Wil- 
liam Catter ton, Thomas, who married Emily Wood, Frances, 
Elizabeth, the wife of Daniel P. Key, Sarah, Isaac, and Rich- 
ard W., who married I,ucy Twyman. Thomas married 
Frances Simms, and his son Thomas married Mary, daughter 
of James Early, and was the father of Dr. James T. , and 
Frank. Robert D. married Elizabeth Price. 

Two brothers of this name became residents of the Bates - 
ville district the latter part of the last century. They came 
from Caroline, and were no doubt of the same stock with 
those just mentioned, though it seems impossible now to 
trace the relationship. Marshall Durrett in 1783 purchased 
from Robert Terrell nearly four hundred acres on the head 
waters of Mechum's River, where he was living at the time; 
and as the land he bought was part of that entered by Henry 
Terrell, of Caroline, the Abigail Terrell already alluded to 
may have been his first wife. In 1803 he purchased from 
Robert Boiling in the North Garden, whither he removed and 
resided until his death in 1834. He was appointed a magis- 
trate in 1796, and served as Sheriff in 1819, succeeding 
Charles Wingfield Jr., who at the time of his death had occu- 
pied the office but a month. Marshall's wife was Dorothy, 
daughter of John Digges, of Nelson, and his children Sarah, 
the wife of Robert Field, Richard, Rice, Marcus, Silas, Ben- 
jamin, Paul, Ann, the wife of William Morris, and afterwards 
of John D. Rodes, Elizabeth, the wife of John Dunkum, and 
John. Marcus succeeded his father in the home in North 


Garden. He was also a magistrate, one of the last set 
appointed under the old Constitution. He married Sarah 
Ann, daughter of H. Carter Moore, and died in 1878. 

James Durrett, the brother of Marshall, in 1799 purchased 
land of John Epperson, where he resided until his death in 
1822. His place was the same afterwards owned by C. W. 
Purcell, of Richmond, Alton Park. He married Nancy 
Digges, a sister of his brother's wife, and his children were 
Frances, the wife of Richard Richardson, Sarah, the wife of 
Horsley Goodman, William, Mildred, the wife of William 
Bumgardner, Elizabeth.the wife of William McClunn, Nancy, 
the wife of Colston Heiskell, who removed to Philadelphia, 
James, who married Susan Goodman, John, who married 
Mary Diggs, and Richard, who married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of William Piper. Many of the descendants of these 
brothers removed to Kentucky and Missouri. 


Samuel Dyer appeared before the Albemarle Circuit Court 
in October, 1835, to apply for a pension as a Revolutionary 
soldier. He then stated that he was born October 8th, 1756, 
and was in his eightieth year. His first purchase of land 
was made in 1787 from Thomas Staples, consisting of five 
hundred acres, and extending from Hudson's Creek to Totier, 
in all likelihood embracing his home, Plain Dealing, where 
he lived and died. His store, a well known place of business 
in those days, was situated at the junction of the roads from 
Staunton and Charlottesville to Scott's Landing. He was so 
successful in his mercantile pursuits, that he soon became the 
owner of more than twenty-two hundred acres. He estab- 
lished extensive milling operations at Glendower. He was 
much employed in public business, being appointed on 
account of his integrity and sound judgment largely to 
superintend matters of general concern in his section of the 
county. He finished his earthly course in 1840, aged eighty- 
four, and his venerable partner, whose name was Celia 
Bickley, died the same year. 

Their family consisted of eleven children, William H. 


who was appointed a magistrate in 1824, Ann, the wife of 
George Robertson, Elizabeth, the wife of George M. Payne, 
John, Thomas, Mary Jane, the wife of George A. Nicholson, 
Martha, the wife of Joseph S. Watkins, Samuel, Francis B., 
Robert and Sarah. During the decade of 1830 most of the 
children emigrated to Missouri. Francis was one who re- 
mained. For a number of years he was a prominent member 
of the Albemarle bar. He built the brick house and office 
on East Jefferson and Seventh Streets, now occupied by 
Major Horace Jones. Obliged by business misfortune, in- 
duced perhaps by extravagant living, to surrender this prop- 
erty, he removed to the house on Park Street, the present 
residence of Drury Wood, where he died in 1838. Many 
now living remember him as a man of genial disposition 
and great corpulence; yet withal he was captain of an artil- 
lery company (with John Eubank as orderly sergeant) which 
drilled annually at Old's Forge on the north fork of Hard- 
ware. He married Sarah White, of Staunton, and was the 
father of five children, one of whom, Celia, was the wife of 
William P. Staples, of Richmond. 


A family named Fades were among the early settlers in the 
southern part of the county. Abraham Fades patented land 
on Ballenger's Creek in 1751. In 1758 Joseph gave to his 
sons, Thomas and John, one hundred and fifty acres on 
Totier, and the next year Jacob sold three hundred acres on 
Totierto Rev. John Ramsey, rector of St. Anne's. It is likely 
Abraham, Joseph and Jacob were brothers. The two latter 
disappear from the records, and they, or their families, prob- 
ably fell in with the tide of emigration that bore away such 
numbers to the West. Abraham, a son of Abraham, was 
for many years in the early part of the century, engaged in 
the inspection of tobacco in the Nicholas Warehouse at War- 
ren. He died in 1828. His family were Joseph, Mildred, 
the wife of a Shepherd, Abraham, Susan, Charlotte, and 
Sarah, the wife of Richard Chandler. Shepherd Fades, a 
son of one of this family, married Mary, daughter of Benja- 


min Norvell, and died in 1848. He left a son Shepherd, and 
three daughters, Mary Ann, the wife of a Starke, Charlotte, 
the wife of a Turner, and Sarah, the wife of a Venable. 


The name of Early is first mentioned in the records in 
1790, when Joel, executor of Jeremiah Early, purchased 
from Charles Hammond three hundred acres on the Rivanna 
in the Burnt Mills neighborhood, which had formerly be- 
longed to Walter Carr. It is probable these persons were 
citizens of Orange. In 1809 James Early, certainly from 
Orange, bought eighteen hundred and ninety -four acres on 
Buck Mountain Creek from the representatives of Major 
Henry Burke, who had been a magistrate of the county, and 
Major in the Eighty-Eighth Regiment, and who died in 1803. 
The children of James Early and his wife Elizabeth, were 
John, James, Joab, William, IvUcy, the wife of James Simms, 
Theodosia, the wife of George Stevens, and Elizabeth, the 
wife of Thomas Chapman. 

John Early in 1822 bought Irom the executors of Richard 
Durrett nearly a thousand acres lying between the Buck 
Mountain Road and Jacob's Run. From him the village of 
Earlysville derived its name, and in 1833 he gave to Thomas 
I^ane, David Thompson and Henry Marshall the ground on 
which its church was built. He was twice married, first to 
Sarah, daughter of Richard Durrett, and secondly to Mrs. 
Margaret Allen Timberlake. He died 1833. His children 
were James T. , Isaac Davis, Susan, Elizabeth, the wife of 
Edward Ferneyhough, Amanda, the wife of Joshua Jackson, 
Mildred, the wife of Richard Wingfield, Thomas, Frances, 
Joseph, Jeremiah A. and William. James, son of James, 
married Sarah Carr, and among his children were John F. 
Early, who some twenty years ago opened a female Seminary 
in the Shackelford house on High Street, and afterwards 
removed to Texas, Mary, the wife of Thomas Durrett, and 
Frances, the wife of Isaac Davis, and mother of Mrs. W. R. 
Burnley. Joab married Elizabeth Thompson, and his chil- 
dren were William T., well remembered by many as Buck 


Early, and James and Nathaniel, of Greene County. Wil- 
liam, son of James, married Sarah Graves, and his children 
were William I^., of Madison, and Thomas J., who married 
Caroline, daughter of the elder Drury Wood. 


Families of the Eubank name have lived along the south 
fork of Hardware from the earliest times. They sprang 
from two brothers, George and John. It is believed they 
came from Orange County. In 1758 George bought from 
James Ireland three hundred acres on Beaverdam, not far 
from the present Soapstone Quarries. The next year John 
purchased from Matthew Jordan in the same vicinity. -The 
year after the organization of the county, 1746, a John Eu- 
bank obtained a grant of nearly three hundred acres on 
Rocky Creek, in its northwest section ; it is possible he was 
the same person as the one just mentioned. 

John died in 1789, His wife's name was Hannah, and 
his children were John, James, William, Nancy, Elizabeth 
and Sarah, who were both married to brothers named For- 
tune, a family that lived in the same neighborhood, and 
Frances, the wife of a Gilmer. George died in 1802. He 
and his wife Mary had six children, John, Elizabeth, George, 
Frances, the wife of her cousin, John Eubank, Nancy, the 
wife of David Watson, and Mary, the wife of Richard Hazel- 
rig. George also brought up two orphan children. Nelson 
and Sarah Key, whom he committed to the care of his 
daughter Frances and her husband, and for whose subse- 
quent welfare he made special provision. His two sons, 
John and George, had each twelve children. 

The Eubanks appear to have been quiet, industrious 
farmers, fairly prosperous in their worldly affairs. The 
family particularly marked for its energy and success was 
that of James, son of John. He married Mildred Melton, 
and had five sons and three daughters. He died in 1821, 
leaving a considerable estate. Two of his sons, John and 
George W., took advantage of the opening of the Staunton 
and James River Turnpike, established taverns on the road. 


and for many years did a large business in the entertain- 
ment of those transporting the vast amount of produce at 
that time passing between the Valley and Scottsville. George 
married his cousin, Winifred Kubank, and had eight children. 
He died in 1841. John married Sarah Strange, and died 
without children in 1854. Emigration to the West has taken 
many from the different branches of this family, so that 
comparatively few of the name remain now in the county. 


John Everett was the first of the name to appear in the 
county. At one time he lived on the waters of Moore's Creek, 
on the place adjoining the old I^ewis place, the present Bird - 
wood. This place he purchased from John Spencer in 1781, 
and in 1788 sold it, and removed to a farm near the Cross 
Roads, which he bought from Joseph Claybrook. His sec- 
ond home was what is still known in the neighborhood as 
the old Methodist Parsonage. Here he laid out a town about 
the beginning of the century, called Traveller's Grove, but 
it never advanced beyond the sale of three or four lots. 
When the prospects of the town had lost their roseate hue, 
the Colonel, as he was known, changed the name to Pleas- 
ant Grove, and under this designation conducted a tavern 
for some years. He was somewhat of a sporting character, 
raised fine horses, and had a training track on his place. 
He was twice married, first to Sarah, daughter of Tarleton 
Woodson, and secondly to Sarah, daughter of Samuel Ded- 
man. In 1807 he disposed of his property, and removed to 
Cabell County. 

Dr. Charles Everett was established in Charlottesville as 
one of its physicians as early as 1804, when he purchased from 
Tucker M. Woodson the part of lyot Fifty-Nine fronting on 
High Street. Two years later he bought from Reuben Burn- 
ley the two lots opposite, Seventy-Three and Seventy-Four, 
where he had his office and stable ; this property he sold to Dr. 
Charles Brown in 1814. It is probable however that before 
the last date he had removed to Belmont near Keswick, which 
he made his subsequent residence during life ; having bought 


from John Rogers six hundred and thirty-six acres in 1811. It 
was not till 1821 he became the owner of the place adjoining 
on the south, which has since been known by the name 
of Bverettsville ; this tract of four hundred acres he purchased 
from Mr. Jefierson, whose father had obtained a patent for it 
in 1756. The Doctor, besides being actively engaged in the 
practice of his profession, devoted much attention to the pub- 
lic affairs of the county, and to politics. He was appointed 
a magistrate in 1807, and represented the county for several 
terms in the House of Delegates. He never married, and 
died in 1848, by his will emancipating his servants, and 
devising his estate to his nephew, Dr. Charles D. Everett. 
Not long before the war a person named Thom, from Mercer 
County, Pennsylvauia, presented to the Circuit Court a certifi- 
cate of his appointment as Guardian of some of the Doctor's 
old servants, and applied for the legacies he had left for 
their benefit. 


John Fagg was a Revolutionary soldier, and in the early 
years of the century was a tavern keeper in Charlottesville. 
In 1818 he bought from William Garth a part of the old 
Barracks place, which he called Barrack Grove, and which 
is now the residence of Mrs. Garland A. Garth. There he 
lived until his death in 1829, at the advanced age of ninety- 
two years. 

A son William married Nancy, daughter of John Alphin 
and removed to Blount County, Tennessee. From that place 
he sold in 1834 his wife's share of her father's estate to Jesse 
Ivcwis. John, another son, married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Jacob Oglesby, and was associated with his father-in-law as 
Inspector in Henderson's and Randolph's Tobacco Ware- 
houses. He afterwards conducted a store in Milton, as late 
as 1834. It is related of him, that in the fall of 1833, 
when the memorable storm of star -falling occurred, he was 
with a number of others beyond the Valley on a hunting 
expedition. While the meteoric phenomenon was in progress, 
some of the servants, who had risen parly in discharge of 
their duties, rushed terror-stricken into the camp to arouse 


the sleeping hunters. All started at once to observe the 
scene, some with the interest of curiosity, others in mortal 
dread that the day of judgment had come — all except Fagg. 
He clung to his blankets, involuntarily, it was believed, 
because of too abundant potations the night before; and 
when appealed to by the cries and vivid descriptions of his 
friends, heexclaimed, "Oh boys, that's nothing. Why, I see 
that every morning when I'm at home; the fact is, you 
might see it too, if you weren't too lazy to get up." In 1836 
he sold Barrack Grove to Garland Garth, and probably went 
to join his relatives in the South West. 


William P. Parish came to Albemarle from Caroline about 
1820. He is mentioned in 1823 as a manager for Charles 1,. 
Bankhead. In subsequent years he was engaged in superin- 
tending the affairs of John N. C. Stockton. In 1834 he pur- 
chased from John M. Perry six- hundred acres on the south 
fork of the Rivanna below Hydraulic Mills, and the same 
year sold to William H. Meriwether the tract on which 
Meriwether erected the Rio Mills. He bought in 1837 from 
Ira Garrett the plantation south of Charlottesville, now in the 
possession of Rev. J. T. Randolph, on which he subsequently 
resided until his death. After the demise of Mr. Stockton in 
1837, he was appointed the administrator of his estate, and 
in the years following sold off his large possessions, except 
Carrsbrook, which was reserved for his family. He also had 
the direction of the Stage lines which Stockton controlled. 
In 1845 the firm of Parish & Co. was formed, by which the 
Stage property was bought and managed for many years. 
The firm consisted of W. P. Parish, Dr. O. B. Brown, of 
Washington City, Slaughter W. Picklin and John S. Cocke. 
About this time Mr. Parish entered the ministry of the Bap- 
tist Church. He died in 1869. His wife was Mellicent 
Laughlin, and his children Thomas 1,., and Ann, the wife of 
Rev. J. T. Randolph. 

Stephen M. Parish was a brother of William P., and prob- 
ably came to the county before him. He was for a time a 


resident of Milton, and afterwards lived in the vicinity of 
Earlysville. He was twice married, and his children were 
Susan, Andrew J. and William. 

In 1823 Hazelwood Parish sold to Thomas Poindexter Jr., 
the stock and equipment of a Stage line running through 


John Farrar lived in the southwest part of the county, and 
died in 1769. His children were Perrin, Catharine Jopling, 
Sarah Spencer, William, Peter, Thomas, Elizabeth and Rich- 
ard. Perrin, William, Peter and Richard were all owners of 
land on Green and Ivy Creeks, branches of the lower Rock- 
fish. Perrin died about 1793, leaving eight children who re- 
moved to Amherst. 

Richard married Susan Sbelton, of Louisa, and died in 
1807. He was a ruling elder in the Cove Church. His 
children were Joseph, Landon, John S., lyucinda, the wife of 
Samuel L. Wharton, Ulizabeth, the wife of George Wharton, 
both of whom emigrated to Davidson County, Tennessee, and 
Sophia, the wife of Dr. Samuel Leake, and mother of Hon. 
Shelton F. Leake. John S. was appointed Colonel of the 
Forty-Seventh Regiment in 1815. He died in 1832, and left 
nine children, Richard L., Matthew G., Elizabeth, Martha, 
Marcellus, Sarah, the wife of Alexander K. Yancey, Sophia, 
the wife of George W. Piper, Lavinia and Susan. 


Benjamin Ficklin became a citizen of Albemarle about 1814, 
and is described in one place as being from Frederick County, 
and in another from Culpeper. Either then, or shortly after, 
he entered the Baptist ministry. He purchased in the west- 
ern part of the county upwards of thirteen hundred acres, 
and his residence for twenty years, called Pleasant Green, 
was the place adjoining Crozet on the west, now occupied by 
Abraham Wayland. He was appointed to a seat on the 
county bench in 1819. In 1822 he proposed to sell his lands 
with the design of removing to Ohio or Indiana. This pur- 
pose however was abandoned, and in 1832 he removed to 


Charlottesville where for a number of years he was engaged 
in the manufacture of tobacco. 

He was noted for his uprightness and decision of character. 
At the time of his removal to Charlottesville, the state of 
things in the town, morally and religiously, was far from 
being unexceptionable. In a clandestine manner, most of the 
stores did more business on Sunday than on other days. 
The negroes came in in large numbers for purposes of traffic. 
Great quantities of liquor were sold. In the later hours of 
that day, the roads leading from town were lined with men 
and women in all stages of drunkenness, some staggering 
with difficulty, others lying helplessly by the wayside. Mr. 
Ficklin set himself vigorously to remedy these evils. He 
warned the merchants that every violation of the Sunday 
law should be visited with the highest penalty. A similar 
warning was given to the negroes ; and by the lively applica- 
tion of the lash to those who neglected it, the town and roads 
were soon cleared of transgressors. Sabbath observance put 
on a new face. The comfort of worshippers, and the general 
order of the community, were vastly promoted. So impar- 
tial was the old man in the execution of his duty, that when 
one of his own wagons, sent out to sell tobacco, trespassed 
upon the sacred hours in reaching home, he imposed a fine 
upon himself. It is said, that a member of the bar remon- 
strated with him on what he considered his excessive zeal, 
and stated by way of illustration, that in the preparation of 
his cases he had often been obliged to work on Sunday ; 
whereupon Mr. Ficklin at once fined him on his own confes- 
sion. Altogether the whole county was laid under many 
obligations to his courage, efficiency, and public spirit. 

His last years were overclouded by business reverses. He 
closed his earthly career during the war, in the last days of 
1864. His wife's name was Eleanor, and his children were 
Slaughter W. , Benjamin F. , who was one of the last Stage 
proprietors in the country, FUen, the wife of a Brown, 
Susan, the wife of J. R. Hardesty, Flizabeth, the wife of 
Klijah Dunkum, and lyucy, the first wife of Fontaine D. 



For many years before the end of the last century, and in 
the early part of the present, the name of Field was a 
familiar one in the vicinity of Batesville. The family head 
was Robert, who began to purchase land in that section in 
1766. From small beginnings he rose gradually, till he ac- 
quired a considerable estate. He died in 1824. He was twice 
married, and raised a family of ten children, Mary, the wife 
of a Garland, Elizabeth, the wife of John Mills, Sarah, the 
first wife of Charles Yancey, Jane, the wife of Thomas 
Grayson, John, Robert, Ralph, Joseph, Susan, the wife of 
Nelson Moss, and Nancy, the wife of William Wood. 

Three of the brothers married sisters, daughters of the 
elder Jesse Wood, John being united to Sarah, Ralph to 
Mildred, and Joseph to Flmira. Joseph died before his 
father, leaving two sons, William and Joseph. His widow 
afterwards became the wife of John Robinson. Robert led 
the way in emigrating first to Kentucky, and subsequently to 
Missouri, and was ultimately followed by most of the 
family; by all indeed bearing the name. John's home was 
east of Batesville, where Mrs. William H. Harris resides. 
Here he kept for many years a well known public house. 
In 1807 he conveyed to Marshall Durrett, James Wood, 
Charles Massie, Jonathan Barksdale, Oliver Cleveland, 
Thomas Massie, Henry Fmerson, William Wood Sr., and 
John Wood, son of Isaac, ground for the old Mount Ed 
Church, on the south side of the public road, and on the top 
of the hill between Whitesides Creek and Captain White's. 
His son, bearing his name, was a druggist in Charlottesville, 
doing business on the public square under the firm of Field 
& Goss. In 1831 the father sold his place to Isaac White, 
and all the family joined their kindred in the West. 


In 1759 William Daniel Fitch bought land on the east 
side of the South West Mountain, near Hammock's Gap, 
where he seems to have had his home. He died in 1814 
His family consisted of twelve children, only two of whom 


were sons, John, who died before his father, and William D. 
The latter was one of the early and leading inhabitants of 
Milton. He maintained his interests there, until the place 
was completely shorn of its prestige and trade. While its 
flourishing days lasted, he was an Inspector of tobacco in 
Henderson's Warehouse, and the proprietor of a public house. 
About 1829 he removed to Charlottesville, and took charge of 
the Eagle Tavern. This property he purchased in 1833. 
He continued to be engaged in its management during the 
remainder of his life. His death occurred in 1848. He 
married Mary Bernard, who survived him twenty years. 
This worthy couple, though without children of their own, 
exercised the kindly care of parents over many of their 
nieces and nephews. 


The first Fretwell appearing on the records was William, 
who in 1776 bought part of the Sumter land near Piney 
Mountain. It is conjectured his wife was a Crenshaw, as his 
eldest son bore that name. He died in 1822. His children 
were Crenshaw, John, Thomas, William, Susan, believed to 
have been the first wife of Elijah Garth, and the wife of 
Fendall Sebree. At the time of his death Thomas, William 
and Susan had already departed this life. 

Crenshaw lived on the waters of Ivy Creek, not far from 
Garth's Mill. This place he and his wife Sarah sold to Dr. 
Charles Brown in 1822. A protracted litigation in which he 
was concerned, in connection with the old Draffen tract of 
land in the same neighborhood, was finally settled by the 
Court of Appeals in 1831. As no subsequent mention of 
him is found, it is supposed he removed from the county. 
John married Mildred, daughter of Thomas Garth Sr. His 
home was on the western side of the Garth plantation, on 
the Whitehall Road. He died in 1837. His children were 
Emily, the wife of Mortimer Gaines, Lucy, the wife of Sam- 
uel Kennerly, Susan, William G., Frances, Selina and John 
T. William G. married Emeline, daughter of Thomas H. 
Brown, and his children were John T., Susan and Lucy 
Elizabeth. John T. , son of John, married Nannie A. , 


and his children were William G., Susan B., and Frances. 
Thomas lived between Free Union and the old Garrison 
Meeting House. He kept a store, which was known as Fret- 
well's Store, and which at the beginning of the century was 
the place for holding elections for Overseers of the Poor for 
the northwest district of the county. His wife was Agnes 
Burrus, and at the time of his father's death, she and her 
family were living in Kentucky. 

William married Jemima Brown. He resided on the 
Staunton Road, above Mechum's Depot. He was deemed 
by his neighbors fit to be a landmark, because of his uncom- 
mon stature; in a deed of Nelson Hardin to his brother 
Isaac, the property is described as adjoining that of the tall 
William Fretwell. He died in 1807. His children were 
William C, who married first Mildred, daughter of Henry 
Burnley, of I/Ouisa, and secondly Vienna, daughter of G. W. 
Kinsolving, Susan, the wife of William Brown, Judith, the 
wife of Benjamin H. Brown, Nancy, the wife of Augustine 
Stephenson, and Hudson. Hudson married Elizabeth, 
daughter of John Burnley, of lyouisa, and sister of Nathaniel 
Burnley. His home was the large brick house on the 
Staunton Road, above Mechum's Depot, where for many 
years he kept a public house. He died in 1834. His chil- 
dren were Mary, the wife of Paul Tilman, Burlington, 
William, Franklin, Susan, the wife of Overton Tilman, 
Jurena, the wife of James H. Jarman, Brightbury, and 

Alexander Fretwell was for the first quarter of the century 
one of the business men of Warren. He was probably the 
same Alexander, who sold to Isaac Hardin in 1792 five 
hundred acres on the Staunton Road, adjoining the William 
just mentioned; from this too it may be inferred, that he 
also was a son of the first William. He died in 1825. He 
seems to have been twice married, first to Ann, daughter of 
William Barksdale, and secondly to Jane Hughes. His 
children were James B., who died in 1868 in Sumner County, 
Tennessee, aged eighty -three, Richard, Nancy, and three other 
daughters, the wives of Robert Anderson, Matthew Martin 


and William Moorman. Richard married Sarah, daughter 
of Samuel Barksdale, and had ten children. He lived on 
the east side of Dudley's Mountain, at the place recently 
occupied by Major Berkeley. About 1840 he removed to 
Lewis County, West Virginia. 


Joshua Fry was born in England, and educated at the 
University of Oxford. Coming to this country, he was 
made Professor of Mathematics in William and Mary Col- 
lege. He was present at the organization of Albemarle 
County, and was appointed one of its first magistrates, its 
I<ieutenant, and its Surveyor. For some years he was 
actively engaged in surveying lands in this and adjacent 
counties, and entered a considerable number of tracts in his 
own name. When the French and Indian War broke out in 
1754, and a regiment was raised in Virginia on that occa- 
sion, Fry was appointed its Colonel, and Washington its 
Lieutenant Colonel. Fry repaired to Fort Wills, now Cum- 
berland, Md., the rendezvous, to assume the command, but 
shortly after died, and was there buried. The home of 
Colonel Fry was the plantation just south of Carter's Bridge, 
which he patented in 1750, and which is now known by the 
name of Viewmont. There his widow lived till her death in 
1773, and in 1786 the place was sold to Governor Edmund 

The wife of Colonel Fry was Mrs. Mary Micou Hill, and 
his children were John, Henry, Martha, the wife of John 
Nicholas, Clerk of the county, William, and Margaret, the 
wife of John Scott. John married Sarah, sister of Thomas 
Adams, who was once the owner of Blair Park, and had 
three children, Joshua, William and Tabitha. He died in 
1778. Joshua married Peachy, youngest daughter of Dr. 
Thomas Walker. He was appointed a magistrate of the 
county, and represented it in the House of Delegates. To- 
wards the end of the last century he removed to Kentucky, 
where he taught for a time a classical academy, and was the 
ancestor of a numerous posterity, the Frys, Greens, BuUitts 


and speeds, who have acted a prominent part in the affairs 
of that State. Henry served as deputy Clerk of the county, 
married Susan, daughter of Dr. Thomas Walker, and removed 
to Madison County near Rapidan Station, where he died in 
1823 in his eighty-fifth year. He had nine children, one of 
whom, Reuben, was the father of Joseph 1,. Fry, for twenty 
years the Judge of the Wheeling Circuit; another, Henry, 
married Mildred, daughter of Rev. Matthew Maury, and was 
the father of J. Frank Fry, long a Commissioner of the 
Revenue of the county ; and another, Wesley, was the father 
of Captain W. O. Fry. William, the Colonel's son, died 
unmarried about 1760. 


Henry Gantt, of Prince George County, Maryland, came 
to Albemarle in 1813, and purchased from James Bullock, 
agent of Brown, Rives & Co., seven hundred and eighty- 
four acres, which had belonged to Robert and William 
Alcock, and which were situated southwest of the Cross 
Roads in North Garden. He made this place his residence 
for some years. On the fifth of December 1821, he bought a 
ticket of the State lyottery of Maryland, and on the thirteenth 
drew a prize of forty thousand dollars. He afterwards re- 
turned to his old home in Maryland, and was succeeded on 
the farm in North Garden by his son, Dr. John W. Gantt, to 
whom he and his wife Ann formally conveyed it in 1830. 
Here the Doctor lived and practised his profession till 1835, 
when he purchased from Charles A.- Scott the plantation on 
James River, just above the mouth of Totier. On this place 
he passed the remainder of his days. He was appointed a 
magistrate of the county in 1830. In 1837 he and his wife 
Sarah conveyed the farm near Cross Roads to Joseph Suther- 
land, in whose family it has since remained. The Doctor 
died in 1860. His children were Henry, Philip, Albert, and 
Mary, the wife of Z. R. I^ewis. 


The first of the Garland name who settled in Albemarle 
was James. He came from Hanover County, where he had 


married his wife, Mary Rice. In 1761 he bought land in the 
coves of the mountains southwest of the Cross Roads. He 
purchased first from James and John Coffey, and afterwards 
from Robert Nelson, till he possessed considerably more than 
a thousand acres. He also purchased from Samuel and 
William Stockton upwards of four hundred acres near the 
head of Mechum's River, including a mill which the Stock- 
tons had built. He was acting as magistrate in 1783, when 
the existing records begin, and was appointed Sheriff in 
1791. He died in 1812. His children were Elizabeth, the 
wife of Thomas Garland, Sdward, Rice, Robert, Clifton, 
Mary, the wife of James Woods, who in 1797 emigrated 
to Garrard County, Kentucky, and as nearly as the lines of 
descent in this family can be ascertained, James and Na- 

Edward lived on the south side of the north fork of Hard - 
ware, near the crossing of the old Lynchburg Road. He 
was appointed a magistrate in 1801, and in 1808 succeeded 
Francis Taliaferro as Commissioner of the Revenue for St. 
Anne's, which office he filled until his death in 1817. His 
wife was Sarah, daughter of Colonel John Old, and his children 
Nathaniel, Mary, the wife of Nicholas Hamner, Fleming, 
James, Elizabeth, the wife of Joseph Sutherland, Sarah, the 
wife of Pleasant Sowell, and Maria, the wife of Thomas Ham- 
ner, who removed to Lewis County, West Virginia. 

The home of Rice was the present farm of Bloomfield near 
Ivy Depot. He was appointed a magistrate in 1791, was 
elected to the Legislature in 1808, and served as Sheriff in 
1811. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Hamner, 
and died in 1818. His children were William, James, Rice, 
Samuel, Elizabeth, the wife of Henry White, Mary Rice, the 
wife of Robert H. Slaugliter, Burr, Maurice and Nicholas. 
William and James were their father's executors. The for- 
mer lived for a time in Charlottesville, was the constructor 
of the present Lynchburg Road, and died in 1841. Rice 
was a lawyer, and settled in Leakesville, N. C. Samuel 
became a prosperous man of business in Lynchburg. 

Robert was an active practitioner at the Albemarle bar, and 


about 1822 removed to Nelson. Clifton was appointed a 
magistrate in 1806, and in 1813 contested unsuccessfully 
the election of Jesse W. Garth to the House of Delegates. 
He died unmarried in 1815. 

James, as already narrated, lost his life at the Prison Bar- 
racks in 1781. His wife was Ann, daughter of John Wing- 
field and Mary Hudson, and his children Hudson M., James 
P., and Spotswood. They all removed to Hud- 
son was admitted to the bar, represented Amherst in the 
I^egislature, was a captain in the war of 1812, was an intimate 
friend of General Jackson, and received from him an office in 
Washington, which he held until the administration of Presi- 
dent Tyler. His wife was Letitia Pendleton, and he was the 
father of Judge James Garland, of I^ynchburg, and General 
John, of the United States Army, whose daughter was the 
wife of General lyongstreet. Spotswood became the first 
Clerk of Nelson, married a Rose, and was the father of I,an- 
don, late Chancellor of Vanderbilt University. 

In 1778 Nathaniel bought land from Colonel Charles Lewis 
in North Garden, near Taylor's Gap. He died in 1793. 
His wife's name was Jane, and his children were Frances, 
the wife of John Woodson, Nelson, Mary, the wife of Isham 
Ready, Anderson, whose widow Nancy was married to Rich- 
ard Bruce, and whose children removed to I^ewis County, 
Kentucky, Elizabeth and Peter. Peter married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Benjamin Martin, who after her husband's decease 
became the wife of Daniel, son of Thomas Martin and Mary 
Ann White. Peter's sons were James and Goodrich. 

William Garland, who was probably a brother of the first 
James, married Ann, daughter of Christopher Shepherd, and 
died comparatively young in 1777. His children were Fran- 
ces, the wife of Reuben Pendleton, Mary, James, and David 
S. David S. resided at New Glasgow in Amherst, and in 
1807 represented the district in Congress. His wife was Jane, 
daughter of Colonel Samuel Meredith and Jane Henry, sister 
of the renowned orator. 

Another branch of the Garlands was resident in the county 
at a later date. About 1833 a mercantile firm did business 


on the public square in Charlottesville under the style of 
Binford & Garland. The Garland of the firm was James, 
who soon after removed to Richmond. In 1835 his brother 
Thomas purchased from John R. Campbell the fine low 
grounds on the Rivanna, just below the mouth of Buck Island. 
He was appointed a magistrate of the county in 1838. He 
was a man of unamiable temper and unsavory reputation. 
He died in 1 874. The brothers came from Goochland County. 
Their mother was Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Morris, 
of. Green Spring, lyouisa, and sister of Mrs. Dr. Frank Carr. 


The name of Garrett must always awaken interest in Albe- 
marle, because of its long official connection with its affairs. 
William Garrett appeared on the scene in 1764, when he pur- 
chased from Francis Jerdone, the same person who bought 
the Farmington lands and sold them to George Divers, two 
thousand acres along the northern base of Tom's Mountain, 
in North Garden. In the course of the next ten years he 
disposed of this property to different parties, but far the 
greater portion of it to John Jones. Garrett as well as Jer- 
done belonged to I/Ouisa. It is thought he was the grand- 
father of Alexander Garrett. The father of Alexander was 
Henry, who in 1810 removed from Louisa to Kentucky, and 
in passing through Charlottesville constituted his son his 
attorney to settle up his business. He departed this life in 
his new home in 1815. 

Alexander came to the county as early as 1794. In 1799 
he was a deputy of Samuel Murrell, who at that time was 
Sheriff. A year or two after he married Elizabeth, daughter 
of James Minor, who resided on the north fork of the Ri- 
vanna, near Stony Point; and from the mention of his name 
among those assigned to work the roads, Mr. Garrett evi- 
dently lived for a time in the same vicinity. In 1806 he 
received the appointment of deputy Clerk under John Nicho- 
las. About that time his wife died, and in 1808 he married 
Kvalina, daughter of John Boiling, of North Garden. In 
1815 he succeeded Mr. Nicholas as County Clerk, and in 


1819 was appointed Clerk of the Circuit Court upon the res- 
ignation of John Carr, who had occupied that oflBce since the 
Circuit Court superseded the District Court in 1809. Both 
of these offices he held until 1831, when his brother Ira was 
made County Clerk. Besides his official duties, he was assid- 
uous and successful in many lines of business. He was a 
large dealer in real estate, owning at different times fine tracts 
of land in various neighborhoods of the county, Meadow 
Creek, Birdwood, North Garden, North Blenheim, Ivy Cot- 
tage and Greenwood. About 1815 his home was on the south 
side of University Street, and during the decade of 1820 he 
erected the large brick mansion at the foot of Second Street. 
In 1825 he laid out and brought into market the lots on Ridge 
Street, and in 1828 built Midway as a hotel, of which J. A. 
Xaupi was^the first occupant. During his latter years, owing 
no doubt to the constant and long continued strain on his 
powers, he was afflicted with softening of the brain. He 
died in 1860. By his first marriage he had a daughter, Eliz- 
abeth, the first wife of V. W. Southall, and by his second. 
Dr. John Boiling Garrett, Susan, the wife of Dr. Thomas 
Johnson, Eliza K., the wife of Alexander Duke, and Clar- 
issa, the wife of Dr. Thomas J. Pretlow. 

Ira Garrett, like his brother, commenced his business life 
by riding Sheriff. He was a deputy under Benjamin Harris 
in 1815, and Robert Davis in 1817. Soon after he became 
deputy County Clerk under his brother, and in 1831 suc- 
ceeded him as principal. When the office became elective, 
he was chosen both to it and the Circuit Court Clerkship, 
term after term, as long as the people had a voice; and even 
when another was appointed by military authority, it was 
demanded by an overwhelming public sentiment that the 
faithful old man should act as deputy. In 1818 he bought 
from Jonathan B. Carr the place at the east end of Main 
Street, which he made his home the rest of his life. He al- 
ways had a strong inclination to rural pursuits, and in 1836 
purchased a plantation south of Charlottesville, afterwards 
the farm of W. P. Parish; but with him the lack of a close 
hand marred the knack of accumulation, and the project soon 


failed. Just before the war he bought Sunuyside, the late 
residence of Colonel Duke, but the outbreak of hostilities in- 
terfered with his enjoyment there. After the war however he 
indulged this fancy at Hobby Hill, a cottage with a few acres 
east of James D. Goodman's, where he and his wife, who 
shared in his taste for horticulture, spent a part of every 
summer. He died full of years in 1870. His wife was 
Eliza, daughter of John Watson, and his children Dr. Henry, 
of Southwest Virginia, John Alexander, George, Jane, the 
wife of Benjamin Winn, Ann, the wife of Thomas M. Smyth, 

Isaetta, the wife of K. Kemper, and Ellen, the wife of 

Watkins, who emigrated to Mississippi. 


The first of the Garth family in Albemarle was Thomas, 
who in 1762 bought from Samuel Taliaferro four hundred and 
fifty acres on the Indian branch of Buck Island Creek. In 
1770 he purchased from John I,ewis, of Halifax, nearly a 
thousand acres on Blue Run, not far from Barboursville. 
The next three or four years he was employed by Mr. Jeffer- 
son to buy the Ivego estate from William and James Hick- 
man, sons of Edwin Hickman, the second Sheriff of the 
county. In 1779 he bought another thousand acres of the 
Lewis estate on Ivy Creek, and continued his purchases in 
that section, till he owned all the land stretching from near 
the Staunton Road, opposite Jesse Lewis's place, to the forks 
of Mechum's and Moorman's Rivers. On this tract he 
resided until his death. He was appointed a magistrate 
in 1791, and served as Sheriff in 1807. He died in 1812. 
His wife, it is said, was Judith Long, and his chil- 
dren Thomas, John, Elijah, Jesse, Garland, Ann, the 
wife of Richard Gaines, whose daughter Margaret was the 
■wife of George Crank, and mother of R. G. Crank, a repre- 
sentative of the county in the Legislature twenty years ago, 
Sarah, the wife of Samuel Poindexter, who removed to Bed- 
ford County, Susan, the wife of Isaac Dalton, who emigrated 
to Stokes County, North Carolina, and Mildred, the wife of 
John Fretwell. 


Thomas succeeded his father on Chesaut Ridge. He died 
in 1834. He married Susan, daughter of Richard Durrett, 
and his children were Jesse Winston, Willis, William, Eliza- 
beth, the wife of Dr. Thomas K. Clark, and mother of Cor- 
nelia, the wife of Drury Burnley, and of Catharine, the wife 
of George Mclntire, and Prances, the wife of James Michie. 
Jesse W. was deputy Sheriff, was admitted to the bar, was 
for six years Commonwealth's Attorney, was member of the 
Legislature, sold Birdwood to his brother William, and in 
1818 removed to Alabama. His wife was Unity Dandridge, 
of the same kindred as Patrick Henry's second wife. Willis 
lived at the place occupied by the family of Legh R. Wad- 
dell, married a Miss Graves, and was prominent in the estab- 
lishment of Mount Harmony Church. He died without 
children in 1851. William resided at Birdwood, built the 
spacious brick dwelling it contains, and by his improvements 
made it one of the principal country seats of the county. He 
married Elizabeth, daughter of George Martin and Barbara 
Woods. He died in 1860, leaving eleven children, J. Woods, 
Edgar, Ivewis, George, Eugene, Georgiana, the wife of Rol- 
lin Kirk, Gabriella, the wife of James Kirk, Susan, the wife 
of Smith P. Bankhead, Elizabeth, the wife of William S. 
Bankhead, Celestine, the wife of Marshall Walker, and sec- 
ondly of John Stockton, and Alice, the wife of Philip Gil- 

John married Ann, daughter of John Rodes, sold the land 
on Blue Run which was given him by his father, and near 
the close of the last century removed to Kentucky. Elijah 
received from his father a plantation of more than five hun- 
dred acres southwest of Still House Mountain, and in the 
early years of the century acted as deputy Sheriff. He was 
twice married, first to Susan Fretwell, and secondly to Cath- 
arine, widow of George Wayt. He died in 1817. His 
children were Ivittleton, Paschal, Elizabeth, the wife of a 
McGarvey, and Virginia, the wife of a Cross. 

Jesse lived on a plantation his father gave him, lying west 
of the Barracks. His wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Beza- 
leel Brown, and his children Thomas, William T., Bright- 


"berry, Bezaleel, Mary, the wife of John H. McKennie, and 
Sarah, the wife of Willis C. Goodman. He died in 1836. 

Garland resided on the old Barracks place, where he built 
the large brick mansion recently occupied by the late George 
Carr. He married Susan Crenshaw, and his children were 
Dr. Garland A., Burwell, Isaac, Harriet, the wife of Isaac 
Davis, and Hardenia, the wife of Dr. Waller Head, who re- 
moved to Missouri. Mr. Garth was deprived of his home by 
business reverses, and spent his last days with one of his 
children in Nelson County. 


The different Gentry families in Albemarle seem to have 
sprung from the same head. Nicholas Gentry died in 1779, 
leaving eleven children, Moses, David, Nicholas, Mary Hin- 
son, Robert, Benajah, Nathan, Martin, Elizabeth Haggard, 
Jane Timberlake, and Ann Jenkins. Moses bought land in 
1778 from Samuel Gay on the old Lynchburg Road north of 
Garland's Store. He was a ruling elder in the Cove Church. 
He died in 1810. His children were Claiborne and Nicholas, 
who married sisters, Jane and Mary, daughters of Bezaleel 
Maxwell, Frances, the wife of Thomas Fitzpatrick, and 
Joanna, the wife of Joseph Walters. Addison, a son of 
Nicholas, married I/Ucy, a sister of Shelton F. Leake. 

Prior to 1778 David and Martin were owners of land on 
Doyle's River, which they afterwards sold to Benajah Brown. 
A son of one of these brothers probably was Richard Gentry, 
who in 1784 married Jane, daughter of James Harris, and 
removed to Kentucky, and whose descendants held a reunion 
at Crab Orchard in August 1898. And from one of them in 
all likelihood came George Gentry, who died in 1818, whose 
home was not far from Free Union, whose wife's name was 
Elizabeth, and whose children were James, George, William, 
Frances, the wife of Nathaniel Tate, Austin, Aaron, Christo- 
pher, Martha, the wife of John Walton, Elizabeth, the wife 
of Edward Ballard, and Nancy, the wife of Edward Walton. 
The children of Christopher and his wife Sarah, were Martha, 
the wife of Joel Maupin, Mary, the wife of Henry Via, Fran- 


ces, the wife of Thomas Gibson, Elizabeth, the wife of James 
Dunn, Paschal, Henry, and Dicey, the wife of Garrett White. 

Benajah lived on Biscuit Run, where he commenced to pur- 
chase land in 1764. In 1817 he transferred his property to 
his son Robert, although his death did not occur till 1830. 
Martha, the wife of Elijah Dawson, son of Rev. Martin, who 
removed to Callaway County, Missouri, and Elizabeth, the 
wife of William Goodman, were daughters of Benajah. Robert 
married Mary, daughter of Francis Wingfield, and was the 
father of Albert. 

Robert Gentry, believed to be the son of Nicholas, bought 
in 1766 from Martha, widow of Samuel Arnold, a place on 
the head waters of Ivy Creek, which he and his wife Judith 
sold in 1776 to John Woodson. Philip Joyner, whose 
daughter was the wife of a Robert Gentry, and who once 
owned the land the University stands on, devised the land 
to his two grandsons, Charles and Jesse Gentry. They sold, 
the one in 1775, and the other in 1783, and appear to have 
emigrated to North Carolina. Whether the Robert just men- 
tioned was the same with the son of Nicholas, is unknown. 


George Gilmer, immigrant, was a native of Scotland, who 
after a short sojourn in Ivondon, came to this country. He 
settled in Williamsburg, and practised his profession as a 
physician. His son Peachy, a fellow student of Nicholas 
Meriwether in William and Mary College, paid a visit to his 
friend in Albemarle, and fell in love with and married his 
sister Mary. This led to his brother George visiting the 
county, and ultimately marrying I/Ucy, daughter of Dr. 
Thomas Walker. 

George like his father was a physician. He settled in 
Charlottesville, and his first residence was on Main Street, 
near the present store of T. T. Norman. He seems after- 
wards to have lived on Jefferson Street, on the south end of 
the lot facing the west side of the Square. He was a man of 
great activity and public spirit. The agitation preceding 
the Revolution had already begun when Dr. Gilmer came 


to Charlottesville, and from the first he displayed the live- 
liest concern in the questions involved. Allusion has al- 
ready been made to the prominent part he performed in the 
earliest movements towards independence. In 1777 he pur- 
chased from John Harvie Pen Park, which he made his home 
for the remainder of his life, the home of intelligence and 
refined hospitality graphically described by John P. Kennedy 
in his Ifife of Wirt. About the same time he purchased land 
on Mechunk, until he owned more than two thousand acres 
in that section. He was appointed a magistrate, served as 
Sheriff in 1787 , and was a member of the House of Delegates. 
He died in 1796. His children were Mildred, the wife of 
William Wirt, George, Peachy, John, James, Lucy, the wife 
of Peter Minor, Harmer, Francis W., and Susan, the wife of 
Zachariah Shackelford. 

Pen Park continued to be the home of the family during the 
life of Mrs. Gilmer. That part of the plantation called Rose 
Hill, where the children of John D. Craven now reside, was 
given to Mr. Wirt, and there he built a house; but having 
no family, he and his wife lived for the most part with her 
mother. The mother and daughter both died in 1800, and 
the next year Mr. Wirt removed to Richmond. The home- 
stead was soon after sold to Richard Sampson, and still later 
to John H. Craven, whose residence there many yet remember. 

George married Elizabeth, daughter of Christopher Hudson, 
of Mount Air. He became the owner of the Mechunk lands, 
which some years after were sold under deeds of trust to 
Dabney Minor. He died in 1836. His children were Thomas 
W. , George Christopher, John H., Sarah, the wife ot Dr. 
Samuel W. Tompkins, Georgiana, the wife of Colin C. Spil- 
ler, Maria, the wife of Samuel G. Adams, Ann, the wife of 
Peter McGee, Martha, and lyucy, the wife of Edward Pegram. 
Thomas W. was a lawyer, member of the Legislature', Gov- 
ernor of Virginia, member of Congress, Secretary of the 
Navy, and lamentably perished on board of the United States 
ship Princeton in 1844. His wife was Ann Baker, of Shep 
herdstown, Va. In 1826 he lived on Park Street where Drury 
Wood now resides, in 1831 bought from W. B. Phillips the- 


brick house and lot at the west end of Jefferson Street, where 
John C. Patterson lives, and in 1836 purchased from John 
W. Davis the property on the hill recently occupied by John 
T.Antrim. G. Christopher married first I^eana I^ewis, of the 
Scottsville neighborhood, and secondly Mildred, daughter of 
Richard Duke. He died in 1887. 

Peachy was admitted to the bar, and practised in Bedford 
County. He and L,ucy were two of the devisees of the Farm- 
ington estate, Mrs. George Divers being their mother's sister. 
Peachy died in 1836. John was a physician, married Sarah 
Gilmer, a distant kinswoman, and lived at Edgemont, where 
he died in 1835. Francis adopted the profession of law, but 
was cut off in early life. He was a young man of fine 
endowments and rare culture, and gave promise of filling a 
distinguished position in his generation. He was a close 
friend of Mr. Wirt and Judge Dabney Carr, and a great 
favorite of Mr. Jefferson. The implicit reliance Mr. Jeffer- 
son had in his penetration and judgment, was manifested in 
his being entrusted with the selection of the first professors 
of the University. He himself was designed for the profess- 
orship of law. In his modesty, which was as great as his 
ability, he thrice declined the place. At length he accepted, 
but before entering upon its labors, was removed from the 
scene of all earthly activities in 1826. 


William Gooch, written in the early records Gouge, came to 
the county from Hanover. In 1751 he bought land from John 
Graves in the Everettsville neighborhood, which nine years 
after he sold to Benjamin Sneed, and it is believed, removed 
to Amherst . Another William , who , from being denominated 
Junior, is presumed to be his son, purchased land on the 
south fork of Hardware in 1764, but in 1770 began buying in 
the Ragged Mountains south of Ivy Depot, and in that vicinity 
fixed his residence. His dwelling stood where his son Dab- 
ney afterwards lived, and where still later W. O. English 
taught school. He died in 1796. He and his wife lyUcy had 
ten children, Matthew, Philip, Dabney C, Nicholas I,., Wil- 


Ham, Thomas W., Elizabeth, the wife of Nathan Dedman, 
Martha, the wife of William Thurmond, Susan, and Mary, 
the wife of William Moore. Matthew, who was admitted to 
the Albemarle bar in 1796, and Nicholas removed toKentucky. 
Philip removed to Amherst, and to him his father transferred 
the land which he first bought on the Ragged Mountains, and 
which somehow acquired the name of Little Egypt, included 
the present reservoir, and was sold by his son Claiborne to 
the Houchens and Mayo families that still live on it. Clai- 
borne Gooch removed to Richmond, became Adjutant Gen- 
eral of the State, and was associated with Thomas Ritchie in 
publishing the Richmond Enquirer. 

Dabney married Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. William Irvin, 
of the South Garden, and had a daughter Mary, the wife of 
her cousin. Dr. William F. Gooch. He died in 1844. 
Thomas W. married Nancy, another daughter of Mr. Irvin, 
and for many years kept a tavern at the D. S. He died in 
1838. His children were Alonzo, Edwin, Meade, Angelina 
and Elizabeth, the wife of John Fray Jr. Alonzo was for 
some years a merchant in Charlottesville, and a magistrate 
of the county, and lived on the lot west of the Episcopal 
Church, now occupied by Capt. H. Robertson. His wife 
was a daughter of B. F. Porter, of Orange, and died in 1897 
in Bluefield, W. Va. 

Dr. William F. Gooch was a grandson of William Jr., and 
came to Charlottesville from Amherst about 1823. The next 
year he married his cousin Mary, the only child of Dabney C. 
For many years he practised his profession actively both in 
town and country. His town residence was the house now 
occupied by James F. Burnley on High Street. He was 
appointed a magistrate in 1843. Not long before the war 
he removed to his farm south of Ivy, where he died at an 
advanced age in 1881. He had two daughters, Maria, the 
wife of Paul H. Goodloe. and Elizabeth, the wife of W. O. 

Another person bearing the name of Gooch belonged to 
the county in former times. He married Sarah, daughter of 
David Wood, and sister of the elder Drury. He had four 


sons and five daughters. Two of the sons, John and Roland, 
appear to have owned land on Rough Run, a branch of 
Moorman's River. They all removed to lyincoln County, 
Kentucky, probably in the closing years of the last century. 


The first of the Goodman family was Charles. He is 
noticed as early as 1761 as having married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Roland Horsley. He began the purchase of land where 
he continued to live until his death, on the south fork of the 
Rivanna, west of the mouth of Ivy Creek. In the course of 
years he acquired considerably more than a thousand acres. 
His dwelling stood where Edward Wingfield now lives. 
He was appointed a magistrate in 1794, but apparently 
averse to the publicity of office soon resigned. He seems to 
have been a quiet, industrious man, notably upright in all 
his dealings. When in his will he made bequests of negroes 
to his children, he required a certain proportion of the value 
of their labor to be paid them year by year; and it is prob- 
able he did himself what he enjoined upon others. He died 
in 1827. His children were William, Joseph, Nathan, John, 
Susan, the wife of John Rogers, Roland Horsley, Jeremiah 
A . , and Elizabeth, the wife of an Anderson. William married 
Elizabeth Gentry, Joseph married Nancy, daughter of Pat- 
rick Michie, Nathan married Mildred, daughter of Manoah 
Clarkson, and emigrated to Kentucky. John was one of the 
early Methodist preachers, and his wife was Frances, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Dickerson. Jeremiah A. married Mary Clark- 
son, sister of Nathan's wife, and lived until his death in 1857 
four or five miles south of Charlottesville. 

Horsley Goodman married Elizabeth, daughter of David 
Rodes, and his children were D. Rodes, who was a deputy 
Surveyor of the county, Nathan C, who married Sarah, 
daughter of Joel Terrell, William, Horsley, who married 
Sarah, daughter of James Durrett, of the Batesville neighbor- 
hood, Susan, the wife of James Durrett, brother of Horsley's 
wife, Ann, the wife of Seth Burnley, and I/Ucy, the second 
wife of Thomas H. Brown. Horsley Sr. , died the same year 
as his father. 



Thomas Goolsby was one of the earliest settlers within the 
present bounds of the county. In 1732, thirteen years before 
its organization, he patented twelve hundred acres on James 
River. In 1745 he sold more than five hundred acres to 
Samuel Shelton, and in the description of the deed are 
mentioned two tributaries of the James, called Holmans and 
Goolsby's Creeks. This deed is noteworthy also from a 
memorandum inscribed on it in 1788, showing that it had 
been previously recorded, but the record had been destroyed 
by the British in 1781. Thomas Goolsby died in 1774. 
He was twice married, his last wife being Lucy Bryant. 
His children were William, Thomas, Susan, the wife of a 
Childress, Ann, the wife of a Nowling, IvUcy, the wife of a 
Saunders, and Elizabeth. William owned land on the waters 
of the south fork of Hardware. He died in 1819, and his 
children were William, Tabitha, the wife of Joseph Harlan, 
Tarleton, who married Mildred, daughter of Thomas 
Walker Jr., Sarah, the wife of a Thurmond, Susan, the wife 
of a Davis, Fleming, Jane, the wife of Samuel Harlan, Arthur, 
Mary, the wife of a Samuel Richardson, and Nancy, the 
wife of a Phillips. 

Charles, James and John Goolsby, of Albemarle, were 
Revolutionary soldiers, members of the Ninth Virginia 
Regiment. Charles, who was a non-commissioned officer, 
and James were taken prisoners at Germantown; all three 
died in the service. They were beyond doubt sons of 
Thomas Sr. , as William was stated to be their heir. 


Before the middle of the last century two brothers named 
Gordon, natives of Scotland, were settled on opposite sides of 
the Rappahannock River as merchants, plying a thriving 
trade with the old country. James resided in Lancaster 
County, and John at Tappahannock in Essex. James's 
wife was Mary Harrison, of the Harrisons of Surry, and the 
wife of John was Lucy Churchill. Descendants of both 
became inhabitants of Albemarle. Rev. James Waddell, 


who preached and taught school near Gordonsville, married 
a daughter of James, and William F. Gordon, who acted 
a leading part in the affairs of the county in the first half of 
the present century, traced his lineage to John, or rather to 
both brothers at once. His father, James Gordon, was the 
son of John, and his mother, Elizabeth, was the daughter of 
James. William F. was admitted to the Albemarle bar in 
1809. In 1812 he succeeded Joseph J. Monroe as Attorney 
of the Commonwealth, but resigned the next year, giving 
place to Jesse W. Garth. From 1818 to 1829 he was almost 
continuously a member of the House of Delegates, and in 1830 
a member of the State Senate. He also represented the 
district in Congress. The title of General by which he was 
commonly known, he derived from his appointment in 1829 
as Brigadier General of the Third Brigade, Second Division 
of the Virginia militia, and in 1840 of Major General of the 
Second Division. His home was at Spring Hill, at the 
eastern base of the South West Mountain, not far from 
Gordonsville. He died in 1858. His wife was Flizabeth, 
daughter of Reuben I,indsay, and his children, James, George, 
Hannah, the wife of W. J. Robertson, Reuben, William F., 
Charles, Dr. John C, Alexander and Mason. 

In the last century there came to the county an Alexander 
Gordon, who seems to have been of kindred with the noble 
Scottish family of Gordon, of Huntly. He lived on Sowell's 
Branch near Carter's Bridge, where he obtained a patent for 
a small tract of land in 1785. He sued Humphrey Gaines 
for a piece of vacant land on Buck Island Creek to which 
they both laid claim, his counsel being Walter I,eake, while 
Mr. Wirt appeared for Gaines. He was not an ornament to 
the county. He died in 1805, leaving a son, Alexander Duff 
Gordon, who two years after removed to Tennessee. 


The first known settlement of the Goss family was in that 
part of Albemarle, which in its division in 1761 was erected 
into Buckingham. A James Goss was witness to a deed, 


conveying land on a branch of Slate River, in 1749. The 
head of the family now living in the county was Benjamin, 
who with a large household emigrated to Georgia. In pro- 
cess of time two of his sons, Jesse and John, returned to 

John soon became a teacher in the family of Governor James 
Barbour. He married Jane, daughter of James Walker, of 
Madison, and for a time had his residence in that county. 
He, as well as Jesse, entered the ministry of the Baptist 
Church. In 1803 he settled in Albemarle in the Priddy's 
Creek neighborhood, where he passed the remainder of his 
days, preaching for the most part to the church of that 
name. In 1816 he was appointed a magistrate. His death 
occurred in 1838, at the age of sixty -three. His children 
were Harriet, Sarah, the wife of Nimrod Bramham Jr. , James 
W., John W., William, and Ebenezer, who died some years 
ago near Somerset in Orange. 

James, when a young man, was engaged in the drug busi- 
ness on the public square in Charlottesville, in partnership 
with John Field Jr. In 1836 he took a leading part in estab- 
lishing the Disciples' Church on Market Street, becoming a 
minister in that denomination, and publishing for a short 
period one of its organs, the Christian Intelligencer. He 
was appointed a magistrate in 1841. He was afterwards 
successfully employed in educational work, founding the 
Piedmont Female Academy near Priddy's Creek, and at the 
time of his death in 1870, filling the presidency of a similar 
institution in Hopkinsville, Ky. His wife was Jane A. 
Grigsby, of Rockbridge county. 

John was in early life a merchant in Charlottesville in 
partnership with Christopher Hornsey. He married Poly- 
dora, daughter of Major John lycwis, of the Sweet Springs, 
and sister of Mrs. John Cochran. In 1838 he succeeded his 
father as a magistrate, and in 1854 and 1855 represented the 
county in the I^egislature. Since the war he occupied the 
offices both of Sheriff and County Clerk. He died in 1883, 
aged sixty-eight. 



William Grayson was a native of Spotsylvania, and came 
to Albemarle some time before the Revolutionary War. In 
1764 he bought land on the head of Mechum's River from 
Speaker John Robinson, who was then selling ofi the im- 
mense tracts in Rockfish valley, patented by his brother-in- 
law, John Chiswell. Having sold this property a few years 
after, he purchased from Gamaliel Bailey and Obadiah 
Martin at what was then known as the Little D. S. , where 
the old Richard Woods Road forks with that passing through 
Batesville, and where his descendants have been living ever 
since. In 1804 he sold a small parcel at this place to Wil- 
liam Simpson, who there established a tanyard that for 
many years went by his name, and afterwards by the name 
of Grayson, and that was one of the most noted landmarks 
in that neighborhood. Simpson in 1818 sold it to Joseph 
Grayson, a grandson of William. William died in 1829, 
having attained the remarkable age of ninety-seven years. 
His wife was Ann, daughter of Thomas Smith, and his 
children were John, Thomas, Martha, Elizabeth, the wife of 
Joseph Sutherland, and Susan, the wife first of Isaac Wood, 
and secondly of a Tomlin. Joseph Grayson married Rhoda, 
daughter of Daniel White, and died in 1867. His children 
were Thomas, who married Mary, daughter of John Jones, 
Ann, the wife of James H. Shelton, Frances, Elizabeth, the 
wife of Benjamin F. Abell, John and William. 


Tradition relates, that the immigrant Hamner bore the 
name of Nicholas, that he came from Wales and settled in 
Middlesex County, and that he had six or seven sons. Three 
of them fixed their homes in Albemarle. The first who 
appears on the records was William. In 1759 he bought 
from Thomas Fitzpatrick nearly five hundred acres on the 
south fork of Hardware, not far from Jumping Hill. The 
same year he obtained a patent for nearly two hundred acres 
on the north fork of Hardware, and acquired near by up- 
wards of seven hundred more, all of which he sold in 1782 

HISTORY OF ai,bemarle; 215 

to Colonel John Old. In 1777 he purchased from Dr. James 
Hopkins about fifteen hundred acres on the waters of Totier. 
He died in 1785. He and his wife Elizabeth had eleven 
children, Jeremiah, Turner, Richardson, Henley, Samuel, 
Mildred, the wife of Jacob Moon, Elizabeth, the wife of 
Thomas Fitzpatrick, Mary, the wife of a Perry, Susan, the 
wife of Reuben Turner, Rebecca, the wife of James Turner, 
and the wife of David Strange. Jeremiah and Henley lived 
in the Biscuit Run valley, Turner at the mouth of Eppes 
Creek, Samuel near Jumping Hill, Jacob Moon, the Turners 
and Strange on Totier, though the Turners soon removed to 
Amherst. Jeremiah married Rebecca, daughter of Castleton 
Harper, and died in 1815. Most of his children emigrated 
to Georgia and Alabama, but his daughter Mary remained 
in Albemarle as the first wife of Samuel Barksdale. Samuel, 
who died in 1817, married, it is believed, a Morris, probably 
a daughter of Hugh Rice Morris, of the Totier region, and 
his children were William, Elizabeth, the wife of Rice Gar- 
land, Henley, Morris, Samuel, Jane, the wife of a Thomas, 
and Rhoda, the wife of James Nimmo. William died in 
1831, and his children were John T., Jesse B., Susan, the 
wife of a Rice, Martha, the wife of Jacob Waltman, Austin 
and Samuel, who emigrated to Tennessee, and William, 
Morris and Samuel married sisters named I^ucas, and about 
the beginning of the century removed to Charlotte County. 
The latter was the father of James G. and Thomas L,., min- 
isters in the Presbyterian Church. 

The second of the brothers was Robert, who died in 1750. 
In 1772 his son Nicholas conveyed to William Hamner 
two hundred and seventy acres at the mouth of Eppes Creek, 
which had been devised to him by his father. In 1784 he 
purchased land north of Glendower, which is still the resi- 
dence of his grandson. In 1794 he was associated in business 
with Samuel Dyer at Warren, where he died soon after. His 
wife was Agnes, daughter of Giles Tompkins, and his chil- 
dren Susan, the wife of John I/. Cobb, of Bedford, and 
mother of Nicholas Hamner Cobb, a former Chaplain of the 
University, and the first Episcopal Bishop of Alabama, Nich- 


olas, who married Mary, daughter of Edward Garland, 
Edmund, who married Charlotte, daughter of Manoah Clark- 
son, James, who married Isabel Maxwell, Elizabeth, the wife 
of a Scruggs, of Buckingham, and Nancy, the wife of Sam- 
uel Childress. 

The third of the brothers is believed to have been John, 
who lived in the Biscuit Run valley, and first appears as a 
purchaser of land in 1778. He married Mary, daughter of 
Charles and Rachel Wingfield, and his children were Charles 
W., of Buckingham, from whom descended James and Wade 
Hamner, of Lynchburg, John, who married Susan Fretwell, 
Francis, who married Sarah Eubank, Thomas, who married 
Maria, daughter of Edward Garland, and removed to I/ewis 
County, West Virginia, Mary and Susan, the wives respec- 
tively of Meekins and John B. Carr, who emigrated to Dickson 
County, Tennessee, Elizabeth, the wife of Samuel S. Gay, 
and Sarah, the wife of David Gentry. 


One of the original patentees of land in the county was 
Solomon Hancock. In 1756 he obtained the grant of four 
hundred acres between the Hardware and Totier Creek, 
Four years after he sold part of it to Giles Tompkins, and 
removed to Halifax County. In 1777 he sold the remainder 
to William Tompkins, son of Giles. 

David Hancock in 1834 purchased from John R. Campbell 
eleven hundred acres on both sides of the Rivanna, above the 
mouth of Buck Island Creek. He died in 1858. His chil- 
dren were David, who married Janetta Thurman, Dr. Charles, 
who married Catharine Thurman, Gustavus, who married 
Ivily Wimbert, and lived on James River below Howardsville, 
and Virginia, the wife of Dr. Francis Hancock, of Richmond. 
David died in 1872, Mrs. Virginia in 1884, Dr. Charles in 
1885, and Gustavus 1898. All left families. 

Richard J. Hancock was a native of Alabama, and came to 
Virginia during the civil war with the troops of l/ouisiana. 
Sojourning in Albemarle while recovering from wounds re- 
ceived in battle, he married Thomasia, daughter of John O. 


Harris. He succeeded his father-in-law at Ellerslie, which 
is a part of the old Indian Camp plantation, once the estate 
of William Short, Washington's Minister to the Hague, and 
the fame of which as a stock farm he has spread abroad 
throughout the land. 


The family of Hardin occupied a position of some promi- 
nence in the county at the beginning of the century. Its 
head was Isaac, who, after living on different places, finally 
settled about 1785 on the plantation near Greenwood Depot, 
recently owned by Thomas C. Bowen. Here he resided un- 
til his death in 1820, at the age of eighty-four. His wife was 
Elizabeth, daughter of William Brown, and his children 
Mary, the wife of Samuel B. Smith, whose sons removed to 
Tennessee, Benjamin, Elizabeth, the wife of Gideon Morgan, 
Sarah, the wife of Nathaniel Landcraft, Nelson, Isaac B., 
I/Ucinda, the wife of William Scott, Berry M., and John. 
About 1808 Nelson emigrated to Mississippi Territory, and 
Isaac to Tennessee. Berry M. died in 1826. 

For many years Benjamin was a conspicuous figure in the 
western part of the county. He bought in 1805 the brick 
house about a mile west of Ivy Depot, which was at first the 
nucleus, and soon the whole, of the town of Morgantown. 
Here he kept a tavern having the name of Albemarle Hotel 
until 1826. From time to time he bought up a few lots of the 
projected town, as their owners endeavored to realize a return 
from their investment ; but as they lay unmarked amidst the 
trees and bushes of the forest, it is surmised the great mass 
of them quietly lapsed in his hands, totally forgotten by 
those who held the title. Hardin was a fancier of fine horses, 
and kept a number of racers. It is likely the temptations 
connected with such pursuits involved him in undue expense, 
and led to a neglect of his proper business ; at all events in 
1827 all his property was sold under deeds of trust. He 
then removed to Nelson County. In January 1899, his son. 
Dr. Charles W. Hardin, died near Longwood, Rockbridge 
County, in the eighty-fifth year of his age. 



Castleton Harper was a deputy of Joseph Thompson, the 
first Sheriff of the county. His home was on the north 
fork of Hardware, near the mouth of Sowell's Branch. His 
death occurred about 1799. His children were Richard, Cas- 
tleton, Henry, Rebecca, the wife of Jeremiah Hamner, Mary, 
the wife of Reuben White, Jemima, the wife of Edward 
lyyon, and EHinda, believed to have been the wife of Thomas 

Charles Harper came to Albemarle from Culpeper about 
1814. In that year he bought from Thomas Wells eight 
hundred acres south of Ivy Depot. By continued purchases 
he became the owner of more than twelve hundred acres in 
that vicinity. In 1817 he disposed of three hundred acres, 
and half of the mill on Ivy Creek, to his son Joseph. He 
died in 1848. His wife was lyUcy Smithers, and his children 
Joseph, Sarah, the wife of John Slaughter, Mary, the wife of 
William H. Glasscock, William, Charles, Gabriel, I^ydia, 
the wife of Stephen C. Price, Robert, l/ucy, the wife of Dr. 
M. I/. Anderson, Nancy, the wife of Uriah P. Bennett, and 
Eliza Jane, the wife of John Wood Jr. 

Joseph in 1826 sold to Benjamin Wood a tract of fifty acres, 
which acquired the name of Woodville, but has since been 
called Ivy Depot. In 1832 he sold his property, and removed 
to Daviess County, Missouri, where he died the same year 
as his father. He was twice married, first to Eliza Ann 
Green, and secondly to Mary Ann Miller, the widow of 
Robert W. Wood. His children were Twyman W., William, 

Mary, the wife of Martin, Ivucy Ann, the wife of Nor- 

borne T. Martin, a former merchant of Charlottesville, 
Charles and John. Gabriel married Sarah, daughter of 
Edmund Anderson and Jane I^ewis. He was appointed a 
magistrate of the county in 1838. Some years before the war 
he removed to Appomattox County, and later to Prince 
Edward. When the war closed, he settled on James River 
below Richmond, where not long after he died. 



Matthew Harris in 1741 patented four hundred acres on 
the waters of Totier, which he afterwards sold to John 
Harris. It is believed he soon removed to the present terri- 
tory of Nelson. He married Miss Lee, and had two sons, 
William and lyce. Lee married Miss Philips, and his son, 
William Lee Harris, who married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Clayton Coleman, was admitted to the Albemarle bar in 
1798, but probably lived in the present bounds of Nelson. 

William Harris, in all likelihood a brother of Matthew, was 
long one of the early and leading citizens of Albemarle. 
His first patent was located on Beaverdam of Hardware in 
1739. He also made entries on Totier and Green Creeks, 
until during the next forty years he possessed more than two 
thousand acres. He was evidently a man of fine judgment 
and great energy. He established on Green Creek one of 
the first mills erected in that part of the county, and it has 
ever since been an important centre to the surrounding 
country. In 1746, the year after the county was organized, 
he was appointed one of its magistrates. He died in 1788. 
His wife was Mary Netherland, and his children, Matthew, 
Sarah, the wife of a Mosby, Elizabeth, the wife of John 
Digges, Catharine, the wife of a Steger, John, William, Mary, 
the wife of a Woodfolk, Benjamin, Ann, the wife of Hawes 
Coleman, and Judith, the wife of George Coleman. From 
this stem has sprung a greater number of families perhaps 
than from any other ever domiciled in the county. 

Matthew married Miss Tate, and had fifteen children. 
Among them were Schuyler, who married Frances Blades, 
lived two miles north of Covesville, and died in 1803, and 
whose son, William B., married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Andrew Hart, was the father of Alfred and William Henry, 
was a magistrate of the county, and a ruling elder in the 
Cove Church, and died in 1862 ; Matthew, who married Miss 
Blades, and had a large family, of which the only one 
remaining is venerable LJoyd Harris, now living near War- 
ren; Henry T., who became a member of the Albemarle bar 
in 1808, lived south of Covesville, married his cousin Mary, 


daughter of Benjamin Harris, and died in 1845, and whose 
daughters, Mary and Cornelia, were the wives respectively 
of Dr. Daniel E. Watson, and Dr. William D. Boaz ; and 
Mary, the wife of a Barnett, and mother of Nathan J., who 
lived near Covesville, and was for many years Surveyor of 
the county. 

Sarah Mosby was the grandmother of Alfred, the father 
of Colonel John S. Mosby, of Confederate fame. Elizabeth, 
the wife of John Digges, was the mother of nine children, of 
whom Elizabeth became the wife of Rev. Isaac Darneille, an 
Episcopal clergyman, Charlotte, the wife of William Moon, 
Dorothy, the wife of Marshall Durrett, Nancy, the wife of 
James Durrett, of Batesville, and I<ucy, the wife of Dabney 
Carr, of North Garden. 

John Harris was at the time of his death in 1832 the 
wealthiest man in the county. His home was at Viewmont, 
south of Carter's Bridge, which he purchased in 1803 from 
Tucker Moore Woodson. It is said, he added largely to his 
estate by his business operations during the war of 1812. 
He was appointed a magistrate in 1807. He was twice mar- 
ried, first to Frances Rowzy, and secondly to Sarah, widow of 
Robert Barclay. He left no children of his own, but devised 
a large portion of his estate to the children of his second wife, 
two of whom were married to the brothers, John D. and 
Edward H. Moon. His will was contested, and a long liti- 
gation ensued before if was finally established in 1838. 

William married Miss Wagstafi, and had eight children. 
Among them were William B., and Frances, the wife of 
I/ewis Nicholas. William B. married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Samuel Woods, and was the father of William H. , who 
married Mary J. Wayland, lived on the old Field place near 
Batesville, was appointed a magistrate in 1838, and died in 

Benjamin was a man of great wealth, was appointed a 
magistrate in 1791, and served as Sheriff in 1815. He mar- 
ried Mary, daughter of Samuel Woods, and had eleven chil- 
dren. Among them were Dr. William A., who married his 
cousin Elizabeth, daughter of Schuyler Harris, was a magis- 


trate of the county, and a ruling elder in the Cove Church, 
and in 1837 removed to Illinois ; and Colonel George W., who 
died in 1877, and whose children still occupy the old home- 
stead on the old Irish Road, west of Porter's Precinct. 
Ann, wife of Hawes Coleman, was the grandmother of Mary, 
the wife of Dr. Charles D. Everett. 

One of the early settlers on Doyle' s River was Robert Harris . 
He obtained patents for nearly three thousand acres in that 
vicinity, his first entry having been made in 1750. His death 
took place in 1765. He and his wife Mourning had ten chil- 
dren, Christopher, Robert, Tyree, James, William, I^ucy, the 
wife of William Shelton, Sarah, the wife of John Rodes, the 
wife of William Dalton, Mourning, the wife of John Jouett, 
and Elizabeth, the wife of William Crawford, and mother of 
William H. Crawford, United States Senator from Georgia, 
Minister to France, Secretary of the Treasury under Mr. Mon- 
Toe, and a prominent candidate for the Presidency in 1824. 
Robert was a Captain in the Revolutionary service, and 
removed to Surry County, North Carolina. William died 
early in 1776, and Christopher in 1794. 

James died in 1792. He and his wife Mary had ten chil- 
dren, Thomas, Joel, Nathan, James, lyUcy, the wife of Thomas 
Grubbs, Mourning, the wife of Cornelius Maupin, Sarah, the 
wife of James Harrison, Susan, the wife of Nicholas Burnley, 
Ann, the wife of a Haden, and Jane, the wife of a Dabney. Joel 
was appointed a magistrate in 1801, and about 1811 Commis- 
sioner of the Revenue for Fredericksville parish, which office 
he held until his death in 1826. He and his wife Anna had 
three sons, Ira, Joel and Clifton. Ira succeeded his father 
in the Commissionership, as well as in the old home, the 
place where Jeremiah A. Early now resides, and died in 1863. 
He married Sarah, and his brother Clifton, Mary, daughters 
of Howell lycwis, of North Garden. Nathan removed to 
I/Cxington, Va., where he resided till his death. He was the 
father of the Hon. John T. Harris, and Rev. William A. 
Harris, for many years Principal of the Female Seminary in 
Staunton. James was appointed a magistrate in 1807. He 
married Mary, daughter of John and Mary McCuUoch, and 


was associated with his brothers-in-law, Robert and James 
McCuUoch, in conducting the mill at Millington. In 1822 he 
sold his property, and removed to another part of the country. 

Another family of this name lived near Free Union. Its 
head was James, who died in 1797. He and his wife Eliza- 
beth had six sons and five daughters. One of his sons, Blake, 
married Mary, daughter of John Alphin, and from another 
was descended Randolph Frank Harris, who was for some 
years the mayor of Charlottesville. 

At a later date John O. Harris came to the county from 
Ivouisa. He purchased part of the old Indian Camp place, 
which William Short sold in 1813 to David Higginbotham. 
His wife was Barbara Terrell, and his daughters, Ann and 
Thomasia, became the wives respectively of John O. Pendle- 
ton and R. J. Hancock. Mr. Harris died in 1877, and his 
wife in 1882. 


Richard Harrison in 1789 purchased from James Overstreet, 
of Bedford, a tract of two hundred acres on the Martin King 
Road, between the waters of Buck Island and Hardware, 
which he sold four years later to Charles McGehee. One 
of the same name, and in all probability the same person, 
married Mary, daughter of Peter Clarkson. He resided in 
the Whitehall neighborhood, and was the father of a large 
family. His children were Elizabeth, the wife of Weathers - 
ton Shelton, Ann, the wife of John Clarkson, Mary, the wife 
of Charles W. Maupin, who removed to St. Louis, Peter C, 
Charles, John C, who married Frances Rodes, Julius C, 
who married Elizabeth Strange, Richard, David, James, who 
married Sarah Harris, and William. 

In 1829 Dr. Charles Cocke and George M. Payne, as trus- 
tees of William Moon, sold Belle Grove, the seat of Old Albe- 
marle Court House on James River, to Peyton Harrison. 
Mr. Harrison was a son of Randolph Harrison, of Clifton in 
Cumberland County, and a grandnephew of Benjamin, the 
signer of the Declaration of Independence. He married Jane, 
daughter of Judge Dabney Carr. Settling on his plantation 
near Scottsville, he practiced law for three or four years, but 


abandoning that profession he entered the Presbyterian min- 
istry. After making this change of vocation, he returned to 
Scottsville, and becatne pastor of the Presbyterian Church. 
Near the close of 1833 he sold Belle Grove to his brother, 
Carter H. Harrison. Here Carter resided until his death in 
1844. He was appointed a magistrate of the county in 1835. 
His wife was Jeanette Fisher, and his sons were George 
Fisher, Henry, Bdward Jacquelin, and Carter. Henry was 
the father of George M. Harrison, Judge of the present Court 
of appeals. 


Andrew Hart was a Scotchman by birth, and was estab- 
lished as a merchant in the southern part of the county as 
early as 1786. His store was on Jumping Hill, at the south 
end of Gay's Mountain. At that time the road from Staun- 
ton to Scott's lyanding^ passed immediately in its front, so 
that it was a point of public concourse. Mr. Hart was emi- 
nently successful in his business operations, and attained a 
high reputation for integrity and worth. Besides the man- 
agement of his private interests, he was frequently engaged 
in public affairs, devoting much time to the execution of 
trusts devolved upon him by the County Court. He was for 
many years a ruling elder in the Cove Church, and one of its 
main supporters. His home was at Sunny Bank, the pres- 
ent residence of his great-grandson, Andrew Hart. He was 
twice married, first to Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. Samuel 
Leake, and secondly to Elizabeth Bickley, sister of the wife 
of Samuel Dyer. He died in 1832. 

His children by the first marriage were Samuel I,, and 
Mary, the wife of David Young. These brothers-in-law were 
in the early part of the century associated as merchants, and 
prosecuted an active business in North Garden. Samuel 
Hart was exceedingly popular, and a wide circle of friends 
availed themselves of his rare executive gifts. About 1829 
he removed to Missouri. By the second marriage Mr. Hart's 
children were James, Andrew, John B., Francis, William D., 
Eliza, the wife of William B. Harris, Margaret, the wife of 


Rev. Thornton Rogers, and Celia, the wife of t)r. Jacob Sni- 
der, who removed to Mississippi. 

James was twice married, first to Sophia, daughter of 
Schuyler Harris, and secondly to Frances Thomas, widow of 
Dr. Charles H. Meriwether. His home was in North Garden 
where H. Carter Moore afterwards lived, but he subsequently 
removed to Fruitland near Keswick, the present residence of 
his son-in-law, A. P. Fox. He died in 1874. Andrew was 
a Presbyterian minister, and died a few years ago at Buch- 
anan, the place of his last pastorate. John B. was appointed 
a magistrate in 1824, did business in Scottsville and Missis- 
sippi successfully for a time, but at length overtaken by com- 
mercial disaster, removed to Alexandria where he died. 
Francis received from his father a plantation near Covesville, 
sold it in 1837 to Dr. Daniel E. Watson, and removed to 
Richmond. William D. was a man of much energy and vi- 
vacity, studied law, was a magistrate, represented the county 
both in the House of Delegates and State Senate, and was a 
Director of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. He suc- 
ceeded his father both in the old homestead and the elder- 
ship of the Cove Church. He married Elizabeth De Jarnette, 
and had one daughter Elizabeth, the wife of Thomas R. Dew. 
He departed this life in 1877. 

John Hart, a brother of Andrew, settled in Richmond, 
where he died unmarried in 1796. He managed his affairs 
prosperously, and acquired considerable property. By his 
will he bequeathed a thousand pounds to a sister in Din- 
lithgow, Scotland, and the residue of his estate to his brother 
in Albemarle. 


John Harvie was a native of Stirlingshire, Scotland, and 
at the time Albemarle was organized, was living at Belmont 
near Keswick, a place he bought from Matthew Graves. 
He was the guardian of Mr. Jefferson, and one of the 
earliest efiorts of the great statesman's pen, was an inquiry 
addressed to Mr. Harvie respecting the method of his educa- 
tion. He died in 1767. His wife was Martha Gaines, and 
his children Richard, John, Daniel, who married Sarah 


Taliaferro, William, who married Judith Cosby, Martha, 
the wife of John Moore, Margaret, the wife of John Daven- 
port, Elizabeth, the wife of James Marks, Janet, the wife of 
Reuben Jordan, and Mary, the wife of David Meriwether. 
Some of these families resided for a time in Amherst, but 
all except John emigrated to Wilkes County, Georgia, in 
the decade of 1780. 

John was a prominent man in his generation. He was 
one of the first lawyers in point of time who practiced at the 
Albemarle bar. He was a member of the House of Bur- 
gesses, and of the Continental Congress. He owned large 
tracts of land in the county, among them Belmont, the Bar- 
racks and Pen Park. By his influence as a Congressman, 
he procured the establishment of the Prison Camp at the 
Barracks. He made his home for some years at Belmont, 
but on receiving from Mr. Jefferson the appointment of 
Register of the Land Office he removed to Richmond, and 
continued in the discharge of its duties during the remainder 
of his life. He died at Belvidere, his country seat near 
Richmond, in 1807. He was a public spirited man, and did 
much to improve his city property, building among other 
houses what was afterwards known as the Gamble mansion, 
in the erection of which his death was caused by falling 
from a ladder. His wife was Margaret, daughter of Gabriel 
Jones, the distinguished Valley lawyer. His son Jacquelin 
married Mary, the only daughter of Chief Justice Marshall, 
and his daughter Gabrielle, a great beauty and wit, became 
the wife of the elder Thomas Mann Randolph in his old age, 
a marriage which produced a prodigious sensation at the 
time, and which occasioned some prudent advice on the part 
of Mr. Jefferson to his daughter, the wife of Mr. Randolph's 
son, in accordance with the wonderful practical wisdom that 
dwelt in the man. After the death of her husband, Gabrielle 
was married to Dr. John W. Brockenbrough, of Richmond 
and the Warm Springs. 


Four persons named Hays came to the county from 
Augusta about 1780, William, James, David and John. It 


is likely they were brothers; James and David certainly 
were. William bought land from Thomas Smith on the 
head waters of Mechum's River. He married Charity, a 
sister of Rev. Benjamin Burgher, and in 1795 sold out and 
removed to Kentucky. James at first settled in the same 
vicinity, but afterwards purchased from John Mills a tract 
that included the present farm of Brooksville. There just 
before the close of the last century he laid out the town of 
New York, and disposed of a number of lots. For many 
years he kept a tavern, a well known stand in its day, which 
after his death was carried on by his widow. He displayed 
such prudent skill in the management of his affairs, that he 
was able to devise to his three sons a thousand acres of 
land. He died in 1813. His wife was Mary, daughter of 
Claudius Buster, who was married a second time to John 
Morrison. His children were James, Nathaniel, Thomas, 
and Elizabeth, the wife of Robert Brooks. James purchased 
the portions of his brothers, who seem to have removed to 
Monroe County. He married Margaret Yancey, a daughter 
probably of Colonel Charles Yancey. He gradually sold off 
his property, and appears to have emigrated to another part 
of the country about 1830. 

John Hays conducted a public house in the same section, 
and died in 1826. David owned land near the foot of Yellow 
Mountain, a short distance north of Batesville. He was a 
farmer, a storekeeper, a ruling elder in the I,ebanon Church, 
and for a time Colonel of the Forty-Seventh Regiment. He 
died about 1856. Shortly after that time, a son, David T., 
sold his land in that neighborhood, and removed elsewhere. 
William, another son as is supposed, married Mary, daugh- 
ter of John Dettor, and died not long before, or during, the 


At an early day the family of Henderson owned land near 
Milton, both on the north and south sides of the Rivanna. 
A stream which empties into the river below Milton, and 
which rises not far from CoUe, was for many years known as 
Henderson's Branch. John Henderson bought the land on 


which Milton stands from Dr. Arthur Hopkins, who entered 
it in 1732. He died in 1786. It is conjectured his wife was 
a Bennett, as that was a given name in the family from gen- 
eration to generation. His children were John, Bennett, 
William, Klizabeth, the wife of David Crawford, Susan, the 
wife of John Clark, Mary and Hannah, both married to Bul- 
locks, and Frances, the first wife of John Thomas, of Am- 

John Jr. , was the owner, by gift from his father and father- 
in-law, of a large quantity of land lying below Milton, and 
in the Biscuit Run Valley. He was manifestly a man of in- 
fluence on his own account. He was a magistrate, and filled 
the ofl&ce of Sheriff, though in consequence of the loss of the 
early records the time is not known. He died in 1790, only 
four years after the death of his father. His wife was Frances, 
daughter of John Moore, and his children Bennett, Matthew, 
William, Mary, the wife of Hopkins I^ewis, Frances, the 
wife of John Hines, Sarah, the wife of Micajah Clark, and 
Elizabeth , the wife of Peter Martin. Bennett emigrated to Jes- 
samine County, Kentucky, about 1800, and Matthew followed 
him a few years later. William, who married Rebecca, 
daughter of John Hudson, conveyed six hundred acres on Bis- 
cuit Run to Walter Coles in 1806, when he presumably joined 
his kindred in the West. John Hines lived at the Pillars of 
Hercules, now known as Millington, sold the place in 1807 to 
Thomas FHis, and removed to Kentucky, where after his de- 
cease his widow became the wife of John NicoU, of Allen 
County. Hopkins Lewis lived on a farm on Biscuit Run 
given his wife by her father, but his management of it was so 
intolerable, that in 1801 the court took it from his control, 
and in 1827 his seven children, scattered over Kentucky and 
Tennessee, appointed attorneys to dispose of it. 

Bennett, the second son of John Sr., was a man of much 
consideration. He was a magistrate of the county. It was on 
his land Milton was built. He resided there, and in the 
exercise of a liberal, enterprising spirit erected a large flour- 
ing mill, and a tobacco warehouse, that during the next 
thirty years preserved the name of Henderson in the commu- 


nity. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Colonel Charles 
1/ewis Jr., of Buck Island, and had twelve children, John, 
who married Ann B. Hudson, sister of his cousin William's 
wife, William, Sarah, the wife of John R. Kerr, James, 
Charles, Isham, Bennett, Hillsborough, Eliza, the wife of 
John H. Bullock, Frances, the wife of Thomas Hornsby, 
lyucy, the wife of John Wood, and Nancy Crawford, the wife 
of Matthew Nelson. Bennett Henderson died comparatively 
young in 1793, and within the next fifteen years his widow 
and all her children had removed to Kentucky. Their land 
around Milton, which was sold to Craven Peyton, came into 
Mr. Jefferson's hands in 1811 ; and in the deed to Mr. Jeffer- 
son, evidently written by his own hand in the precise lan- 
guage which marks all his writings, there is a full account 
of Bennett Henderson's family. 

James P. Henderson was a grandson of Justice John Blair, 
of the United States Supreme Court, and one of the heirs of 
Blair Park. By purchasing the interest of John Blair Peachy, 
the other heir, in 1831, he became the sole owner. He mar- 
ried Margaret C, daughter of Richard Pollard, and grand- 
daughter of Robert Rives, and had one child, Pauline, who 
became the wife of David M . Clarkson , of New York. He put 
an end to his own life at Cocke's Tavern in 1835. 


William Waller Hening, the compiler of the Statutes at 
Large of Virginia, was at one time a resident of Charlottes- 
ville, and a regular practitioner at its bar. He settled in the 
town in 1793, and seems to have come from Spotsylvania. 
His place of residence was first on the southern boundary 
of the place, near where Vandegrift's Planing Mill recently 
stood, and subsequently on the south side of University Street, 
not far from the Delavan Church. He dealt somewhat in 
real estate, but apparently not with much success. He was 
the owner of a Distillery which was once located beside the 
spring on the west side of the old I^ynchburg Road, a little 
northeast of Orangedale, and with which his name was asso' 
ciated long after his removal from the county. This event 


occurred in 1805, when he went to Richmond to engage in 
the useful work of collecting and -publishing the Laws of 
Virginia. He was unquestionably induced to undertake this 
task by Mr. Jefferson, to whom it had been a matter of deep 
interest and great labor for many years. He was also asso- 
ciated with William Munford in publishing Hening & Mun- 
ford's Reports. His wife was Agatha, daughter of Henry 
Banks. Mr. Hening continued to hold the ownership of 
some lots in the southern portion of the town, and of some 
land near Moore's Creek, which was finally closed out in 1830 
by his son-in-law, Robert G. W. Spotswood. He died in 
Richmond in 1828. 


As early as 1732, Dr. Arthur Hopkins, who resided on one 
of the branches of Byrd Creek in Goochland, obtained a 
patent for four hundred acres where Milton now stands, an- 
other in 1748 for nearly twenty-three hundred on Totier Creek, 
and a third in 1765 for fourteen hundred and seventeen be- 
tween Hardware and Totier, which had been granted to Har- 
din Burnley, but forfeited for failure to pay the quit rents. 
He died in 1766. He and his wife EJlizabeth had eight chil- 
dren, Samuel, John, Arthur, William, James, I/Ucy, the wife 
of George Robinson, of Pittsylvania, Mary, the wife of 
Joseph Cabell, and Isabel. 

Samuel married Isabella Taylor, a cousin of President 
Madison's grandmother, and of President Taylor's grand- 
father, and an aunt of John Taylor, of Caroline. Their son 
Samuel was Lieutenant Colonel of the Tenth Virginia in the 
Revolution, and General in Kentucky in the war of 1812, for 
whom Hopkins County and Hopkinsville in that State were 
named. Arthur went to Kentucky, and died unmarried. 
William lived in Albemarle on Totier. He married Eliza- 
beth daughter of Jacob Moon, and died in 1820. His 
children were Ann, the wife of Peter Porter, who removed to 
Missouri, Mildred, the wife of James Thomas, Jane, the 
wife of I/ittleberry Moon, and mother of Samuel O. Moon, 
Mary, Margaret, Isabel, the wife of Henry Turner, and 
mother of the venerable William H. Turner, Elizabeth, the 


wife of Jesse Haden, Samuel — the last two emigrated to 
Kentucky — and William. William had his home in the 
vicinity of Scottsville, married Rebecca Estis, and died in 
1832. His children were Mary, the wife of lyain B. Jones, 
Martha, the wife of John H. Henderson, James, and Mar- 
garet, the wife of Moses Arnold. 

James, the son of Dr. Arthur, was the accomplished phy- 
sician who settled in Nelson County, and as already narrated, 
was basely murdered in 1803. 

Mary, daughter of Mary Hopkins and Joseph Cabell, be- 
came the wife of John Breckinridge, then of Botetourt County, 
but subsequently United States Senator from Kentucky, and 
Mr. Jefferson's Attorney General. Mr. Cabell, who had 
bought the glebe of St. Anne's on the south fork of Totier, 
presented it to his daughter, and there Mr. Breckinridge 
made his residence from 1785 to 1793, when he removed to 
Kentucky. During that time he was a member of the 
Albemarle bar, and in 1792 in the interval between the 
resignation of the first John Nicholas, and the appointment 
of the second, as Clerk of the county, he acted as Clerk pro 
tern. His two eldest children were born in Albemarle, one 
of whom was the father of the Vice President. 


One of the earliest patentees of land in the wilds of Albe- 
marle was Charles Hudson, of Hanover. His first entry was 
made in 1730 on the Hardware, below Carter's Bridge. It 
was for two thousand acres, and within the next three 
years he obtained grants for sixteen hundred more in the 
same locality. It embraced Mount Air, which was one of 
the seats of the Hudson family for more than a hundred years. 
The stream entering the south side of the Hardware below 
Mount Air, was formerly known as Hudson's Creek. Charles 
Hudson also took out a patent in 1735 for two thousand acres 
on Ivy Creek, southwest of Ivy Depot, which he sold two 
years later to the elder Michael Woods. It is almost certain 
he never lived in Albemarle himself. He died in 1748, and 
the executor of his estate was his son-in-law, John Wingfield. 


His wife was probably a Roy all, and his children were Wil- 
liam, John, Christopher, Mary, the wife of John Wingfield, 
Elizabeth, the wife of Nicholas Johnson, Rebecca, the wife 
of Robert Wathen, Sarah, the wife of Richard Holland, and 
Ann, the wife of Joseph I^ewis. In 1762 Mary Wingfield, 
still living in Hanover, conveyed to her son Charles part of 
five hundred acres in Albemarle given her by her father, and 
named Prospect, where Charles was living at the time. This 
Charles was the forefather of most of the Wingfields, who 
have since resided in the county. 

John Hudson had his residence on the lower Hardware. 
He died in 1768. He and his wife Ann had four children, 
Charles, John, Christopher, and Mary, the wife of a Gaines. 
Charles married Jane, daughter of Colonel Charles I^ewis Jr., 
of Buck Island. Their daughter, Martha Eppes, was the 
wife of Tucker Moore Woodson, who about 1804 removed to 
Kentucky. Charles Hudson seems not to have been pros- 
perous in his affairs. In 1807 he exchanged with Samuel 
Dyer the place on Hardware where he lived, for a tract of land 
in Barren County, Kentucky, to which he probably removed. 
John, whose residence was on the Hardware, died in 1801. 
His children were John, who died in 1827, Charles, who died 
in 1837 , and whose daughter Isaetta became the wife of Isaac 
R. Barksdale, Elizabeth, the wife of Charles A. Scott, 
Rebecca, the wife of William Henderson, Sarah, Mary, the 
wife of a Cobbs, and Ann Barber, the wife of John Hender- 

Christopher, the son of the first Charles, displayed more of 
the ability and thrift of his father than any other of his de- 
scendants. At the time of his death, which took place in 1825, 
he was the possessor of more than five thousand acres of 
land. He was appointed a magistrate in 1800, but four 
years after resigned. His home was at Mount Air. He 
married Sarah, daughter of David Anderson, and his chil- 
dren were Elizabeth, the wife of George Gilmer, and Ann, 
the wife of William Tompkins. His grandson, Thomas W. 
Gilmer, had charge of the administration of his large estate. 



Thomas Hughes, who came from Buckingham, and lived 
on James River, died in 1779. His children were William, 
Moses, Mary, the wife of a Jude, and Rebecca, the wife of a 
Ball. William was a man of some prominence. He was 
acting as a magistrate of the county in 1783, and served as 
Sheriff in 1797. He and his wife Mary had five children, 
Rebecca, Robert, Jane, the wife of Alexander Fretwell, 
Hannah, the wife of Bdward Thomas, and Sarah, the wife of 
Samuel Irvin. He died in 1813. 

Stephen Hughes was a large landholder near Charlottes - 
ville at the time the town was established. In 1764 he pur- 
chased from John Grills nearly a thousand acres on Moore's 
Creek, including the tnouth of Biscuit Run. In June 1762 
he bought from Colonel Richard Randolph, of Henrico, five 
hundred and fifty -eight acres lying mainly on the east side 
of the present Scottsville Road, and extending from the 
limits of the town beyond Moore's Creek; this tract, except 
a few acres, he sold in 1765 to Creed Childress, who the 
same year sold it to Nicholas lycwis. His dwelling was not 
far from where the old L,ynchburg Road crosses Moore's 
Creek. He died in 1793. He was twice married, and his 
children were Stephen, Mary, the wife of James Mayo, Kd- 
ward, Sarah, and I^etitia, the wife of Francis Taliaferro. 
Stephen about 1810 built a mill on Moore's Creek, which 
occupied the site of that which now belongs to Jesse L. 
Maury. He disposed of it to John Wheeler, who in 1820 
sold it to Reuben Maury and John M. Perry. Fdward died 
about 1826. His wife was Elizabeth Chisholm, and his 
children Nancy,; Mary, Martha, Susan, Sarah, William 
and John. Mary became the wife of Washington Chiles, who 
was for many years one of the cabinet makers of the town, 
and lived on the south side of Main Street, east of the Per- 
ley Building. 


Rev. William Irvin was one of the early Presbyterian 
ministers of the county. He received his education in part 
at the school of Rev. John Todd in I^ouisa. He was received 


by the Presbytery of Hanover in 1769, and settled as pastor 
of the Cove and Rockfisb Churches in 1771. He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph Holt, who served in the Rev- 
olution as First Ivieutenant in the Fourth Virginia, and who 
purchased land from Colonel Charles lyewis on the Staunton 
Road west of Ivy Depot, where he resided until 1794. Mr. 
Irvin bought part of this land from his father-in-law, but 
sold it in 1783, and the same year purchased from Charles 
Martin a farm on the south fork of Hardware, where J. 
Goulet Martin now lives, and where he made his home until 
his death in 1809. His relation to Rockfish Church was 
dissolved in 1776, and he then devoted his time to preaching 
at the Cove, D. S., and Mountain Plains. In July 1793 his 
old preceptor, Rev. John Todd, met with a tragic death on 
his return from a meeting of Presbytery at the Cove. The 
road on the east side of Persimmon Mountain passed then, 
as it does still, along the bed of the South Hardware for a 
short distance; there the venerable minister was found, lying 
in the stream with life extinct. Whether he was smitten 
with an apoplectic-stroke, or whether his horse took fright, 
and starting suddenly threw him, was not known. It is said, 
he was accustomed to ride a spirited horse. 

Mr. Irvin had ten children, some of whom attained a 
degree of eminence in the world; Joseph Holt, Margaret. 
Elizabeth, the wife of Dabney C. Gooch, Nancy, the wife of 
Thomas W. Gooch, Sarah, the wife of Robert Sangster, John, 
William W., James, Thomas and David. Joseph was ad- 
mitted to the Albemarle bar in 1796, married Elizabeth, 
daughter of William Cole of North Garden, and died in 1805, 
leaving two daughters, one of whom, Susan, was married 
first to Colonel Thomas Wood, and was the mother of Dr. 
Alfred Wood and Mrs. Jeremiah A. Early, and secondly to 
John Fray. John lived on the old place, was a magistrate 
of the county, and died in 1828, leaving a number of chil- 
dren, all of whom removed to Campbell and Prince Edward 
Counties. William became a member of the Albemarle bar, 
but emigrated to Lancaster, Ohio, where he was appointed 
a Judge of the Supreme Court, and elected to Congress in 


1828. Thomas joined his brother William in Ohio, and be- 
came Judge of the lyancaster Circuit. David was also a 
lawyer, received the appointment of Governor of Wisconsin 
Territory, and afterwards settled in Texas, where he was 
left by the war with only the shreds of a large fortune, and 
where he shortly after died. 


The Jamesons were settled at an early day on Moorman's 
River, both above and below Whitehall. John Jameson took 
out a patent for lani on the north side of that stream in 1741, 
and Samuel, his brother or son, on the branches of Spring 
Creek in 1747. In 1765 Samuel purchased the land in the 
old Woods Gap from Archibald Woods, who had entered it 
in 1756. His son Alexander sold it in 1809 to David Stephen- 
son, of Augusta. Samuel died in 1788. He and his wife 
Jean had nine children, four of whom were Alexander, 
Thomas, John and Samuel. Samuel Jr., died about 1805. 
His wife's name was Margaret, and his children were Han- 
nah, the wife of William Harris, Jane, the wife of William 
Maupin, Elizabeth, the wife of a Harris, Catharine, the wife 
of Nathan Mills, Mary, the wife of Nehemiah Birckhead, 
William and Samuel. Some of the sons of this family were 
mighty hunters, as is manifest from their frequent reports of 
wolf scalps to the County Court. 

It is supposed that Thomas Jameson, who was a physician 
in busy practice in Charlottesville the early part of the cen - 
tury, was a scion of this stock. In 1806 he lived on the lot 
on which the family of J. J. Conner resides at present, and 
which he purchased from William G. Garner. In one of his 
conveyances it is described as being "on the upper street 
leading out to Jameson's Gap," that being evidently the 
name of what is now called Turk's Gap. He married Eva- 
lina, daughter of William Alcock, and sister of the second 
wife of John Kelly. In 1815 he sold his residence to Mr. 
Kelly, and it is believed emigrated to the West. 



The first of the Jarman name settled in the county was 
Thomas, who obtained a grant of land on Moorman's River 
in 1762. His children were Elizabeth, the wife of Zacha- 
riah Maupin, Mary, the wife- of Benajah Brown, William, 
Martha, the wife of Daniel Maupin, Frances, the wife of John 
A. Michie, and James. James had his residence on the east 
side of the road in Brown's Cove, about a mile south of 
Doylesville. He was appointed a magistrate in 1819, and 
was frequently employed in the county business of his dis- 
trict. He died in 1847, and was succeeded in the homestead 
by his son, Miletus, who departed this life in 1874. 

William established himself in 1790 near the present 
Mechum's Depot. He soon after built the mill at that place, 
which was for many years known by his name, and on the 
site of which one has existed ever since. In 1805 he and 
Brightberry Brown undertook the construction of Brown's 
Turnpike, beginning at a point called Camping Rock, cross- 
ing the Ridge at Brown's Gap, descending through Brown's 
Cove, and terminating at Mechum's Depot. A formal accept- 
ance of it took place the next year by Commissioners 
appointed from both sides of the mountain. William Jarman 
died in 1813. He married Sarah, daughter of John Maupin, 
and had- five sons and six daughters. In 1,819 James, his 
eldest son, sold his half of the Turnpike to Ira Harris for one 
hundred dollars. His son Thomas bought the land on the 
summit of the Ridge at the old Woods Gap, and since his 
purchase the Gap has generally gone by his name. His 
daughter Mary became the wife of the younger William 
Woods, of Beaver Creek, and mother of Peter A. Woods > 
formerly one of the merchants of Charlottesville. 


Peter Jefferson, the father of the President, was a native 
of Chesterfield, and removed to the present limits of Albe- 
marle in 1737. He entered the wilderness literally, as when 
he first came there were but three or four persons living in 
the neighborhood. His first entry was that of a thousand 


acres on the south side of the Rivanna, between Monticello 
Mountain and the Henderson land above Milton. Wishing 
a more eligible site for his house, he bought from his friend 
William Randolph, of Tuckahoe, the Shadwell tract of four 
hundred acres, where his distinguished son was born. He 
had been a magistrate and Sheriff in Goochland, and when 
Albemarle was formed, was one of its original magistrates, and 
its I/ieutenant Colonel. He also represented the county in the 
House of Burgesses. He was employed with Colonel Joshua 
Fry to run the boundary line between Virginia and North 
Carolina, and to make the first map of Virginia ever drafted. 
When William Randolph died in 1747, leaving a son of ten- 
der age, he committed him to Mr. Jefferson's care, and more 
efficiently to discharge this trust Mr. Jefferson removed to 
Tuckahoe, where he resided seven years. This circumstance 
explains the difficulty in Mr. Waddell's mind, when in his 
Annals of Augusta County, he wondered how Thomas Lewis 
and his friends, who had gone to Mr. Jefferson's to make a 
map of the survey of the Northern Neck line, could ride from 
his house to Richmond to hear preaching on Sunday. He 
returned to Albemarle in 1755, and died in 1757. His wife 
was Jane, daughter of Isham Randolph, of Dungeness, and 
his children Jane, who died unmarried, Thomas, Randolph, 
Mary, the wife of Thomas Boiling, Martha, the wife of Dabney 
Carr, I/Ucy, the wife of Charles I/ilburn L,ewis, and Ann, 
the wife of Hastings Marks. 

Thomas was born in 1743, married in 1771 Martha, daugh- 
ter of John Wayles, of Charles City, and widow of Bathurst 
Skelton, and died July 4, 1826. He had two daughters, 
Martha, the wife of Governor Thomas Mann Randolph, and 
Mary, the wife of John W. Eppes. He was one of the largest 
landholders in the county, being assessed in 1820 with four 
thousand eight hundred and ninety-nine acres. Soon after 
attaining his majority, he was appointed a magistrate of the 
county, and at the first session of the County Court after 
his decease, the following memorial was entered upon its 
records : 

"As a testimonial of respect for the memory of Thomas 
Jefferson, who devoted a long life to the service of his coun- 


try, the principles of liberty, and the happiness of mankind ; 
who aided conspicuously in the cause of the American Revolu- 
tion; who drafted the Declaration of the principles, on which 
the Independence of these States was declared; who uni- 
formly exerted his great talents to aid both the civil and 
religious liberties of his countrymen, and by whose practical 
administration of the principles he had promulgated in many 
stations, legislative, diplomatic and executive, in which he 
had acted as a public functionary, the equal rights of his 
countrymen were promoted, and secured at home and abroad ; 
who, uniting to a native benevolence a cultivated philan- 
thropy, was peculiarly endeared to his countrymen and 
neighbors, who were witnesses of his virtue : 

Resolved therefore that this testimonial be recorded as a 
perpetual memorial of respect and affection of his country- 
men, and of the Court of Albemarle, of which he was once a 
member; and 

Resolved that this Court and its officers, as a testimony of 
public respect, will wear crape on the left arm for thirty days, 
and will now adjourn." 

Randolph Jefferson in 1781 married Ann, daughter of 
Charles I^ewis Jr., of Buck Island. He had his residence in 
Fluvanna County. He had two sons, Thomas and Isham 
R. Thomas was twice married, first to his cousin Mary R., 
daughter of Charles lyilburn I^ewis, and secondly in 1858 to 
Mrs. Elizabeth Barker, daughter of Henry Siegfried. His 
children were Peter Field and Robert L,. Peter Field lived 
in Scottsville, and by his shrewdness and frugality amassed 
a large fortune. He died in 1861, leaving a son bearing his 
own name, and a daughter, the wife of Peter Foland. Peter 
Field Jr., died in 1867. Robert I,, married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Robert Moorman, lived near Porter's Precinct, and 
died in 1858. His children were Eldridge, who lived in the 
same section of the county till after the war, and Mary, the 
wife of Albert W. Gantt. 

A story is told of Randolph, that one day he came to his 
brother to unburden his mind of a weighty idea that had 
struck him, and announced himself thus: "Tom, I'll tell you 


how to keep the squirrels from pillaging the corn. You see 
they always get on the outside row. Well then, don't plant 
any outside row" — which, if true, well illustrates a reflection 
of Miss Sarah Randolph, "It is curious to remark the unequal 
distribution of talent in this family, each gifted member seem- 
ing to have been made so at the expense of one of the others." 
A Thomas Jefferson, who in the first days of the county 
was one of its deputy Surveyors, was no doubt a brother of 
Peter, the President's father. 


Many persons named Jones have lived in Albemarle. 
Orlando Jones appears at the earliest date . In 17 60 he bought 
four hundred acres from John Scott, and fourteen years later 
four hundred more from Joseph Anthony, both tracts being 
on the waters of Totier. It was unquestionably at his place 
that Major Anbury, and others of the Saratoga prisoners, 
were quartered, while in the county ; and there is as little ques- 
tion that it is the same place near Glendower, that was recently 
occupied by the late R. J. Lecky. Jones married as his sec- 
ond wife Elizabeth Clayton, sister of Edith, wife of Rev. 
Charles Clay, and daughter or niece of John Clayton, the 
celebrated botanist of Virginia. He died in 1793. His 
widow was subsequently married to William Walker, and his 
son, L,ain, succeeded to the homestead, which then went by 
the name of Mount Gallant. In 1800 I^ain was the bearer of 
a challenge from George Carter to James I^ewis, and together 
with his principal was placed under bonds. He died in 
1805, leaving three sons, Orlando, I^ain B., and William. 
I/ain B. in 1825 married Mary, daughter of Captain William 
Hopkins. His mode of living led to the incumbering of his 
estate, and in 1824 it was sold under a deed of trust to John 
Neilson, one of the builders of the University. When after 
the death of Neilson the place was sold by Andrew I/citch, 
his executor, it was purchased by James Jones, a gentleman 
of considerable wealth. He made it his residence until his 
death in 1838. He and his wife Margaret had six children, 
James, William, Ann, Sarah, I/Ucy, the wife of a Moseley, 


and Virginia. The next year the plantation was sold to 
John H. Coleman and Dr. Samuel W. Tompkins. 

In 1762 a James Jones bought eight hundred acres from 
Joseph Anthony at the northeast corner of Dudley's Moun- 
tain. His home was on the old I/ynchburg Road, and Jones's 
Still House, and Jones's Branch constantly occur in the 
early records as marking the lines of the road precincts. 
He had a son, James Jr., who lived on part of the estate. 
It is believed that Allen Jones, who resided in the same 
vicinity, was also a descendant. Allen married Nancy, 
daughter of John Carr. In 1821 he was desirous of remov- 
ing South, and advertised his place for sale. He finally 
sold in 1833 to John H. Maddox, and presumably accom- 
plished his purpose. 

In 1765, John Jones, of Louisa, bought from Henry Ter- 
rell more than eight hundred acres adjoining Batesville, and 
including Castle Mountain. During the next eight ytars he 
purchased from William Garrett upwards of thirteen hun- 
dred in North Garden, on the north side of Tom's Mountain. 
He sold in 1778 a thousand and eighty-one acres of that 
lying east of Israel's Gap to William Cole, of Charles City, 
and a portion of that lying west to Robert Field in 1782 . 
He died in 1793. His wife's name was Frances, and his son 
John in 1806 married FHzabeth, daughter of Daniel White. 
The son's home was on Beaver Creek, where his grandson, 
James Rea, now resides, and he died in 1868. His children 
were Nancy, the wife of William Woods, Mary, the wife of 
Thomas Grayson, Elizabeth, the wife of Bland Rea, and 
Sarah Jane, the wife of John M. Godwin. 

Thomas Jones, who commenced his purchase of land in 
1767, became the owner of more than twelve hundred acres 
on Blue Run, and the Orange line. The most of it was 
acquired from Thomas Garth, and his son John. Jones sold 
the larger portion of it to Francis Gray. He died in 1799. 

Later appeared on the scene John R. Jones, a name well 
remembered by many. Perhaps no man in the county ever 
led a more energetic and industrious life. He was at first 
connected in business with his brother-in-law, Nimrod 


Bramham, with whom he subsequently entered into partner- 
ship. This was dissolved in 1821, when Mr. Jones became 
a merchant on his own account. In 1819 he was appointed 
a magistrate, and was active in performing the duties of 
that ofiB.ce. He was constantly called upon to act as trustee, 
or administrator, in managing the affairs of others. Par- 
ticularly as trustee of Edmund Anderson, he took charge of 
his property in this county in 1829, and sold off the remain- 
ing lots in Anderson's Addition to Charlottesville. He was 
the first President of the Branch of the Farmers' Bank of 
Virginia established in Albemarle. In 1814 he purchased 
the square west of the Baptist Church, and built the brick 
mansion which was some time his residence. In his latter 
years he was embarrassed by financial troubles, and died in 
1868. His wife was Gilly Marshall, and his children 
William, the father of Rev. J. William Jones, Dr. James L,., 
Gen. John M., who fell in 1864 at Spotsylvania C. H., 
Thomas, Mary, the wife of James M. Daniel, Ariadne, the 
wife of T. T. Hill, Georgiana and Gilly. 

Still later Dr. Basil Jones, the father of James D. and 
Major Horace, was for a time a citizen of Charlottesville. 


Among the earliest entries on the Court records of Albe- 
marle in 1745, is a notice of the death of Matthew Jouett, and 
the appointment of John Moore as his executor. It can 
scarcely be doubted that John Jouett, who was for many years 
a prominent citizen of Charlottesville, was a sou of this 
Matthew. In 1773 John purchased from John Moore one hun- 
dred acres adjoining the town on the east and north, and at 
that time most likely erected the Swan Tavern, of famous 
memory. Three years later he bought from the same gentle- 
man three hundred acres south of the town, including the 
mill now owned by Hartman. In 1790 he laid out High 
Street, with the row of lots on either side, and by an act of 
the Legislature they were vested in trustees to sell at auction , 
after giving three weeks' notice in the Virginia Gazette. He 
kept the Swan until his death in 1802. In the Central Ga- 


zette of October 8th, 1824, there appeared an earnest appeal 
to the citizens of Charlottesville to erect a stone over his grave , 
but the voice died away unheeded, and the grave is now un- 
known. At the time of his death, and for many years after, 
no public place of burial in the town existed. According to 
the custom of that day, he was most probably buried in the 
yard in the rear of his house, and his remains lie somewhere 
in the square on which the old Town Hall is situated. His 
wife was Mourning, daughter of Robert Harris, of Brown's 
Cove, and his children Matthew, John, Robert, Margaret, the 
wife of Nathan Crawford, Mary, the wife of Thomas Allen, 
Frances, the wife of Menan Mills, Elizabeth, the wife of 
Clifton Rodes, Charles, and Susan, the wife of Thomas C. 

Matthew was a Captain in the Revolutionary army, and 
fell in the battle of Brandywine. John succeeded his father 
in conducting the Swan, but shortly after removed to Bath 
County, Kentucky. His wife was Sarah Robards, a sister of 
the first husband of President Jackson's wife. Robert was 
also a Captain in the war of the Revolution, and afterwards a 
member of the Albemarle bar. He owned and resided on 
the lot on the Square where the Saunders House now stands. 
He died in 1796, leaving a daughter Alice, who became the 
wife of James W. Bouldin, of Charlotte County. She and 
her husband in 1818 conveyed this lot, and the square on 
High Street on which Dr. Hugh Nelson lives, to John Winn. 
Charles Jouett removed to the West. In the latter part of 
1804 he was in Detroit, but whether he settled there is not 
known. His father devised to him the tract of land south of 
Charlottesville, and in 1813 he and his wife Susan conveyed 
it to William D. Meriwether. This explains why the mill 
was known as Meriwether's for many years. Most of the 
daughters removed with their husbands to Kentucky. 

The general tradition about Charlottesville has always 
been, that it was John Jouett Sr. who performed the exploit 
of outstripping Tarleton, and apprising Mr. Jefferson and the 
I^egislature of his approach in 1781. It was supposed that 
the appeal for a monument to be raised to his memory al- 


ready alluded to, was based upon the recognition of the 
splendid act, by which he honored the town of his residence, 
and conferred one of the greatest benefits on the State and 
country ; but unfortunately the file of papers which contained 
the appeal, was consumed in 1895 by the fire at the Univer- 
sity where it was deposited. It has recently been learned 
from Thomas M. Green, of Kentucky, that the descendants 
of the family residing in that State, claim that the bold and 
opportune ride from Louisa C. H. was made by John Jouett 
Jr., that the I/egislature of Virginia presented him with a 
sword in commemoration of the deed, and that the sword 
still remains in the family as a testimonial of the fact. If 
the sword was given by the I^egislature, the act, or resolu- 
tion, directing the presentation ought to appear in its pro- 
ceedings; but Hening's Statutes for the period have been 
searched for it in vain. As the father and son bore the same 
name, might it not be that the achievement belonged to the 
father, and the sword of acknowledgment descended by gift 
or inheritance to the son? 


John Kelly was already engaged in business in Charlottes- 
ville under the firm of John Kelly & Co. in 1795. He had 
previously been a citizen of I^ancaster County, Virginia, and 
from that county was accompanied by his first wife, Sarah 
Norris, the daughter of his uncle. She died a few years after, 
and in 1802 he married Mary, daughter of William Alcock. 
For many years he transacted business as a merchant with 
great success. About the beginning of the century, he 
received into partnership his nephew, Opie Norris, of I,an- 
caster, who married his daughter Cynthia. His other daugh- 
ter, Eliza, became the wife of Dr. John C. Ragland. In 1803 he 
purchased from Hudson Martin I^ot No. Three, on the west 
corner of Fifth Street and the Square, where his store was 
located. In 1814 he bought from John Nicholas, who then 
resigned the County Clerkship, four hundred and forty acres, 
extending from near the western boundary of the town across 
Preston Heights to Meadow Creek. In 1815 he gave to Mrs. 
Norris lyOt No. Four, running from Jefferson Street to the 


old People's Bank, which he had acquired in 1809 from Edward 
Butler, and to Mrs. Ragland the north half of lyOt Fifty-Nine, 
and lyOt Sixty, at present occupied by the family of J. J. Con- 
nor, and Dr. Joseph Norris. In 1821 he contemplated remov- 
ing to another part of the country, and advertised for sale 
his land west of the town; and in 1824 he sold to Rev. John 
D. Paxton thirty-three acres on the north side of University 
Street, reaching from Harris's Warehouse ):o the Junction. 
In 1828 he purchased from Rice Wood the property on 
Park Street, where he built the large brick in which he 
resided till his death, and which his widow occupied till her 
death during the war. Mr. Kelly was often employed in the 
general affairs of the town, discharging many responsibilities 
as administrator, trustee, and oflSces of a similar kind. He was 
a man of earnest piety, assisting in the founding of the South 
Plains Presbyterian Church, in which he was a ruling elder, 
and in the erection of the old Presbyterian house of worship 
in town. He died in Staunton in 1830, on his way to or from 
the Virginia Springs. 

His son-in-law, Dr. Ragland, died in 1821. He was 
exceedingly popular both as a man, and as a physician. His 
death was greatly lamented, and his remains were followed by 
a large concourse of friends and Masons to the family burying 
ground in lyouisa. Four or five physicians at once settled in 
Charlottesville, to fill the gap occasioned by his decease. 
His widow was some years after married to Talbot Bragg, and 
subsequently removed with him and her children to Mis- 

Opie Norris, his other son-in-law, was an enterprising and 
prosperous man. He was concerned in many other engage- 
ments, in addition to his stated business as a merchant. For 
many years he was one of the town trustees, sometimes act- 
ing as their president. In 1819 he was appointed a magis- 
trate of the county, and filled the office with much diligence. 
He was Secretary and Treasurer of the Rivanna and Rock- 
fish Gap Turnpike Co., and awarded the contracts for the 
construction of that road. At one time he owned the Swan, 
and half of the Eagle Tavern. With Dr. Charles Everett he 


was largely interested in the real estate of Anderson's Addi- 
tion to the town. He departed this life in 1839. 


James Kerr, an emigrant from Scotland, came to the county 
about 1762, and soon after bought a small place at the head 
of Ivy Creek. He subsequently leased the present Birdwood 
plantation, in 1773 purchased it from the trustees of John 
Dabney, and made it his residence for twenty -seven years. 
During this time he became a man of no little note and con- 
sideration in the community. When the records made a second 
beginning in 1783, he was one of the acting magistrates, and 
frequently participated in the deliberations of the County 
Court. He was appointed Sheriff in 1793. He was a ruling 
elder in the D. S. Church. In 1800 he sold the Birdwood 
place to Hore Brouse Trist, and bought from Michael 
Woods, son of Colonel John, a farm on Mechum's River, not 
far above the Depot of that name. From increasing age, or 
because of the distance from the county seat, he took no fur- 
ther part in public business. In 1808 he sold his property 
to James Kinsolving Sr., and removed to Kentucky. After 
the death of Sarah, his first wife, he married Susan, widow 
of David Rodes. This union was a brief one, as Mrs. Kerr 
died in 1798. She left a will, which for want of proof was 
not recorded; and it was not till 1826 that it was sent to 
Georgetown, Ky., to procure the depositions of Wil- 
liam Rodes, and Milton and Rodes Burch, to prove the hand- 
writing of David Kerr, a deceased witness to the document. 

The children of James Kerr, as far as known, were James, 
John Rice, David, Mary, the wife of Samuel Burch, and Eliza- 
beth, the wife of Joseph J. Monroe, a brother of the President. 
James seems to have been a young man of tact and spright- 
liness, but of prodigal life. He once owned the lots on which 
the Parish House, and the old Presbyterian Church, now 
stand. He died in Richmond in 1788, leaving a short will 
written in a light, sceptical tone; and when it was presented 
for probate, until his father gave his consent, his brother 
magistrates declined admitting it to record. John Rice was 
admitted to the Albemarle bar, but appears not to have prac- 


tised. In 1807 he was appointed a magistrate, and with his 
father served as an elder in the D. S. Church. He married 
Sarah, daughter of Bennett Henderson, and lived for a time 
on the south side of the Staunton Road, where it crosses 
Ivy Creek, on land that belonged to his brother-in-law, Sam- 
uel Burch. He accompanied, or followed, his father to 
Kentucky, and there entered the Presbyterian ministry. A 
son named for Andrew Hart lived near Memphis, Tenn., and 
was Moderator of the Southern General Assembly, when it 
convened in that city in 1868. David Kerr married Dorothy, 
daughter of the elder Clifton Rodes, and by many years pre- 
ceded the rest of his family in removing to Kentucky. 


John Key was one of the pioneers who fixed their abodes 
within the present limits of the county. He made his first 
entry of land in 1732, and up to 1741 had obtained patents 
for nearly twelve hundred acres on the west side of the South 
West Mountain. His home was where William W. Minor 
now resides. His children were Martin, John, and Mary, 
the wife of a Dalton. Martin succeeded to the home and 
estate of his father, and by repeated purchases became the 
owner of all the land reaching from Edgemont, the place of 
the late Henry Magruder, down to the bend of the river on 
the farm of the late R. F. Omohundro. He died in 1791. 
He and his wife Ann had twelve children, Thomas, John, 
Martin, Tandy, Joshua, William Bibb, Henry, Jesse, James, 
Walter, Klizabeth, the wife of James Daniel, and Martha, the 
wife of John White. Each of the sons was comfortably pro- 
vided for by their father's will, though intimations are there 
given that the habits of some unfitted them for the proper 
management of their afiairs. 

Within the first score of years in the present century, the 
members of this household were for the most part scattered 
over the South and West. Thomas removed to South Caro- 
lina, where he invented some contrivance for the more effect- 
ive action of water wheels. The families of John, James 
and Martha emigrated to Kentucky and Tennessee, and that 
of Elizabeth, to North Carolina. Tandy lived for many years 


in the southern part of the county near CovesviUe, but is 
said to have removed eventually to Fluvanna County. Jesse 
P., a son of Tandy, married Sarah, daughter of the younger 
William Woods, of Beaver Creek, and lived for some time 
near Mechum's Depot. William Bibb married Mourning, 
daughter of Christopher Clark, and went to Elbert County, 
Georgia. Henry settled in Bedford County, and Jesse died 
in Richmond in 1826. Walter appears to have been the only 
one who spent his whole life in the county, and his death 
occurred in 1834. John, Tandy and Joshua were all magis- 
trates of the county, and Walter was appointed to the oflSce, 
but declined to accept. John served as Sheriff in 1795, and 
Tandy in 1809. John was an Ensign in the Eighth Virginia, 
and Henry a soldier in the army of the Revolution. 


The Kinkeads were early settlers in the western part of 
the county. As far as can be rnade out, there were three 
brothers of the name, David, Joseph and James. In 1746 
David patented nearly eight hundred acres on the north fork 
of Rockfish, and the next year four hundred more on Stock- 
ton's Creek. By entry and purchase together, the family 
connection became the owners of not far from three thousand 
acres in that vicinity. Joseph, James and John, probably 
the son of Joseph, appear as subscribers to the call of Rev. 
Samuel Black in 1747. The homes of Joseph and James 
were situated about half a mile west of Immanuel Church, 
on the place now owned by Rev. Dabney Davis. An old 
graveyard, a few hundred yards south of Mr. Davis's house, 
is still known in the neighborhood as the Kinkead burying 
ground ; a broken down wall, and a few rough stones, are all 
that mark the spot. James died in 1762, leaving three sons, 
Thomas, John and James, and probably two more, Matthew 
and Andrew, and a daughter, the wife of Ninian Clyde. 
Joseph died in 1774. His children were' Jean, the wife of 
Hugh Alexander, John, and Ruth, the wife of Andrew Grier. 

Hugh Alexander had a mill, which at one time was a noted 
centre in that section ; roads were made to it from every quar- 
ter. It was built on Stockton's Creek, not far from the foot of 


the hill west of Hillsboro. In subsequent years it was known 
as Keyes's, and still later as Hximphrey's Mill. It is supposed 
Andrew Grier was one of the early merchants of that vicinity. 
He was the owner of nearly six hundred acres adjoining Yel- 
low Mountain, which, likely in liquidation of his debts, he 
conveyed in 1766 to Jeremiah Parker and Richard Warden, 
merchants of Philadelphia. In the course of years part of 
this land passed into the hands of JohnLobban Jr., and part 
into the hands of Dr. Peter B. Bowen. A grandson of Joseph 
Kinkead married a daughter of Adam Dean, another early 
settler on Stockton's Creek, and in December 1898, there died 
in Greenbrier County, Adam Dean Kinkead, doubtless their 
son, at the age of ninety-two. All of the kindred bearing 
the name, seem to have removed from the county before 
the close of the last century. Its latest appearance on the 
records occurs in 1784, when Jean, the widow of James, sold 
to Abner Wood a parcel of land in what is known as the 
Piper and Patrick neighborhood. She was at that time a res- 
ident of Rockbridge County. In the Black call the name is 
spelled Kincaid. 


In 1788 James Kinsolving began to purchase land near 
Mechum's River Depot. The name was variously written in 
the early records, Consolver, Kingsolaver, Kinsolving. At 
that date a Martin Kinsolving lived near the Burnt Mills. 
James Kinsolving was successful in his business pursuits, 
and at the time of his death in 1829 owned upwards of four- 
teen hundred acres on both sides of Mechum's River. His 
home was near the Depot, and bore the name of Temple Hill. 
He and his wife Elizabeth were the parents of twelve children, 
George W., Diana, Mary, Ann, Elizabeth, Jefferson, l/ucy 
Jane, Madison, Napoleon, James, Martha and Amanda- 
None bearing this name have for years been resident in the 
county, but it has attained a high distinction in the annals 
of the Episcopal Church. 

George W. married Nancy, daughter of Jonathan Barks- 
dale. For some time previous to 1822 he was the proprietor 
of the Central Hotel in Charlottesville, but in that year he 


retired to his farm near Mechum's Depot. In 1830 he was 
appointed Colonel of the Forty-Seventh Regiment. He was 
an earnest Episcopalian, and a vestryman in the North 
Garden Church. He died in 1856, leaving one son and 
seven daughters. The tendency in the family to remarkable 
names was especially apparent in his household. His son, 
Ovid Alexander, became an Episcopal clergyman, and 
passed his ministerial life mainly near lycesburg and Dan- 
ville, Va. Three of his sons entered the Episcopal ministry, 
George Herbert, Bishop of Western Texas, Arthur Barksdale, 
a prominent rector in Brooklyn, N. Y., and I^ucien lyce, 
recently consecrated Bishop of Brazil. The names of the 
seven daughters were selected with a view to having V as 
the initial, and A as the final letter — Virginia, the wife of 
William A. Abney, Vienna, the wife of William C. Fret- 
well, Veturia, the wife of Thomas Clark, Volusia, Verona> 
Verbelina, and Vermelia. 

Diana was the wife of Clifton Garland Jr., and a grandson 
of hers was Rev. Howard McQuary, who, because of his 
extreme views on Evolution, was a few years ago deposed 
from the Episcopal ministry by the Bishop of Northern 
Ohio. Mary was the wife of James W. I,eigh, Ann, the 
wife of William B. Wood, and removed to Washington 
County, Illinois, Elizabeth, the wife of William M. Brander> 
and Martha, the wife of Reuben Wood. Lucy Jane was twice 
married, first to Achilles Barksdale, and secondly to Valen- 
tine Head. Madison married America, daughter of Philip 
Watts, James married Margaret, daughter of Andrew Brown, 
of North Garden, and made his home for many years near 
the Cross Roads. He became a Baptist minister, was 
Treasurer of the County School Commissioners, and about 
1835 emigrated to western Kentucky. Most of the children 
of this family finally removed to Kentucky, or Missis- 


The L,eakes have been domiciled in the county since its 
formation. Walter lycake Jr., patented land on the south 
fork of Hardware in 1746, and John on Green Creek in 1748. 


It is believed these two were brothers. Data tor accurately 
tracing the early relations of this family are wanting, but it 
is probable that John I^eake and his wife Ann were the 
parents of Samuel and Mask. Samuel was one of the first 
Presbyterian ministers, who were natives of Virginia. In 1770 
he was installed pastor of the Cove and D. S. Churches, and his 
home was four or five miles northeast of Covesville. He 
died young in 1775. He and his wife Elizabeth ,had three 
children, Elizabeth, the first wife of Andrew Hart, Sarah, 
the wife of Rev. James Robinson, one of Mr I^eake's succes- 
sors in the Cove pastorate, and Mary. His widow died in 

Mask I/eake lived in the same section of the county, not 
far from the South Garden Thoroughfare. He was a ruling 
elder in the Cove Church, and frequently represented it in 
the Presbytery of Hanover. He died in 1813. His wife 
was Patience Morris, and his children William, Walter, 
Austin, Samuel, and lyUcy, the wife of John Buster. William 
succeeded his father at the homestead, and died in 1833. He 
and his wife Caroline had five children, Elizabeth, the wife 
of an Anderson, Samuel, Walter, William M., and Josiah. 
Walter, son of Mask, was deputy Surveyor of the county in 
1784, and was admitted to the Albemarle bar in 1793. It is 
believed he was the Walter Leake who emigrated to Missis- 
sippi, and rose to prominence in the legal and political affairs 
of that State. He was elected United States Senator in 1817, 
and resigning soon after was appointed to the State bench. 
He died in Hinds County in 1825. Austin was also a member 
of the Albemarle bar, and died before his father, leaving 
two sons, Joseph and Philip Jefferson. Samuel, son of 
Mask, was a physician, and practised in the southern part 
of the county, and also in Nelson. His wife was Sophia, a 
daughter of Richard Farrar, and his children William, Philip, 
Samuel, Shelton P., Eliza, and lyUcy, the wife of Addison 
Gentry, who at one time conducted a school for young ladies 
near Hillsboro. The career of Shelton F. is well known, 
not only in the county, but in the State. His natural gifts 
were unusually brilliant. He settled in Charlottesville, was 


admitted to the bar in 1838, easily attained a place in its 
front rank, was a member of the House of Delegates, was 
Lieutenant Governor of the State, and for a term represented 
the district in Congress. He married Rebecca Gray, and 
departed this life in 1884. Samuel in 1836 married M. A. 
Boyd of the Cove neighborhood, and finished his course a 
few years ago near Hillsboro, where his son William now 


In 1836 Uriah P. Levy, Commodore of the United States 
Navy, became a citizen of Albemarle by the purchase of 
Monticello. He bought the place from James T. Barclay. 
It is commonly understood, that it was owing to his exalted 
estimation of Mr. Jefferson's political wisdom and conduct 
he was led to become the possessor of his home, and thereby 
to identify his name with that of the President. He died in 
1862, and having no family of his own, and cherishing the 
desire to make the place a permanent memorial of the great 
statesman, the Commodore devised Monticello to the United 
States as a Hospital for the worn-out tars of the navy ; and 
that arrangement failing, to the State of Virginia, to be used 
as a sort of naval school. By the decisions of the courts, 
both dispositions were declared invalid. During the Civil 
War the property was confiscated. It was placed for the 
time in the hands of care-takers, who took no care of it fur- 
ther than to extort as large gratuities as possible from those 
who still resorted to it from admiration of its former presid- 
ing genius. The whole establishment was greatly injured, 
and the monument in its burial place, by the chipping of 
relic hunters, was literally reduced to a shapeless block. 
When public affairs resumed their usual course, the Commo- 
dore's nephew, Jefferson M. Levy, of New York, purchased 
the interests of the other heirs, and devoted himself to the 
improvement of the estate. Congress also handsomely 
enclosed the cemetery, and erected a noble shaft to Jeffer- 
son's memory. Filled with the spirit of his distinguished 
kinsman, Mr. Levy has been at much pains and expense to 
restore things to the same condition in which Mr. Jefferson 


left them; and appreciating the sentiment which impels 
multitudes to visit it as a place of pilgrimage, he allows 
them entire freedom in repairing to the spot, and surveying 
its interesting scenes. 


Thre-i families named Lewis, apparently not related, have 
lived in Albemarle. The first of the name entering lands 
within its present limits was Charles^^of Goochland, who in 
1731 obtained a patent for twelve hundred acres on both sides 
of the Rivanna, at the mouth of Buck Island. He also en- 
tered nearly three thousand acres in the Rich Cove. As 
nearly as can be ascertained, this Charles was th^^^^aoi 
John I^ewis and Isabel Warner. In 1717 he married Mary 
Howell, and his children were John, Charles, Klizabeth, the 
wife of William Kennon, James, Mary, Howell and Ann. 
His home was the place that has since borne the name of 
Monteagle. To his son, Charles, he transferred his land on 
Buck Island in 1766, the son reconveying it to his father and 
mother, and the survivor, for life. Charles Jr., purchased, 
chiefly from his cousin Robert l/cwis, more than eighteen acres 
on the north fork of the Hardware, including what is now 
Red Hill Depot, which he gave to his son, Isham. He died 
in 1782. His wife was Mary, daughter of Isham Randolph, 
of Dungeness, and sister of Peter Jefferson's wife, and his 
children were Charles lyilburn, Isham, Mary, the wife first 
of Colonel Charles I^ewis, of North Garden, and secondly of 
Charles Wingfield Jr. , Jane, the wife of Charles Hudson, Eliz- 
abeth, the wife of Bennett Henderson, Ann, the wife of Ran- 
dolph Jefferson, Frances, the second wife of John Thomas, 
and Mildred, the wife of Edward Moore. Isham Lewis 
died unmarried in 1790, leaving his estate to his two nephews , *-^j^^^jj[L) I 
John Lewis Moore and Charles Lewis Thomas. Ch arles 
Lilburn married_Lucy Jefferson, sister of the President, and„ '' 

his children were Randolph, Isham, Lilburn, Jane, the wife 
of Craven Peyton, Mary R. , the wife of Thomas Jefferson Jr., 
Lucy, the wife of Washington Griffin, Martha and Ann M. 
Randolph lived on his plantation. Buck Island, on the north 
side of the Rivanna, but in 1805 sold it to David Michie, and 


moved to Goochland. I^ilburn also lived on the north side 
of the river, and in 1806 disposed of his place to Hugh Nel- 
son. His wife was Jane Woodson, by whom he had five 
children, among them Mary H., the wife of Charles Palmer, 
and mother of Dr. William Palmer, the compiler of the Cal- 
endar of the State Papers of Virginia. All the daughters of 
Charles Lilburn I,ewis except Jane and Mary, emigrated to 
I^ivingston County v,K^tuck^', '. , . ' 
/' C^oh^xt I^ewis, a'l^l^^ft&' first Charles above men- . 
tioned, lived at Belvoir, on the east side of the South West 
Mountain. He was thp^^moinjohn I^ewis and Frances ' 
Fielding, and a brot^r of Fielding, Washington's brother- 
in-law. He married Jane, daughter of Nicholas Meriwether, 
the large landholder, and he was himself one of the largest 
landholders in the county. In 1736 he entered upwards of 
four thousand acres in North Garden, and in 1740 nearly 
sixty-five hundred near Ivy Depot. He died in 1765. His 
children were John, Nicholas, Robert, Charles, William, 
Jane, the wife of Thomas Meriwether, Mary, the wife first of 
Samuel Cobb, and secondly of Waddy Thomson, Mildred, 
the wife of Major John l/cwis, Ann, the wife of another John 
I,ewis'^^both of these gentlemen of Spotsylvania and kinsmen 
— Elizabeth, the wife of William Barrett, and Sarah, the wife 
of Dr. Waller I^ewis, of Spotsylvania, son of Zachary I^ewis, 
and brother of Mildred's husband. John, the eldest son, 
received the main portion of his estate in Gloucester. 

Nicholas lived at the Farm, adjoining Charlottesville on the 
east, a gift from his grandfather, Nicholas Meriwether. He 
was a public spirited man, a Captain in the Revolution, a 
magistrate, Surveyor and Sheriff of the county, possessed of a 
sound judgment and kindly spirit, appealed to on all occasions 
to compose the strifes of the neighborhood, the trusted friend 
of Mr. Jefierson, and the adviser of his family during his long 
absences from home. He married Mary, eldest daughter of 
Dr. Thomas Walker, and died in 1808. His children were 
Nicholas M., Thomas W., Robert Warner, Jane, the wife of 
Hudson Martin, Elizabeth, the wife of William D. Meriwether, 
Mildred, the wile of David Wood, Mary, the wife of Isaac 


Miller, and Margaret, the wife of Charles 1,. Thomas. Nich- 
olas married his cousin, Mildred Hornsby, of Kentucky, and 
doubtless emigrated to that State. Robert married Elizabeth 
Wood, and removed from the county. Thomas W. lived at 
Ivocust Grove, the northern part of his father's farm. He 
was appointed a magistrate in 1791, and died in 1807. In 
his will he directed that the families of his servants should 
not be separated, and expressed the wish that circumstances 
had permitted their emancipation, as according to his view 
all men were born free and equal. He married Elizabeth 
daughter of Nicholas Meriwether, and sister of his brother- 
in-law, William D., and his children were Nicholas H. 
Margaret, the wife of James Clark, Mary, the wife first of 
James I^eitch, and secondly of David Anderson, I,ydia, the 
wife of Samuel O. Minor, Thomas, Charles, Elizabeth, 
the wife of John C. Wells, Alice, the wife first of George D. 
Meriwether, and secondly of John W. Davis, Jane, the wife 
first of Walker Meriwether, and secondly of Dr. Richard 
Anderson, and Robert W., of Castalia. By far the greater 
number of this family emigrated in 1837 to Pike County, 
Missouri. In 1804 Mary removed with her husband, Isaac 
Miller, to lyouisville Ky. 

Robert, son of Robert, married a Miss Fauntleroy, and 
removed to Halifax County. Charles lived in the North 
■Garden, where James G. White now resides. He was one 
of the first to offer his services at the outbreak of the Revolu- 
tionary War. He was Captain of the first volunteer compans' 
raised in Albemarle, I^ieutenant Colonel of the first regiment 
formed, and afterwards Colonel of the Fourteenth Virginia. 
He died in 1779, while in command of the Guards at the 
Barracks near Charlottesville. His wife was Mars'-, daughter 
of Charles lycwis Jr. , of Buck Island, and his children Howell 
Charles Warner, who died young, Mary R. , the wife of Ed- 
ward Carter, Jane, the wife of John Carr, Sarah, the wife of 
Benjamin Brown, Ann, the wife of Matthew Brown, and 
Susan, the wife of Joel Franklin. Mrs. Lewis was married 
the second time to Charles Wingfield Jr., and died in 1807. 
Howell lived at the old homestead, and died in 1845. His 


wife was Mary, daughter of Thomas Carr, and his children 
Thomas Fielding, Howell, of Mechunk, Mary, the wife of 
Clifton Harris, and Sarah, the wife of Ira Harris. 

William Lewis, son of Robert, lived at Locust Hill, near 
Ivy Depot. He was a Lieutenant in the Revolutionary army. 
He died in 1780. His wife was Lucy, daughter of Thomas 
Meriwether, and his children, Meriwether, Reuben and Jane, 
the wife of Edmund Anderson. Meriwether was the famous 
explorer of the Rocky Mountains, and the Pacific Coast, and 
while acting as Governor of Missouri Territory, died by his 
own hand near Nashville, Tenn., in 1809. Reuben studied 
medicine, lived on a part of his father's place, married his 
cousin, Mildred Dabney, and died without children in 1844. 
Mrs. Lucy Lewis was married the second time to Colonel John 
Marks, and with him removed to Wilkes County, Georgia, in 
1787 . On the death of Colonel Marks, she returned to Locust 
Hill, where she departed this life in 1836. By her last mar- 
riage she had one son, John Hastings, who died in Baltimore, 
and one daughter, Mary, who became the wife of William 
Moore, and lived in Georgia. 

The second family of this name sprang from David Lewis, 
who, with his brother-in-law, Joel Terrell, in 1734 entered 
three thousand acres just west of the University. The next 
year his brother, Abraham Lewis entered eight hundred acres, 
including the land the University now occupies. These 
brothers belonged to Hanover County. Abraham never lived 
in Albemarle, but David at once settled on the hinder part of 
the present Birdwood farm, so that when the county was or- 
ganized, his residence was a well known place in the country. 
He was an active man, a captain in the militia, one of the 
early magistrates, and bore his part in clearing the roads, 
and executing other works of public convenience. He died 
in 1779, at the great age of ninety-four. He was married 
three times, his first wife being a sister of Joel Terrell, and 
his third, Mary McGrath, widow of Dr. Hart, of Philadel- 
phia. By the first marriage he had eight children, and by 
the third three, William Terrell, Susan, the wife of Alexan- 
der Mackey, who lived for a time on Ivy Creek, near the 


crossing of the Whitehall Road, Hannah, the wife of James 
Hickman, probably the son of Edwin Hickman, second Sher- 
iff of the county, Sarah, the wife of Abraham Musick, who 
lived in the Mechum's Depot vicinity, where his son Ephraim 
also lived, and thence emigrated to Kentucky, David, John, 
Joel, Ann, the wife first of Joel Terrell Jr., and secondly of 
Stephen Willis, Elizabeth, the wife of John Martin, James, 
and Miriam, the wife of Gabriel Madison. 

William Terrell I^ewis kept a tavern on the Staunton Road, 
about three miles west of Charlottesville, called at first Ter- 
rell's and subsequently I/ewis's Ordinary. He married Sarah 
Martin, and had elfeven children. All the family emigrated 
to North Carolina, and later he himself went to Nashville, 
where he died in 1802. Three of his sons, Micajah, Joel 
and James, were in the battle of Kings Mountain, and Mica- 
jah was killed at Guilford C. H. A great, great granddaugh- 
ter, Mrs.'Patty I,. Collins, has in these last days been in the 
Dead I^etter Office at Washington, where she is held in high 
repute for her marvellous skill in deciphering bad chirogra- 
phy. David Jr., was a man of great enterprise and ability. 
He owned numerous parcels of land in the Mechum's Depot 
section, and carried on a brisk mercantile business in that 
vicinity. He also removed to North Carolina just before the 
Revolution. Though twice married, he seems to have left 
no sons, as in the final settlement of his afiairs in Albemarle 
in 1794, his legatees all bore other names. John was twice 
married, first to Sarah Taliaferro, and secondly to Susan 
Clarkson, no doubt a sister of Peter Clarkson. He had 
twelve children, among whom were Taliaferro, a brave sol- 
dier of the Revolution, Charles C. , whose descendant, William 
T., a resident of l/ouisville. Miss., compiled a history 
of the family, Jesse P., and David Jackson, who was a man 
of commanding presence, measuring six feet, four inches, was 
a soldier in the Whiskey Insurrection of 1794, an active mag- 
istrate of the county, and the father of eleven children, lived 
north of the Rivanna, on the Hydraulic Road, and in 
1818 removed to Breckinridge County, Kentucky. 

Jesse Pitman was also a soldier of the Revolution. His 


wife was Nancy, daughter of Manoah Clarkson. His home 
was on the Staunton Road, above the University. He died 
in 1849, and with him the name of old David lyewis's line in 
the county passed away, as he left only daughters. These 
were Jane, the wife of Nelson Barksdale, Mary, the wife 
first of Julius Clarkson, and secondly of John H. Craven, 
Elizabeth, the wife of Reubeu Maury, Sophia, the wife of 
Michael Johnson, and Sarah, the wife of Alexander St. C. 

James lycwis, son of David Sr., was in his day a figure of 
great prominence in the county. He was a gallant soldier oi 
the Revolution, a magistrate, a contractor, a large landholder, 
the owner and keeper for some years of the old Stone Tavern 
in Charlottesville, the agent of President Monroe, and much 
employed both by the Courts and his fellow citizens in the 
appraisement and division of estates. His first residence 
was doubtless the homestead, the home of old David. He 
married I^ucy, daughter of John Thomas, by whom he had 
eleven children. In 1818 he emigrated to Franklin County, 
Tennessee. In 1826 he returned on a visit to Albemarle, and 
married the second time Mary, daughter of Peter Marks, and 
at last finished his course in Tennessee at the advanced age 
of ninety-three. 

The head of the third family of the name was John, who 
was one of the earliest settlers in the county. He entered 
land on Totier Creek in 1741. When the location of the old 
courthouse was fixed, he obtained a license to conduct an 
ordinary at the place. He seems to have married a daughter 
of Samuel Shelton, and had two sons, and a daughter, Jane, 
who became the wife of Richard Davenport, and removed to 
Georgia. John, the elder son, died in 1804, and left three 
children, Sarah, John Waddy, who died in 1824, and Eliza- 
beth. Owen, the other son, died in 1805, and his children 
were William, John, Hardin P., Howell, Robert, Nicholas, 
Daniel P., Zachariah, and Sarah, who was the wife of Jacob 
Tilman, and removed to Tennessee. Most of the sons were 
considerable land owners in the southern part of the county, 
particularly on the lower Hardware. Some of them also 


transacted a lucrative business -in transporting freight on 
James River, and the canal. Hardin P. emigrated to Ala- 
bama. In 1821 Robert in a quarrel fatally stabbed Thomp- 
son Noel, a tavern keeper in Scottsville, and fled the country. 
It is said he went to Memphis, Tenn., and in course of 
time acquired a large fortune. A great granddaughter of the 
first John I<ewis was the first wife of the late Christopher 
Gilmer, and a great grandson, Zachariah, recently died in 
Nelson County, immediately above the mouth of Rockfish 
River. A similarity of names suggests a relationship between 
this family and that first mentioned. 


Reuben Lindsay came to Albemarle from Westmorelana 
about 1776. In that year he purchased from John Clark 
seven hundred and fifty acres on the east side of the South 
West Mountain, where he made his home. During the ensu- 
ing twenty years he had purchased upwards of two thousand 
acres. He was already a magistrate at the close of the Rev- 
olutionary War, frequently sat on the County bench, and was 
otherwise often engaged in the duties of that office. He 
departed this life in 1831. He was twice married, first to 
Sarah, daughter of Dr. Thomas Walker, by whom he had no 
children, and secondly to Miss Tidwell. By the last marriage 
he had three daughters, Sarah, the wife of James I,indsay, 
his nephew, whose home wa.s at the Meadows, a short dis- 
tance southwest of Gordonsville, and whose daughter became 
the wife of John M. Patton Jr., Elizabeth, the wife of Gen- 
eral William F. Gordon, and Maria, the wife of M. 1,. 
Walker, son of Captain Thomas Walker Jr. 

Another nephew bearing his own name, Reuben, lived on 
the Rivanna, near the mouth of lyimestone. His wife was 
Mary Goodman, and his children were Susan, the wife of 
John Q. Gray, Mary, the wife of Albert G. Watkins, Ann, 
the wife of Stephen F. Sampson, James, William and Reuben. 
He died in 1837, and his wife in 1841. His son Reuben was 
a physician, practised his profession with much success at 
Scottsville, and died in 1881. 




Charles Lynch, it is said, was a native of Ireland. Tak- 
ing offence while a mere youth at some ill-treatment, he 
determined to quit home and country, and with this purpose 
took passage on a vessel bound for America. As the ship was 
leaving her moorings, he repented the step, and leaping into 
the sea, struck out for land. He was however rescued by the 
sailors from his perilous position, and after the usual voyage 
of those days, safely reached the shores of the new world. 
Coming to Virginia, and exerting the energy and persever- 
ance that belonged to his nature, he soon began a successful 
career. He commenced entering land within the present 
county in 1733, and in the next seventeen years had obtained 
patents for sixty-five hundred acres in different sections, on 
Hardware, on the Rivanna,on Moore's Creek, and on the 
waters of Mechum's, not far from the Blue Ridge. He estab- 
lished his home on the Rivanna, on the place now known as 
Pen Park. The ripple in the river at that point was beyond 
question Lynch's Ferry, or Ford, which is often mentioned 
in the early records. He was one of the original magistrates 
of Albemarle, and had previously been one in Goochland. 
He served as Sheriff in 1749, and was a representative of the 
county in the House of Burgesses. His last entry of land was 
made in 1750, and embraced sixteen hundred acres on the 
James, opposite Lynchburg. To this land he removed at 
that time, but did not long survive the change. He died in 

His wife was Sarah, daughter of Christopher and Penelope 
Clark. She joined the Friends about the time of their 
removal from Lynch's Ferry on the Rivanna to Lynch's Ferry 
on the James. A Quaker Meeting House called South River, 
was built in 1754 on her land on Lynch 's Creek, a branch of 
the Blackwater, three or four miles south of Lynchburg. 
Her children were Charles, John, Christopher, and Sarah, 
the wife of Micajah Terrell. John was the founder of Lynch- 
burg. Charles was the clerk of South River Meeting till the 
beginning of the political ferment prior to the Revolution, 
when the warmth of his patriotism surmounted the pacific 


principles he had espoused, and he became a Colonel in the 
Revolutionary army. His busy promptitude in dealing with 
outlaws and violent Tories during those disturbed times, gave 
rise to I^ynch law. Mrs. I^ynch was married the second time 
to John Ward, of Bedford. Besides the imprints of this family 
about Ivynchburg, they have left their memorial in the names 
of this county, I^ynch's River, and Ivynch's Creek, a tribu- 
tary of the Rockfish. 


James McGehee obtained a patent for four hundred acres 
of land on I^ittle Mechunk in 1747. In 1768 William Mc- 
Gehee patented nearly two hundred acres on Henderson's 
Branch, and near the Secretary's Road, a description, which 
indicates that the place was not far from Colle, especially as 
in 1774 it came into Mr. Jefferson's hands. William was 
probably a son of James, and it was he who gave name to the 
ford at Milton, that passage of the river being known in early 
times as McGehee's Ford. The family seems subsequently 
to have been settled near the present Woodridge, as the forks 
of the roads at that place went for a long period by the name 
of McGehee's Old Field. William died in 1815. He and 
his wife Elizabeth had eight children, William, Elizabeth, 
Joseph, Nancy, the wife of William Adcock, Sarah, the wife 
of William Campbell, Mary, the wife of James Martin, I^ively 
and Charles. After the death of the father, most of the family 
removed, some to Franklin County, Virginia, and some to 

Whether Francis McGee was related to this family, is not 
known. He appears early in the century as having married 
Martha , daughter of Peter Marks . He purchased the interests 
of some of the Marks heirs in I/Ots Seventeen and Eighteen 
in Charlottesville, on which the old Stone House stood, and 
exchanged them with James I^ewis for the place on Moore's 
Creek, which has long been the home of the Teels. In 1817 
he bought from Dabney and Thomas Shelton the farm between 
Ivy and Mechum's Depot, which is still owned by his descend- 
ants. For some years he conducted the old Hardin Tavern 
on the Staunton Road. He died in 1846. His children were 


Ann, Peter, Mary, the wife of James Lobban, Martha, the 
wife of John J. Woods, I,ewis and Joanna. I,ewis died in 
1858. Peter in his youth was a merchant at Hillsboro, and 
subsequently County Surveyor. He died on his farm south 
of Ivy Depot in 1888. 


Clement P. McKennie deserves commemoration among the 
people of Albemarle for being the publisher of the first news- 
paper ever issued in the county. On the twenty-ninth of 
January 1820, appeared the first number of the Central 
Gazette. He and his brother, J. H. McKennie, were asso- 
ciated in the enterprise. It is said the office of publication 
stood on the northwest corner of Jefferson and Third Streets. 
By the withdrawal of J. H. McKennie at the close of the 
first year, his brother became the sole publisher. The paper 
was issued weekly until about 1828, when on account of the 
appearance of the Virginia Advocate, it was discontinued. 
About 1834 Mr. McKennie purchased from the heirs of W. 
G. Garner the property adjoining the University, where he 
established the book store so long conducted by himself and 
his son, Marcellus. In 1822 he married Henrietta, daughter 
of Matthew Rodes, and departed this life in 1856. In 1821 
J. H. McKennie married Mary, daughter of Jesse Garth, and 
soon after removed to Nelson County. 


Thomas Macon came to the county from New Kent in 1833. 
In that year he purchased from John Price Sampson Tufton, 
a plantation, which contained a thousand and forty acres, 
had once belonged to Mr. Jefferson, and which has since 
been the home of the Macon family. Mr. Macon was an ear- 
nest member of the Episcopal Church. On account of his 
intelligence and high character, he was soon appointed a 
magistrate of the county, in which office he served until his 
decease. He died in 1851. 


John B. Magruder came to Albemarle from Maryland in 
the early years of the century. With him from the same 


State came George Jones, the father of Robert S., Jesse and 
Thomas. They were friends, both good men, and local 
preachers of the Methodist Church. They settled in the 
eastern part of the county, on the borders of Fluvanna. Mr. 
Magruder died in 1812. He and his wife Sarah had nine 
children, Sarah, the wife of John Timberlake, Mildred, the 
wife of Gideon A. Strange, Elizabeth, the first wife of Dr. 
Basil Jones, James, Horatio, Benjamin H., William, Hilary 
and John B. 

The family were largely engaged in the improvements of 
the Rivanna Navigation Company. Besides founding the 
Union Mills in Fluvanna, John B. Magruder and John Tim- 
berlake in 1829 bought the Shadwell Mills from the Jefferson 
estate, and in addition to the grist mills already existing, 
established cotton and woolen factories, which continued in 
operation until swept away by the disasters of the war. In 
1833 they purchased from a family named Scholfield, of 
Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, a large body of timber 
land in the Buck Islarid section, which had lain in its virgin 
state from time immemorial. James Magruder after the war 
purchased Frascati, the former home of Judge Philip Bar- 
bour near Gordonsville, where he resided until his death. 
Benjamin H. was admitted a member of the Albemarle bar in 
1829, and lived for some years in Scottsville. He subse- 
quently bought Glenmore, opposite Milton, which he made 
his home until his death in 1885. Both before and since the 
war he represented the county in the I^egislature. He was 
twice married, first to a daughter of James Minor, of Sunning 
Hill, lyouisa, and secondly to Fvalina, daughter of Opie 
Norris. Mildred and her husband, Gideon A. Strange, were 
the parents of Sarah, the wife of William Stockton, a brother 
of John N. C. Stockton, who emigrated to Florida, John B., 
Colonel of the Nineteenth Virginia in the late war, and Mary, 
the wife of John W. Chewning. 

Mary, the sister of John B. Magruder Sr., was the wife of 
Thomas D. Boyd. At the beginning of the century he con- 
ducted a public house at the junction of the Three Notched and 
River Roads, the locality still known as Boyd's Tavern. 


He had six children, John H., who went to Richmond, 
Charity, the wife of James Thrift, of Montgomery County, 
Maryland, James M., Elizabeth, the wife of Thomas A. 
Woodson, Mary, the wife of Bartley Herndon, of Shenan- 
doah County, and Thomas J. The last was admitted to the 
Albemarle bar in 1829, and removed to Wytheville, where 
he recently died at an advanced age. 

Allan B. Magruder, a nephew of John B., and brother of 
General John Bankhead, became a member of the Albemarle 
bar in 1838. He resided in Charlottesville in the house at 
the rear of the late Thomas Wood's until a short time before 
the war, when he removed to Washington City, and subse- 
quently to Frederick County, Virginia. His daughter Janet 
became the wife of Major Robert H. Poore, who fell in the 
battle of Gettysburg, and his daughter Julia, by the produc- 
tions of her pen, has attained quite a position of note in the 
literary world. 


An Englishman named Marks married Elizabeth Hastings, 
and emigrated to Virginia. They had five sons and a 
daughter, Peter, John, James, Hastings, Thomas, and 
Sarah, who in 1782 became the wife of James Winston, of 
l/ouisa. The children were all settled in Albemarle prior to 
the Revolution. Peter probably lived in Charlottesville, as 
his business operations were mainly connected with the real 
estate of the town. He was Escheator for the county, and 
during the Revolution superintended several inquisitions, 
for the confiscation of the property of those who took sides 
with the British. In 1791 he bought from Mr. Monroe the 
square on which the Stone House stood, and from Dr. Gil- 
mer part of I/Ot Thirty -Two, on which stands the store of 
T. T. Norman. His death occurred in 1795, and gave rise to 
complications in his affairs that were not fully straightened 
for many years; in fact, the part of lot Thirty -Two was not 
finally disposed of till 1830. His wife was Joanna Sydnor, 
and his children Sarah, the wife of Joshua Nicholas, Martha, 
the wife of Francis McGee, Mary, the second wife of James 
I/ewis, Sophia, the wife of Russell Brown, Elizabeth, the 


wife of John W. Hinde, Nancy, the wife of Temple Gwath- 
mey, a nephew of George Rogers Clark, Hastings and Peter. 
The most of the children removed to Kentucky. The only 
one who spent her entire life in the county, was Mrs. McGee. 
Her sister Mary seems to have made her home with her, 
but in 1826 James I^ewis returned from Tennessee, and took 
her back as his wife. 

John Marks was a Captain in the Revolutionary War, and 
for this service received a grant of four thousand acres of land 
on Brush Creek, Ross County, Ohio. After the death of 
William I,ewis, he married his widow, I/Ucy. He was a 
magistrate of the county, and was appointed Sheriff in 1785. 
During his incumbency of the office, he removed with the 
Gilmer emigration to Georgia, where he died shortly after. 
James was also a magistrate. He lived on a farm consisting 
of eight hundred acres near Keswick Depot, and likely includ- 
ing it. He emigrated to Georgia, and when taking this step 
sold his plantation to John Harvie, whose sister Elizabeth 
was his wife. Hastings owned a place in the Ragged Moun- 
tains, not far from the D. S. In 1785 he married Ann Scott, 
sister of Mr. Jefferson, and removed to the tidewater district 
of the State. The kind and considerate disposition of the 
President, who at the time was Minister to France, was shown 
in the letters he addressed to each of the parties, on the occa- 
sion of this union. 


The name of Martin has belonged to a number of families 
in the county. The year it was organized, 1745, Captain 
Joseph Martin, as he was called in the patents, obtained 
grants of more than fourteen hundred acres on Priddy's Creek, 
and eight hundred on Piney Run. His will disposing of land 
in Essex County, it is surmised he came from that part of the 
State. He and his wife Ann had eleven children, Brice, 
William, Joseph, John, George, Sarah, the wife of John Bur- 
rus, Mary, the wife of a Hammock, Susan, Martha, Ann, and 
Olive, the wife probably of Ambrose Edwards. The Cap- 
tain died in 1761. 


James Martin owned at an early date a considerable tract 
of land that now belongs to the Grayson family, near the 
present site of the Miller School. In 1759 he gave two hun- 
dred acres to each of his six sons, Stephen, John, James, 
Obadiah, William and David. These sons, or the most of 
them, it is believed, emigrated to North Carolina, about the 
time of the Revolution. It is possible the John just men- 
tioned was the John Martin who lived in the western part of 
the North Garden. His place was formerly known as the 
Pocket Plantation. He was a prosperous man, and became 
the owner of upwards of fifteen hundred acres. He died in 
1812. His wife's name was Elizabeth, believed to have been 
a Wheeler, and his children were Benjamin, Sarah, the wife 
of John Watson, Mary, the wife of William Wood, Susan, 
the wife of Hickerson Jacob, and Clarissa. Benjamin suc- 
ceeded to his father's place, and died in 1821. His wife's 
name was Catharine, and his children were Ann, the wife of 
Augustine Woodson, I^indsay, John, Caroline, the wife of 
Joshua W. Abell, Julia, the wife of Micajah Wheeler, Ben- 
jamin, Emily, the wife of Richard Abell, James, Elizabeth, 
the wife first of Peter Garland, and secondly of Daniel Mar- 
tin, and Jane, the wife of Samuel M. Powell. 

A John Martin in 1762 purchased from Joseph Thomas 
upwards of six hundred acres in the southern part of the 
county, on Ballenger's Creek. He died in 1810. He mar- 
ried Ann, daughter of James Tooley, and his children were 
Sarah, the wife of James Wood, Ann, the wife of John 
Dawson, Dabney, James, Celia, Alice, Simeon, Massey and 

Thomas Martin was already settled on the south fork of 
Hardware in 1764, where his descendants have been resident 
ever since. He seems not to have been a patentee, and 
when he purchased does not appear. He died in 1792. He 
and his wife Mary^ad ten children, Abraham, George, 
Thomas, Charles, John, Pleasant, lyetitia, the wife of Rich- 
ard Moore, Mildred, the wife of an Oglesby, Ann, the wife 
of a Blain, and Mary, the wife of Benjamin Dawson. Pleas- 
ant removed to Amherst. John married Elizabeth, daughter 

t M ' A f -..J~~J 1 A I 


of David I^ewis, was a Captain in the Revolutionary army, 
had charge of the troops that in 1780 guarded as far as 
Frederick, Md., the British prisoners, on their removal from 
the Barracks, and of those stationed in Charlottesville at the 
time of the Tarleton Raid, and in 1786 emigrated to Fayette 
County, Kentucky. Charles lived on the place where J. Goulet 
Martin now resides, and sold it in 1783 to Rev. William Irvin. 
His wife's name was Patty, and he had two daughters, 
Elizabeth and Martha, who became the wives of brothers, 
Thomas and James Cobbs, of Halifax County ; and selling 
the remainder of his land the next year, he probably followed 
them to that county. George married Barbara, daughter 
of Samuel Woods, and died in 1799. His children were 
Malinda, the wife of lyewis Teel, Samuel W. , and Elizabeth, 
the wife of William Garth. Samuel W. married Sarah, 
daughter of Garrett White, and died in 1857. His children 
were Garrett W., George, Thomas, John A., Samuel W., 
Jeremiah, and Eleanora, the wife of Jesse I/. Heiskell. 

Hudson Martin was a Second lyieutenant in the Ninth 
Virginia, during the Revolution. For a number of years he 
was deputy Clerk of the county, and subsequently a magis- 
trate. He married Jane, the eldest daughter of Nicholas 
. l/cwis. Near the beginning of the century he removed to 
Amherst, in the vicinity of Faber's Mills, where his descend- 
ants still live. In 1834 Captain John Thomas testified 
before the County Court in behalf of his heirs, to the fact of 
his having served in the Revolutionary army. A son John 
M. Martin became a member of the Albemarle bar in 1809. 
Another son, Hudson, married Mildred, daughter of Dabney 
Minor, and at one time lived in Arkansas. 

In the early years of the century, a Thomas Martin mar- 
ried Mary Ann, daughter of Daniel White. His home was 
west of Batesville, north of the place now occupied by Wil- 
liam H. Turner Jr. He died in 1827. His children were 
Ann, the wife of John I,. White, Azariah, Diana, the wife of 
James lyobban, Thomas, Mary, the wife of William Stone, 
Charles, Elizabeth, Daniel, Henry, Barbara, the wife of John 
I/obban, and Lucy, the wife of William H. Garlafad. 



The Massie family was a numerous one which in early 
times migrated from New Kent, and was widely scattered over 
Albemarle, Nelson and Amherst. The first of the name that 
settled in Albemarle was Charles. His home was in the south- 
west part of the county on the waters of Lynch's Creek, on 
what was long known as the Wakefield Entry. The plan- 
tation, Spring Valley, became noted from the perfection of 
its Albemarle Pippins, and though now held by other hands, 
it is still designated by the Massie name. Charles Massie 
commenced the purchase of this place in 1768. He died in 
1817. His children were Thomas, Charles, John, Elizabeth, 
the wife of a Smith, and Mary, the wife first of Robert Ware, 
and secondly of William Lobban. His son Charles succeeded 
to the place, and died in 1830. His wife's name was Nancy, 
and his children were Hardin, Nathaniel, Charles G., Sarah, 
the wife of a Ragland, Elizabeth, the wife of a Bailey, and 

Hardin was a physician, who came to Charlottesville in 
1824, and for many years practised in partnership with Dr. 
Charles Carter. He was largely interested in the real estate 
of the town. He lived on Fourth Street next to the old Bap- 
tist Church, the site of which he sold to that congregation. 
He was himself an earnest member of that Church, and for a 
time acted as its Clerk. He never married, and died in 1848. 
Nathaniel was for a considerable period of his life a successful 
merchant in Waynesboro, but as his years increased, he re- 
turned to the old homestead on the borders of Nelson, where 
he died in 1871. He was twice married, first to Susan, daugh- 
ter of Michael Woods, son of Colonel John, and secondly to 
Elizabeth, daughter of Matthew Rodes. His children by the 
first marriage were James, Professor in the Virginia Military 
Institute, N. Hardin, of Charlottesville, Susan, the wife of 
Robert B. Moon, and Hetty, the wife of William Patrick; 
and of those by the second marriage were Rodes and Edwin. 
Charles G. died in 1857. 

An Edmund Massie lived in the county the same time 
with the first Charles. His home was in the vicinity of 


Brown's Cove. He died in 1782. He and his wife Judith 
had several children, of whom the only one mentioned was 
Thomas. It may be he was the Thomas Massie, who in 1792 
rented from the representatives of Hugh Moss a large tract 
of land on the Rivanna, in the Buck Island neighborhood. 
In that neighborhood he died in 1799, leaving six children, 
Martha, the wife of Hugh Pettit, Nancy, the wife of Reu- 
ben Mansfield, Susan, James, Thomas and John. 


Two brothers, Daniel and Gabriel Maupin, came to the 
county just before the middle of the last century. From the 
name it may be inferred they were of French extraction. The 
idea has been entertained that they were French soldiers, 
who crossed the ocean with I/afayette at the time of the Rev- 
olution; but Daniel obtained a patent for land on Moorman's 
River in 1748, twenty-seven years before that event. The 
name however was represented in the Revolutionary army, 
Daniel, William and Cornelius appearing on the pension list ; 
these in all probability were brothers, sons of John Maupin, 
and grandsons of Daniel. Daniel entered more than fifteen 
hundred acres in the Whitehall neighborhood. He died in 
1788. He and his wife Margaret had seven sons and three 
daughters, Thomas; Gabriel, Daniel, John, Margaret, the 
wife of Robert Miller, William, Zachariah, Jesse, Jane, the 
wife of Samuel Rea and Mary, the wife of Matthew Mullins. 

Gabriel died in 1794. He seems to have lived in the vicin- 
ity of Free Union. His wife's name was Marah, and ThomaS' 
Bland, Daniel and Gabriel were names of his sons. The 
truth is, the families of this stock were generally so numer- 
ous, containing hardly ever less than ten, and sometimes 
thirteen children, and the same names were so often repeated 
in the different households, that it would be well nigh impos- 
sible at this date to make out an accurate statement of their 
lines of descent. They frequently intermarried among them- 
selves, and with the Harrises, Jarmans and Vias, and their 
descendants are widely scattered over the West, particularly 
in Kentucky and Missouri. They seem to have been in their 
generations an industrious, quiet, unambitious people. They 


have usually been attached to the Methodist Church, a Daniel 
Maupin being an original trustee of Austin's, or Bingham's,. 
Meeting House, and another Daniel and his wife Hannah in 
1834 giving the ground for Mount Moriah near Whitehall, 
which indeed for many years commonly went by the name of 
Maupin's Meeting House. 

Dr. Socrates Maupin, who was Professor of Chemistry first 
in Hampden-Sidney College, and afterwards in the Univer- 
sity of Virginia, was one of this family. He died from in- 
juries in consequence of a runaway accident in Lynchburg, 
in 1871. He was the son of Chapman W. Maupin, who was 
third in descent from the first Daniel, was appointed a magis- 
trate of the county in 1835, and died in 1861. Addison, another 
son of Chapman W. , had his residence before the war on 
Carr's Hill, adjoining the University. J. Addison Maupin> 
of Richmond, author of the Maupin bill of recent notoriety, 
was Addison's son. 


In the last century Rev. James Maury was the rector of 
Fredericksville parish. His parents, Matthew Maury and 
Mary Ann Fontaine, were Huguenot exiles, and were resi- 
dents of King William. Instead of occupying the glebe, he 
resided on his own farm, which lay on the borders of Albe- 
marle and Louisa. He attained great notoriety as suitor in 
the famous case under the Two Penny Act, in which Patrick 
Henry first displayed his marvellous powers of eloquence. 
In addition to his clerical duties, he taught on his plantation 
a classical school in which Mr. Jefferson was one of his pu- 
pils. In 1767 he purchased nearly seven hundred acres 
southwest of Ivy Depot from the executors of old Michael 
Woods, which his son Matthew sold in 1797 to Rev. William 
Woods and Richard Woods. He married Mary Walker, a 
cousin it is said of Dr. Thomas Walker, and died in 1769. 
His children were Matthew, James, Ann, Mary, Walker, 
Catharine, the wife of James Barrett, Elizabeth, the wife of 
James Lewis, of Spotsylvania, Abraham, Fontaine, Benja- 
min and Richard. James was appointed by Washington in 
1789 Consul to Liverpool, which office he continued to fill 


till 1837. Richard, who married Diana, daughter of Major 
John Minor, of Spotsylvania, and removed to Franklin, 
Tenn., was the father of Commodore Matthew F. Maury, and 
the grandfather of General Dabney Maury, of the Confeder- 
ate army. 

Matthew was an episcopal minister, and succeeded his 
iather both at the homestead, and in the parish. He also 
taught school. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Dr. 
Thomas Walker, and died in 1808. His children were 
Matthew, Thomas Walker, Francis, Mary Ann, the wife of 
William Michie, Mildred, the wife of Henry Fry Jr., Reuben, 
Elizabeth, Catharine, the wife of Francis I^ightfoot, and 
John. Thomas W. was a member of the Albemarle bar, 
was appointed a magistrate in 1816, married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Julius Clarkson, and granddaughter of Jesse 
lyewis, taught school in the small brick at the east end of 
Main Street, and afterwards at his own place above the Uni- 
versity, now occupied by Samuel Emerson, and died in 1842. 
Reuben married Elizabeth, daughter of Jesse Lewis, and died 
in 1869. His son, Jesse I*., succeeded to the home of his 
father, and still lives in a green old age, a link between the 
present and the past. Mildred was the mother of J. Frank 
Fry, long the Commissioner of the Revenue for St. Anne's. 
James S. Maury, son of the Consul, lived at one time on a 
place near the north end of Dudley's Mountain, and in 1833 
sold it to Jesse 1,. John, son of Rev. Matthew, also once 
lived in the same vicinity. 


The Mayos have had a name and place in Albemarle from 
the beginning. Colonel William Mayo, the County Surveyor 
of Goochland, obtained a patent for eight hundred acres on 
the branches of Rockfish, near the Blue Mountains, in 1738. 
The patent of Dr. William Cabell for forty-eight hundred 
acres on both sides of the Fluvanna, obtained the same year, 
adjoined this entry of Mayo. Among the first deeds recorded 
in Albemarle, is one from Ann Mayo, conveying this land to 
E-obert Barnett in 1748. 


In 1749 Philip Mayo, of Henrico, entered four hundred 
acres on the branches of Hardware, situated in the limestone 
belt, and long known as the lyimestone Survey. In 1752 he 
sold it to Peter Jefferson, Joshua Fry, Arthur Hopkins, 
Thomas Meriwether, Daniel Scott, and William Stith, Presi- 
dent of William and Mary College. It is presumed that in 
making this purchase, these gentlemen had in mind some 
project for utilizing the mineral it contained. 

The original record of the deed having been destroyed, it 
was restored in 1802. As late as 1830 these separate interests 
were not all united, as in that year Governor Gilmer, as exec- 
utor of Christopher Hudson, sold to George Gilmer, his 
father, one-sixth of the tract. 

James Mayo died in 1777, leaving eleven sons and two 
daughters. The most of them no doubt lived in Goochland. 
One of them, Thomas, whobelonged to that county, bought in 
1779 from Thomas Collins four hundred acres on Edge Creek, 
the small branch of Moore's Creek that runs on the east side 
of the Teel place. Four years later Thomas sold part of this 
tract to his brother, Richard George Mayo. If Richard George 
ever lived on it, he removed elsewhere, as in 1809 his brother 
Joseph, as his attorney, sold it to another brother, James. 
James died in 1821, in his eighty-third year. His wife was 
Mary, daughter of Stephen Hughes, and his children John 
W., Stephen, Claudius, James E., Catharine, the wife of Wil- 
liam Thompson, and Nancy, the wife of John Harris. 


The progenitor of the Meriwethers was Nicholas, an 
emigrant from Wales, who died in 1678. He had three sons, 
Francis, who married Mary Bathurst, and from whom 
descended Governor George W. Smith, who perished in the 
burning of tte Richmond theatre in 1811, David and 
Nicholas. Nicholas was the large landholder. Besides 
obtaining grants of extensive tracts in several of the 
counties of eastern Virginia, he entered in one body 
seventeen thousand, nine hundred and fifty-two acres 
on the east side of the South West Mountain in Albe- 
marle. He also entered in 1735 one thousand and twenty 


acres on the Rivanna, extending' from Moore's Creek 
to Meadow Creek. This was the place on which he lived, 
and which he devised to his grandson, Nicholas I^ewis. He 
died in 1744, and it is said he and his grandson, Richard 
Meriwether, son of William, were buried on the east side of 
the Rivanna, most probably on the summit of the hill north 
of Mrs. Crockford's residence, on the parcel of land which 
Richard purchased from Thomas Graves. His wife was 
Elizabeth Crawford, and his children Jane, the wife of Robert 
I^ewis, Thomas, Nicholas, William, David, Elizabeth, the 
wife of Thomas Bray, Ann, the wife of Thomas Johnson, 
the colleague of Patrick Henry from Ivouisa in the House 
of Burgesses, and the grandfather of the eminent lawyer. 
Chapman Johnson, Sarah, the wife of William I^ittlepage, 
and Mary, the wife of John Aylett. 

Nicholas received from his father a share of the lands east 
of the South West Mountain, of which Castle Hill was the 
seat. He married Mildred Thornton, and died in 1739, leav- 
ing one child, Mildred. About 1741 his widow became the 
wife of Dr. Thomas Walker, and in due time Mildred, his 
daughter, became the wife of John Syme, of Hanover, the 
half-brother of Patrick Henry. In 1741 and 1746 there were 
entered in the daughter Mildred's name, two tracts of sixteen 
hundred, and nineteen hundred acres, lying near the gorge of 
the South Hardware between Gay's and Fan's Mountains, 
and extending up the road towards Batesville ; and for many 
years her lines frequently figure in the descriptions of lands 
sold in that neighborhood. Both tracts were sold by Mil- 
dred's son, John Syme Jr., to President William Nelson, but 
the deed was never recorded. President Nelson devised them 
to his son Robert, who sold the sixteen hundred tract to 
James Powell Cocke, and the other in parcels to different 
purchasers. A chancery suit instituted against the children 
of John Syme Jr., then living in Nelson County, to make 
title to these lands, was decided in 1809; and a considerable 
part of Deed Book Sixteen is occupied with the deeds of 
these parties to the vendees. 


David Meriwether married Ann Holmes, and had six sons 
and two daughters. Thomas, the eldest, married Elizabeth 
Thornton, and his children were Nicholas, Francis, David, 
Mary, the wife of Peachy R. Gilmer, Elizabeth, the wife of 
Thomas Johnson, Sarah, the wife of Michael Anderson, Ann, 
the wife of Richard Anderson, and mother of David Ander- 
son, of Milton and Pantops, lyUcy, the wife of William Lewis, 
and afterwards of John Marks, Mildred, the wife of John Gil- 
mer, and Jane, the wife of Samuel Dabney, mother of Mildred, 
Reuben lycwis's wife, and grandmother of Rev. Robert Lewis 
Dabney, the eminent theologian. Nicholas, the eldest of this 
family, married Margaret, daughter of Rev. William Doug- 
lass, a native of Scotland, rector of the parish of St. James, 
Northam, Goochland, who added teaching to his ministerial 
duties, and was the preceptor of Presidents Monroe and Jef- 
ferson, and who spent his last days at his plantation of 
Ducking Hole, Louisa. The children of Nicholas and Mar- 
garet Douglass Meriwether were William Douglass, Thomas, 
Nicholas H., Charles, Francis T., and Elizabeth, the wife 
of Thomas W. Lewis. Mrs. Margaret D. Meriwether was 
married the second time to Chiles Terrell. 

William Douglass lived at Clover Fields, on the east side 
of the South West Mountain. He was a man of fine sense 
and great wealth. He was a magistrate of the county for 
fifty years, and the only one of the whole body of magistrates 
that filled the oflfice of Sheriff twice, in 1801 and 1828. His 
wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas Lewis, and through 
her he inherited the part of the Farm nearest Charlottesville, 
which in 1825 he sold to John A. G. Davis, who built on it 
the brick house, the present residence of Mrs. Thomas Pa- 
rish. He died in 1845. His children were William H., 
Charles J., Mary, the wife of Peter Meriwether, Margaret D., 
the wife first of Dr. Francis Meriwether, and secondly of 
Francis K. Nelson, and Thomas W. William H., a man of 
incessant activity, was admitted to the bar, built the first mill 
at Rio, and a bridge across the Rivanna at the Woolen Mills, 
sold his land in 1835 to George L. Craven, and went to 
Texas. He was twice married, first to Frances Poindexter, 


and secondly to Kate W. Meriwether, who after his death 
was married to Dr. Prior, of Memphis, Tenn. Charles 
J. received from his father Mooresbrook, the present residence 
of Mr. Newman, but being impoverished by the war, he and 
his wife Louisa Miller, a sister of President Tyler's first wife, 
passed their remaining days under the hospitable roof of 
Mrs. Harper and her son, Warner Wood, at Farmington. 
Thomas W. was a physician, succeeded to the homestead, 
was a ruling elder in South Plains Church, and died in 1863. 
His wife was Ann, daughter of Hugh Nelson, and his children 
William D., also a physician, Mildred, the wife of George 
Macon, Ann, the wife of Frederick W. Page, Fliza, the wife 
of N. H. Massie, and Charlotte, the second wife of T. J. 
Randolph Jr. 

Thomas, second son of Nicholas and Margaret D. Meri- 
wether, married Ann, daughter of Garrett Minor, of lyouisa. 
They had four children, among whom was Peter N. , who 
resided at Cismont, married first his cousin Mary, as already 
noted, and secondly Mrs. Frances Tapp, and died in 1851. 

Nicholas H., third son of Nicholas and Margaret, married 
Rebecca Terrell. They had six children, among whom were 
Dr. Charles H., who married first Ann F. Anderson, and 
secondly Frances E. Thomas, lived at the present station of 
Arrowhead, and died in 1843, Ann T., the wife of Nicholas 
H. I/cwis, and mother of I^ydia ly., the wife of Peter, son of 
Dr. Frank Carr, and Walker G., who married first his cousin 
Elizabeth Meriwether, and secondly his cousin Jane W. 
lye wis. 

Charles, fourth son of Nicholas and Margaret, studied 
medicine in Scotland, and while visiting his Douglass kin 
in that country, married a young lady named I^ydia I^aurie. 
On his return he settled in Tennessee. Lydia I,aurie died, 
and he married twice afterwards; but her sweet-sounding 
name has ever since been a favorite in all branches of the 

Francis T., fifth son of Nicholas and Margaret, married 
Catharine Davis, and had six children. Among them were 


Elizabeth, the wife of her cousin Walker G. , George D., who 
married his cousin Alice lyewis, and Dr. Francis, who mar- 
ried his cousin Margaret D., and whose daughter, Mary W. , 
was the first wife of T. J. Randolph Jr. 

Of all this numerous family, there is not one now living in 
Albemarle who bears the name. Their descendants however 
are scattered in every part of the West and South. 


The first Michie who settled in the county was John, who 
bought land near the Horse Shoe of the Rivanna from John 
Henry, father of the great orator. When the purchase was 
made does not appear, but he sold to Hezekiah Rice, and 
repurchased from him in 1763. He died in 1777. His chil- 
dren were John, who died before his father, Robert, James, 
Patrick, William, Sarah, the wife of Christopher Wood, and 
Mary, the wife also of a Wood. Robert and his sisters seem 
to have lived in lyouisa. 

Patrick had his home southwest of Earlysville, between 
the Buck Mountain Road and the south fork of the Rivanna. 
He died in 1799. His wife's name was Frances, and his 
children were Nancy, the wife of Joseph Goodman, James, 
Flizabeth, the wife of Thomas Maupin, Sarah, the wife of 
William G. Martin, Martha, the wife of Richard Davis, 
Susan, the wife of William Michie, Mary, the wife of John 
Maupin, and David. 

William became a large landholder in the same section. 
He purchased in 1793 from I<ewis Webb, of New Kent, two 
thousand and ninety acres in one tract. On the Buck Moun- 
tain Road he established the public house, which has since 
been known as Michie's Old Tavern. He was appointed a 
magistrate in 1791, served as Sheriff in 1803, and died in 
1811. He was twice married ; one of his wives, it is believed, 
being Ann, daughter of David Mills. His children by the 
first marriage were John A., and Mary, the wife of John 
MuUins, and by the second William, David and Lucy, the 
wife of Benjamin Richards. 

John A. was appointed a magistrate of the county in 1807. 
His wife was Frances, daughter of Thomas Jarman. He 


died'in 1827. His children were Prances J., Ann, Sarah, 
Elizabeth, the wife of Bezaleel G. Brown, Theodosia, the 
wife of Edmund Brown, John E., James, William, Robert 
J., Jonathan, Mary and Martha. Of James attained a 
prominent position in the affairs of the county. He was a 
successful business man, was appointed a magistrate in 
1816, and served as Sheriff in 1843. He was an earnest 
Episcopalian, and displayed his zeal in active efforts to re- 
build the ruins of the old Buck Mountain Church. His 
home was on the north fork of the Rivanna, south of Piney 
Mountain. He died in 1850. His wife was Frances, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Garth Jr., and his children Mary Elizabeth, 
the wife of William T. Early, Virginia, Susan, Adeline, 
Dr. J. Augustus, Thomas, Theresa, the wife of I/Ucian 
Michie, Alexander H., and Henry Clay. Jonathan married 
a sister of Thomas J. Michie, of Staunton, and his children 
were John P., Margaret, the wife of Dr. Theodore Michie, 
Frances, the wife of Dr. R. N. Hewitt, of Campbell County, 
Thomas, Chapman and Franklin. 

William Michie, son of William, married, it is believed, 
Susan, daughter of his uncle Patrick. His children were 
Dr. James W., David and Frances . His brother David was a 
man of great enterprise and thri ft. In early life he was a 
merchant first in the Michie Tavern neighborhood, and after- 
wards at Milton. He invested in real estate in different parts 
of the county, purchasing in 1805 from Randolph I<ewis his 
plantation Buck Island on the north side of the Rivanna, 
which he seems to have made his home till 1837. In that 
year he bought the brick house on the northeast corner of 
Market and Seventh Streets in Charlottesville, where he 
resided until his death in 1850. He left no children, and his 
large estate was divided among his numerous relatives, under 
the direction of George Carr, as administrator. 

James Michie Jr., or Beau Jim, as he was commonly called, 
was the son of a William Michie. His residence was at 
Longwood, west of Earlysville. His death occurred in 1847. 
He married Eliza, Graves, of Rockingham, and his children 
were Dr. Theodore, Octavius, Joseph P., I^ucian, Oran, 


Claudius N., Eugene, Catharine, the wife of William* A. 
Rogers, Cornelia and Virginia. 


In early times three large entries of lands were made with- 
in the county by persons named Mills. Between 1737 and 1759 
Matthew Mills obtained grants for seventeen hundred acres on 
the south side of Mechum's River, east of the Miller School. 
After his death it was divided among three sons, Matthew, 
Charles and Menan. In 1782 Matthew, who at the time was 
living in Guilford County, North Carolina, sold his share to 
"William Leigh, who came to take possession of it from Caswell 
County, North Carolina. The same year Charles and his wife 
Mary, who were residents of Buckingham, sold five hundred 
and sixty-seven acres to Richard Woods, the same land that 
descended to his son Richard, that after his death was sold 
to James Michie, and that is still in the possession of his 
son, Thomas Michie. The other portion, five hundred and 
sixty -seven acres, fell to Menan, who lived on it till 1800. 
He then bought from the executors of Micajah Chiles the old 
Joel Terrell property in Charlottesville, the square on which 
the present City Hall stands. He married Frances, daughter 
of John Jouett. He was not a prosperous man, and in 1811 
all his possessions were sold under deeds of trust, his share 
of his father's estate being purchased by Daniel White, and 
now owned by his grandson, Samuel G. White. Menan 
Mills removed elsewhere, probably to Kentucky, leaving 
four children, John, Frances and Margaret, who were placed 
under the guardianship of Micajah Woods, and William, 
who was placed under that of Clifton Rodes. 

Charles Mills between 1744 and 1756 took out patents for 
three thousand acres along the foot of Buck's Elbow, between 
Crozet and Whitehall. It is probable Charles was a brother 
of the elder Matthew, as both belonged to Hanover, and some 
of their patents were taken out the same day. Charles's land 
was inherited by his son Nicholas, who lived in Hanover, 
and who, after selling a portion of ii, conveyed the remainder 
in 1786 to his sons, Joseph and William Mills, and his son- 
in-law, James Burnley, of Louisa. In 1790 Joseph sold his 


share to William, who lived in Spotsylvania, and in 1793 
William sold to John Burnley, the son of James. 

The third series of entries was made by David Mills. They 
ran from 1738 to 1755, and amounted to more than eleven 
thousand acres. They were located south of Earlysville, on 
Buck Mountain and Beaverdam Creeks, and in the Brown's 
Cove district. David Mills died in 1764. He and his wife I^ucy 
had eight children, Zachariah, David, Wyatt, Joseph, Ann, 
the wife of William Michie, Elizabeth, the wife of William 
Doswell, of Nottoway, Mary, the wife of William S. I/ane, 
and I^ucy, the wife of Philip White, of Hanover. David sold 
out to his brother Wyatt in 1786, and emigrated to South 
Carolina. Wyatt died in 1808. He and his wife Sarah had 
four children, Elizabeth, the wife of James Beazley, Wilson, 
John S., and Sophia, the wife of Fontaine Richards. Joseph 
Mills Jr. , probably the son of Joseph, taught school in the 
Buck Mountain neighborhood, was admitted to the bar in 
1823, and soon after removed to Harrisonburg. 

A John Mills — whether related to any of those before men- 
tioned, is not known — in 1782 married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Robert Field, and was owner of the land which is now 
known as Brooksville. In 1795 he sold it to James Hays, and 
probably left the county. 


John Minor, of Topping Castle, Caroline County, was the 
patentee of land on the north fork of the Rivanna as early as 
1735. Of the eleven children of himself and his wife, Sarah, 
daughter of Thomas Carr, three have been represented in 
Albemarle. His son James came to the county from Spot- 
sylvania not far from 1770, and lived on the land entered by 
his father east of the Burnt Mills, which he beyond all ques- 
tion first built. He was a man of energy and industry, and 
a public spirited magistrate, but died in 1791, at the age of 
forty-five. His wife was Mary Carr, and his children Dab- 
ney, James, John, Sarah, the wife of William Wardlaw, 
Mary, the wife of Richard H. Allen, Nancy, the wife of Dr. 
Thomas Yancey, and Elizabeth, the wife of Alexander Garrett. 
Dabney resembled his father in capacity for business, became 


a large landholder in this and other counties, and for a num- 
ber of years served as a magistrate. He resided at first at 
the home of his father, but subsequently purchased Carrs- 
brook, and there spent his last years. He died in 1824, about 
fifty years of age. He was twice married, first to Eliza 
Johnson, a niece of William Wirt, and secondly to Martha 
J., daughter of Richard Terrell, and granddaughter of Mr. 
Jefierson's sister, Martha. By the first marriage his children 
were Mildred, the wife of Hudson Martin, Catharine, the 
wife of E. W. Reinhart, Sarah, the wife of James Tompkins, 
and William W., of Gale Hill, and by the second I^ucy J., 
the wife of Robert N. Trice. James lived at Brookhill, on 
the south fork of the Rivanna. His wife was Catharine Tomp- 
kins, and his children Dabney, John, James, Elizabeth, the 
wife of Samuel Moore, Ann, the wife of Rev. Albert Holladay, 
missionary to Persia, and President-Elect of Hampden-Sidney 
College, Catharine, the wife of Rev. Luther Emerson, and 
Martha, the wife of Lafayette Harris. He departed this life 
in 1848. John was a physician, and married Jane Bell, a 
Scotch lady, who was a resident of Lynchburg. He resided 
at Gale Hill, which at his death in 1841 he devised to his 
nephew, William W. Minor. 

Another son of John Minor, of Topping Castle, was Gar- 
rett, of Louisa, who married Mary O. Terrell. Their son 
Peter came to the county early in the century, and married 
Lucy, daughter of Dr. George Gilmer, of Pen Park. In 1809 
he purchased from Jesse and John Key the present farm of 
Ridgeway, and in 1811 was appointed Treasurer of the Ri- 
vanna Navigation Company. He was fdr many years Sec- 
retary of the County Agricultural Society, in the great objects 
of which he was deeply interested. To his wife George 
Divers at his death in 1830 left one -third of his estate. He 
died in 1835, and his children were Hugh, Franklin, Peter 
C, George, John S., James E., Martha, the wife of Robert 
Grattan, Lucy, the wife of Dr. Charles Minor, and Mary, the 
wife of R. W. N. Noland. Hugh married first a Fry, and 
secondly Mary Ann, daughter of J. Boucher Carr, and lived 
at Ridgeway ; but exchanging it with his brother Franklin 


for the Rigory, he resided there until his death in 1858. 
Franklin married I^ucy Ann, daughter of Dr. John Gilmer, 
of Edgemont, and established a classical school at the Rigory, 
but afterwards removed it to Ridgeway, where it attained a 
wide-spread reputation. He died in 1867, but owing to ill 
health, and the interruption of the war, the school had been 
relinquished some years before. Samuel O. , another son of 
Garrett, married I,ydia Laurie, daughter of Thomas W. 
lyewis, of l/ocust Grove. In 1817 he bought from Martin 
Dawson upwards of six hundred acres on the north side of 
the Rivanna, below Milton. He afterwards lived and con- 
ducted a school at the Farm. Dr. James H. Minor, of Music 
Hall, and Elizabeth, the wife of Andrew Brown, were his 

Another son of John Minor, of Topping Castle, was Major 
John, whose son L,auncelot, of Minor's Folly in l/ouisa, 
married Mary O. Tompkins. Several of their children re- 
sided in Albemarle. I^ucian was admitted to the bar in 1830, 
practised for a time in Charlottesville, and subsequently 
became Professor of I^aw in William and Mary. John B., 
after practising law for a brief period in Buchanan on James 
River, settled in Charlottesville, erected as his home the house 
at Northwood, the present residence of Charles Benson, and 
in 1845 entered upon his distinguished career as Professor of 
I/aw in the University of Virginia, where he died in 1896. 
Dr. Charles, who married I/Ucy, daughter of Peter Minor, 
taught a classical school at Brookhill, and afterwards lived 
until his death in 1862 at I^and's End, near Stony Point. 
George W. Trueheart, a son of Ann Minor, daughter of 
I^auncelot, and wife of Overton Trueheart, was for a time a 
member of the Albemarle bar. 


President James Monroe was for many years a citizen of 
Albemarle. Being a great admirer as well as a special favor- 
ite of Mr. Jefferson, he was attracted to the county by his 
influence. His first purchase of real estate was made from 
George Nicholas in 1790. He then bought from him I^ots 
Seventeen and Eighteen in Charlottesville, with the Stone 


House which Nicholas had erected thereon. That was his 
first residence. At the same time he purchased the farm on 
which the University stands. In the conveyance of his town 
property to Peter Marks in September 1790, it is recited that 
he sold to him "the pine plank and materials deposited 
thereon, except that which was planed, and the walnut 
plank," and reserved in the house "room for his furniture and 
family, until his houses were ready to receive them on his 
farm." This farm he also bought from George Nicholas, 
who, having purchased more than two thousand acres in 
different parts of the county, sold them, and removed without 
making conveyances for any of them; and it was not until 
nearly twenty years after his death, that James Morrison, 
his executor, gave title to the heirs of his vendees. For the 
land he sold Mr. Monroe, no deed was ever made, or at least 
was ever recorded; on account of Mr. Monroe's celebrity, 
and the property having changed hands several times, per- 
haps it was deemed unnecessary. The house Mr. Monroe 
was getting ready on his farm, was part of that now occupied 
by Professor Thornton, situated on what is still called Mon- 
roe Hill. 

But he did not reside there long. In 1793 he purchased on 
the east side of Carter's Mountain, where he was a still closer 
neighbor to Mr. Jefferson. Part of this land he bought from 
Mr. Jefferson, and part from William C. Carter. His home 
was Ash Lawn, now owned by Rev. John E. Massey. Here 
he lived till the termination of his presidency, when all his 
lands in the county, amounting to between four and five 
thousand acres, were sold, or transferred to the United States 
Bank, in payment of his debts. I^ike Mr. Jefferson, he was 
so completely absorbed in his public engagements, and so 
frequently and long absent from home, that his private affairs 
suffered from neglect. When a man's mind is accustomed to 
dwell upon the broad expanse of a nation's interests, it is not 
unnatural perhaps that he should insensibly contract a sort 
of sublime indifference to the petty range of his mere per- 
sonal concerns. As already stated, Mr. Monroe never did 
get a deed for his University land, and that which he bought 


from William C. Carter in 1793, was not conveyed to him 
till 1827. He was appointed a magistrate in 1798, and the 
latter half of the next year he sat regularly on the bench. 
His wife was Elizabeth, daughter of I/awrence Kortright, a 
captain in the British army, and his children Eliza and Maria. 
Eliza was married to George Hay, United States Attorney 
for the District of Virginia, at his home in the county in 
1808, and Maria to Samuel I,. Governeur, of New York, in 
Washington, while he was President. At the expiration of 
his second term, he removed to Oak Hill, a farm he had pur- 
chased in lyoudoun. 

The President had an elder brother, Andrew, who, it is 
believed, in 1781 purchased a farm near Batesville, where he 
resided for four years. In 1816 he was living on a farm 
which the President purchased on lyimestone, below Milton. 
He died in 1828. A son, Augustine G., was admitted to the 
Albemarle bar in 1815. Another son, James, born in the 
county, was an officer in the United Stated army, acted as 
the President's private secretary, married a daughter of James 
Douglass, an adopted son of Rev. William Douglass, of 
Ducking Hole, Ivouisa, and settled in New York City, where 
he was active in political affairs, and where he was appointed 
to perform his last public service as a member of the Peace 
Convention in 1861. 

Joseph Jones Monroe, another brother of the President, 
became a member of the Albemarle bar, married Elizabeth, 
daughter of James Kerr, was appointed Commonwealth's 
Attorney in 1811 as successor to Judge Dabney Carr, and 
the next year gave place to William F. Gordon. In 1812 
his daughter Harriet was married in Charlottesville to 
Edward Blair Cabell, and removed to Keytesville, Mo. He 
himself subsequently removed to Missouri, where he died in 
Franklin County in 1824. 


The genealogy of the Moons is somewhat difficult to trace. 
It seems however that two brothers, Jacob and William, 
settled in the county in early times. In 1750 Jacob pur- 


chased land from Thomas Fitzpatrick in the gorge of the 
south fork of Hardware. He also entered a small tract in 
the same vicinity. He sold out in 1777, and removed to 
Bedford County. 

William bought a thousand acres from Hardin Burnley on 
the lower Hardware. When this purchase was made is not 
known, but the fact is stated in a conveyance of part of the 
land made by Moon to John Lewis in 1760. He died in 
1800. His wife's name was Elizabeth, and his children 
were William, Richard, Littlebury, Jacob, Judith, the wife 
of Charles Moorman, Susan, the wife of Thomas Tilman, 
Martha, the wife of William Viers, who removed to Mason 
County, Kentucky, Elizabeth, the wife of H!enry A. Bryant, 
lyucy, the wife of John Steele, and Sarah, the wife of Robert 

William married Charlotte, daughter of John Digges and 
Elizabeth Harris, of Nelson County. Their children were 
John Digges, Robert, Richard, Elizabeth, the wife of John 
Steele, Edward H,, and Mildred, the wife of Nathaniel 
Anderson. He was at one time the owner of Belle Grove, 
the plantation above Scottsville on which the old court- 
house stood. In 1819 he was appointed a magistrate of the 
county, and died in 1833. JohnD., who was called Senior 
to distinguish him from a cousin of the same name, married 
Mary E. Barclay, step-daughter of John Harris, and his 
home was at Mount Air. He became a magistrate in 1835, 
and died in 1869. His children were Robert B,,who was 
appointed a magistrate in 1846, served as County Surveyor, 
married Mary, daughter of Nathaniel Massie, and died in 
1891, Sarah, William F., who married Marietta Appling, 
and removed to Tennessee, and whose son. Judge John A. 
Moon represents the Chattanooga district in Congress, Ann, 
J. Schuyler, James N., Mary and J. lyUther. Richard lived 
for a time in Tennessee, and as a mark of distinction bore 
the addition of T. to his name. Edward H. married Ann 
Maria Barclay, another step -daughter of John Harris, and 
lived at Viewmont, the old Fry homestead. He died in 1853. 
His children were Thomas B., Oriana, the wife of Dr. John 


S. Andrews, Charlotte, Isaac A., Sarah, Mary and Edmonia. 

Richard, son of the first William, died in 1819. His wife's 
name was Winifred, and his children were Thomas, Richard, 
who lived on Briery Creek, and hence had the afl&x B. to dis- 
tinguish him from Richard T., William, Nathaniel, who mar- 
ried his cousin Roxana Moon, and removed to Upshur County, 
Elizabeth, the wife of Jeremiah Cleveland, Sarah, the wife 
of William Cleveland, I/Ucy, Fleming, Jacob, Martha and 
Samuel W. William married Elizabeth Hamner, and his 
children were John, William, Roxana, the wife of Henry 
Boatright, Archer, Martha, Elizabeth, Judith, Sarah, Pleas- 
ant, and Mildred, the wife of Thomas Garland. Jacob 
married Elizabeth Darneille, and his children were John 
D. Jr., Isaac D., Elizabeth, Mary, the wife of Thomas N. 
Trice, Charlotte, Anna, and Martha I^ouisa. 

lyittlebury married Sarah, daughter of Thomas Staples, 
and died in 1827. His children were Maria, the wife of Sam- 
uel O. Moon, son of I/ittlebury Moon, of Buckingham County, 
and Jane Hopkins, Martha, the wife of Eittlebury Moon, a 
brother of Samuel O., Mary, the wife of William H. Turner, 
and Mildred, the wife of Rev. Thomas J. Deyerle. 

Jacob, son of the first William, married Mildred Hamner, 
and died in 1811. His children were Samuel, Schuyler, Mary, 
Roxana, the wife of Nathaniel Moon, Susan, Turner, and 
Elizabeth, the wife of William Hopkins. 

It is said the early Moons, like the l/cwises of the same 
part of the county, were largely engaged in the business of 
transportation on James River, and after its construction, on 
the canal. 


John Moore was appointed the executor of Matthew Jouett 
in 1745, the same year the county of Albemarle was organ- 
ized. It is likely his first wife was Matthew Jouett's 
daughter. He was evidently a man of means and fine busi- 
ness capacity. At different times he owned more than five 
thousand acres in the county, including IvOt No. Three, on 
which the first court at the new county seat was heldi 
several of the outlots around Charlottesville, a thousand 


acres on Meadow Creek, and more than thirteen hundred east 
of the South West Mountain, on part of which stood his 
home, subsequentlj' the home of Reuben I^indsay. From the 
fact that it was through his land east of the town the road to 
the river was made, it is surmised the name of Moore's was 
given to the ford, which crossed just below the site of the 
Free Bridge. He was a large landholder also in Louisa, to 
which county he removed after selling his residence in Albe- 
marle. He died in 1785. He appears to have been joined 
in matrimony the second time with Martha, daughter of the 
elder John Harvie. His children were John, Fdward, James > 
Matthew, Frances, the wife of John Henderson Jr., and Eliza- 
beth, the wife first of Tucker Woodson, and secondly of 
M'ajor Joseph Crockett. It is thought that William Moore, 
who married Mary, daughter of Colonel John Marks and 
Mrs. I^ucy lycwis, and lived in Georgia, was also his son by 
the last marriage. 

John was one of his father's executors, and probably lived 
in Louisa. Matthew received from his father a farm on the 
borders of Louisa, which he and his wife Letitia sold in 1774- 
to Rev. Matthew Maury, and removed South. Edward 
occupied a position of considerable prominence, but unfor- 
tunate habits seem to have ruined both him and his estate. 
He was a magistrate, and in the decade of 1790 represented 
the county in the House of Delegates. His plantation of five 
hundred acres, which he bought from John Harvie, lay on 
the Gordonsville Road below Keswick, and in 1805 was sold 
under deed of trust to William D. Meriwether. Overwhelmed 
with debt, stripped' of his property, and declared insane in 
1807, he was by order of Court placed in the Asylum, where 
he died the next year. His wife was Mildred, daughter of 
Colonel Charles Lewis Jr., of Buck Island. His son, John 
Lewis, was left by his uncle Isham Lewis, a thousand acres 
of land on Blue Run, on the Barboursville Road, which he 
sold in 1807 to James Barbour. A daughter Ann is men- 
tioned, to whom her brother John Lewis was appointed 
guardian, and a son Charles, who was bound as apprentice 
for four years to William Watson. 


Another family named Moore resided in the county, the 
descendants of which still remain in considerable numbers, 
though bearing different names. Contrary to the usual 
course of emigration, three brothers, Richard, William and 
Stephen, came to Albemarle from Person County, North Caro- 
lina, sometime before the Revolutionary War ; yet it is said by 
relatives now living in North Carolina, that the family first 
emigrated thither from Albemarle. Richard lived on the 
head waters of the south fork of Hardware, not far from the 
Cove. He was twice married, first to I,etitia Martin, and 
secondly to Keturah, daughter of William Austin, and died 
in 1809. He had twelve children, the most of whom, it is 
believed, removed to Tennessee. William lived at first near 
Richard, but afterwards in the North Garden, on the place 
recently owned by the late Garrett White. He married Mary, 
daughter of William Gooch, and died in 1818. His son. 
Dyer, was a captain in the war of 1812, and removed to Ten- 
nessee, where he married Mary, daughter of James lycwisc 
Stephen was a man of industry and sound judgment, acquired 
a large estate, and died in 1833. His home was in North 
'Garden, the same place recently occupied by his grandson, 
William Durrett. His wife, it is said, was a Miss Royster, 
and his children Sarah, the wife of Marcus Durrett, Caroline, 
the wife of John White, and Eliza, the wife of Henry Carter 
Moore, a kinsman also from North Carolina. H. Carter 
Moore resided where Anderson Rothwell now lives, and died 
in 1867. The only son in his large family. Shepherd, died 
without children in 1871. 


Charles Moorman came from the Isle of Wight, England, 
and in 1744 was living in Louisa, not far from the Green 
Spring. He was a leading Quaker, and at that time he and 
his son Thomas were overseers of the Friends' Meeting House 
on Camp Creek, in Louisa. As early as 1735 they were both 
patentees of land within the present bounds of Albemarle. 
Charles entered four hundred acres "at the forks of the Ri- 
vanna, near the Blue Mountains" — the junction of Mechum's 
and Moorman's Rivers — and the entry of Thomas compre- 


hended the present Carrsbrook, and was described as "includ- 
ing the Indian Grave low grounds." Seven years later 
Thomas entered a larger tract further up the Moorman's, and 
thus gave his name to that stream. Charles also purchased 
land on Totier Creek, where two of his sons, Thomas and 
Robert, afterwards lived. He himself appears never to have 
resided in the county. He married Mary, daughter of Abra- 
ham Venable, whose home was on Byrd Creek in Goochland, 
and his children were Thomas, Charles, Robert, Achilles, 
James, Judith, the wife of Christopher Anthony, Elizabeth, 
the wife of Christopher Johnson, Agnes, the wife of John 
Venable, and Mary, the wife of a Taylor. 

Thomas Moorman was married twice, first to Rachel, 
daughter of Christopher Clark, and secondly to BHzabeth^ 
daughter of Robert and Mourning Adams. He died in 1787, 
and left one son, Robert, who died in 1813, whose widow, 
Dorothy, became the wife of John T. Holman, and whose 
children were Dorothy, the wife of James L. Neville, Mary^ 
the wife of EH Tutwiler, Elizabeth Ann, the wife of Robert 
L. Jefferson, and Robert J. Charles married Judith, daughter 
of William Moon. Robert married Sarah, another daughter 
of William Moon, and had eight children, of whom Mary was 
the wife of William Roper, and Elizabeth the wife of Benja- 
min Johnson, of lyocust Hill on James River; these last 
were the parents of Janet, the wife of Austin M. Appling, 
Sarah, the wife of John Darneille, lyouisiana, the wife of 
Edwin H. Gooch, and Dorothy, the wife of William A. Tur- 
ner. Robert Moorman sold his land on Totier Creek to John 
Harris in 1792, and with the view of emigrating to South 
Carolina, appointed John Hudson and William Roper his 
attorneys in fact. Achilles married Mary, daughter of 
Robert and Mourning Adams, and removed to Bedford 
County. The land on Mechunk, which came to the wives of 
Thomas and Achilles from their father, Robert Adams, was 
purchased by Dr. George Gilmer, of Pen Park. 


Two persons named Morris obtained patents for land in 
1743, Hugh on the lower Hardware, and Jacob on Totier 


Creek. They were, as their names indicate, of Welsh origin, 
and the strong probability is they were brothers. Jacob's 
daughter Ann became the wife of Jacob Kinney, subse- 
quently a citizen of Staunton. Kinney owned the Stone 
Tavern in Warren, and I/Ots Seven and Eight in Charlottes- 
ville. His widow and daughter, Mrs. Matilda Stribling, 
sold the property in Warren to William Brown in 1812, and 
the lots to Twyman Wayt in 1815. It may be stated, that 
the Kinney family were residents of Albemarle at an early 
date. In 1779 the father, William Kinney, bought a tract of 
land on the lower Hardware from William Moon Sr., which 
his heirs, Chesley, Jacob, William and Nancy Whitesides, 
then of Amherst, sold in 1795 to William Moon Jr. 

Hugh Morris, sometime previous to 1769, purchased land 
in the North Garden, contiguous to the Cross Roads. An 
Episcopal Church was built on this land, on the hill south 
of the village, and in the conveyance of the land to his son 
in 1772, Hugh recites that he never gave the land the church 
occupied, but invests his son with power to act as it seemed 
best. He died in 1774. His son, Hugh Rice Morris, resided 
on the land in North Garden, and died in 1820. It is said he 
was an Episcopal clergyman. In the notice of his death it was 
stated, that he was present at the first court held in the county, 
and witnessed the proceedings attending its organization. 
About 1817 he built the mill below the Cross Roads, now 
known as Kidd's Mill. His wife's name was Ann, and his chil- 
dren Henry, Samuel, Rice, William, Tandy and Elizabeth. 
Rice removed to Augusta County, but returned to Albemarle, 
and resided in the neighborhood of Scottsville ; his daughter 
Sarah became the wife of Robert Dyer. Tandy was a 
physician, and practised in the vicinity of Warren. Wil- 
liam married Ann, daughter of Marshall Durrett, bought 
from Howell I^ewis the farm, with the large brick house, on 
which Stephen Carpenter now resides, and died in 1832. 
His son William married Helen, daughter of James Alex- 
ander, and removed to Mississippi. Henry continued to live 
near the Cross Roads. The old church, a wooden structure, 
becoming dilapidated by the ravages of time, he gave the 


ground in the village, on which the brick edifice was erected. 
He departed this life in 1859. 


John NeilsoD, a native of Ireland, a carpenter by trade, 
was attracted to Albemarle by the erection of the University 
buildings. While engaged in this work, he prospered in his 
affairs. He bought from Joseph Bishop several acres 
between Vinegar Hill and the Whitehall Road, and built 
one or two of the brick houses in Random Row. He also 
built the large brick near the forks of the I^ynchburg Road, 
which afterwards became the property ot Professor Blaetter- 
man, in which his wife for a time conducted a seminary for 
young ladies, and which is now owned by G. L. Bruffey. 
He purchased the Refuge, the old Jones plantation in the 
southern part of the county, where Major Anbury, the Rev- 
olutionary prisoner, indited a number of his letters. He died 
in 1827, devising his property to his family still residing in 
Ireland. Andrew I^eitch, as his executor, carried out the 
provisions of his will. 


Solomon Nelson in 1759 bought from John Grills two 
hundred acres on Moore's Creek, and built the first mill that 
occupied the site of that now owned by Hartman. This 
tract he sold in 1764 to John Moore, and bought from Edward 
Carter a parcel of land in the Ragged Mountains, not far 
from BatesviUe. He sold this place in 1773, and no doubt 
removed from the county. 

The large tracts in North and South Garden, patented in 
the name of Mildred Meriwether, were sold by her and her 
husband, John Syme, to President William Nelson, of York- 
town, and by him devised to his son Robert. Robert and 
his wife Susan sold them in course of time to different parties. 
In reference to these interests in North and South Garden, 
Samuel Murrell acted as Mr. Nelson's agent. He was also 
the owner of a tract of upwards of two thousand acres on 
Mechunk, which was patented by Thomas Darsie in 1733, 
descended to his son Thomas, and by him sold in 1748 to 


James Power. How, or when, it came into the hands of 
Robert Nelson, is not known, but in 1778 he sold it to John 

Hugh Nelson, son of Governor Thomas, and grandson of 
President William, became a citizen of Albemarle in 1802. 
In that year he was admitted a member of its bar. He 
married Eliza, daughter of Francis Kinloch, of South Caro- 
lina, and Mildred, only daughter of John Walker, eldest son 
of Dr. Thomas Walker. His home was at Belvoir; on the 
east side of the South West Mountain. In 1803 he purchased 
from lyilburn Lewis his plantation of nearly nine hundred 
acres on the north side of the Rivanna, which in 1815 he sold 
to John R. Campbell, and which is now in part the property 
of David Hancock's heirs. He represented the county in the 
House of Delegates, of which he was Speaker, and was a 
member of Congress from 1811 to 1823, when he resigned to 
accept the appointment of Minister to Spain. In 1819 he 
became a magistrate of the county. He died in 1836. His 
children were Francis K., Mildred, the wife of Thomas Nel- 
son, of Clark, Ann, the wife of Dr. Thomas Meriwether, Dr. 
Thomas, of Elk Hill, Rev. Cleland K., Keating, and Dr. 
Robert W., who still lives to represent the name in Albe- 


The first patentee of land on James River within the 
present county was George Nicholas, of Williamsburg. He 
made the entry — the third in the county — of twenty-six hun- 
dred acres in 1729. This was Dr. George Nicholas, the 
immigrant, as the same land descended to his eldest son, 
Robert Carter Nicholas, Treasurer of the colony. Robert 
Carter never lived in Albemarle. John, Dr. George's second 
son, became its Clerk in 1750, and continued to hold the 
office till 1792. In that year he resigned, and spent the 
remainder of his life in the southern part of the county, or 
in Buckingham. His wife was Martha, daughter of Colonel 
Joshua Fry, and his children John, Robert, George, Joshua, 
Elizabeth, and another daughter, the wife of a Scott. John 

290 HISTORY OF ai<bemari,b; 

succeeded his father as Clerk. He was an extensive dealer 
in the real estate of the county. He purcha.sed a large plan- 
tation near Ivy Depot, on which he lived for some years, 
and which he sold to Dabney and Thomas Gooch. He 
became the owner of all the land surrounding Charlottesville 
on the south and west, extending from the Scottsville Road 
to Meadow Creek. His last residence was at Hor de Ville, 
where James D. Goodman now lives. In 1815 he resigned 
his office, and removed to Buckingham. His wife was 
l/ouisa Howe Carter, of Williamsburg. His brother Joshua, 
who was for a time his deputy, married Sarah, daughter of 
Peter Marks, and removed to Charlotte County. 

Three of Robert Carter Nicholas's sons, George, Wilson 
Cary and I,ewis, were residents of Albemarle. George was 
Captain, Major and Colonel in the Revolutionary army. 
After the war he practised law in Charlottesville, and in 1788 
was a member of the House of Delegates, and of the Conven- 
tion to ratify the United States Constitution. He owned the 
square on which Ivipscomb's Stable stands, and built as his 
residence the stone house, which was long known as the 
Stone Tavern. He purchased about two thousand acres of 
land in the county, part of it that on which the University 
stands, part on Moore's Creek, and part in the western sec- 
tion on Ivy Creek and Lickinghole. He married Mary, sis- 
ter of General Samuel Smith, of Baltimore. In 1790 he 
removed to Kentucky, was active in its formation as a State, 
and was its first Attorney General. At the time of his 
removal, he sold most of his lands to Samuel Beale, of James 
City, but died in 1799 before they were transferred; and this 
act was not accomplished till 1818, when James Morrison, 
his executor, conveyed them to Beale's heirs. 

Wilson Cary was also' a soldier of the Revolution, the 
commander of Washington's Life Guards. He filled the 
offices of magistrate of the county, member of the Legisla- 
ture, United States Senator, and Governor of Virginia. His 
home was on his plantation on James River, including War- 
ren, which he laid out as a town in 1794. His desire for 
acquiring the broad acres amounted to a passion. Besides 


his possessions in the southern part of the county, he owned 
about two thousand acres at the Barracks, more than a thou- 
sand on both sides of the Rivanna, including Carrsbrook, 
and tens of thousands of acres in Bedford and Botetourt, 
and on the Ohio River. He was in consequence greatly 
oppressed with burdensome debts, which no doubt con- 
tributed to the shortening of his days. Being advised to 
travel on account of ill health, he set out for the North ; but 
unable to continue his journey, he returned on his way home 
as far as Tufton, then the residence of his son-in-law. Colo- 
nel T. J. Randolph, where he died in 1820. His wife was 
Margaret, sister of his brother George's wife, and his chil- 
dren Mary, the wife of John Patterson, Gary Ann, the wife 
of John Smith, and mother of Margaret, Robert Hill Carter's 
wife, Robert C, Wilson C. , Margaret, Jane, the wife of T. 
J. Randolph, JohnS. , Sarah, and Sidney, the wife of Dabney 
Carr, Minister to Constantinople. 

Lewis had his home at Alta Vista, a fine plantation west 
of Green Mountain. He became involved in his brother 
Wilson's embarrassments, and was thereby seriously broken 
in fortune. He married Frances, daughter of William Harris, 
and his children were John S., Wilson C, Robert, CaryAnn, 
the wife of Rev. Charles Wingfield, and Sarah, the wife of 
John H. Coleman. John S. and Wilson C. were appointed 
magistrates of the county in 1838. 


John Old came to Albemarle from I/ancaster County, 
Pennsylvania, in 1769, and engaged with John Wilkinson in 
establishing a forge for the manufacture of iron. This 
was erected in the gorge of the south fork of Hard- 
ware, a short distance south of Garland's Store. In 1782 
he bought from William Hamner nine hundred acres 
on the north fork of Hardware, at the crossing of the 
old I/ynchburg Road, and there built another forge. 
This was a widely known point in its day. Mr. Jeffer- 
son mentions it in his Notes. The road to it was spoken of 
as the road to Old's Forge oftener perhaps than as the I<ynch- 
burg Road. This property he sold in 1793 to Henry Weaver 


and his brother James. He died in 1809. He and his wife 
Sarah had a son John, and a daughter Sarah, the wife of 
Edward Garland. John married in 1785 Elizabeth, daughter 
of Benjamin Dod Wheeler, and died in 1812. His children 
were Nancy, the wife of Thomas Eubank, who removed to 
Monroe County, Kentucky, Elizabeth, the wife of Reuben 
Eubank, Ann, the wife of Joseph F. Wingfield, Thomas J., 
George W., and probably Abijah. Thomas and George 
removed to Campbell County. Abijah married Sarah Fret- 
well, lived in the neighborhood of Old's Forge, and died in 
1840. His children were James A., John, William, Martha, 
Mary, the wife of John B. Douglass, and Sarah, the wife of 
Samuel Norvell. The most of the last family removed to 

James Old, brother of the first John, came to Albemarle 
several years after his brother. He had been a Revolutionary 
soldier, was in the unfortunate expedition against Quebec, 
and fought in the battle of lyong Island. His home was on 
Black Walnut Branch, between Mount Olivet Church and 
Garland's Store. He built the mill two miles east of Red 
Hill Depot about 1804. He died unmarried in 1821, devis- 
ing the mill to George M. Woods and James Old Walters. 


James Oldham was one of the contractors for erecting the 
buildings of the University. This work most probably 
allured him to the county, and its profits induced him to settle 
in it. In 1828 he purchased from the trustees of Benjamin 
Hardin the land on the Staunton Road, immediately 
east of Mechum's River Depot. There he kept for some 
years a house of public entertainment. He seems to have 
been of an irascible temper. In such a state of mind he shot 
Archelaus Robertson, the son of a neighbor about Christ- 
mas 1834. As the grand jury declined to indict him, there 
must have been but slight injury, and likely some provoca- 
tion. His wife was Mary, daughter of Henry Gambell. He 
died in 1843. 



In former times several Pages lived in Albemarle. In 
1770 Robert Page purchased from Hezekiah Inman four 
hundred acres on Taylor's Creek, near the border of what is 
now Nelson. His children were James, William, Robert, 
George, Samuel, Nicholas, Jane, the wife of Burgess Gri£&n, 
Mary, the wife of Sherrard Griffin, and Elizabeth, the wife of 
Peter Davis, of Hanover. All of these emigrated to Adair 
County, Kentucky, except William, and Nicholas, who died 
in 1817. In 1829 Nicholas M. Page, son of the younger 
Robert, returned to Albemarle, where for some years he pros- 
ecuted business as a merchant in Batesville, and achieved the 
notable task of administering the great estate of Samuel Mil- 
ler. He was a magistrate under the old regime, having been 
appointed in 1841. He still lives, a venerable memorial of a 
former generation. A William Page was the owner of land 
below Milton, and of I^ot Forty in Charlottesville, in the 
early part of the century. When he sold the lot in 1815, he 
was described as a citizen of Nelson. He may have been the 
William mentioned above. 

Dr. Mann Page, son of Major Carter Page, of Cumberland, 
came to the county about 1815. In that year he was united 
in marriage to Jane Frances, daughter of Francis Walker. 
His home was at Turkey Hill, a part of the Castle Hill place, 
which his wife inherited from her father. Dr. Page was ap- 
pointed a magistrate of the county in 1824, and died in 1850. 
His children were Maria. Ella, Jane, Charlotte, William, 
Francis W., Carter H., Frederick W., Mann, Thomas W., 
and Dr. R. Channing, of New York. 


John Patrick, of Augusta, bought nearly a thousand acres 
in the western part of the county, most, if not all, being a 
portion of the immense Chiswell patent. His purchase com- 
menced in 1765. Two years after he conveyed three hundred 
acres to his son Charles; the remainder he appears to have 
sold to other persons. Charles died in 1797. His children 
were John, Charles, Mary, the wife of Joseph Burgher, 


Rachel, the wife of Thomas Smith, Martha, the wife of Joel 
Smith, and Margaret. Charles married Dorcas, daughter of 
Samuel Black, and removed to Fayette County, Kentucky. 
John succeeded to his father's place, and died in 1832. He 
was twice married, and his children were John M., Mary 

Susan, the wife of Thomas O. Carr, and the wife of 

James I^obban. The old homestead is still in the possession 
of one of the descendants, Sarah A. Patrick, who became the 
wife of James W. Tiniberlake. 


George Perry was the owner of nearly five hundred acres 
on Shepherd's Creek, a tributary of the lower Hardware, just 
before the Revolutionary War. It is likely he was the father 
of John M. Perry, the most noted of the name resident in 
Albemarle. Countenance is given to this view by the fact, 
that John M. first appears in the same section of the county, 
purchasing in 1804 from Henry Wood a parcel of land on Buck 
Island, which two years later he sold to Martin Railey. 
About the same time a brother, Reuben, bought from Whit- 
aker Carter his interest in his father's lands in Kentucky, and 
in all probability removed to that State. George Perry, who 
owned a tract of more than three hundred acres on Moore's 
Creek, and in 1817 sold it to Nelson Barksdale, was perhaps 
another brother. 

John M. in 1814 purchased from John Nicholas, the County 
Clerk, a tract of land including that on which the University 
stands, and three years after sold that part of it to Alexan- 
der Garrett, as Proctor of the Central University. In 1818 
he bought from James Scott the Hydraulic Mills, and from 
David J. lycwis a large plantation in the same neighborhood. 
At the same time he was busily engaged as a contractor in the 
erection of buildings. He constructed a number of the edi- 
fices connected with the University, and built as his own res- 
idence the brick house near by, known as Montebello. He 
also built the mansion of Judge Philip Barbour on his place 
Frascati, not far from Gordonsville. He was appointed a 
magistrate in 1816, and for some years took an active part in 
the business of the county. In 1829 he began selling off his 

HISTORY OF albbmarlb; 295 

property, in 1834 disposing of the Hydraulic Mills to Nathan- 
iel Burnley and Rice Wood, and his land in that vicinity to 
William P. Parish. A year or two later he removed to Mis- 
souri, and subsequently to Mississippi, where he soon after 

died. His wife's name was Frances and his children 

were Ann, the wife of Samuel Campbell, Elizabeth, the wife 
of George W. Spooner, who was associated with him in his 
work at the University, and Calvin L., who was admitted to 
the bar in 1828, and married Mary Tutt, a sister of Professor 
Bonnycastle's wife. 


John Peyton, son of Craven Peyton, of Ivoudoun County, 
was an officer in the Revolutionary army, and during the war 
was sent to Fluvanna County to purchase supplies. Three 
nephews, sons of his brother Valentine, joined him there. 
Craven, Robert and John. The nephews settled in Milton, 
and Robert and John died unmarried at an early age. Cra- 
ven, inheriting the property of his brothers, and likely that 
of his uncle, who also died unmarried, became the possessor 
of a large estate. He purchased from the family of Bennett 
Henderson more than eleven hundred acres surrounding Mil- 
ton, which in 1811 he sold to Mr. Jefferson. He also ac- 
quired from his father-in-law nearly a thousand acres on both 
sides of the Rivanna, including the old I^ewis homestead of 
Monteagle, which he made his home. He married Jane Jef- 
ferson, daughter of Charles I/ilburn Lewis and his wife lyUcy, 
a sister of Mr. Jefferson. He died in 1837. His children 
were Margaret, the second wife of Isham R. Jefferson, Val- 
entine, Ivucy, the wife of James W. Eskridge, Mary, the wife 
of William C. Eskridge, and Charles lycwis. The family 
removing to other places, most of them to the Valley, the 
estate passed into other hands. Charles lycwis settled at 
Richlands, Greenbrier County, where he died a few years 
ago, and his son. Rev. Charles W. Peyton is preaching as a 
Presbyterian minister in Texas. 

Bernard Peyton, a merchant of Richmond, about 1850 
bought Farmington from John Coles Carter, when he removed 
to Missouri. He made it his home, and died there suddenly 


in 1854. He was the father of Major Green Peyton, Proctor 
of the University, and a second cousin of Craven before men- 
tioned, and of John Howe Peyton, the distinguished lawyer 
of Staunton. 

Another family of the name was settled in the county. 
Henry Peyton became the owner of Park Hill, the old Drury 
Wood place near Stony Point , where he resided until his death . 
His wife was a sister of William P. Parish, and his sons were 
William, Benjamin, George L,., Dr. E. O., Bernard and Eu- 
gene, all of whom exhibited a marked degree of enterprise, 
some in conducting lines of Stages, and some in hotel keep- 
ing. They removed for the most part to West Virginia. 


In 1746 Joseph Phillips obtained a grant of land on Buck 
Mountain Creek, and removing to North Carolina in 1778, 
sold it to John Phillips, who by further purchases acquired a 
-considerable landed estate. From 1750 to 1760 Leonard 
Phillips patented nearly a thousand acres in the southern 
part of the county on Ivy and Green Creeks, portions of 
which he sold to George Blain, and to Peter and William 

William B. Phillips came to the county at the time the 
University buildings were projected, and was engaged in the 
work of their construction. He was afterwards active in his 
dealings in real estate, both in town and country. In 1823 
he bought Lots Thirteen and Seventy-Seven, and built upon 
them the brick houses, the former of which he sold to Gov- 
ernor Gilmer in 1831, and the latter to Dr. James A. Leitch. 
He purchased in 1833 from Eli Alexander nearly five hun- 
dred acres of the CoUe estate, and built thereon the large 
brick mansion, which was subsequently the residence of Dr. 
George M. Bowen, and more recently of Hamilton Potts. 
His busy career terminated in Charlottesville in 1861. 


It is probable the Pilson family originally belonged to 
Augusta County. In 1760 Richard of that name purchased 
from Jean Kinkead two hundred and twenty-four acres lying 

HISTORY OF ai^bbmarle; 297 

at the foot of the Blue Ridge. He appears to have died not 
long after, and the property descended to his son Samuel. 
In 1778 Samuel was living in Augusta, and in that year sold 
the land to William Pilson. William sold it to Nathaniel 
Harlow in 1783, and five years later it was the first purchase 
of John Dettor, of York County, Pennsylvania. It is likely 
that Samuel and William were brothers, and that Mary 
Pilson, who became the wife of William Wallace in 1771, 
was their sister. 

John Pilson next appears, and was the son of Samuel. 
He was a man of sterling character, sincere piety, and the 
strictest integrity. He carried on the mercantile business in 
partnership with his cousin William Wallace until the death 
of William in 1809, and then conducted it alone for many 
years. The store stood on the old Staunton Road on the 
north side of the branch, opposite the house now owned by 
Rev. Dabney Davis. He invested the earnings of his busi- 
ness in the old Hardin property, which in 1837 he sold to 
Thomas C. Bowen. He was appointed a magistrate in 1824, 
and served for a time as ruling elder in the Mountain Plains 
Church. He never married, but was once engaged to his 
cousin Polly Wallace. Their union being opposed by friends 
because of relationship, they quietly acquiesced, but withal 
still loved and lived in each other's eyes until her death in 
1845 ; and to her memory he remained constant until his own 
death, which occurred ten years later. A nephew, Matthew 
Pilson, from Augusta County, was for some years an assist- 
ant in the store. After John's death he returned to Augusta, 
where he died not long ago at an advanced age. 

John Piper first purchased land in Albemarle in 1779. He 
then bought from Alexander Henderson four hundred acres 
on Lickinghole, which he sold to John Buster in 1792. In 
the meantime, in 1783, he bought from Charles Wingfield a 
place between Batesville and the Nelson line, which he made 
his home. When the records begin again in 1783, he was an 
acting magistrate of the county. In 1815 he conveyed nearly 
five hundred acres of his land to his son. His wife's name 


was Ann, and his children William and Elizabeth, the wife 
of Garrett White, of North Garden. William, who succeeded 
to the homestead, died in 1835. He and his wife Elizabeth 
had eleven children, Mary Ann, Garrett W., William, Nancy, 
the wife of Robert Field, Marshall, Willis, Jeremiah, Eliza- 
beth, the wife of Richard M. Durrett, Richard, Frances and 
John. Some years after the death of the father, the place 
was sold to William H. Turner, and those of the family still 
living removed to Missouri. 


Edmund Price owned land for a short time in the neigh - 
borhood of Scott's I^anding prior to 1770. John Price 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Benjamin Brown, of Brown's 
Cove, and in 1777 seems to have been a resident of Augusta 

Richard Price was one of the earliest inhabitants of Milton, 
and there spent his life. He died in 1827. He was twice 
married. His children by his first wife were Jane, the wife 
of John Watson, Isabel, the wife of Edmund Read, and 
Eucy, the wife of John Burks, and mother of Eucy Jane, the 
wife of Eilburn R. Railey. His second wife, Frances, had a 
daughter, Sarah, who became the wife of Robert C. Scott, of 

In the early years of the century, John Price lived in the 
northeast part of the county. His wife was Sarah, daughter 
of Abraham Munday, and his children John, Henry, Matilda, 
the wife of William Marshall, Amanda, the wife of Nimrod 
Herring, Louisa, the wife of Thomas Harlow, Harriet, the 
wife of Thomas Salmon, Daniel and Nimrod. 

Henry Price about 1823 came to Charlottesville from 
Mecklenburg County. He was a native of Stockport, Eng- 
land, and a tailor by trade. He owned at one time the 
house on the corner of the west side of the Square and High 
Street, and the house in the rear of the late Thomas Wood's. 
The latter he sold in 1829 to Dr. Frank Carr. He died in 
1835. The next year his widow Nancy bought the lot on 
Park Street, north of Thomas Wood's, and built the brick 
house, which in comparatively recent years was enlarged by 


]R. R. Prentis. He had a daughter Rebecca, who became the 
wife of Christopher Hornsey, and a son Henry, who lately 
acquired some notoriety, by exploiting a patent for an 
immense tract of land in the disputed zone between Vene- 
zuela and British Guiana. 

Stephen C. Price in 1826 married I^ydia Ann, daughter of 
•Charles Harper. He lived on a farm on the south side of the 
old Richard Woods Road, southwest of Ivy Depot. He acted 
for a time as Treasurer of the County School Commissioners. 
He died in 1845. His children were I^ucy, the wife of Jesse 
X,. Maury, Charles H., Daniel, Robert, Elizabeth, and Sarah, 
the wife of James E. Pride. 


Roger Quarles in 1741 obtained a grant of four hundred 
acres on both sides of Priddy's Creek, which William Quarles, 
who was no doubt Roger's son, and who was described as of 
Orange County, sold to Richard Durrett in 1763. Whether 
any of the family ever lived on the land, is not known ; it was 
however sufficiently recognized by the public, to give the 
name of Quarles's Creek to a branch of Priddy's Creek pass- 
ing through it, and crossing the Barboursville Road. 

In 1767 James Quarles, of King William, purchased from 
John Walker a plantation called Rock Hall, and containing 
nearly nine hundred acres, originally a part of the large 
Meriwether grant. He sold it in 1776 to Cornelius Ruddell, 
who two years after sold it to John Hunton, of Augusta. It 
remained in the Hunton family many years, Charles B. Hun- 
ton, a son of John, being appointed a magistrate in 1791, 
serving as Sheriff in 1813, and dying in 1818. James Quarles 
in 1778 bought from John Clark nearly thirteen hundred 
acres on Mechunk, which four years later he sold to Francis 
Kinloch, of South Carolina. He was appointed a magistrate, 
and was occupying the office of Sheriff in 1783, when the 
records again begin. He had a daughter Ann, who in 1785 
became the wife of Henry Washington, of King George. 
Washington died in 1788, leaving two children, Frances 
Maria, and Ann Catharine, and in 1791 his widow was mar- 
ried to John Tinsley. Whether Quarles continued to reside 


in Albemarle till his death, or removed elsewhere, does not 

A tract of seventeen hundred acres lying on the waters of 
Buck Island and Hardware, was purchased from Duncan 
McLaughlin by a company consisting of Benjamin Fitzpat- 
rick, Robert Wright, Robert French, and John Quarles of 
Ivouisa. In connection with the final disposition of this 
land, it appeared that John Quarles had six children, two of 
whom were Albert G. and Garrett Minor. Garrett became, 
a member of the Albemarle bar in 1813. Albert G. married 
Mary, daughter of Dabney Minor, and his children were 
Matilda, I/Ucy, Henry, and Albert, who removed with their 
parents to Kentucky. 


Martin Railey came to Albemarle from Chesterfield in 1806. 
He lived on Buck Island, on a farm he purchased from John 
M.Perry. He died in 1814. His wife was Elizabeth Mayo, 
and his children Daniel M., John M., Lilburn R., and 
Catharine, the wife of Anderson Shiflett. Daniel succeeded 
to the homestead, Woodbourne, married lyUcy Jane, daugh- 
ter of John Watson, of Milton, was appointed a magistrate 
in 1830, and not long after sold his place, and removed to 
Southwest Virginia. His descendants continued still further 
West, and some ajre now living in Missouri. John married 
Mary, daughter of William Watson. He died early about 
1833. After his death his widow built the brick house on the 
north end of Second Street, now the residence of Mrs. J. W. 
I/ipop. He had four children, all of whom removed from the 
county. Lilburn R. was educated at Washington College in 
Lexington, married Lucy Jane Burks, niece of John Watson, 
was a ruling elder in the Presbyterian Church, and was 
appointed a magistrate of the county in 1838. His home 
was on his farm near the Hydraulic Mills, recently owned by 
William Nuttycomb. After the war he resided in Charlottes- 
ville. He died in 1893. 


Rev. John Ramsay was the rector of St. Anne's parish, 
lived in the southern part of the county, and died in 1770. 


In 1772 John Ramsay, of Augusta, purchased from Archi- 
bald Woods nearly four hundred acres on Stockton's Creek, 
and five years later sold them to Alexander Ramsay, in all 
probability a brother. In 1774 William, another brother as 
is supposed, bought from Adam Dean in the same vicinity 
more than four hundred acres, and ten years after from Alex- 
ander all that belonged to him. 

William married Margaret, daughter of Andrew Wallace, 
and granddaughter of old Michael Woods. His home was on 
the place where James M. Bowen resided. He first built the 
mill on the place, which in early times went by the name of 
Ramsay's Mill. The old dwelling still stands near the head 
of the mill pond. He died in 1825. He had three sons, 
Andrew, John and William. In 1814 Andrew was living on 
a farm on the Staunton Road, adjoining the lands of G. W. 
Kinsolving, William Fretwell and John Dettor. His chil- 
dren were Thomas, Higginbotham, Margaret, William Albert, 
Mary J., and Andrew W. John married Mary, daughter of 
Samuel Black. His home was where Dr. John R. Baylor 
lived. His children were William, Jane, the wife of John G. 
I,obban, Catharine, Joseph T. , Mary, the wife of James C. 
Rothwell, and Dorcas. William, son of William, succeeded 
to the home of his father, and died in 1832. His children 
were Jane, the wife of Jarrett Harris, William S., Margaret, 
the wife of Meredith Martin, and Mary, the wife of Jeremiah 
Wayland. All the descendants of these families, bearing 
the name, removed to different parts of the West. 


William Randolph, of Tuckahoe, was the first of the name 
to enter land within the present limits of Albemarle. In 
1735 he was granted twenty-four hundred acres "on the north 
side of the Rivanna near the mountains, a little below Moun- 
tain Falls." On the organization of the county, he was 
appointed its Clerk. At his death his land passed to his 
son, Thomas Mann Randolph, of Tuckahoe. Neither William 
nor Thomas ever resided in the county, but soon after the 
marriage of Thomas Mann's son, bearing the same name, 
■with Martha Jefferson, and his own second marriage with 

Gabriella, daughter of Johnjjarvie, ihe land was transferred 
by the father to the son. The latter then made Edgehill his 
home. He engaged with much activity in public affairs. 
He was appointed a magistrate in 1794, elected to Congress 
in 1801, and chosen Governor of Virginia in 1819. He dis- 
played a lively zeal in promoting the interests of agriculture 
in the county. He died in 1828. His children were Ann, 
the wife of Charles I/. Bankhead, Thomas J., Ellen, the wife 
of Joseph Coolidge, of Boston, Cornelia, Virginia, the wife 
of Nicholas P. Trist, Dr. Benjamin F., and George Wythe. 

The home of Charles L,. Bankhead was Carlton. He was 
twice married. His children by his first wife were John W., 
who recently died in Missouri, Ellen Monroe, the wife of 
John Coles Carter, and Thomas Mann, who settled in Arkan- 
sas. His second wife was Mary Carthrae, a granddaughter 
of General Samuel H. I<ewis, of Rockingham. He died 
about 1833, leaving one son, Charles ly., by the last marriage. 
The stalwart and venerable figure of Colonel Thomas J. is 
familiar to many still living. For many years he took a 
leading part in all matters pertaining to the welfare of the 
county. He was a magistrate, a member of the I,egislature, 
a devoted member of the County Agricultural Society, and 
President of the Farmers' Bank. He married Jane, daughter 
of Governor W. C. Nicholas. Benjamin F. was a physician, 
and lived at the south end of Carter's Mountain. He mar- 
ried Sarah, daughter of Robert H. Carter. In addition to 
his professional labors, he was appointed a magistrate in 
1846, and for several terms was a member of the State Senate. 
George W. was admitted to the Albemarle bar in 1840, and 
a few years after removed to Richmond. In the days of the 
Confederacy, he was its last Secretary of War. 

Colonel Richard Randolph, of Henrico, owned land in 
Albemarle. In 1760 he obtained a grant of two hundred and 
forty acres on Moore's Creek. At some time he purchased 
twelve hundred acres adjoining the tract just mentioned from 
someone, perhaps from William Taylor, who seems to have 
entered it in 1737. To Dr. Thomas Walker, as trustee of 
the county, he sold. a thousand acres of this land, on which 


in 1762, Charlottesville, the new courthouse, was estab- 
lished. He also entered nearly fifteen hundred acres in the 
southern part of the county on Green Creek. He probably 
never resided on this land, but managed it through the 
agency of overseers. 

Governor Edmund Randolph was also a landholder in 
Albemarle. In 1786 he purchased from John Fry twenty- 
five hundred acres on Green Mountain, including the View- 
mont estate. For some years he sought relaxation from his 
professional and oflScial cares in looking after this property. 
In 1793 he petitioned for the right to erect a mill on Hard- 
ware, where Colonel Fry had had one before. He sold this 
land to William C. Carter in 1798. 

In 1805 Dr. Thomas Kston Randolph bought from John- 
son Rowe the land opposite Milton, on which is situated the 
estate of Glenmore. His wife was Jane Cary, sister of 
Governor Thomas Mann Randolph. He was appointed a 
magistrate of the county in 1807. In 1813 he sold Glenmore 
to Louis H. Girardin, the continuator of Burk's History of 
Virginia, and purchased a plantation further down the river 
on Carroll's Creek, called Ashton. This place he sold in 
1826 to Joel W. Brown, and removed to Campbell County. 
His daughter, FHzabeth, became the wife of Francis Fppes 
Jr., the grandson of Mr. Jefferson. 

In the decade of 1840, John T. Randolph came to the 
county from the Valley, and married Ann, daughter of Wil- 
liam P. Farish. In 1862 he entered the Baptist ministry. 

RE A. 

The name of Rea is found in the county at the time of its 
formation. In 1747 Fergus Rea bought a portion of the Chis- 
well patent on Rockfish. About the same time John Rea was 
the owner of land on the Rivanna near Martin King's Ford, 
the present Union Mills. Whether these persons were related 
to those hereafter mentioned, does not appear. 

Andrew, Thomas and Samuel Rea were considerably inter- 
ested in real estate during a period extending from 1744 to 
1788. At the first of these dates, Andrew entered a small 
tract on the south side of the Rivanna, a short distance above 


the mouth of Ivy Creek, and at the time was the owner of 
land adjoining. Beyond doubt he gave name to the ford so 
called, though it should be written Rea,not Ray; in the patent 
it is written Reay. Thomas owned land on the head waters 
of Mechum's near Round Mountain, and subsequently pur- 
chased in the vicinity of Rea's Ford, and on Meadow Creek^ 
not far from the old Poor House. Samuel also had a place 
near Rea's Ford, and in 1788 bought on Beaver Creek between 
Crozet and Whitehall. All three were married, the name of 
Andrew's wife being Mary, that of Thomas's Ursula, and 
that of Samuel's Jane, daughter of Daniel Maupin and his 
wife, Margaret Via. These persons, it is likely, were broth- 
ers. Samuel's children were Daniel, Andrew, Thomas, Rob- 
ert, and Margaret, the wife of Ezekiel McCauley. Robert 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Daniel Maupin and his wife, 
Mary Elizabeth Dabney, lived in the Beaver Creek neighbor, 
hood, and died in 1831. In a report of Bernard Brown of 
persons listed to work on the roads near the foot of Buck's 
Elbow in 1792, Andrew and Thomas Rea are mentioned; 
and in an order of Court on the same subject made in 1823, 
o:cur the names of Robert, Thomas and Bland. 

Thomas, the third son of Samuel, lived beneath Buck's 
Elbow, and died in 1850. His wife was Ann, daughter of 
Bland Ballard, and his children Daniel, Jane, the wife of Gar- 
land Maury, Bland, Jemima, the wife of Richard Beckett, 
Ann, the wife of John Bales, Samuel, and Margaret, the wife 
of George Wolfe. Bland married Sarah Alexander, and sec- 
ondly Elizabeth, daughter of Colonel John Jones. In his 
youth he was associated with Benjamin Ficklin in the man- 
ufacture of tobacco, but afterwards settled as a farmer near 
the old homestead, and died in 1868. His children were 
John A., Joseph, William, James, Mary, the wife of Bernard 
Tilman, and Maria, the wife of Oscar I^ipscomb. 

In the latter part of the last century, Robert Rives, who 
married Margaret, daughter of Colonel William Cabell, trans- 
acted an extensive business at Warminster, Nelson County. 
In the enterprising spirit which inspired his undertakings, he 


established a branch house in Milton, soon after the founding 
of that town, under the firm of Brown, Rives & Co. The 
partners were James Brown, of Richmond, Robert Rives, and 
Robert Burton. He also became the owner of large and val- 
uable tracts of land in Albemarle. For the Boiling Spring 
plantation, which he bought from John Patterson, of Balti- 
more, in 1818, he gave sixty thousand dollars, the largest 
sum perhaps ever paid for any farm in this region. His sons, 
William C, George, Henry, Robert and Alexander, all re- 
sided in Albemarle. 

William C. in 1819 married Judith, daughter of Francis 
Walker, who inherited Castle Hill as her portion of her fa- 
ther's estate. About the same time he became a member of 
the Albemarle bar. His career in public is a matter of his- 
tory. He did service in the I^egislature, in the United States 
Senate, and as Minister to France. He was regarded as one 
of the most finished orators of his day. After his retirement 
he was occupied in writing a history of the Life and Times of 
James Madison. He died in 1868. George married Mary 
Elliza, daughter of Robert Carter. His home was at Sherwood, 
on the north side of the Hardware, below Carter's Bridge. 
He married a second time Maria, daughter of Professor George 
Tucker, and died in 1874. Henry received from his father a 
plantation on Green Mountain in 1827. Robert married Eliz- 
abeth Pennill, and resided at the old Nicholas place near 
Warren. He died in 1867. Alexander was admitted to the 
bar in 1829, and made his home for many years at Carleton, 
which he purchased in 1833 from the trustees of Charles I/. 
Bankhead. He was a member of both houses of the L,egis- 
lature, and of Congress, and soon after the war was appointed 
Judge of the United States Court for the western District of 
Virginia. He was twice married, first to Isabel Wydown, 
and secondly to Sarah Watson, of Louisa, and died in 1885. 

Paulina, a daughter of Robert Rives, was the wife of Rich- 
ard Pollard, who lived in the southern part of the county. 
Their children were Margaret, the wife of James P. Hender- 
son, Virginia, Rosalie, James R., Lucy, Richard, Edward 
A., and Henry Rives. Edward and Henry were both jour- 



nalists. Besides his editorial labors on the Richmond Ex- 
aminer, Edward published a number of works, and died in 
I^ynchburg in 1772 . On account of an article which appeared 
in the Southern Opinion, of which he was one of the editors, 
Henry was shot by James Grant in Richmond in November 
1868, and his remains were brought for interment in the 
family burying ground in Albemarle. 


The first of the Rodes name to settle in Albemarle was 
John, and his coming occurred in 1749. In that year he 
bought from James Armor four hundred acres on the north 
fork of Rockfish, and in the conveyance was described as of 
St. Martin's parish, l/ouisa. He also purchased land on 
Moorman's River. He died in 1775. His wife was Mary 
Crawford, and he left five daughters and four sons, David, 
Clifton, Charles and John. 

David came to the county in 1756, and lived on the north 
side of Moorman's River. Besides managing his plantation, 
he conducted a store. He was appointed a magistrate, and 
served as Sheriff, probably in 1776 and 1777. He was twice 
married, first as is believed to Mary, daughter of Matthew 
Mills, and secondly to Susan, daughter of Nelson Anderson. 
He died in 1794, and his widow became the wife of James 
Kerr. His children, all of whom were born of the first mar- 
riage, were John, Matthew, Charles, Mary, the wife of 
Robert Douglass, Elizabeth, the wife of Horsley Goodman, 
Nancy, the wife of William Dulaney, Ann, the wife of James 
Ballard, IvUcy, the wife of Joseph Twyman, Martha, the 
wife of Joel Yancey, and Mildred, the wife of William Wal- 
den. The Douglass,, -Yancey, Walden, and probably Du- 
laney, families removed to Kentucky. John died unmarried 
in 1823. Matthew succeeded to his father's place. He was 
appointed a magistrate in 1816. By becoming security, he 
was involved in financial diflSculties, and his property was 
sold to pay his debts ; it was however redeemed by his son 
David. He died in 1834. His wife was Nancy Blackwell, 
and his children David, Mary, Robert, Henrietta, the wife of 
Clement P. McKennie, Gilly, the wife of Robert Guy, Ann, 


the wife of Daniel Fishburne, Elizabeth, the second wife of 
Nathaniel Massie, Mildred and Judith. David about 1816 
was deputy Clerk of the county, and afterward removed to 
I^ynchburg. In 1822 he married Martha, daughter of Joel 
Yancey, of Bedford. General Robert E- Rodes, of the Con- 
federate army, who fell at Winchester in 1864, was his son. 
Robert succeeded to the homestead, was twice married, first 
to Margaret, daughter of Richard Duke, and secondly to 
Hardenia Williams, of Nelson, and died in 1874. 

Clifton first lived at the foot of Buck's Elbow, on a place 
he bought in 1769 from Matthew Mullins, and afterward sold 
to Cornelius Maupin. In 1773 he purchased from William 
I/ewis a plantation near Ivy Depot, which he made his home 
until 1788, when he sold it to George Nicholas, and not long 
after removed to Kentucky. He was a magistrate of the 
county, and served as Sheriff in 1783. His wife was Sarah 
Waller, and three of his children were married in Albemarle, 
John to Jean Stapleton, daughter of Thomas Burch, Dorothy 
to David Kerr, and Mary to Joseph Burch, brother of John's 
wife, and grandfather of Rev. Dr. J. J. Bullock, and the wife 
of Vice-President Breckinridge. 

Charles resided where his father first bought, on the 
waters of Rockfish. The land now lies in Nelson County. 
From his family the Methodist Church in that vicinity is 
commonly spoken of as Rodes's Church. He died in 1798. 
Mrs. McClunn, who resides near Batesville, is his grand- 
daughter, and William Rodes, who lives at Brooksville, his 
great grandson. 

John lived on the south side of Moorman's River, and died 
in 1810. His wife was Sarah, daughter of Robert Harris, 
and his children Robert, Tyree, Clifton, John, Charles, Mary, 
Ann, the wife of John Garth, Henrietta, the wife of Rev. 
Bernis Brown, and Sarah, the wife first of William Daven- 
port, and secondly of Micajah Woods. Robert was a Captain 
in the Revolutionary army, and made prisoner at the capture 
of Charleston, S. C. He married Eliza Dulaney, and removed 
to Madison County, Kentucky. Tyree emigrated to Giles 
County, Tennessee. Clifton lived near Ivy Depot on a farm, 


which was given him by his father, and which he sold in 
1810 to George Pickett, of Richmond. In 1807 he was 
appointed a magistrate of the county. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of John Jouett, and was the administrator of the 
Jouett estate. After the sale of his property he removed to 
Kentucky. John succeeded to the paternal estate south of 
Moorman's River. He was also appointed a magistrate in 
1807, and served as Sheriff in 1832. He died in 1839. His 
wife was Francina, daughter of Bernard Brown, and his 
children Sidney, wife of Powhatan Jones, of Buckingham, 
Ryland, John D., William, Sarah, wife of Samuel C. Woods, 
who emigrated to Missouri, Tyree, Virginia, the wife of 
W. C. Smith, Jacintha, the wife of J. Smith, Frances, the 
wife of Garland Brown, and L,ucy Ann, the wife of James 
Payne. Ryland married Sarah Woods, and lived and died 
in Nelson. John D. married Mrs. Ann Durrett Morris, and 
died without children. William married F. C. Yancey, of 
Rockingham, and lived on the old home place, which after 
his death in 1882 devolved on his sons Thomas and John 
William. Tyree removed to Tennessee. 


In 1748 John Rogers, of King William, obtained grants of 
four hundred acres on Naked Creek, and of four hundred on 
Buck Mountain Creek. At the same time his son George 
was granted four hundred acres on Piney Run. John further 
patented upwards of six hundred more on Naked Creek in 
1761. Neither of them however ever lived in the county. 
John died about 1768. 

Giles, a son of John, came to the county anterior to 1765. 
He purchased the interest of his brother George in 1775. His 
home was on the waters of Buck Mountain Creek. He died 
in 1794. His wife was Ann, daughter of John Lewis, of 
Spotsylvania, and his children Achilles, Parmenas, Ann, the 
wife of Robert Davis, Lucy, the wife of Jonathan Barksdale, 
Frances, the wife of Samuel Twyman, and Rachel. Achilles 
married his cousin Mary George, lived on Ivy Creek, near 
the crossing of the Whitehall Road, and died about 1820. 
Parmenas succeeded to the home of his father, was appointed 


a magistrate in 1807, became Sheriff in 1834, and died in 1836. 
He was twice married, first to a Miss [Baber, and secondly 
to Elizabeth Ferguson. He had a large family, William, 
Joseph, Ralph, James B., George, Parmenas, Permelia, Giles, 
Frances, Orville, Catharine, Thomas, Jonathan, Flizabeth, 
the wife of Nathan Barksdale, and Ann. James B. was a 
physician, lived west of Earlysville, married Margaret, 
daughter of David Wood and Mildred L,ewis, was the father 
of Martha, the wife of her cousin. Dr. Alfred Wood, and Dr. 
W. G. Rogers, of Charlottesville, and died in 1863. Frances 
is the sole member of this numerous household still living in 

Byrd, another son of John, was for a time a resident of the 
county. He was twice married to sisters, Mary and Martha 
Trice, and had by the first two sons, John and Philip, and 
by the second one, George. He emigrated to Kentucky 
about the beginning of the century, and died shortly after. 
George accompanied his father to the West. Philip spent 
his youth in Albemarle, contracted roving habits, owned an 
interest at one time in the Red Sweet Springs, and died 
in Ivouisville, Ky. John, familiarly known in his day as 
Farmer John, passed his life on his plantation in the county, 
near Keswick Depot. He and his son-in -law, Richard Samp- 
son, were regarded as occupying the front rank among the 
sagacious and successful planters of the State. About 1820 
the Albemarle Agricultural Society awarded to John Rogers 
the premium for having the best tilled farm in the county. 
He died in 1838. His wife was Susan, daughter of Charles 
Goodman, and his children John, Thornton, Mary, the wife 
of Richard Sampson, and Janetta, the wife of J. Price Samp- 
son. John married Agnes, sister of Stephen Sampson, 
succeeded to the homestead, and died in 1841. Thornton 
resided at Keswick, a part of his^father's place, on which for 
some years he conducted a classical school, and which gave 
name to the neighboring Depot. A few years before his 
death he entered the Presbyterian ministry. His wife was 
Margaret, daughter of Andrew Hart, and his children 
Adeline, the wife of Rev. E. 1,. Cochran, Susan, the wife of 


Rev. Joseph Baxter, Dr. A. Hamilton, Oscar, William A., 
Julia, the wife of Keating Nelson, Celia, the wife of Rev. 
James M. Wilson, and John. He departed this life in 1834. 
In the decade of 1790, a John Rogers, whose wife's name 
was Mary, came from Stafford, and bought land in the neigh- 
borhood of Earlysville; nothing further is known of him. 
Some years later another John Rogers came from I,ancaster 
County, and lived on the east side of the South West Moun- 
tain. To distinguish him from Farmer John, the syllable 
I/an. was aflEixed to his name, while to Farmer John's was 
appended the letter M. He died in 1851. 


Richard Sampson was the descendant of a family that set- 
tled in Goochland, in the early part of the eighteenth century. 
He became a citizen of Albemarle in 1804. In that year he 
purchased from Thomas M. Randolph, trustee of Dr. William 
Bache, Benjamin Franklin's grandson, the plantation Frank- 
lin, containing six hundred acres. In 1812 he bought from 
Francis Gilmer the Pen Park place, containing four hundred. 
The latter he sold to John H. Craven in 1819, and the former 
to John H. Craven and N. H. I^ewis in 1821. He returned 
to Goochland, and resided near Dover Mills until his death 
in 1862, at the great age of ninety-two. His wife was Mary, 
daughter of John Rogers. Rev. Francis S. Sampson, who 
studied at Keswick with his uncle Thornton Rogers, was one 
of the early students of the University, and was Professor in 
the Union Theological Seminary, was his son. 

John Price Sampson, Richard's brother, married Janetta, 
another daughter of John Rogers. He lived for some years 
on part of the Rogers place near Keswick, and for a time kept 
a public house at Everettsville. In 1829 he bought Tufton 
from the Jefferson estate, which he sold in 1833 to Thomas 
Macon, of New Kent. The next year he purchased Colle 
from Bli Alexander. Not long after he removed to the old 
Meredith place near New Glasgow, Amherst, where he died 
in 1842. His children were Fdward, Thornton, Margaret, 
the wife of Micajah Clark, Elizabeth, and the wife of a Man- 


Stephen Sampson was a son of Robert, brother of Richard 
and Price. He was twice married, first to Ann, daughter of 
Reuben I^indsay, and secondly to Sarah, daughter of Joseph 
Campbell. His home was on the old Campbell place on 
Mechunk, where he died a few years ago. 


Cornelius Schenk was one of the early merchants of Char- 
lottesville. Coming to the place soon after the Revolutionary 
War, he carried on the business of general merchandising in 
partnership with Peter I^ott, until the death of IvOtt in 1803. 
He was also a partner with Isaac Miller and Daniel Culp in 
other enterprises, particularly in establishing a tannery in 
the southern part of the town, which in later years was owned 
by John Pollock. He first lived not far from Ira Garrett's 
old home, but in 1792 bought the lots just west of the Epis- 
copal Church, and there resided until his death in 1810. He 
purchased from the Woodsons the land north and northwest 
of the town, and from the fact that a tributary of Meadow 
Creek flowed through it, arose the name of Schenk's Branch, 
which remains to this day. For many years he was active 
in performing useful public services in town and county, but 
for some reason he declined in standing and influence, pecun- 
iary troubles overtook him, and all his property was sold 
to clear off the liens with which it was encumbered. 

His wife was Rebecca Winston, of Hanover, who survived 
him a little more than a year, and his children Peter lyott, 
Eleanor Winston, Mary, John W., and Richard F. Dr. Frank 
Carr, whose mother was a Winston, became the guardian of 
the younger children. Peter I/Ott lived on the northwest cor- 
ner of Market and Fourth Streets, and owned the square on 
which the house stood; and though he died in 1815, his 
interest in the property was not finally disposed of, till com- 
missioners appointed by Court conveyed it to Dr. Hardin 
Massie and John Cochran in 1828. The other members of 
the family removed from the county, and all trace of them 
seems lost to the memory of the oldest inhabitants. 



Edward Scott in 1732 obtained a patent for five hundred 
and fifty acres "on the north side of the Fluvanna, at a place 
called Totier." When the county was organized in 1745, 
Samuel Scott Rave bond for erecting the public buildings on 
the land of his brother Daniel. These were both sons of 
Edward, who it is likely was dead at the latter date, as the 
County Court, at its first adjournment, appointed its next 
meeting to be held on Mrs. Scott's plantation. The same 
date John Scott, who is subsequently mentioned as of Cum- 
berland County, patented four hundred acres on Totier Creek. 
Whether he was also a son of Edward, does not appear, but 
the strong probability is that he was. Ann Scott, the wife 
of George Nicholas, of Dinwiddle, a brother of Robert Carter 
Nicholas, was also a member of .this family. Samuel, the 
contractor, died in 1801. 

In 1764 John Scott purchased seventeen hundred and fifty 
acres on Totier from David Meriwether, the patentee. His 
wife was Margaret, daughter of Colonel Joshua Fry. He 
died in 1798, and his wife in 1811. His children were Ed- 
ward, John, Charles Alexander, Daniel and Frances. Daniel 
lived on his farm on Green Mountain, and died in 1851. He 
never married, and for want of other objects of affection, he 
surrounded himself with great numbers of wild geese. His 
fascination over these winged coursers of the air was so re- 
markable, that in their flights to and fro they made his plan- 
tation their stopping place, and some that remained the year 
round, he carefully nurtured and jealously protected. John 
married Elizabeth, daughter of John Boiling, of North Gar- 
den, and died before his father, leaving a son John. This 
John inherited the land about Scottsville, and was the 
founder of that town in 1818. He married Susan B. Woods, 
and his children were Elizabeth, Pocahontas and Mary. 

Charles Alexander married Elizabeth, daughter of John 
Hudson. He was appointed a magistrate of the county in 
1801. His children were Edward, William, Samuel, Charles 
A., John, and Martha, the wife of William M. Woods. Ed- 
ward settled in Powhatan, and married Elizabeth and Mary, 


daughters of his cousin John. William married Elizabeth 
Powell, of Amherst, and lived in Buckingham. Samuel 
became a physician, practised in Albemarle and Amherst, 
and recently died near Howardsville at an advanced age. 
His wife was Ann, daughter of I,andon Davies, of Amherst, 
and his children Elizabeth, the wife of Charles Scott, son of 
her uncle William, andl,andon, who married lyouisa, daugh- 
ter of Dr. Charles D. Everett. Charles A. purchased from 
his cousin John the plantation on James River, on the upper 
side of Totier, which in 1835 he sold to Dr. John W. Gantt. 
He subsequently lived on the farm of his uncle Daniel on 

Green Mountain. He was twice married, first to Ann , 

and secondly to Pocahontas, daughter of his cousin John. 
His house was burned to the ground by the soldiers of Sheri- 
dan in the spring of 1865 ; and being out on his farm at the 
time, and suddenly hearing of the calamity, he fell dead on 
the spot. His brother John made his home in Fluvanna. 


Samuel Shelton was settled in the county from the begin- 
ning. In 1745 he purchased five hundred and fifty acres of 
the twelve hundred acre tract on James River, granted to 
Thomas Goolsby in 1732; the endorsement on the convey- 
ance of this land made in 1788, expressly mentions the 
destruction of the records by the British in 1781. Samuel 
Shelton died in 1793. His wife's name was Judith, and his 
children were Clough, Joseph, Samuel, David, Elizabeth, 
the wife of John Tindall, and the wife of John l,ewis, who 
lived near Scott's I/anding. Clough was a Captain in the 
Revolutionary army, and was taken prisoner at the surrender 
of Charleston. He died about 1833. His children were 
Nelson, Maria, the wife of Robert Anderson, Cicely, the 
wife of a Walker, and William A. Samuel in the early part 
of the century was engaged in business in Warren. In 
partnership with William Walker and John Staples, under 
the style of Samuel Shelton & Co. , he conducted a large mill 
and distillery at that place. In 1810 he purchased from Gov- 
ernor W. C. Nicholas the Boiling Spring plantation, which 


he soon after sold to John Patterson, the Governor's son- 
in-law. He died in 1826. 

A William Shelton, who died in 1789, lived on Mechum's 
River, not far from the present Depot. His wife's name was 
Elizabeth, and his children were John, Gideon and Thomas. 
In 1794 Thomas, his wife Mary, and his mother Elizabeth, 
conveyed what seemed to be Thomas's portion of the estate 
to Tarleton Woodson, and likely removed from the county. 
The relation of this family with others of the name cannot 
be ascertained. 

In 1749 William Shelton, of St. David's parish. King and 
Queen, purchased land on Byrd Creek, in what is now 
Fluvanna County. His wife's name was Patience, and he 
had a daughter Sarah, who was the wife of Augustine 
Shepherd. It is thought he was also the father of Henry 
and William. Henry lived in the northeast part of the 
county, on the Barboursville Road. He died in 1799. It is 
said his wife was a. Long, a sister of the wife of Thomas 
Garth Sr., and his children were Susan, the wife of Thomas 
Smith, Ann, the wife of Jacob Powers, who removed to 
Harrison County, Kentucky, Jane, the wife of Jeremiah White, 
Martha, the wife of Samuel Mansfield, Mourning, the wife of 
John White, Ann, the wife of Achilles Barksdale, Thomas 
Iv., Mildred, William and Austin. Austin settled oii 
Mechum's River, above the Depot, and died unmarried in 
1806. He was succeeded by his brother Thomas I,., who 
also purchased in 1812 from the trustees of Menan Mills his 
mill, and the tract belonging to it, which he bought in 1789 
from John Black. Thomas L. died in 1859. He married 
Susan, daughter of James Ballard, and his children were 
Martha, the wife of Martin Baker, Stapleton, Austin G., 
Dr. Thomas W., who recently died in Augusta County, 
Mary, the wife of David Jeffries, James H.,and Lucy, the 
wife of George C. Omohundro. 

William, son of William, owned land on both sides of 
Mechum's, near the Depot. His home was on the north side 
of the Staunton Road, on the place now owned by Charles 
H. Price. He died in 1815. He was twice married, first to 


IvUcy, daughter of Robert Harris, and secondly to Sarah 

. His children were William Harris, Mourning, the 

wife of Archibald Woods, Elizabeth, the wife of Richard 
Mobbery, Dabney, Sarah, I/Ucy, the wife of Elliott Brown, 
Agnes, Weatherston and Thomas. The first three emigrated 
to Kentucky. Dabney and Thomas, who sold their part of 
the estate in 1817 to Francis McGee, were living at the time 
in Augusta County. Weatherston, who married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Richard Harrison, sold the same year to Ben- 
jamin Hardin the interests of himself and his deceased sis- 
ters, Sarah and Agnes, and removed to Mason County, 


William Simms lived in the northeast part of the county, 
on the waters of Priddy's Creek and Blue Run. The first 
mention of his name occurs in 1779, when he bought land in 
that neighborhood from Josiah Bush. He was Captain of a 
militia company in the war of the Revolution. He built one 
of the first mills on Priddy's Creek, and for many years it 
was a noted point in that vicinity. He died in 1797. He 
and his wife Agatha had nine daughters and two sons, Mary, 
the wife of John During, Elizabeth, the wife of John McCann, 
lyucy, the wife of John Dalton, Joanna, the wife of James 
Ownsley, Ann, the wife of Samuel Brockman, Nancy, the 
wife of Ambrose Brockman, Agatha, the wife of William 
Catterton, Frances, the wife of Richard Flint, Rosamond, 
the wife of Joseph Williams, Richard and John. James 
Simms, who lived in the same section, was probably a 
brother of William, certainly the guardian of his younger 
children. He was twice married, first to Mildred, daughter 
of Richard Durrett, and secondly to l/ucy, daughter of James 
Early. He had two sons, Richard D. and Isaac. 

Richard D. married Elizabeth, daughter of David Clarkson, 
and his children were Eliza, the wife of Edward Wingfield, 
Jane, the wife of Tandy Brockman, Cornelia, the wife of 
Rev. Robert Watts, and Lucy Ann, the wife of James D. 
Watts, and William J. His home was near the mouth of 
Priddy's Creek, and he died in 1862. Isaac lived in the Buck 


Mountain district, and died in 1836. His wife was Nancy 
Catterton, and his children Mary, the wife of William Black- 
well, Eliza, the wife of lyOgan Maupin, Permelia, the wife of 
Samuel Crawford, of the Valley, Agnes, the wife of John D. 
Carr, Julia and Richard D. 

John Sims lived in the Buck Mountain neighborhood, and 
died in 1798. His wife's name was Mary, and his childrea 
John, Francis, Nathaniel, and a daughter, who was the wife 
of Ison Walton. 


Joseph Smith in 1734 joined with Kdwin Hickman, 
Thomas Graves, and Jonathan Clark in entering thirty-two 
hundred and seventy -seven acres on the north side of the 
Rivanna, where it is crossed by the South West Mountain. 
In the partition of the tract, the portion of Smith coincided 
with the Pantops plantation. He devised it to his sons, 
John, Larkin, Philip and Thomas. In the interval from 
1746 to 1765, they sold their shares, and eventually they all 
came into the possession of Mr. Jefferson. What became of 
the brothers, is not known. It is probable I,arkin died in 
the county in 1763, and I^arkin Smith, doubtless a son of 
his, or of one of his brothers, was a Captain in the Fourth 
Dragoons in the Revolutionary army. 

About 1766, William, John and Charles Smith, of Han- 
over, purchased land on the head waters of Mechum's and 
Rockfish. They were probably brothers. Charles settled 
on Taylor's Creek, and William and John on Whitesides, 
where they both bought from Morans, William from Nich- 
olas, and John from John Moran. Charles died in 1771, 
William in 1801, and John in 1808. The name of John's 
wife was Elizabeth, and his children were Thomas, William, 
Mary, the wife of Francis Montgomery, Nancy, the wife of 
David Burgher, Joel, Martha, Elizabeth, the wife of Robert 
Page, and Charles. Joel married Martha, daughter of 
Charles Patrick, and his children were Mary, the wife of 
John Massie, John P., Elizabeth, the wife of John Wallace, 
Harriet and Thomas J. All this family except Mrs. Wal- 
lace and her husband, removed to Kentucky. Charles lived 


at the foot of Armor's Mountain on the border of Nelson, 
and died in 1842. His wife was Mary Bailey, and his chil- 
dren William, Joel, Robert P., Frances and Jane. 

In 1769 Thomas Smith purchased a part of the Chiswell 
patent on the head waters of Mechum's. He died in 1783. 
His children were Thomas, John, Ann, the wife of William 
Grayson, Sarah, the wife of Nathan Crawford, I^awrence, 
Mary, the wife of (David ?) Buster, Susan, and another 
daughter (Ursula?), the wife of a Ray. His son Thomas 
died in 1791. His wife's name was Susan, and his children 
were Nancy, the wife of James I,obban, Boiling, who re- 
moved to lyincoln County, Missouri, Elizabeth, the wife of 
Nicholas Merritt, Mary, Martha and Sebanah. The children 
of Nicholas and Elizabeth Merritt were Rhoda, the wife of 
Thomas Grayson, Thomas, Susan, the wife of Robert 
Haislip, Sarah, the wife of Andrew Black, Markwood, 
Rosanna, the wife of James Black, James and Retta, the wife 
of Jeremiah Dollins. 


Valentine Wood Southall, during a long and busy 
career, was one of the most prominent men of the county. 
He was the son of Stephen Southall and Martha Wood, and 
the grandson of Valentine Wood and I/Ucy Henry, a sister 
of the renowned orator. In early life he was engaged in busi- 
ness in Washington City, but afterwards studied law, and 
was admitted to the Albemarle bar in 1813. By his 
thoroughness and impressive elocution he soon attained a 
place in the front rank of the profession. In 1829 he was 
appointed Commonwealth's Attorney, and held the ofBce till 
it became elective under the Constitution of 1850. He was 
a member of the Convention that formed that Constitution, 
and also of that of 1861, acting as the President of the latter 
during the sickness of its presiding officer. Though devoted 
to his legal duties, he took an active part in politics, and for 
a number of terms was a member of the House of Delegates, 
and also its Speaker. He died suddenly in the latter part 
of 1861. He was twice married, first to Mary, the daughter 
of Alexander Garrett, and secondly to Martha, daughter of 


James P. Cocke. The home of his early married life was on 
the northwest corner of High and Fourth Streets, the present 
residence of Dr. W. G. Rogers, but about 1829 he removed to 
the brick m.ansion near the corner of Jefferson and Secondj 
which he built. 


Thomas Sowell made one of the earliest entries of land 
within the bounds of Albemarle. In 1734 he obtained a grant 
of five hundred and fifty acres west of the southern end of 
Carter's Mountain. His name still distinguishes Sowell's 
Branch, a stream which passes through the land into the 
north fork of Hardware. He died in 1763. His wife's name 
was Martha, and his children were John, William, Joseph 
and Thomas. Thomas died unmarried three years after his 
father. The name of John's wife was also Martha, and his 
children were Thomas, Benjamin, Edmund, Elijah, Elisha, 
and Keziah, the wife of William Perry. Elisha Sowell mar- 
ried Elizabeth Gilliam in 1808. In 1834 Lewis and Nimrod, 
sons of one of the brothers above mentioned, purchased from 
William Garland the lot on University Street east of R. F. 
Harris's Warehouse, where for many years they conducted 
the wheelwright business. Lewis married Mary Ann, daugh- 
ter of William Dunkum, and his children were William, Mary, 
the wife of Albert Gentry, and Benjamin. Pleasant, another 
descendant of the family, married Sarah, daughter of Edward 


Thomas Staples during 1783 and the next year took out 
patents for more than eight hundred acres on Hudson and 
Totier Creeks, and for one hundred and fifty in North Gar- 
den. He purchased more than four hundred more on Totier. 
Before the close of the century he sold most of this land to 
Samuel Dyer, much of it lying contiguous to Glendower. It 
is believed his wife was Ellinda, daughter of Castleton Har- 
per, and his children Thomas, Beverly, and Sarah, the wife 
of lyittlebury Moon. Thomas was for years a leading mer- 
chant in Scottsville, and died in 1868. His wife was Ann, 
daughter of William Tompkins, and his children Sarah, the 


wife of D. p. Powers, Martha, the wife of John S. Martin, 

Olivia, the wife of Spencer, Phaniel, the wife of W. D. 

Davis, Susan, Catharine, Marietta, Silas, William T. , and 
John. Beverly died in 1865. He married Judith White, and 
his children were William G., Elmira, Maria, the wife of 

Chambers,' Ann, the wife of John Tyler, Minerva, the 

wife of Alfred Flippin, Addison, and Emily, the wife of Mad- 
ison Porter. 


Andrew Stevenson, born in Culpeper in 1785, was the son 
of Rev. James Stevenson, rector of St. Mark's, Culpeper, and 
St. George's, Fredericksburg, and his wife, Frances A. I^it- 
tlepage. He was a lawyer by profession, member of Con- 
gress, Minister to Fngland, and Rector of the University of 
Virginia. In 1816 he married Sarah, daughter of John Coles. 
The next year he purchased upwards of seven hundred acres 
on Totier Creek from William Watkins, a descendant of Wil- 
liam Battersby, one of the original lawyers of the county. A 
stream passing through the place went for many years by the 
name of Stevenson's Creek. This plantation he sold to 
Tucker Coles in 1833, and in 1836 he bought .Blenheim, the 
old seat of the Carters, which he made his home till his death 
in 1857. He was buried in the Coles cemetery at Enniscor- 
thy. He married a second time, and his widow after his 
death resided in Washington City. His son, John W., was 
admitted to the Albemarle bar in 1834, settled in Covington, 
Ky., was elected Governor of that State in 1867, and repre- 
sented it in the United States Senate in 1871. 


Among the earliest settlers in the western part of the county , 
who came as is said under the leadership of Michael Woods, 
was a family named Stockton. Though their name has 
entirely disappeared, they have in a number of ways left their 
mark behind. They consisted of several branches. They 
erected perhaps the first mill in that section of the county. 
The north fork of Mechum's River still bears the name of 
Stockton's Creek, the south fdrk in early times was called 
Stockton's Mill Creek, and the first name by which Israel's 


Gap was known was Stockton's Thoroughfare. The famous 
abbreviation of D. S. is also ascribed to the head of the fam- 
ily. One story recites that Michael Woods and Davis Stock- 
ton landed at Williamsburg, and came to the wilds of 
Goochland together, that arriving at D. S., they advanced in 
different directions. Woods continuing straight forward to 
Woods's Gap, and Stockton bearing to the left along the foot 
of the mountain towards Batesville, and that as a memorial 
of the place where they separated, Stockton carved his initials 
on a tree. While their landing on the eastern shores of Vir- 
ginia is contrary to all the best established traditions, there 
may be truth in the rest of the narration. Both were patent- 
ees of land, and they may ha\?e gone from the foot of the 
Ridge to Williamsburg on business ; on their return, the sep- 
aration would naturally have taken place at the point men- 
tioned, as Woods's home lay at the mouth of Woods's Gap, 
and the Stocktons were settled along Mechum's River, the 
south fork as well as the north. 

As already intimated, the head of the family was Davis 
Stockton. His first entry of four hundred acres on Ivy 
Creek was made in 1739, and in 1741 he patented eight hun- 
dred more on both forks of Mechum's. Altogether the fam- 
ily connection obtained grants of nearly four thousand acres 
in that section. Davis died in 1760. His widow Martha 
seems afterwards to have been married to Samuel Arnold, 
who lived on Ivy Creek. Davis's children were Richard, 
Samuel, William and Thomas. Samuel and William had a 
mill on the south fork of Mechum's, not far from Batesville, 
the same no doubt their father built, which in 1767 they sold 
to James Garland. Prior to 1780 Samuel emigrated to 
Rutherford County, North Carolina, and was probably ac- 
companied by William. Richard lived in the fork of Me- 
chum's, near the old Black place; in fact, that place was a 
part of his land, he and his wife Agnes having sold four 
hundred acres to Rev. Samuel Black in 1751. He died in 
1775, leaving five sons, Richard, Thomas, John, Robert and 
Davis. The name of John appears among the subscribers 
to the Albemarle Declaration of Independence, made in 1779. 


Previous to 1791 Richard and Robert removed to H^nry 
County. Richard became Clerk of the Strawberry Baptist 
Association, and Robert entered the Baptist ministry, and 
subsequently v/ent to Kentucky, where he died about 1837. 
Thomas, probably the son of Davis, died in 1783. He and 
his wife Rachel had six sons and two daughters, some of 
whom were still in the county as late as 1805. 

In later years John N. C. Stockton came to the county 
from Pennsylvania. He was a proprietor of the Stage lines 
running in Virginia, and made Charlottesville his headquar- 
ters. He became a large landholder in the neighborhood. 
In 1830 he purchased from Andrew Leitch the old Stage lot 
on the corner of Market and Seventh Streets, in 1832 Carrs- 
brook from Alexander Garrett, as executor of Dabney Minor, 
and in 1835 Retreat from Jonathan B. Carr. He was also 
the owner of Camp Holly, on the Barboursville Road. He 
married Emily Bernard, a niece of William D. Fitch. In 1837 
he came to an untimely end, by drowning in Mobile Bay. 
William P. Farish became the administrator of his estate, 
and ultimately one of his successors in the ownership of the 
Stage lines. William Stockton, brother of John N. C, mar- 
ried Sarah, daughter of Gideon Strange and Mildred Magru- 
der, and emigrated to Florida. 


William and James Suddarth were early settlers in the 
county. They were undoubtedly brothers. They and their 
descendants were located on the south fork of Hardware, 
between the Cross Roads and Covesville. Previous to 1750, 
William bought from Abraham Venable three hundred acres 
of a tract of fifteen hundred which Venable had patented in 
1735 in that vicinity. In the year first named, William 
exchanged two hundred acres with James, for the same quan- 
tity which James had purchased from the same tract. Wil- 
liam seems to have died before 1768, as at that time I^awrence 
Suddarth, apparently his son and representative, conveyed to 
James the other hundred acres of William's purchase from 
Venable. I^awrence was a resident of Amherst, but subse- 



quently settled in Albemarle, on Green Creek. His wife's 
name was Martha, and he died in 1815. 

James died in 1800, and left at least three children, Wil- 
liam, James, and Mildred, the wife of John Turner. These 
brothers lived near where the present lyynchburg Road 
crosses the south fork of Hardware, a mill known as Sud- 
darth's Mill having conspicuously marked that locality for 
many years. In 1830 William was assessed with more than 
thirteen hundred acres of land. He died in 1832. It is said 
his wife, was Martha Sumter, and his children were William 
H., James, Sarah, the wife ofiRobert Porterfield, Martha, the 
wife of Richard Littleford, Richard P., who married Martha 
Morris, and whose daughter Sarah was the wife of Henry 
Darrow, Nancy, the wife of George Paris, Elizabeth, the 
wife of John W. Dettor, and Mildred, the wife of William 
Page. His brother James married Jane, daughter of John 
Randolph. He died about 1850, and his children were 
James, Randolph, William T., Mary, the wife of David 
Hicks, Patience, the wife of Rice Oaks, Thomas, John and 


The first mention of the Sumter name occurs in 1763, 
when William Sumter bought from Thomas I,and one hun- 
dred acres on Priddy's Creek, which had been patented in 
1739 by Major John Henry, the orator's father, and which 
I/and had purchased from his son, William Henry. Sumter's 
next purchase was made in 1770 on the north fork of the 
Rivanna, at the south end of Piney Mountain. This land 
was conveyed by John Poindexter, who obtained the grant 
of it in 1738, and from whom the mountain was originally 
called Poindexter's Mountain, and the creek running through 
it (no doubt Herring's Creek at present) , Poindexter's Creek. 
William Sumter continued his purchases, till he owned 
between six and seven hundred acres. In 1776 he and his 
wife Judith sold off all his property. One of the sales was 
made to John Sumter, probably a brother, and the land John 
then bought he and his wife Catharine conveyed in 1779 to 
Charles Bush. In all probability they sold to go elsewhere. 


No intimation appears as to the place of their removal ; but 
as their kinsman, General Thomas Sumter, had already 
attained a distinguished name, it is almost certain they emi- 
grated to South Carolina, the theatre of his gallant achieve- 

A well founded tradition exists, that General Sumter was 
born in Albemarle, and in the section referred to as the home 
of William and John. It rests particularly on the testimony 
of Dr. Charles Brown, who was born just after the Revolution. 
The Doctor was familiarly acquainted with a sister of the 
General, Mrs. Martha Suddarth, the wife of William Sud- 
darth, who lived and died in the county. Mrs. Suddarth 
was well know in her day throughout the community, because 
of her intelligence and skill as a nurse. Mr. Jefferson, in one 
of his letters to his daughter, Mrs. Eppes, when in declining 
health, recommended her to seek the advice of Mrs. Sud- 
darth, as one whose experience and judgment were worthy of 
the highest regard. It may be that she and her eminent 
brother were children of one of the couples mentioned above. 


In 1774 Joseph Sutherland bought from Gamaliel Bailey 
nearly three hundred acres a short distance east of the Miller 
School. This place he sold three years after to Thomas 
Harlow, and purchased in the South Garden, near the gorge 
of the south fork of Hardware. He died in 1801. His first 
wife's name was Judith, and he married again Elizabeth, 
daughter of William Grayson. His children were Joseph, 
and Susan, the wife of Christopher Myers. Joseph married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Garland, and in 1817 bought 
from him part of the old James Garland place about 
two miles southwest of the Cross Roads, which in those days 
went by the name of the Head of the Creek Plantation. He 
died in 1818, leaving four sons, Clifton G., Joseph, William 
and Edward. Clifton married Mary Ammonett, lived at the 
Cross Roads, had a large family, and died in 1868. Joseph 
in 1837 purchased from Dr. John W. Gantt the place adjoin- 
ing the Cross Roads on the southwest, where he lived until 


his death in 1866. His wife was Elizabeth, daughter of 
Richard G. Anderson. William married Lucy, daughter of 
Roland H. Bates, and lived on the Head of the Creek Planta- 
tion, where he recently departed this life. Edward lived on the 
Batesville Road, west of the Cross Roads. He married Ann 
Shepherd, who after his death became the wife of John P 


William Taylor in 1737 obtained a grant of twelve hundred 
acres on Moore's Creek, which is believed to include the land 
whereon Charlottesville is situated. He also patented the 
same quantity on the north fork of Hardware in 1741. It 
must have been a part of this tract, nearly eight hundred 
acres, which James Taylor, most probably a son, sold to 
James Buchanan in 1765. The same year James sold to 
James Buchanan part of a patent of his own, which was lo- 
cated on Hardware and Murphy's Run in 1750, and on which 
he was then living. Nothing further is known of these per- 
sons, except that Nancy, a daughter of James, was the wife 
of John Eaves. 

During 1760 and some years after, Benjamin Taylor be- 
came the owner by patent and purchase of more than seven 
hundred acres on Broadaxe Creek and Mechum's River. 
Part of this land he sold in 1772 to Micajah Chiles. He died 
in 1809. His wife's name was Mary, and he had three sons, 
Fleming, Winston and Benjamin. In 1811 the widow, being 
about to remove to Georgia, appointed George M. Woods 
her attorney, to transact any of her unfinished business. 
Her sons may possibly have preceded her to that State ; but 
though none of the family remain, they have left behind a 
memorial of their name in the passage through the mountain 
near their old place, which is still known as Taylor's Gap. 

At a much later period, J. C. R. Taylor came to the county 
from Jefferson. He married Martha J., daughter of Colonel 
T. J. Randolph, and resided at lycgo. He died in 1875. 


In 1734 Joel Terrell, of Hanover, and his brother-in-law, 
David lyewis, patented three thousand acres north and west 


of what is now called I^ewis's Mountain, sixteen hundred 
belonging to Joel. He died about 1758, devising the land to 
his sons, William and Joel, though all eventually came into 
the possession of Joel. Joel became a dealer in real estate 
in many parts of the county, and owned considerable prop- 
erty in and around Charlottesville. His home was in town, 
on the corner of Market and Fifth Streets, where the City 
Hall now stands, and where he resided till his death in 1773. 
He married his cousin Ann, daughter of David I^ewis. 
After his decease she became the wife of Stephen Willis, 
and removed to Rutherford County, North Carolina, where 
she died at the great age of more than a hundred years. Her 
husband's large estate was sold off in subsequent years by 
his executors, herself, William Terrell, and James Kerr. 

Henry Terrell, of Caroline, in 1737 entered seventeen hun- 
dred and fifty acres on the south fork of Mechum's and 
Whitesides Creek, including the site of Batesville. He died 
prior to 1764. The land descended to his sons, Henry and 
Thomas. In the year last named, Henry, who lived in Caro- 
line, sold to Solomon Israel twenty acres near Stockton's 
Thoroughfare, which in time took the name of the new pur- 
chaser as Israel's Gap. The next year he closed out the 
remainder of his share to John Jones, of l/ouisa. Thomas 
and his wife Rebecca sold his share in 1768 to Reuben Ter- 
rell, of Orange. In 1770 Robert Terrell, of Orange, bought 
from Thomas McCulloch upwards of three hundred acres in 
the same vicinity, which in 1783 he and his wife Mary I^acy 
sold to Marshall Durrett. Reuben died in 1776. His wife's 
name was Mildred, and his children were Mary, the wife of 
John Wood, son of Isaac, and John. His widow became 
the wife of Jesse Wood, to whom the step -son sold the 
larger part of his father's land. John Terrell married Lucy, 
daughter of David Burgher, and died without children in 
1857. By his will he manumitted his negroes, and directed 
his executors, Reuben Wood, his nephew (to whom he 
devised his land), and John B. Spiece, to send them to 

John Terrell, who it is believed was a brother of Reuben 


and Robert, and a son of Edmund Terrell and Margaret 
Willis, purchased in 1799 from Robert Carter more than 
twelve hundred acres in the Biscuit Run Valley. In the 
first years of the century, Terrell's Shop was a familiar 
waymark on the road from Charlottesville to Carter's Bridge. 
He and his wife Rebecca sold his property in Albemarle, 
and about 1806 removed to Greenup County, Kentucky. His 
mother died in 1812, and his sisters were Nancy, the wife of 
Thomas Henderson, Jane, the wife of Joseph Bishop, Fran- 
ces, the wife of Charles C. I^acy, and lyucy. 

Chiles Terrell lived at Music Hall, on the east side of the 
South West Mountain. In 1783 he married Margaret Doug- 
lass, the widow of Nicholas Meriwether. During the war of 
the Revolution, he was regarded as leaning strongly to the 
Tory side. In 1777 the County Court refused to allow a 
deed to him from David Meriwether to go to record, because 
of their suspicion that he had not, taken the oath of allegiance 
to the States. He was the acting executor of Micajah Chiles, 
His son, James Hunter Terrell, who succeeded him at Music 
Hall, married Susan Vibert, and died in 1856. 

The family of Captain William Terrell, of I<ouisa, resided 
in Albemarle. In 1825 his widow, Martha, purchased from 
Dr. Frank Carr Hors de Ville, the place near the Chesapeake 
and Ohio Depot now occupied by James D. Goodman. She 
died in 1830. Her children were Richmond, the father of 
Mis. William W. Minor, Fleanor, Rebecca, Nancy, Emily, 
the wife of Daniel F. Carr, I<ucy, Mary, Martha, the wife of 
Samuel H. Royall, Dorothy and Malvina. These ladies, 
because of their eminent culture and accomplishments, were 
known in the community as the Nine Muses. 

Joel Terrell, who was the son of Christopher, came to the 
county about 1828. In that year he bought from Dabney 
Minor's executor a part of the Carrsbrook estate, where he 
lived until his death in 1851. He married I^ucy Marshall, a 
sister of the wives of Nimrod Bramham and John R. Jones. 
His children were Sarah, the wife of Nathan C. Goodman, 
Agnes, the wife of Charles Wright, Eliza, the wife of Sta- 
pleton C. Shelton, Mary, the third wife of Fontaine D. 


Brockman, Albert, George, lyucy, Almira, Clementina, the 
wife of Nelson Elsom, Virginia, the wife of Peter V. Phillips, 
Harriet, and Hardenia, the wife of William Beck. 


Michael Thonias in 1745 and 1748 patented six hundred 
acres on Hog Creek and Rockfish River. He seems however 
to have resided on James River. At the resumption of the 
records in 1783, he was active as a magistrate of the county, 
and was appointed Sheriff in 1789. He was greatly harrassed 
by suits brought against him as incumbent of that office, 
owing to the maladministration of his deputies, Edward 
Moore and Menan Mills. Perhaps these annoyances incited 
the old gentjeman to seek the balmy consolations of matri- 
mony a second time. At all events he entered into those 
bonds with Elizabeth Staton in 1792 ; and in writing to the 
Clerk for a license, he stated that he was unable to visit the 
/county seat himself, but sent his son Ralph, and his grand- 
son John Carroll, to act in his behalf. He died in 1802. His 
children appear to have been Michael, Joseph, Jesse, Ralph, 
Edward, James, and a daughter, who was the wife of a Car- 
roll. The future of the family is unknown, except that 
Joseph died in 1797, and Michael in 1826. 

John Thomas came to the county from Amherst. He was 
twice married, first to Frances, daughter of the elder John 
Henderson, and secondly to Frances, daughter of Charles 
lycwis Jr., of Buck Island. He lived for a time on a tract of 
land which he received from his second father-in-law on Ivy 
Creek, and which he sold in 1788 to Robert Draffen, and 
afterwards on the land of his son Charles ly. Thomas near 
Red Hill. He died in 1847. His children by the first mar- 
riage were Warner, Norborne K. , James, Elizabeth, the wife 
of a Wood, and I,ucy, the wife of James lyewis ; those by 
the second were Charles I/., John L,., Virginia, and Mar- 
garet, the wife first of Julius Clarkson, and secondly of 
Robert Cashmere. In the early part of the century, Warner, 
Norborne and John 1,. did business in Richmond as commis- 
sion merchants, under the firm of N. K. Thomas & Co. 


About 1815 they purchased the Cole land on the north side 
of Tom's Mountain, a thousand and twenty-eight acres; 
three hundred they sold to Stephen Moore, and the remain- 
der was assigned to John L. Thomas, when he retired from 
the firm in 1818. 

By the will of his uncle Isham Lewis, who died in 1790, 
Charles L. Thomas became the owner of more than eighteen 
hundred acres on the north fork of Hardware, where Red 
Hill Depot now stands. His home was where the family of 
John B. Townley now reside. Before his death in 181^, he 
leased the eastern part of the place to his brother John L. 
during the lives of his parents, for their support, and that 
of his sisters. His wife was Margaret, the youngest daugh- 
ter of Nicholas Lewis, of the Farm, and his children were 
Mary Walker, the wife of Alexander Clayton, Nicholas L. , 
Charles, Robert Warner, Frances Elizabeth, the wife first of 
Dr. Charles H. Meriwether, and secondly of James Hart, 
and John J. The western part of the place was divided 
among the children, who in 1830, and some years following, 
sold their portions, and emigrated to Montgomery County, 
Tennessee. John L. passed his life on the place leased him 
by his brother. He was appointed a magistrate in 1838, and 
died unmarried in 1846. 


Joseph Thompson was one of the original magistrates of 
the county, and its first Sheriff. He resided in the bounds 
of Fluvanna, not far from Palmyra. He died in 1765. His 
wife's name was Sarah, and his children were Roger, 
George, Leonard, John, and Frances, the wife of a Woodson. 
The family was well represented in the Revolutionary army. 
Roger was a Captain in the Second Virginia, and John, First 
Lieutenant in the Seventh, while George and Leonard were 
Lieutenants in the State militia. In 1737 Roger Thompson 
Jr., patented nearly three hundred acres on Foster's Creek in 
the Stony Point neighborhood; it is probable he was the 
same as Captain Roger. The same year John Thompson 
entered more than five hundred acres on the south fork of the 


Rivanna, and in 1759 one hundred and twenty more a sbort 
distance above on Moorman's. It is believed he was the 
brother of Roger, and the father, or more likely the grand- 
father, of Roger and Nathaniel, who lived on or near the 
land which he entered. The last mentioned Roger died in 

1838. He married and his children were William, 

Nicholas, Nathaniel, Mary, the wife of Richard Franklin, 
Elizabeth, the wife of a Ballard, Sarah, the wife of Samuel 
Ward, and Susan, the wife of William Ward. His son 
Nathaniel married Temperance, daughter of William Cren- 
shaw, gave the land on which Wesley Chapel was built, and 
died about 1835. Nathaniel Sr. married I/Ucy, daughter of 
Bernard Brown, and died in 1874. His children were 
Edmund I., who died in 1868, Bernard, and Mary, the wife 
of James E. Chapman. 

In 1766 Waddy Thompson, of I,ouisa, came to the county, 
and married Mary, daughter of Robert lycwis, and widow of 
Samuel Cobb. He had previously married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Nelson Anderson, of Hanover. His children by the 
first marriage were Nelson, Anderson, David, who removed 
to Woodford County, Kentucky, Waddy, "'^who removed to 
Rockingham, Susan, the second wife of David Rodes, and 
afterwards of James Kerr, and I/Ucy. Nelson received from 
his father two hundred and fifty acres southwest of Still House 
Mountain, which he sold in 1794 to Thomas Garth Sr. He 
then bought on Beaverdam of Hardware, where he died in 
1798. The children by the second marriage were Ann, the wife 
first of John Slaughter, and secondly of Philip Grafton, Mary, 
the wife of James Poindexter, Susan, the wife of Jesse Daven- 
port, Mildred, the wife of James Scott, and Judith, the wife 
of William Poindexter. John Slaughter was Surveyor of the 
county, and died in 1797. His children were Mary I/., 
Waddy T., and Robert I/. Waddy T. married Frances 
Ballard, and in 1823 was living in New York, where he was 
Postmaster, and owner of the tanyard, the most lasting 
monument of the place, which he bought from Nathaniel 
I^andcraft, and sold to James I/obban. Waddy Thomson 
died in 1801, and his wife in 1813. All their children appear 


to have removed from the county except Susan and her hus - 
band. For a time he kept the Swan Tavern. He died in 
1822, and she in 1847. 


The names of Thurman and Thurmond in the early records 
were interchangeable. John Thurman began to purchase 
land on Cove Creek in 1761. William on Green Creek in 1774, 
and Richard and Philip on Buck Mountain Creek and Doyle's 
River in 1776. Those of the name in the Buck Mountain 
region, seem to have disposed of their property, and removed 
from the county about 1790. 

Previous to the latter date Benjamin Thurman was settled 
on the west side of the South West Mountain, near Ham- 
mock's Gap, which is now generally called after this family 
Thurman's Gap. Benjamin married Nancy, daughter of 
Gideon Carr, and his children were Fendall C, Susan, the 
wife of John Rothwell, Sarah, the wife of Austin Sandridge, 
Mary, the wife of John Gentry, Ann, the wife of Micajah W. 
Carr, Flisha and I^ucy. Fendall married Ann Royster, of 
Goochland, sold his land to his brother Elisha, and in 1827 
emigrated to west Tennessee. He was the father of Edward 
Thurman, Janetta, the wife of David Hancock, and Catharine, 
the wife of Dr. Charles Hancock. Elisha married Mary 
Dickerson, and his children were Fendall D. , William, Ann, 
the wife of James Wheeler, Mary, the wife of John Carr, 
Thomas I/indsay, Caroline, the wife of William H. Peyton, 
Benjamin and Theodore. 


John Timberlake was the first clerk of Fluvanna County. 
He died in 1820, at the age of eighty-nine. His sons, Walker, 
John and Horace, lived in Albemarle. Walker was a Meth- 
odist minister, and withal an active man of business. He 
resided for a time at Glenmore, and subsequently at Bellair, 
below Carter's Bridge. He died in 1864. His children were 
Gideon, Clark, John W., William, Ann, the wife of B. C. 
Flannagan, Elizabeth, the wife of John H. Timberlake, 


Sarah, the wife of H. H. Gary, Mary, the wife of Abraham 
Shepherd, and Christiana. Gideon, who lived on the east 
side of Dudley's Mountain where it abuts on the north fork of 
Hardware, and Clark married respectively I/Ucy and I^etitia, 
daughters of Nathan C. Goodman. John was admitted to 
the Albemarle bar in 1812, and was associated with James 
and John B. Magruder in the purchase of the Shadwell Mills, 
and a large tract of timber land in the Buck Island section. 
He died in 1862. His wife was Sarah, daughter of John B. 
Magruder, and his children were Wilhelmina, Edward J., 
Ann, the wife of Dr. John C. Hughes, and Henry. Horace 
had two sons, John H. and Horace. John H. was appointed 
a magistrate of the county, lived at Greenwood Depot and 
Brownsville, built at the former place a large edifice in which 
Rev. William Dinwiddle conducted a flourishing school be- 
fore the war, and died in 1881. His wife was his cousin 
EJlizabeth, daughter of Walker, and his children were Vir- 
gilia, the wife of Rev. Paul Whitehead, John H., who was 
killed in 1876 by a fall from his horse, above Mechum's 
Depot, and James W., who married Sarah Patrick, and lives 
on the old Patrick place west of Batesville. Horace lived in 
the Buck Island neighborhood. 

A brother of the first John Timberlake was Lewis, one of 
whose daughters was the wife of Warner Minor, an original 
hotel keeper at the University. Another daughter, I^ouisa, 
while visiting in her sister's family, became the wife of Wil- 
liam Wertenbaker. 

Another brother of the first John was James, a purser in 
the United States Navy. He married Peggy O'Neal, daugh- 
ter of an Irish hotel keeper in Washington City, a woman of 
great beauty and brilliant natural gifts. After Timberlake's 
death, she became the wife of John H. Eaton, General Jack- 
son's Secretary of War, and by her elevation to the cabinet 
• circle occasioned such violent social disturbances as even- 
tually produced the disruption of that body. 


Giles Tompkins. was the first of the name that appeared in 
the county. He purchased land on Totier Creek in 1765. 


He died in 1795, leaving at least three children, William, Eliz- 
abeth and Sarah. William lived in the same neighborhood 
on an estate called Whitehall. He died in 1824. His wife's 
name was Elizabeth, and his children were John, William, 
Elizabeth, the wife of Peter White, Catharine, the wife of 
James Minor, Samuel W. , Ann, the wife of Thomas Staples^ 
Edmund, Robert and James. Samuel was a physician, and 
practised in the vicinity of Earlysville, and afterwards near 
Scottsville. He married Sarah, daughter of George Gilmer, 
and his children were Elizabeth, the wife of J. Schuyler Moon,. 
Jane, George, Junius, Samuel, Martha, Charles, lyUcy and 
Catharine. James married Sarah , daughter of Dabney Minor, 
and his children were William D., James E-, and Eliza, the 
wife of John ly. Coleman. William D. and James E- were for 
many years well known commission merchants in Richmond. 
James E. married Frances, daughter of JohnH. Coleman. 


In 1741 James Tooley obtained a patent for four hundred 
acres on Totier Creek, and two years later John took out one 
for two hundred and fifty in the same vicinity. They were 
most probably brothers. John died in 1750, and James ia 
1781. The name of James's wife was Judith, ana his chil- 
dren were John, James, Sarah, the wife of Edmund New, 
Ann, the wife of John Martin, Charles, William, Arthur, 
Elizabeth, Mary, the wife of John Gilliam, and Judith, the 
wife of Archelaus Gilliam. William died about 1830. His 
children were Mary, William, John, Charles, Nancy, Eliza- 
beth, the wife of James Gentry, and Arthur. In 1815 John, 
the son of William, married Mary Gilmore, and his children 
were James and Joshua. The most of this family seem to 
have removed to Monroe County, Kentucky. Totier was 
sometimes called Tooley's Creek, and it is so designated on 
some of the maps of Virginia. At the beginning of the cen- 
tury, an eminence on the old Irish Road, where it was 
intersected by a road from Cocke's Mill, went by the name 
of Tooley's Hill. 



Terisha Turner was granted one hundred and thirty-six 
acres on the south branches of Hardware in 1760, and this 
tract he and his wife Sarah sold to Peter Cheatham in 1777. 
At that time he was described as a citizen of Amherst. He 
was also the owner of several hundred acres on Green Creek, 
which in 1790 he sold for the most part to Benjamin Harris. 

In 1788 Charles Turner bought from Solomon Ballou nearly 
two hundred acres lying to the northwest of Ivy Depot. He 
died in 1789. His wife's name was Mary Ann, and his 
children were Robert, George, Reuben, William, Matthew, 
Keziah, Mary and Judith. George in 1791 married Ann, 
daughter of Gabriel and Ann Maupin. A number of the 
■children in 1815 sold their land to Charles Harper, and re- 
moved to Pendleton County, Kentucky. The small moun- 
tain at the foot of which their land lay is still known as 
Turner's Mountain. 

James Turner, described as belonging to Amherst, was a 
■considerable land owner on the lower Hardware. His wife 
was Rebecca, daughter of William Hamner. He sold his 
property in the county before the end of the last century, 
part to Samuel Dyer, and much the larger part to Pleasant 


George and William Twyman, in all likelihood brothers, 
were citizens of Culpeper. George began to purchase land 
in Albemarle on the Buck Mountain Road near EJarlysville 
in 1765. In 1791 and 1804 he divided nearly six hundred 
acres between his sons, George and Joseph. He died in 
1822, at the age of eighty-nine. His wife's name was Mary, 
and his children were George, Joseph, Samuel, Sarah, the 
wife of a Sanford, William, Abraham, Elizabeth, the wife of 
William J. Wood, Agatha, the wife of Robert Dearing, Ruth, 
the wife of David Watts, and James. A number of this family 
removed to Kentucky, and as none of them bearing the name 
now reside in the county, it is probable they all emigrated to 
the West. 

William in 1770 bought more than five hundred acres on 


the head waters of Mechum's, which he sold in 1778 to Wil- 
liam Wood and Francis Weathered. In 1771 he purchased 
from Jacob Snead three hundred acres on Ivy Creek, at the 
crossing of the Whitehall Road. This place he sold two 
years after to George Wayt. From the fact that the eldest 
son of Wayt was named Twyman, his wife was no doubt a 
daughter of William. William Twyman, whose wife's name 
was Winifred, appears never to have lived in Albemarle. 


Rev. James Waddell, the blind preacher, resided on the 
borders of Albemarle and I,ouisa, the latter part of his life. 
His first home in Virginia was in Lancaster County, where 
he married Mary, daughter of James Gordon. To avoid the 
troubles incident to the exposed state of that part of the coun- 
try during the Revolution, he removed to Augusta County > 
where he took charge of the Tinkling Spring Church, and 
where he purchased from James P. Cocke, Springhill, the old 
Patton place. When the war ended, he fixed his residence 
on his place called Hopewell, about a mile southwest of Gor- 
donsville. There he died in 1805, and there his remains lay 
till 1871, when by the permission of friends they were trans- 
ferred to the yard of the Presbyterian Church at Rapidan, 
which was called by his name. His children were Nathaniel, 
James G., Elizabeth, the wife of Rev. William Calhoun, 
Janetta, the wife of Dr. Archibald Alexander, Ann, Dr. Addi- 
son, Sarah and lyittleton. James G. became a member of 
the Albemarle bar in 1800, but for the most of his life pursue d 
the calling of a teacher. He married first Mary T., daughter 
of Reuben I^indsay, and secondly his cousin I/Ucy, daughter 
of John Gordon. His home was at Springhill, on the west 
side of the Gordonsville Road opposite the residence of his 
father. In 1823 he sold his place to William T. Davis, and 
removed to Waynesboro. The most of the family became 
residents of the Valley. 


Thomas Walker was born in King and Queen in 1715, 
was a student of William and Mary, and about 1741 married 


Mildred, the widow of Nicholas Meriwether. Through her 
he came into the possession of Castle Hill. By profession 
he was a physician, but possessed too bold and energetic a 
nature to be contented with the ordinary routine of a country 
doctor. In his younger years he occupied with signal 
efficiency a number of public positions. It is believed that 
notwithstanding the claims in behalf of Finley and Daniel 
Boone, he led the first expedition that ever traversed the 
mountains, and stood upon the famous hunting grounds of 
Kentucky. In 1748, and again in 1750, he visited Southwest 
Virginia and Kentucky, and to this day has left his memo- 
rial in the former region, in the names of Walker's Mountain 
and Walker's Creek on the confines of Giles and Pulaski 
Counties, and in the latter, in the name of Cumberland 
which he gave to the mountains, gap and river so called, 
in commemoration of the Duke of Cumberland, who had 
recently crushed the rebellion of 1745 on the field of CuUo- 
den. He was Commissary of the Virginia troops under 
Braddock, and was at that general's defeat in 1755. More 
than once he was appointed to treat with the Indians in 
New York and Pennsylvania, and in 1778 was one of the 
Commission selected to fix the boundary between Virginia 
and North Carolina. Without any change of residence, he 
successively represented the counties of Hanover, I^ouisa 
and Albemarle in the House of Burgesses, and in 1763 was 
the trustee of Albemarle to sell and convey the lots and out- 
lots of Charlottesville, the new county seat. He died in 
1794. His children were Mary, the wife of Nicholas Lewis, 
John, Susan, the wife of Henry Fry, Thomas, Lucy, the wife 
of Dr. George Gilmer, Elizabeth, the wife of Rev. Matthew 
Maury, Mildred, the wife of Joseph Hornsby, who removed 
to Shelby County, Kentucky, Sarah, the wife of Reuben 
Lindsay, Martha, the wife of George Divers, Reuben, Fran- 
cis, and Peachy, the wife of Joshua Fry. 

John lived at Belvoir, the old home of Robert Lewis, was 
aide to Washington in the Revolution , member of the House of 
Burgesses, United States Senator to fill the vacancy occasioned 
by the death of William Grayson, for many years Common- 


wealth's Attorney for the county, and died in 1809. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of Bernard Moore, and granddaughter 
of Governor Spotswood, and his only child Mildred became 
the wife of Francis Kinloch, of South Carolina. 

Thomas was a Captain in the Ninth Virginia Regiment of 
the Revolutionary army, and died in 1798. His home was on 
the plantation of Indian Fields. His wife was Margaret 
Hoops, and his children M. I^., Flizabetb, the wife of Robert 
Michie, Maria, the wife of Richard Duke, Jane, the wife of 
William Rice, of Halifax, Mildred, the wife of Tarleton 
Goolsby, John, Thomas and Martha. 

Francis succeeded his father at Castle Hill, was a magis- 
trate of the county. Colonel of the Eighty-Eighth Regiment, 
member of the House of Delegates, and Representative in 
Congress, and died in 1806. He married Jane Byrd, daugh- 
ter of General Hugh Nelson, and granddaughter of President 
William Nelson, and his children were Jane Frances, the 
wife of Dr. Mann Page, and Judith, the wife of William C. 


Three brothers named Wallace came to Virginia with 
Michael Woods as his sons-in-law about 1734, Peter, Andrew 
and William. Peter married Martha Woods, and settled in 
Rockbridge County. He was the father of Adam and Andrew 
Wallace, who displayed great gallantry in the battle of 
Guilford C. H., the latter yielding up his life on that field. 
The other brothers remained iu Albemarle. Andrew Wal- 
lace married Margaret Woods. His home was near Ivy 
Depot, on part of the Charles Hudson entry, where Charles 
Harper afterwards resided. He died in 1785. His children 
were Michael, Samuel, Elizabeth, the wife of William Bris- 
coe, Mary, the wife of Alexander Henderson, Hannah, 
Susan, the wife of Thomas Collins, Margaret, the wife 
of William Ramsay, and Jean, the wife of a Wilson. All 
these families except the Ramsays emigrated to the West, 
some probably to western Virginia, but most of them to Ken- 

William Wallace married Hannah Woods. His home was 

HISTORY OF Albemarle; 337 

on land at the foot of the Blue Ridge near Greenwood Depot, 
which he bought from Andrew Woods, and on which some 
of his descendants still reside. His children were Michael, 
John, Jean, the wife of Robert Poage, William, Sarah, 
Hannah and Josiah. Michael lived on lyickinghole, was 
Captain of a military company during the Revolution, and a 
ruling elder in Mountain Plains Church, with his wife Ann 
sold his place to George Conner in 1786, and emigrated to 
Kentucky. John lived near Greenwood, with his wife Mary 
sold out to his brother William, and in 1780 removed to 
Washington County, Virginia. Josiah lived at Mechum's 
Depot, with his wife Hannah sold his plantation to Edward 
Broadus in 1796, and removed to Kentucky. 

William continued in Albemarle, and resided at the old 
home near Greenwood. He died in 1809. His wife was 
Mary Pilson, and his children William, Richard, Hannah, 
the wife of John lyobban, Samuel, Mary, Michael, Elizabeth 
and John. William was associated with John Pilson in the 
mercantile business, but died young and unmarried in 1812. 
His business was continued by his brother Richard, who died 
unmarried in 1832. Michael lived at the old homestead, 
married I^avinia I^obban, was a ruling elder in Mountain 
Plains Church, and died in 1845. His children were Samuel, 
who emigrated to Texas, Mary, William, Martha, the wife 
of Peter I,e Neve, Michael W. , L,avinia, the wife of Dr. A. 
Hamilton Rogers, J. Hervey, Sarah, the wife of Thomas 1,. 
Courtney, John R. and Charles. John married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Joel Smith, and lived in Nelson. His children 
were Jesse, Samuel, William W., Mary, the wife of William 
Smith, and John Pilson. 


William Watson came from Charles City County, and 
resided on land east of North Garden Depot, which in 1762 
he purchased from John Leake and William and Joseph 
Fitzpatrick. He died in 1784. His children were John P., 
Richard P., Joseph and Nancy, the wife of Thomas Cobbs. 
John P. died in 1812, and his widow Martha, to whom he 



devised his estate, became the wife of John Brown in 1816. 
Richard also died in 1812. His wife was Ann Anderson, 
and his children William, lyucinda and Ann, the wives 
respectively of Wilson Gregory and Francis Staples, both of 
Henrico. Richard's widow was subsequently married to 
Dr. C. I^ewis Carr. The lands of this family have passed 
into other hands, though their name is still remembered in 
the neighborhood. 

Another William Watson married Susan, daughter of 
David Watts, and in 1767 received from his father-in-law a 
portion of his estate on the west side of the South West 
Mountain, not far from Stony Point. His children were 
John, Matthew, Elizabeth, Sarah, Lucy, the wife of Thomas 
Johnson, Mildred, Ann and Mary. John succeeded to his 
father's place. In 1804 he bought from Thomas Wells 
nearly five hundred acres of the Carter land south of Char- 
lottesville, part of which was sold in 1818 by Matthew and 
his wife Lucy to William Dunkum, and part in 1836 by John 
and his wife Mary to Samuel Mitchell, of North Carolina. 
There being for many years simultaneously three John Wat- 
sons in the county, this John was described as of the Little 

William Watson, son of Little Mountain John, had for a 
long period charge of the county jail. He was a saddler by 
trade, and in the early years of the century was associated in 
business with Edward Stone, who removed to Davidson 
County, Tennessee. They owned the north end of the lot on 
the west side of the Square. In 1819 Watson bought from Ed- 
mund Anderson the lot on the west side of Park Street, where 
he built the brick house which was long the residence of the 
late Thomas Wood. He was Jailor from 1811 to 1828, and 
again from 1832 to 1841, when during the imprisonment of 
Joseph E. Semmes, he was succeeded by his son, James A. 
Watson. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Barks- 
dale, and his children were James Albert, who married Mary, 
daughter of Anderson Brown, and Mildred, the wife of a 
Jones. He died in 1853, and his son James A. in 1857. 

In 1779 John Watson purchased land in the northwestern 


part of the county on Rocky Creek. He was succeeded by 
his son John, who was distinguished as John Watson, of 
High Top. The latter died in 1833. 

About 1790 John Watson, known as of Milton, came to 
the county from Amherst. He was the son of James Wat - 
son, formerly of James City County. He settled in Milton, 
and was closely identified with its interests from its founda - 
tion. He was appointed a magistrate in 1800, and served as 
Sheriff in 1825. In 1813 he purchased from Brown, Rives 
& Co. Forest Hill, a plantation on the south side of the 
Rivanna below Milton, containing upwards of a thousand 
acres. He made this his residence until his death in 1841. 
His wife was Jane, daughter of Richard Price, and his chil- 
dren Sliza, the wife of Ira Garrett, James Richard, John W.. 
C, Isabella, the wife of Charles B. Shaw, Matthew P., 
Egbert R., and Ellen, the wife of John C. Sinton. J. Richard 
married Ann, daughter of James Clark, was a merchant in 
Charlottesville, and a hotel keeper at the University, and 
died at Forest Hill in 1867. John W. C. was admitted to 
the Albemarle bar in 1830, married Catharine, sister of pro- 
fessor John A. G. Davis, and removed to Holly Springs, 
Miss. He represented that State in the Confederate Sen- 
ate during the war. Matthew P. married FHza, daugh- 
ter of Opie Norris, and removed to Southwest Virginia. 
Egbert spent his life in Charlottesville, as one of the leading 
lawyers at its bar, and Judge of the Circuit Court at the close 
of the war. He was thrice married, first to Mary, daughter 
of Opie Norris, secondly to Jane Creigh, of Greenbrier, and 
thirdly to Elizabeth, daughter of Isaac White. He died in 
1887. Dr. Daniel E. Watson, a kinsman of this family, 
came to the county from Amherst, and in 1837 bought from 
Francis B. Hart the plantation in the Rich Cove, on which 
he resided till his death in 1882. He was appointed a mag- 
istrate , in 1838. He married Mary, daughter of Henry T. 

Joseph Watson, an immigrant from Ireland, in 1832 
bought from Andrew I^eitch, agent of the Dinsmore estate, 
Orange Dale, where he lived until his death several years 


ago. His wife was Ellen lyeitch, a sister of Samuel 
I<eitch Jr. 


Jacob Watts became the owner of more than eleven hun- 
dred acres on the north fork of the Rivanna, near Piney 
Mountain. He was one of the early Methodist ministers of 
the county. He died in 1821, at the age of ninety years. 
His wife was Elizabeth, daughter of the first Richard Durrett, 
and his children William, John, Elijah, Fielding, Mildred, 
the wife of a Bruce, Mary, the wife of Hezekiah Rodes, Fran- 
ces, the wife of Joseph Edmondson, Nancy, the wife of Henry 
Austin, and Agnes, the wife of John Huckstep. The chil- 
dren of Elijah were Sarah, the wife of Kenza Stone, who 
removed to Bourbon County, Kentucky, Mildred, the wife of 
James Dickerson, Elizabeth, the wife of John O. Padgett, 
Nancy, the wife of Wiley Dickerson, and Frances, the wife 
of James Malone. 

David Watts, possibly a brother of Jacob, lived on the west 
side of the South West Mountain, south of Stony Point. He 
died in 1767. His children were John, David, Nathan, and 
Susan, the wife of William Watson. David lived in the same 
neighborhood, and died in 1817 . His wife's name was Sarah, 
and his children were Charles, who married Elizabeth Buck- 
ner, John, Philip, David, who married Ruth, daughter of 
George Twyman, Susan, the wife of Carver Thomas, Mary, 
the wife of William Breedlove, Mildred, the wife of Richard 
Breedlove, Frances and Nancy. Philip married a daughter 
of John Brown, and lived west of Mechum's Depot. His 
daughter America was the wife of Madison Kinsolving. 


George Wayt in 1773 purchased from William Twyman 
the plantation on Ivy Creek, on the north side of the White- 
hall Road, which long continued in the possession of the 
family. It is believed his wife Catharine was the daughter 
of Twyman. It is said that after his death, she became the 
wife of Elijah Garth. His children were Twyman, Tabitha, 
the wife of a Kennerly, of Augusta, Catharine, the wife of 


'aschal Garth, who removed to Todd County, Kentucky, 
''ranees, Sarah, Judith and Elizabeth. Twyman was for 
lany years associated in business with his brother-in-law, 
ohn Winn, under the firm of Wayt & Winn. He was also 
£x. Winn's successor as Postmaster of the town. His home 
yas on the northeast corner of Jefferson and Second Streets, 
he square on which it stood having been bought by him in 
815 from the executors of Jacob Kinney. He married Mary 
Johnson, of Fluvanna, and his children were Charles, John, 
Tames M., Mary, the wife of Dr. J. W. Poindexter, and Twy- 
nonia, the wife of Peter A. Woods. He died in 1861. 


Christian Wertenbaker was of German extraction. His 
irst home was in Columbia, Fluvanna County, but he re- 
noved to Milton, when that town was established. Subse- 
luently he became a citizen of Charlottesville, and in 1814 
mrchased from his brother-in-law, Joshua Grady, the farm 
)n the old Barracks Road, east of Ivy Creek, where he spent 
he remainder of his days. He died in 1833. He married 
^ary, daughter of Joshua Grady, and his children were Wil- 
iam, Edward, Thomas Jefferson, Elizabeth, the wife of John 
iValker, who removed to Pickaway County, Ohio, Susan, the 
vife of Patrick Martin, and Sarah Ann, the wife of David 

William in his youth acted as deputy Clerk and deputy 
sheriff of the county, and was admitted to the bar in 1824. 
soon after he was chosen I^ibrarian of the University, 
ind continued to be connected with the affairs of that insti- 
ution until his death in 1882. He possessed a marvellously 
iccurate recollection of all the students who had during his 
ime frequented its halls, and no figure associated with its 
scenes dwelt more familiarly in their memory than his. He 
•etained much of the manners of the old school, and the 
)ffer of his snuffbox was one of the acts of his stately cour- 
:esy to the last. For many years he was a ruling elder in the 
Presbyterian Church of Charlottesville, His wife was Ivouisa , 
laughter of I<ewis Timberlake, of Caroline. 



Benjamin Wheeler was one of the early patentees of land 
within the present limits of Albemarle. In 1734 he obtained 
the grant of six hundred acres on Mechunk, and in 1740 two 
hundred on Moore's Creek. He conveyed three hundred 
acres of his Mechunk land to Giles AUegre in 1748, and the 
remainder in 1768 to his grandson Benjamin Burgher. In 
1764 he conveyed his land on Moore's Creek to his son-in- 
law, Micajah Spradling. His children were Benjamin, Mica- 
jah, and the wives of Micajah Spradling and Manus Burgher. 
Micajah married Susan, daughter of John Woodson, and died 
about 1832. His children were John, Robert, who married 

Frances, daughter of Callum Bailey, the wife of John 

Woodson, and Mary, the wife of Tucker Page. 

Benjamin Dod Wheeler was contemporaneous with the first 
Benjamin; whether he was the son of that name, is not 
known. He became the owner of more than eight hundred 
acres on the upper waters of Moore's Creek, the greater por- 
tion of which he and his wife Ann sold to George Nicholas 
in 1788. He appears then to have removed from the county. 
A daughter Elizabeth became the wife of John Old Jr., in 

Micajah Wheeler, probably a brother of the first Benjamin, 
also bought land on Moore's Creek. He died in 1809. His 
wife's name was Sarah, and his children were Joshua, John, 
Micajah, Benjamin, Joel, Elizabeth, Sarah, the wife of Oba- 
diah Britt, and Ann, the wife of Hezekiah Collins. John in 
1814 purchased from Stephen Hughes the mill now known as 
Maury's, which he and his wife Ann sold in 1820 to John M. 
Perry and Reuben Maury. Micajah married Mary Emerson, 
bought in 1800 a parcel of land on Mechum's, west of Bates- 
ville, which in 1815 he sold to Ralph Field, and died in 1836. 
Benjamin also died in 1836. His children were Sarah, Susan, 
the wife of a Holson, Mary, the wife of Overton Ivowry, Mil- 
dred, the wife of.a Wood, and'a sou, who was the father of Ben- 
nett and Joel. Joshua died in 1838. His wife's name was 
Mary, and his children were John D., who died in 1844, Mica- 
jah, who married Julia, daughter of Benjamin Martin, and 


died in 1841, Joshua N., who married Rebecca Pollock, and 
died in 1858, Sarah, the wife of John Bailey, Kliza, the wife 
of Goodrich Garland, Matilda, the wife of James Garland, 
Elizabeth, the wife of John Martin, and James. 


John White, a native of Scotland, bought land from the 
Brockmans and Dowells on the west side of the South West 
Mountain, beginning his purchases in 1772. He married 
Mourning, daughter of Henry Shelton, and died without 
children in 1807. By his will he emancipated forty-seven 
negroes, and made provision for their removal to a free State, 
John Walker and Chiles Terrell being appointed his execu- 
tors. Jeremiah, doubtless a brother, married Jane Shelton, 
a sister of his wife. 

Conyers White came to the county from Orange in 1776, 
and purchased more than fifteen hundred acres on Buck Moun- 
tain Creek. He was succeeded by his son Crenshaw, who 
married Sarah Austin, sold his property about 1825, and emi- 
grated to Missouri. 

In 1779 Daniel White bought from William Wood the plan- 
tation on which he was living at the time, lying southwest of 
Batesville. This place he subsequently sold to Benjamin 
Ficklin. In 1812 he purchased from the trustee of Menan 
Mills the farm at the bend of Mechum's River on Broadaxe, 
which has been in the possession of the family ever since. 
He died in 1818. His wife's name was Elizabeth, and his 
children were Mary, the wife of Thomas Martin, Elizabeth, 
the wife of John Jones, Margaret, the wife of Thomas Jack- 
son, Nancy, the wife of Overton Garland, John, Henry, Wil- 
liam, who died in New Orleans in 1817, Rhoda, the wife of 
Joseph Grayson, and Felicia. Henry succeeded his father 
at the home place. He was appointed a magistrate in 1830, 
and died in 1850. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Rice 
Garland, and his children were Samuel G., and Elizabeth, 
the wife of Edward C. Hamner. 

Near the close of the last century Garrett White came to 
the county from Madison, and established his home in the 


North Garden, southwest of the Cross Roads. By his sagac- 
ity and industry he acquired a large estate, becoming the 
owner of more than two thousand acres in the North and 
South Gardens. He was appointed a magistrate in 1806, and 
served as Sheriff in 1830. He died in 1843. He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Piper, and his children were 
John, Jeremiah, who died young and unmarried, and Sarah, 
the wife of Samuel W. Martin. John displayed the energy 
and thrift of his father. He died in 1866. His wife was 
Caroline, daughter of Stephen Moore, and his children were 
Garrett, John S., Jeremiah, Frances, the wife of Alfred 
Carpenter, Mary, the wife of Nicholas M. Page, and Sarah> 
the wife of Samuel G. White. 


J.ohn Wilkinson deserves mention as one who early sought 
to develop the natural resources of the county. He came, 
it is likely, from Baltimore in 1768, and at first with Nathan- 
iel Giles and John I,ee Webster, and afterwards with John 
Old, made several purchases of land supposed to contain 
iron ore. In pursuance of the same end, he took out patents 
in 1770 for large tracts of land in the Ragged Mountains, 
and along the Hardware River. Ore was mined on Cook's 
Mountain, on Appleberry Mountain near the Cove, and on 
the north fork of Hardware, and furnaces were built on both 
the north and south forks of that stream. The business was 
not attended with success. lyitigation arose, and the lands 
of Wilkinson having been mortgaged to carry on the enter- 
prise, were sold by order of Court in 1796. Nothing is known 
of his subsequent life. He seems however to have lived in 
the southern part of the county, and died in 1813. 


The first appearance of the Wingfield name in Albemarle 
occurred in 1762. At that time Mary, the wife of John 
Wingfield, and daughter of Charles Hudson, conveyed to her 
son Charles a part of five hundred acres named Prospect, on 
which he was then living, and which she had received from 


her father. This place was manifestly situated in the Bis- 
cuit Run Valley, near the north fork of Hardware, a locality 
for a long period largely occupied by the Wingfield family. 
In 1772 Charles bought from David Glenn upwards of three 
hundred acres on the head waters of Mechum's, which in 
1783 he sold to John Piper. He died in 1803. His wife's 
name was Rachel, and his children were John, Charles, 
William, Christopher, Joseph, Francis, Mary, the wife of 
John Hamner, Ann, the wife of John Harrison, Sarah, the 
wife of a Martin, Jemima, the wife of Samuel Barksdale, and 
Elizabeth, the wife of Henley Hamner. 

John died in 1814. His wife's name was Robina, and his 
children were John, Robert, Matthew, Rebecca, the wife of a 
Gilham, Mary and Martha. John married Ann, daughter of 
John Buster, lived west of Batesville, and died in 1859. His 
children were Richard, Edward, Robert, John, and Mildred, 
the wife of a Herndon. Robert, his brother, died in 1825, and 
his children were Thomas F., Mary Ann, and John M. 
Matthew married Martha, another daughter of John Buster, 
and his children were Ann and Martha. 

Charles, long known as Charles Wingfield Jr., was ap- 
pointed a magistrate in 1794, and served as Sheriff in 1819, 
but died in one month after entering upon the ofSce. His 
home was at Bellair, on the Hardware. In 1783 he married 
Mary, daughter of Charles I^ewis Jr. ,of Buck Island, and 
widow of Colonel Charles Lewis, of North Garden, but had 
no children. In his will he mentions generally the relations 
of his wife, as well as his own. There is a tradition in the 
family that he was an Episcopal minister, but no other evi- 
dence of the fact can be found. 

Christopher lived on the Plum Orchard branch of Biscuit 
Run. He died in 1821. His wife's name was Elizabeth, and 
his children were John H., lyUcy, the wife of Allen Dawson, 
Ann Eliza, the wife of James Rosson, Charles, who married 
Margaret Rosson, and after whose death the widow became 
the wife of William Summerson, whom many remember as 
the aged page of the County Court, and William. John H. 
and William removed to Nelson County. 


Francis lived in the Biscuit Run valley, at the foot of Car- 
ter's Mountain. His children were Mary, the wife of Robert 
Gentry, Thomas, Francis, Charles M., Ann, the wife of 
I^ittleton Chick, and John. John removed to Hanover. 
His children were Alonzo, Chastain, Henrietta, Agnes, Eliza- 
beth and Charles. 

Other members of the family who came to the county be- 
sides Charles, were Edward and Reuben. Edward died in 
1806. His wife was Nancy Hazelrig, and his children Joseph 
F., John, Mary, the wife of lyarkin Hudson, Amanda, the 
wife of Rice Bailey, Sarah, the wife of William Stewardson, 
Edward W. G. , Robina, the wife of James Martin, and 
Matthew. The children of Reuben, who died in 1842, were 
Sarah, Mary R., IvUcetta, John O., Anderson and Edward. 

Charles Wingfield, no doubt of the same stem, but of a 
different branch, came to the county from Hanover in the 
early part of the century, married Cary Ann, daughter of 
Lewis Nicholas, became a Baptist minister, and died in 1864. 
His children were Frances, the wife of Waddy Roberts, 
Mary, the wife of John A. Mosby, Sarah, the wife of John 
Morris, Maria, the wife of Robert Thornton, Julia, the 
wife of John P. Roberts, Edmonia, John, George and 
Dr. Charles L. 


John Winn came from Fluvanna, and settled in Charlottes- 
ville in the early part of the century. As the partner of 
Twyman Wayt, he was for a long time one of the principal 
merchants of the town, and its Postmaster. He also dealt 
considerably in real estate. In 1813 he purchased from John 
Carr his seat of Belmont, where he resided until his death 
in 1835. His wife was Miss Johnson, a sister of Mrs. Wayt, 
and of Michael Johnson, who married Sophia, daughter of 
Jesse I^ewis, and whose home was about a mile south of 
Jesse ly. Maury's residence. His children were Benjamin, 
John J., William, Thomas, Elizabeth, the wife of George R. 
King, of l/ouisiana, Mary, the wife of John A. Gretter, Mar- 
tha, the wife of David Gretter — these gentlemen were brothers 
from North Carolina — and Sarah, the wife of John Y. Bar- 


rett, who was a partner of George M. Mclntire in the dru 
business, and eventually removed to Amherst. Benjami 
married Mary J., daughter of Ira Garrett, and removed t 
Amherst, near Pedlar Mills. John J. married Alice, daughte 
of Rice W. Wood, and lived the latter part of his life in Hilli 
boro, where he died in 1885. 


Henry Wood, the first Clerk of Goochland, was one of tl 
earliest patentees of land within the present limits of Albe 
marie. In 1734 and 1739 he was granted twenty-six hundre 
and fifty acres on Buck Island, part at its mouth, and pa 
where the late Christopher Gilmer lived, called the Uppe 
Plantation. His son Valentine became a resident of the count] 
and was appointed one of its magistrates in 1746. When h 
father died in 1757, he returned to Goochland, and succeede 
him in the Clerk's office. After his death his family again fixe 
their residence in Albemarle. His wife was Lucy Henry, 
sister of the great orator, and his children Henry, Martha, tl 
wife of Stephen Southall, Mary, the wife of Judge Peter Johi 
ston, and mother of General Joseph E. Johnston, lyUcy, tl 
second wife of Edward Carter, John H. , William and Jan( 
Their land in Albemarle was sold, the largest portion, nearl 
twelve hundred acres, to John R. Campbell in 1815, whe 
the family transferred their residence to Fluvanna. Mri 
l/ucy Wood died there about 1826. John H. was the onl 
son who married. His wife was Elizabeth, daughter < 
Charles Spencer. A son, Valentine, died in infancy in 182; 
and a daughter, Mary, survived him, Richard Duke bein 
appointed her guardian in 1827. 

Josiah Wood in 1741 patented four hundred acres on Buc 
Mountain Creek. In 1769 he bought land on the west sid 
of the South West Mountain, which in 1787 he and his wil 
Marj' sold to Claiborne Rothwell. He also purchased 
tract of more than fifteen hundred acres which lay at tt 
junction of the Buck Mountain and Hydraulic Mills Roads 
which had been apparently entered by Major John Henrj 
father of the orator, and which in later times came into th 


possession of Nelson Barksdale and George Crank. This 
land in 1792 he divided between his sons David and John. 
John in 1801 was succeeded by Horsley Goodman as Major 
of the Second Battalion of the Eighty-Eighth Regiment, sold 
his land to John Clarkson, and probably removed from the 
county. David in 1781 married Mildred, daughter of Colonel 
Nicholas Ivewis, of the Farm. His home was on Buck 
Mountain Creek, not far from Webb's Mountain. He was 
appointed a magistrate in 1801, and died in 1816. His 
children were Thomas W., Nicholas t,., Robert W., William 
E., John W. , David, Maria, the wife of James Clarkson^ 
who removed to Kanawha, and Margaret, the wife of Dr. 
James B. Rogers. Thomas lived adjacent to his father's place, 
was appointed Colonel of the Eighty-Eighth Regiment in 1814, 
and a magistrate in 1816, and died in 1831. His wife was Su- 
san, daughter of Joseph H. Irvin, who after his death was mar- 
ried to John Fray. His children were Dr. Alfred, Mildred, the 
wife of Jeremiah A. Early, and Mary Ann. Nicholas lived 

near his brother, married Nancy ■, and removed to- 

Tipton County, Tennessee. Robert married Mary Ann Mil- 
ler, lived south of Ivy Depot, and afterwards on the north 
side of Moorman's River, and died in 1839. William mar- 
ried Pamela, daughter of John Dickerson, and emigrated to 
Missouri. John married Amelia Harris, and removed ta 
Richmond. David died young. 

The name of Wood in the vicinity of Batesville was rep- 
resented by a number of different families, and it is some- 
what difficult to trace their respective lines. William Wood 
first appears, who about 1760 bought land from John Eeake 
and others on the head waters of Mechum's. He seems to 
have had five sons, John, William, Isaac, Abner and Jesse. 
In 1801 he purchased from the trustees of Edward Broadus 
the old Josiah Wallace place, which included Mechum's 
Depot. He died in 1808. His son John in 1813 sold the 
Wallace place to George Price, of Orange, who two years 
later sold it to James Kinsolving. The name of John's wife 
was Elizabeth, and she was probably the daughter of Jere- 
miah Yancey. William dealt quite actively in real estate. 


'.t was he who in 1779 sold to Daniel White the plantation 
lear Mount Ed Church, on which the latter resided for more 
ban thirty years. He was much concerned in military 
natters, was for many years Captain of his neighborhood 
:ompany of militia, and was appointed Major of the Second 
Battalion of the Forty-Seventh Regiment. He died in 1820. 
Se was probably twice married, first to Martha, daughter of 

3avid Glenn, and secondly to Elizabeth . His chil- 

iren were Riqe, Jesse, Elizabeth, the wife of John Brown, 
David, Nancy, the wife of Joseph Watson, William, Milton, 
Tohn and Clifton. Rice, whose wife's name was Elizabeth, 
laughter of David Burgher, and perhaps others of this family 
;migrated to Missouri. Isaac seems to have lived in the 
ork of Mechum's, east of Yellow Mountain. He married 
5usan, daughter of Captain William Grayson. His son John 
was the owner of eleven hundred acres near Batesville. John 
n 1788 married Mary, daughter of Reuben Terrell, and died 
n 1843. His children were Mildred, the wife of Henry Pem- 
jerton, Sarah, the wife of Hudson Barksdale, Elmira, the 
mie of William G. Barksdale, Mary, the wife of I^ewis Poates, 
LyUcy, the wife of Elijah Brown, Reuben, Isaac, John T., 
lames M., Susan, Jerome B., Richard and William I^. Ab- 
aer and his wife Mary sold their property in 1795, and appar- 
ently removed from the county. Jesse married Mildred, the 
widow of Reuben Terrell, and died in 1824. His children 
were William, Mildred, the wife of Ralph Field, Sarah, the 
ivife of John Field, Elmira, the wife of Joseph Field, and 
ifterwards of John Robinson, Jesse and Richard. William 
married Nancy, daughter of Robert Field, and died in 1833. 
His children were Nancy, the wife of John Dollins, William, 
Mary, Elizabeth, the wife of a Stone and Edward. Jesse 
Jr. died in 1829. His children were Thomas G., Mildred, 
Jane, and Richard Walker. His wife, whose name was Lucy 
Wood, was subsequently married to Hudson Oaks. 

A John Wood, who lived in the same section, and died 
about 1792, married Eleanor, daughter of Solomon Israel. 
His children were Solomon, William J., Sarah, Mary Ann, 
the wife of Reuben Woody, Susan, the wife of Jonathan 


Boiling, Elizabeth, the wife of John Clack, and Mildred, the 
wife of Reuben Mitchell. Many of this family removed to 
Barren County, Kentucky. A William Wood also lived in 
the same section. His wife's name was Mildred, and his 
children were Jesse, who was distinguished by the affix of 
Cull — whether because he came from Culpeper, or for another 
reason, is not known — and Mildred, the wife of Jechonias 

In 1774 David Wood came from I,ouisa, and purchased 
land from David Watts, on the west side of the South West 
Mountain. In that section he established his home. He 
died in 1813. His wife was a Watson of the Green Spring 
family, and his children Martha, the wife of Nathaniel 
Thomason, Elizabeth, the wife of Micajah Carr, Mary, the 
wife of John Sandridge, who emigrated to Green County, 
Kentucky, Drury, l/ucy, the wife of Elisha D. Gilliam, who 
removed to Christian County, Kentucky, Henrietta, the 
wife of James Jefiries, Nancy, the wife of Meekins Carr, 
James, Sarah, the wife of a Goocb, who emigrated to Ivincoln 
County, Kentucky, and Ann, the wife of Barnett Smith. 
Drury resided at Park Hill, opposite the bend of the north 
fork of the Rivanna, near Stony Point. As a man of busi- 
ness he was judicious and energetic, and acquired a large 
estate. He died in 1841. He married Malinda, daughter of 
John Carr, and his children were Sarah, the wife of Nathan- 
iel Burnley, James, who married Frances, daughter of Han- 
cock Allen, David, who married IvUcy, daughter of Richard 
Duke, William, George, Fendall — these five brothers emi- 
grated to West Tennessee — Rice W. , Thomas, Drury, Mary, 
the wife of Robert Durrett, Martha, the wife of James D. 
Allen, and Caroline, the wife of Thomas J. Early. Rice 
was admitted to the bar in 1821, and represented the county 
in the House of Delegates. He died in 1831, on the thres- 
hold of a promising career. His wife was Sarah Donahoe, 
of Staunton, and his children Cornelia, the wife of George 
D. Brent, Alice, the wife of John J. Winn, Mary and Antoin- 
ette. Thomas was admitted to the bar in 1830 — at the time 
of his death its oldest member — and was also a member of 


the IvCgislature. He was twice married, first to Mary Morton, 
of Prince EJdward, and secondly to Mrs. Sturdivant, of Wash- 
ington City. He died without children in 1895. Drury also 
became a member of the bar in 1842. 

In 1779 William Wood came from Maryland, and bought 
land on the west fork of Priddy's Creek. He was the ances- 
tor of nearly all the families of the name who have resided in 
the northern part of the county. About the same period there 
came from the same State, and settled in the same neighbor- 
hood, Thomas Wills and John Turner, and a few years later 
Michael Catterton, Samuel Wills, John Ward and John 


The first Woods who settled in Albemarle was Michael, who 
was born in the north of Ireland in 1684, and with his wife 
Mary Campbell, and most of his children, came to this coun- 
try sometime in the decade of 1720. I^anding on the banks of 
the Delaware, he spent some years in I^ancaster County, Penn- 
sylvania, thence ascended the Valley of Virginia, and crossed 
the Blue Ridge by Woods's Gap in 1734. In 1737 he entered 
more than thirteen hundred acres on Mechum's River and 
lyickinghole, and the same day purchased two thousand acres 
patented two years before by Charles Hudson, and situated 
on the head waters of Ivy Creek. It is believed he was the 
first settler in western Albemarle, and perhaps anywhere 
along the east foot of the Blue Ridge in Virginia. His home 
was near the mouth of Woods's Gap. He died in 1762, and 
was interred in the family burying ground about a hundred 
yards from the dwelling. His tombstone was standing iust 
after the Civil War, when it was broken to pieces and disap- 
peared ; but a fragment discovered a few years ago indicated 
the year of his birth. His will is on record, in which are 
mentioned three sons and three daughters, Archibald, John, 
William, Sarah, the wife of Joseph Lapsley, of Rockbridge, 
Hannah, the wife of William Wallace, and Margaret, the 
wife of Andrew Wallace. 

Archibald, whose wife's name was Isabella, was one of his 
father's executors, and in 1767 joined with John, his co-exec- 


utor, in conveying nearly seven hundred acres of the land on 
Ivy Creek to Rev. James Maury. In 1771 he purchased land 
on Catawba Creek in Botetourt County, now Roanoke, and 
removed thither about that time. He died in 1783. His chil- 
dren were James, who removed to Fayette County, Kentucky, 
John, Archibald, Andrew and Joseph. Joseph died in Roa- 
noke about 1840, devising half of his property to the Presby- 
tery of Montgomery. The descendants of John are still 
citizens of that county, his grandsons John W. being the 
present Judge of Roanoke City, and James P. its present 

John lived on Mechum's River, not far above the Depot of 
that name. In 1745 he was sent as a Commissioner to pros- 
ecute before the Presbytery of Donegal in Pennsylvania, a 
call which the churches of Rockfish and Mountain Plains 
had given to Rev. John Hindman. He is the only one of the 
original family, the dates of whose life are certainly known. 
He was born February 19th, 1712, and died October 14th, 
1791. He married Susanna, daughter of Rev. James Anderson, 
whom he knew as a child in Pennsylvania, and whom years 
later he returned to woo as his wife. His children were 
Michael, James, Susan, Mary, I^uta and Ann. Michael 
lived on his father's place on Mechum's till about 1801, when 
he removed to a farm in Nelson on the south fork of Rock- 
fish, recently occupied by Charles Harris. His wife was 
Fsther Carothers, of Rockbridge, and his children were Wil- 
liam M., Mary, the wife of Hugh Barclay, Susan, the wife of 
Nathaniel Massie, John, James and Samuel. William M. 
was twice married, first to I^ouisa, daughter of William S. 
Dabney Sr., and secondly to Martha, daughter of Charles A. 
Scott. He left eight children, who removed to Mississippi. 
His brothers, John, James, and Samuel, who married Sarah, 
daughter of John Rodes, emigrated to Marion County, Mis- 
souri. James (1748-1823) was an officer in the Revolution- 
ary army, married Mary, daughter of James Garland, of 
North Garden, and removed to Garrard County, Kentucky, 
where he had a family of twelve children. Susan became 
the wife of Daniel Miller, who removed to Kentucky, and 


rom whom descended General John Miller, who fell at Per- 
yville on the Federal side, Mary, the wife of John Reid, 
vUta, of Samuel Reid, and Ann, of James Reid and after- 
wards the second wife of her cousin William Woods. 
William, no doubt the oldest of the family and born in 
706, succeeded his father at Mountain Plains, the old home- 
tead. He seems to have been unfortunate in his business- 
ffairs. Twice he mortgaged his property, first to Thomas 
Valker, and then to a number of Valley men, among whom 
?erehis brother-in-law, John Bowyer, and his nephew, Sam- 
lel McDowell. At length in 1774 he made sale of it to Thomas 
^dams, of Augusta. At that time he was living in Fincastle 
bounty. His wife was Susanna, a sister of his brother-in- 
aw, William Wallace, and his children, Adam, Michael, 
'eter, John, Andrew, Archibald, William, Sarah, the wife oi 
: Shirkey, Susan, and Mary, the wife of George Davidson. 
^11 the children except William emigrated to Kentucky, and 
rom there some went to Tennessee, and some to Missouri, 
^dam, Peter and Andrew became Baptist preachers. Archi- 
)ald is mentioned in Hening's Statutes as a trustee of the 
he towns of Boonesboro and Milford, Ky. , and in that State 
le died in 1838 , at the age of eighty - nine. William remained 
n Albemarle. He lived on Beaver Creek, about a mile north 
>f Crozet ; on this account, as there were two other William 
Voodses contemporaneous, he was commonly known as 
Jeaver Creek Billy. In many respects he was a remarkable 
nan, in his sphere somewhat of a born ruler, of fine sense, 
ind great decision. Many amusing stories have been told of 
lis management of men and things, particularly of his foster- 
ng care over Mountain Plains Church. He died in 1836, 
linety-two years of age. He was married three times, first 
o his cousin Sarah Wallace, next to his cousin Ann Reid, 
md thirdly to Mrs. Nancy Richardson. He had one son, 
William, who married Mary, daughter of William Jarman, 
md died in 1829. Their children were James, who lived on 
Jeaver Creek, married Ann Jones, of Bedford, and died in 
868, William, who lived near Crozet, married Nancy, the 
laughter of John Jones, and died in 1850, Peter A., who was 

/ — 23 J 


a merchant in Charlottesville and Richmond, married Twy- 
monia Wayt, and afterwards Mrs. Mary Poage Bourland, of 
Augusta, and died in 1870, Thomas D., who married Miss 
Hagan, lived near Pedlar Mills in Amherst, and died in 1894, 
and Sarah J., the wife of Jesse P. Key. 

According to credible evidence, Michael Woods and his 
wife Mary Campbell had two sons and two daughters in addi- 
tion to those just mentioned, Michael, Andrew, Magdalen 
and Martha. Michael lived southwest of Ivy Depot till 1773, 
when with his wife Ann he removed to a plantation in Bote- 
tourt, on the south side of James River, a few miles below 
Buchanan. He died in 1777, leaving eleven children, among 
whom were Samuel, from whom descended Rev. Neander M. 
Woods, of Memphis, and Rev. William H. Woods, of Balti- 
more, and William. William remained in Albemarle, and 
became a Baptist minister, on which account he was known 
as Baptist Billy. His home was also southwest of Ivy. He 
represented the county in the House of Delegates in 1799, and 
in 1810 removed to Livingston County, Kentucky, where he 
died in 1819. His wife was Joanna, daughter of Christopher 
Shepherd, and his children Micajah, David, Mary, John, and 
Susan, the wife of Henry Williams. Micajah resided in Al- 
bemarle, was appointed a magistrate in 1816, served as Sher- 
iff in 1836, and while filling that ofi&ce died at his country 
seat near Ivy in 1837. He was twice married, first to I^ucy 
Walker, and secondly to Sarah, daughter of John Rodes, and 
widow of William Davenport. His children by the first mar- 
riage were Martha, the wife of John Wilson, Mary, the wife 
of James Garth, Elizabeth, the wife of John Humphreys, and 
Henry, who died young, and by the second William S., who 
died unmarried, and Dr. John R., still pleasantly remem- 
bered in the community. 

Andrew lived at the foot of the Blue Ridge near Green- 
wood Depot, a few hundred yards south of the brick mansion, 
long the home of Michael Wallace's family. He owned 
nearly five hundred acres in that vicinity, and nearly nine 
hundred at the foot of Armor's Mountain. He sold his prop- 
erty in 1765, and removed to Botetourt. He was one of the 


first magistrates of that county, and was appointed its Sher- 
iff in 1777. His home was about nine miles south of Buch- 
anan, not far from the Mill Creek Church. He died in 1781. 
His wife was Martha, daughter of Robert Poage, of Augusta, 
and his children James, who lived and died in Montgomery 
County, on the north fork of Roanoke, and whose descend- 
ants removed to Nashville, Tenn., Robert, Andrew, Ar- 
chibald, who all removed to the vicinity of Wheeling in Ohio 
County, Elizabeth, the wife of David Cloyd, of Rockbridge, 
Rebecca, the wife of Isaac Kelly, of Bedford, Mary, the wife 
of James Poage, who removed to Mason County, Kentucky, 
and then to Ripley, Ohio, and Martha, the wife of Henry 
Walker, of Botetourt. Archibald married his cousin Ann, 
daughter of Thomas Poage, of Augusta, represented Ohio 
County in the House of Delegates, and the Constitutional 
Convention of 1788, and when he died in 1846, had been for 
many years the senior magistrate of that county. The writer 
of these notes is his grandson. 

Magdalen Woods was married successively to John Mc- 
Dowell, benjamin Burden Jr., and John Bowyer. She is said 
to have lived to the age of one hundred and four years. Her 
children were Samuel, James, and Sarah McDowell, the latter 
the wife of George Moffett, and Martha Burden, the wife of 
Benjamin Hawkins. Martha Woods was the wife of Peter 

Another branch of the Woodses, though beyond question 
of the same stock, came to the county a few years later. 
James, Samuel and Richard Woods were most probably 
brothers. James first appears in 1749, when he patented 
two hundred acres on Stockton's Creek. He lived on the 
north fork of Rockfish, and at his house the District Com- 
mittee met in 1775 to devise measures in furtherance of the 
Revolution. Samuel lived in the same section. He was one 
of the original purchasers of lots in Charlottesville. He died 
in 1784. His children were Barbara, the wife of George 
Martin, Margaret, the wife of Richard Netherland, who re- 
moved to Sullivan County, Tennessee, John B., Mary, the 
wife of Benjamin Harris, Jane, the wife of Joseph Montgom- 


ery, and Elizabeth, the wife of William B. Harris. Richard 
lived north of Taylor's Gap, on the road from D. S. to Rock- 
fish Gap by way of the Miller School, a road which he is 
said to have laid out, and which is still called by his name. 
He dealt largely in real estate both in Charlottesville and the 

county. He was twice married, first to Margaret , and 

secondly to Eliza Ann, a sister of Colonel John Stuart, of 
Greenbrier. His children were William, George Matthews, 
Richard, and Elizabeth, the wife of James Brooks. He died 
in 1801. William succeeded his father at the homestead near 
Taylor's Gap. He was the County Surveyor from 1796 to 
1828, whence he was generally known as Surveyor Billy. 
He was appointed a magistrate in 1816, succeeded Micajah 
Woods in the Sheriffalty, and was a ruling elder in Mountain 
Plains Church. He and his brother George gave much atten- 
tion to improving the breed of horses, bringing to the county 
a number of sires from the stud of John Randolph of Roa- 
noke. His wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Jacob Warwick, 
of Bath, but he died without children in 1850. George lived 
on the opposite side of the road from his brother, filled for 
many years the ofSce of Commissioner of the Revenue for St. 
Anne's, and died in 1847. He married Jane, daughter of 
Sampson Matthews, of Bath, and his children were John, 
Sampson I,., William, Andrew, J. Warwick, George, Mary, 
the wife of Tillotson Janney, and Martha, the wife of Dr. 
Day. The daughters and their husbands removed to I^ewis 
County. Richard was deputy Surveyor under his brother, 
and died unmarried in 1822. His place was near the Miller 
School, and is now in the possession of Thomas G. Michie. 


In 1769 Tucker Woodson became the deputy Clerk of 
Albemarle. He was the son of Tucker Woodson, of Gooch- 
land, and his wife Sarah Hughes. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of John Moore, and his home was on the land just 
north and west of Charlottesville, given to his wife by her 
father. He died in 1779; and in 1782 his widow became the 
wife of Major Joseph Crockett, an officer of the Revolution- 


ry army, who soon after removed to Kentucky. Tucker 
Voodson left two sons, Tucker Moore and Samuel Hughes, 
fucker M. about the beginning of the century purchased a 
onsiderable amount of real estate in town and county, 
.mong other places the plantation of Viewmont, which in 
803 he sold to Captain John Harris. The next year he 
emoved to Kentucky. His wife was Martha Eppes, daugh- 
er of Charles Hudson. Samuel had emigrated to Kentucky 
ome years before. He received from his mother her land 
idjoining Charlottesville, and part of it he sold to Charles 
Touett in 1799, and the remainder to Alexander Garrett in 
.808. He became Clerk of Jessamine County, Kentucky, 
md in 1821 represented his district in Congress. 

In 1769 John Woodson, of Goochland, most probably a 
lalf-brother of Tucker, bought land on the head waters of 
;vy Creek, He departed this life in 1779. His wife's 
lame was Klizabeth, and his children were Tarleton, Susan, 
he wife of Micajah Wheeler, and Sarah, the wife of John 
Sverett. Tarleton is believed to have married Annis, 
laughter of Augustine Shepherd, and his children were 
Tarleton, Augustine and Prior. Prior married Josephine 
^bell, and was the father of John, who recently died on or 
lear the same land his ancestor had purchased more than a 
:eutury and a quarter before. 

In later years, about 1835, Thomas Woodson came to 
[Charlottesville from Goochland. He was for many years one 
jf the teachers of the town, and a ruling elder in the Presby- 
:erian Church. He died in 1862. He was twice married, 
irst to a sister of James C. Halsall, a member of the Albe- 
narle bar, and secondly to Clarissa, daughter of D. Ferrell 
Darr. His daughter Mary became the wife of Charles C. 
Preston, of Southwest Virginia. 


Jeremiah Yancey was the first of the name who settled in 
(Albemarle. He purchased land on Moorman's River in 
L765, and during the next few years patented several small 
;racts on Buck's Elbow. He died in 1789. His wife's name 


was Margaret, and his children were Robert, Charles, Mary, 
the wife of David Rodes, Elizabeth, the wife of John Wood, 
Jechonias and Joel. Jechonias married Mildred, a sister of 
Jesse Wood, Cull, was appointed a magistrate in 1807, and 
died in 1820. His children were Jeremiah, a soldier of the 
United States army, who died in 1828, William, Charles, 
David, Martha and Joel. Joel, the brother of Jechonias, 
married Martha, daughter of David Rodes, and in 1811 
removed to Barren County, Kentucky. 

Charles Yancey, who was a prominent man in the early 
part of the century, was the son of Robert Yancey, of Buck- 
ingham. An energetic man of business, he conducted a 
tavern, store, mill and distillery at what was afterwards 
May's, and still later Cocke's, Tavern. This was originally 
the location of the postoffice called Yancey's Mills, and 
though transferred to the more important centre of Hills - 
boro, the old name is retained. Mr. Yancey was appointed 
a magistrate in 1796, became Colonel of the Forty-Seventh 
Regiment in 1806, and served as Sheriff in 1821. He was 
twice married, first to Sarah, daughter of Robert Field, and 
secondly to Jane Alexander. His children by the first mar- 
riage were Jeremiah, Joel, Charles and Robert, and by the 
second Jechonias, Sarah, the wife of J. W. Ralls, Alexander 
K. and Jane. Jeremiah married Sarah, daughter of Clai- 
borne Rothwell. He and his brother Joel built the mill on 
lyickinghole near Crozet about 1820, and sold it in 1822 to 
Philip S. Pleasants. Alexander K. married Sarah, daugh- 
ter of Col. John S. Farrar, transacted business as a mer- 
chant in Hillsboro, and died in 1889. 


John Yergain came to the county in the latter part of the 
last century, probably from Tidewater Virginia. He was a 
resident of Charlottesville in 1796, and in that year obtained 
a license for keeping an ordinary. He subsequently bought 
one of the houses that are situated to the east of the Parish 
House, and there for many years kept a store, chiefly for 
the sale of liquor. He never married, and lived alone. 


lard and parsimonious, he hoarded his earnings, and was 
eputed to be rich ; and this impression was strengthened 
ly his mode of living, and the jealous care he took in his 
atter years to barricade his door against all who approached. 
L report prevailed that he had a large amount of specie 
luried in his cellar. Altogether from his peculiar habits, 
lis solitary life, and the rumors of his hidden wealth, he 
fas an object of great curiosity in the community. He died 
n 1837. The reports of his concealed treasure were verified 
ifter his death, but its amount fell far short of the general 
lupposition. A relative named William Lee appeared from 
■^ew Kent, and administered on his estate. 


The people destined to be "wanderers among the nations," 
lave been represented in Albemarle from the earliest times. 
'.n 1757 Michael Israel patented eighty acres in North Garden 
lear Stockton's Thoroughfare, which he and his wife Sarah 
■old in 1770 to William Williams, of Goochland. It will be 
;een he was one of the Border Rangers. In 1772 he purchased 
nore than three hundred acres on Mechum's River in the 
same section, which he sold in 1779. Solomon Israel, a 
jrother or son, bought in the same neighborhood in 1764. 
Sleanor, a daughter of Solomon, was the wife of John Wood, 
md in 1783 Solomon gave his land to his grandson, Solomon 
WTood. Whether the Israels died in the county, or removed 
ilsewhere, is not known, but their name has been left as a 
permanent memorial. The conspicuous pass through the 
Mountains between North Garden and Batesville, is no 
onger Stockton's Thoroughfare, but Israel's Gap. 
- Isaiah Isaacs died in Charlottesville in 1806, leaving six 
;hildren, Frances, Isaiah, Henrietta, David, Martha and 
Bays. They for the most part removed to Richmond. 
David remained in Charlottesville, was one of its merchants 
n the decade of 1820, was the owner of a number of lots on 
Main Street, and died in 1837. One of his sisters was a 
nilliner of the place at the same date. Jacob and Raphael 
vere also Jewish merchants in Charlottesville at that period, 


and besides their business there, they at the same time con- 
ducted stores at Stony Point and Port Republic. 


In early times a number of persons came to the county 
from Italy and France. They were induced to this step by 
the influence of Mr. Jefferson, who in his comprehensive 
views of things sought to promote in this country the culti- 
vation of the vine. Foremost among them was Dr. Philip 
Mazzei. He settled here in 1774, and to be a neighbor of 
Mr. Jefferson fixed his residence at Colle. He was warmly 
interested in the American cause during the Revolution, and 
to promote its interests went back to Europe in 1779. He 
visited this country again in 1785, presumably to dispose of 
his property, but soon returned permanently to his former 
home, where he died in 1816. 

About the same time came the family of Gianniny, descend- 
ants of which are still living in the county. In 1784 Anthony 
Gianniny bought land on Buck Island Creek. In 1792 he 
petitioned for liberty to build a mill on that stream. One of 
the same name, no doubt a son, became a Baptist minister, 
and was licensed to celebrate the rites of matrimony in 1807. 
A Nicholas Gianniny was one of his sureties. 

Peter Plumard de Rieux bought a hundred and fifty acres 
south of Milton, which in 1790 he sold to Anthony Mullins, 
and which afterwards became a part of Mr. Monroe's estate. 
He then purchased a house and one hundred and thirty acres 
on the west side of Charlottesville, which in 1795 he conveyed 
to Colonel Thomas Bell to pay his debts. His daughter 
Sarah was bound in 1801 to Mrs. Samuel Taliaferro. Claude 
de Iva Cour died in the county in 1789. His will written in 
French is on record. In 1809 Charles Elvy Bezet was the 
owner of a parcel of ground west of Charlottesville, extend- 
ing from the Staunton to the Barracks Road. There appear 
also the names of De Prado, Colecassieu, I,a Porte and 
Modena. In 1820 Francis Modena, who was a carriage 
maker by trade, became the owner of lyot Forty on Main 


Street, which he and his wife Mary subsequently sold to 
Dabney Minor. 

In later times D'Alphonse came to the county as Instructor 
in Gymnastics at the University. He purchased the tract of 
land which is still known to the older citizens as D'Alphonse's 
Garden. It lies in the southwest angle of the intersection 
of the Whitehall Road and the Southern Railroad. During 
his residence he was popular among the students. When the 
war broke out, he went North and joined the Federal army. 
He came back to Charlottesville with Sheridan as a Captain 
of cavalry. When hostilities were past he returned, propos- 
ing to occupy his old place at the University; but the coun- 
tenances of students and people were turned on him so coldly, 
that he shook off the dust of his feet, and quit Virginia in 

Another distinguished foreigner was connected with Albe- 
marle. Thaddeus Kosciusko, the illustrious Pole,, who per- 
formed so gallant a part in the war of the Revolution, made 
his will while in this country. On returning to Europe, he 
left it with Mr. Jefferson, whom he had appointed his execu- 
tor. When Mr. Jefferson heard of his death in 1817, he had 
it recorded in the office of the Albemarle Circuit Court, where 
the original document remained on file until May, 1875. At 
that time, in response to a resolution of the General Assem- 
bly, the Court ordered it to be transmitted to the Secretary 
of the Commonwealth, to be deposited for preservation in 
the State L,ibrary. 




The original of the following- Call was found by Mr. Nicholas 
Black in looking over the papers of his uncle, the late Thomas Black. 
It was published in the Charlottesville Chronicle of March 21st, 1879. 

Ivy Crebk, March 29, 1747. 
Whereas it is agreed or proposed that ye Inhabitants of Ivy Creek 
and ye Mountain Plain Congregation joyu together with ye Congre- 
gation of Rockfish, to call and invite ye Reverend Samuel Black, now 
Residing in ye bounds of ye Reverend Mr. John Craig's Congrega- 
tion, to be our Minister and Pastor to administer ye ordinances of ye 
Gospel among us : All we, whose names are hereunto aflBxed, do 
promise and oblige ourselves to pay yearly and every year ye several 
sums annexed to our names, for ye outward support and Incourage- 
ment of ye said Mr. Samuel Black during his abode and continuance 
among us, for ye one half of his Ivabor in ye Administration of Gos- 
pel Ordinances to us in an orderly way, according to ye Rules and 
Practice of our Orthodox Reformed Presbyterian Church : as Wit- 
ness our hands. 

Michael Woods 
William Woods 
Archibald Woods 
William Wallace 
Andrew Wallace 
John Woods Sr. 
John Greer 
Thomas Ivockhart 
Peter Hairston 
Adam Gaudylock 
Michael Woods Jr. 
William McCord 
John Gamble 
Davis Stockton 
Hugh Dobbins 
David Lewis 
James Gamble 
Charles Lambert 
John Monday 
Thomas Evins 
Thomas Wright 
William Little 
Kathan Woods 



D. £ S. D. 



Samuel Jameson 

1 00 



John Lockhart 




Hendry Burch 




Thomas Alexander 



Patrick Woods 

8 2 


John McCuUoch 



William Ogans 

12 6 


William Chamberlain 



Thomas Craig 



John Thompson 



John Corban 

6 2 


Hendry Carr 

S 2Y2 


James Weir 

12 2 



Robert McNeilly 

6 2 


John Dicky 

6 1 


William Norris 

6 1 


John Kincaid 



John Woods Jr. 



John Jameson 



Benjamin Wheeler 



W. Bucknall 



2j^ John Burrisse 



3 Robert Stewart 

5 2 



Tames Kincaid 
Andrew McWilliams 
Jeorg-e Dawson 
Toseph Kincaid 
Tohn McCord 
Archibald Woods 










William Whiteside 
William Bustard 
Thomas Whiteside 
Matthew MuUins 
Richard Stockton 






Albemarle Company of Militia, lately in actual service for the 
lefence and protection of the frontier ag-ainst the Indians, September, 
758. Heuing-'s Statutes, VII, 203. 

ames Nevill, Captain 

ohn Woods, Lieut. 

V^illiam Woods, Lieut. 

Villiam Woods, Ensig-n 

)avid Martin, Ensign 

Lndrew Greer, Serg-eant 

Iharles Wakefield, Sergeant 

Villiam Martin, Sergeant 

Samuel Stockton 

^homas Jameson 

lugh Alexander 

lobert Poage 

ohn Wallace 

idam Gaudylock 

lichael Woods Jr. 

Jartholomew Ramsay 

[eury Randolph 

Villiam Stockton 

lichael Israel 

ames Kiukead 

'homas Harbet 

[eury Brenton 

oshua Woods 

Jexander Jameson 


ohn Maupin 

T^illiam Maupin 

tatthew Mullins 

Samuel Woods 
William Whiteside 
David Gass 
Abraham Howard 
Thomas Grubbs 
John Cowan 
George Breckenridge 
William Poage 
William Wakefield 
William Cartie 
Charles Hughes 
Langdon Depriest 
Aaron Hughes 
John Depriest 
James Glenn 
James Robertson 
Charles Crawford 
John Biggs 
John McAnally 
Robert McWhorter 
Richard Pry or 
James Martin 
Michael Morrison 
James Morrison 
Adam Lackie 
Alexander McMulen 
Ivawrence Smith 
Matthias Hughes 


Extracts from memoranda connected with the Revolution, found 
mong the papers of Dr. George Gilmer. 
The following volunteers in the Independent Companies of Albe- 



marie County bound themselves' to the ensuing Resolves by sub- 
scribing- thereto : 

1. Should they fail or fly back, they should be held unworthy of 
the rights of freemen, and as inimical to the cause of America. 

2. Any one elected as Captain, lyieutenant, or Ensign, and refus- 
ing to serve, shall pay, the first ;^2S, the second £1S, and the third 
;£'10, for the use of the Company. 

3. To obey the officers by themselves elected, muster four times a 
year, provide gun, shot-pouch and powder horn, and appear on duty 
in hunting shirt. 

*Charles L,ewis, Captain 
*George Gilmer, Lieut. 
*John Marks, Lieut. 

John Harvie, Ensign 

William Simms, Sergeant 
*William "Wood, Sergeant 
*William T. Lewis, Sergeant 
*John Martin, Sergeant 
*Pred Wm. Wills, Corporal 
*Thomas Martin Jr., Corporal 

Patrick Napier, Corporal 
*David Allen, Corporal 
*John Lowry, Drummer 
*Edward Garland 
*John Henderson 
*Isaac Wood 
*Ealvy Frazier 

Samuel Carr 

John Watkins 

Micajah Defoe 

John Wood 

David Dalton 

Shadrach Battles 
J. S. Logan 
J. S. Lisle 
William Flint 
Roger Shackelford 
John Dickerson 
Edward Hughes 
Stephen Hughes 
J. S. Dudley 
J. S. Stephenson 
John Coles 

*Charles L. Lewis 

*James Quarles 
Isaac Davis 
Spencer Norvell 

*Reuben Lindsay 
Robert Martin Jr. 

*William Johnson 
James Lewis 
Edward Carter 
Turner Richardson 

George Thompson 

Those marked with an asterisk, marched to Williamsburg, May 
2nd, 177S, to demand satisfaction of Lord Dunmore for the removal of 
the powder. 

The following marched to Williamsburg, July 11th, 177S under 

Lieut. George Gilmer. 

Matthew Jouett 
Richard Harper 
William Flint 
Isham Lewis 
Richard Harvie 
Erasmus Ball 
Bennett Henderson 

William Wood 
William Lewis 
William Henderson 
Thomas Strachan 
John Martin, Sergeant 
Isaac Davis 
Nelson Thompson 



i^harles L. Lewis 
Hastings Marks 
Thomas Mitchell 
Hudson Martin 
Tohn Wood 
Vlicajah Chiles 

Micajah Lewis 
Richard Durrett 
Bernard Mills 
John Henderson 
John Wood 
Thomas Walker 

Thomas Martin, Corporal. 

A Declaration of Independence, signed by citizens of Albemarle, 
\.pril 21st, 1779, the original of which is preserved in the rooms of 
:he Virginia Historical Society in Richmond. 

3-eorge Gilmer 
Tames Quarles 
William I/ewis 
Richard Anderson 
Peter Marks 
lames Bridgett 
John Fielder 
Seorge Norvell 
Nathaniel Haggard 
Henry Mullins 
Tucker Woodson 
Isaac Davis 
Samuel Taliaferro 
John Day 
Micajah Chiles 
Richard Harper 
William Barton 
John Greer 
Thomas Jefferson 
John Harvie 
John Coles 
James Marks 
John Harris 
John Jouett 
Nicholas Lewis 
Benjamin Harris 
Samuel Dedman 
James Hopkins 
C. Simms 
James Kerr 
William Hays 
Edward Butler 
R. Davenport Jr. 
William Irvin, V. D. M. 
Jason Bowcock 

James Reid 
Benjamin Lacy 
William Tandy Sr. 
John Reid 
William Hopkins 
Clough Shelton 
Samuel Woodson 
Thomas Overton 
Thomas Martin Jr. 
John Wilkinson 
Benjamin Dod Wheeler 
Peter Jackson 
Henry Heard 
John Jouett Jr. 
Isaac Davis Jr. 
Philip Mazzei 
George Saunders 
Richard Gaines 
William Briscoe 
William Carroll 
Robert Sharp Sr. 
Robert Sharp Jr. 
Joseph Lamb 
John Bailey 
Roland Horsley 
Richard Harvie 
Alexander McKinzie 
Robert Thompson Jr. 
John Kirby 
John Black 
William Pilson 
Robert Pilson 
James Epperson 
John Lott 
Richard Sharp 



Henry Sheltoti 
James Minor 
Anderson Bryan 
John Fitzpatrick 
John Stockton 
Josiah Wood 
Whittle Flannagan 
Peter Ferguson 
Nathaniel McAllister 
John Henderson Sr. 
John Ivewis Sr. 
W. X,angford 
Peter Burrus 
John Tandy 
Richard Goodall 
Spencer Norvell 
Orlando Jones 
Stat. Morris • 
William Michie 
Thomas Craig 
John McCulloch 
Charles Iv. I^ewis 
William Johnson 
Zachariah Mills 
John Thomas 
Castleton Harper Sr. 
John Newcomb 
Samuel Bing 
Richard Carter 
John Wingfield 
Henry Hooper 
Nicholas Hamner 
Joseph Terrell 
Daniel Goolsby 
Richard Davenport 
Charles Tucker 
William Hitchcock 
Henry Copeland 
Richard Goolsby 
Hiram Gaines 
John Prince 
Castleton Harper Jr. 
Daniel Coleman 
William Wingfield 
William I,eake 
Martin Haggard 

Robert Burrus 
Henry Randolph 
William McGhee 
Samuel Karr 
Samuel McCord 
Joseph Holt 
William L. Bing 
Benjamin Jordan 
John Henderson Jr. 
William Barksdale 
Thomas Thorp 
James Wm. Crossthwait 
R. Dixon 
T. Marshall 
Daniel Coleman 
William Wingfield 
Christopher Wingfield 
William L/cake 
Martin Haggard 
Peter Ballou 
Thomas West 
William Anderson 
Joseph Neilson 
William Colvard 
William Possett 
Edward Moore 
Charles L,ewis Jr. 
David G. Mosby 
Isham Lewis 
Henry Pord 
William Sandridge 
William Chenault 
Thomas Musick 
Samuel Huckstep 
Jacob Oglesby 
John Wood 
Thomas Collins 
Arthur Graham 
Thomas Morgan 
Charles Hudson 
William JefBers 
Richard Scott 
Bernis Brown 
William Statham 
Stephen Hughes Jr. 
Horsley Goodman 



Peter Ballou 
Chomas Fentress 
Tames McMauus 
5amuel Rea 
Abraham Eades 
Fohn Fentress 
S''illiam Sorrow 
A^illiam Fry 
liharles Goodman 
ilichael Wallace 
Randolph Jefferson 
rohn Hall 
David Allen 
Charles Kerr 
Benjamin Henderson 
3amuel Bowcock 
David Morris 
Fohn Wallace 
Vlatthew Maury 
vlask Leake 
Sobert Cobbs 
fhomas G-ooch 

William Shelton 
lyittlebury Sullivan 
William Karr 
William Ramsay 
David Nimmo 
William Reynolds 
Richard Watson 
Shadrach Reynolds 
Daniel Reynolds 
Francis Browning: 
William Rannald 
Abraham GoUan 
William Cleveland 
James Bird 
William Ballard 
Thomas Jameson 
George Mann 
Daniel Miller 
Francis Hodg-e 
Francis Taliaferro 
John Kirby 
James Woods 

Albemarle Soldiers of the Revolution. 

David Anderson, Ensign, 9th Va. 
Nathaniel Anderson, Lrieut., 3rd Va. 
Tohn Beck, Ensign, 9th Va. 
Jamuel Bell, Ensign, Grayson's Reg. 
Chomas Bell, Captain, Gist's Reg. 
Jezaleel Brown, Captain, State troops at Yorktown. 
3enry Burke, Captain, State militia. 
Tohn Burke, Captain, State militia, 
tlay Button, Captain, State militia. 
Peter Davie, Quartermaster, 14th Va. 
>amuel Eddins, Captain, 1st Cont. Artillery, 
jjdward Garland, Captain, 14th Va. 
'eter Garland, Captain, 6th Va. 
Nathaniel Garland, L,ieut., State militia. 
iVilliam" Gooch, Eieut., State militia. 
Villiam Grayson, Captain, State militia, 
ohn Hargis, Ensign, 13th Va. 
Jenjamin Harris, Captain, State militia. 


Robert Harris, Captain, State militia. 

Reuben Hawkins, Captain, State militia. 

William Henderson, Captain, 9th Va. 

Reuben Herndon, Ivieut., 7th Va. 

Joseph Holt, Lieut., 4th Va. 

Samuel Hopkins, L,t. Col., 10th Va., captured at Charleston, S. C. 

Charles Hudson, Quartermaster, 14th Va. 

John Hudson, Captain, State militia. 

Isaac Israel, Captain, 8th Va. 

John Jameson, L,t. Col., Drag-oons. 

Matthew Jouett, Captain. 

Robert Jouett, Captain, 7th Va. 

John Key, Ensign, 8th Va. 

Mask Leake, Captain, State militia. 

Charles Lewis, Colonel, 14th Va. 

Nicholas Lewis, Captain, State militia. 

William Lewis, Lieut., Cont. Line. 

Reuben Lindsay, Col., State militia. 

Richard Lindsay, Col. Gen., Lawson's Brig-ade. 

Bernard Lipscomb, Captain, State militia. 

Col. Mallory. 

John Marks, Captain, 14th Va. 

Hudson Martin, Lieut., 9th Va. 

John Martin, Captain, State militia. 

Abraham Maury, Adjutant, 14th Va. 

David Meriwether, Lieut., 14th Va., captured at Charleston. 

James Meriwether, Adj., State militia. 

Thomas Meriwether, Major, State militia. 

Peter Minor, Captain, Sth Va. 

Archelaus Moon, Lieut., 14th Va. 

Jacob Moon, Paymaster, 14th Va. 

George Nicholas, Lt. Col., 11th Va. 

John Nicholas, Lieut., 9th Va. 

Wilson C. Nicholas, Com., Washington's Guards. 

Lipscomb Norvell, Lieut., Sth Va. 

John Piper, Lieut., State militia. 

James Quarles, Captain, State militia. 

Robert Rodes, Captain, captured at Charleston. 

Clough Shelton, Captain, 10th Va., captured at Charleston. 

William Simms, Captain, 6th Va. 

Larkin Smith, Captain, 4th Dragoons. 

George Thompson, Lieut., State militia. 

John Thompson, Lieut., 7th Va. 

Leonard Thompson, Lieut., State militia. 

Roger Thompson, Captain, 2ad Va. 

Thomas Walker Jr., Captain, 9th Va. 

HISTORY OF albbmarle; 369 

Saptain Warr, probably Marr. 
)aniel White, Captain, State militia, 
^arleton Woodson, Sergeant, State militia. 


bhn Burton, disabled and pensioned. 

ohn Buster, died 1820, served against Indians, and in Revolution. 

lathan Clausby, Grenadier, 1st Partisan I^egion. 

ames Craddock, died in the service. 

Iharies Davis, 1st I/ight Drag'oons, wounded and pensioned. 

)avid Epperson, died in the service. 

ohn Fag-g- Sr., died 1829, aged 92. 

limpson Foster, died in the service. 

ohn Grillaspy, 9th Va., killed at Germantown. 

'harles Goolsby, Corporal, 9th Va., captured at Germantown, aad 

died in the service, 
lames Goolsby, 9th Va., captured at Germantown, and died in the 

fohn Goolsby, 9th Va., died in the service. 
Tohn Greening, 2nd Va. 
A^illiam Hardin, killed at Ninety-Six. 
Jartlett Hawkins, pensioned. 
\.mbrQse Howard, 9th Va. 

Jichard Marshall, pensioned by Act of Assembly. 
Peter Massie, 5th Va. 

Thomas Mitchell, Sergeant, Cent, army, died in the service. 
Tames Old, died 1821, in battles of Quebec and lyong Island. 
William Smith, died 1823, aged 95, served against Indians, and in 

• Revolution. 
Fohn Snead, in Cont. army. 
Kenneth Southerlin, State militia. 

5aniel Tilman, died 1820, served at 16 against Indians, and in Rev- 

Applying for pensions under Act of Congress passed in 1818. 


IVilliam Bailey, in Capt. Thomas Walker's Co., 9th Va., in battles of 

Brunswick and Saratoga, discharged in Pa. 
loseph Brockman, in Capt. I/indman's Co., Col. Davies's Reg., in no 

battle, discharged in Powhatan. 
William Uastin, in Capt. Reuben Taylor's Co., Col. Moses Hazen's 

Reg., in battles of Staten Island, Brandywine and Germantown, 

discharged at Morristown, N. J. 
Nehemiah Greening, in Capt. Stribling's Co., Buford's Reg., at Fort 



Motte, Ninety-Six and Eutaw Springs, discharged at Salis- 
bury, N. C. 

Edward Hughes, in Capt. John Mark's Co., 1st Va., in battles of 
Brandywine, Germautown and Guilford C. H. 

Thomas Johnson, in Capt. Roger Thompson's Co., 2nd Va., in uo 
battle, discharged at Ivong Island, Holston River. 

John Jones, in Capt. Winston's Co., Col. Charles L,ewis's Reg., in 
battles of Brandywine, Germantown, and Monmouth, discharged 

'' ^ at Middlebrook, N. J. 

Sabrit King, in Capt. Robert Jouett's Co., 7th Va., in battle of Mon- 

Martin Mooney, iu Capt. Fontaine's Co., 14th Va., and Capt. Wm. 
Ivewis's Co., Col. Cleveland's Reg., in battles of I^ong Bridge, 
King's Mountain and Ninety-Six. 

Richard Mooney, in Capt. John Mark's Co., 1st Va., in battles of 
Guilford C. H., Camden, Ninety-Six and Eutaw Springs, dis- 
charged at Salisbury, N. C. 

Samuel Munday, in Capt. Wm. Simms's Co., Col. Green's Reg., at 
Guilford C. H., Camden, Ninety-Six and Eutaw Springs, dis- 
charged at Salisbury, N. C. 

Enlisted iu other places, but residents of Albemarle after the war. 

Humphrey Beckett, in Frederick County, Capt. Porterfield's Co., 11th 

Va., in battles of Somerset, Amboy and Monmouth, discharged 

in Frederick. 
Thomas Burton, in Hanover County, Capt. Hurd's Co., Buford's Reg., 

iu uo battle, discharged iu Fluvanna. 
Youen Carden, in Cumberland County, under I,t. Benj. Garrett, Capt. 

Baylor's Cavalry, and twenty mouths under Col. Washington, 

discharged at Charleston, S. C. 
John Grinstead, in Hanover County, Capt. Woodson's Co., Col. 

Posey's Reg., at Savannah and Yorktown, discharged in Cum- 
berland County. 
Sabrit Hoy, in Culpeper County, Capt. Harrison's Co., 2nd Va., at 

Cowpeus, Guilford C. H., Camden, Ninety-Six and Eutaw Springs, 

discharged at Salisbury, N. C. 
William Kirby, in Hanover County, Capt. Stribliug's Co., Buford's 

Reg., at Guilford C. H., Camden, Ninety-Six and Eutaw Springs, 

discharged at Salisbury, N. C. 
Isaac Milliway, at Dover, Del., Capt. McCaunou's Co., Col. 

Vaughau's Reg., at Guilford C. H., Camden, Eutaw Springs, 

where he was severly wounded, discharged at Dover. 
George Norvell, in Capt. Richard C. Anderson's Co., Sth Va., at 

Brandywine, Germautown and Yorktown, discharged at West 




Joseph Shepherd, at Fredericksburg-, in Capt. John Wallace's Co., 3rd 

Cephas Shickett, in Capt. John Stuart's Co., 1st Maryland, at Brandy- 
wine and Germantown, discharged at Annapolis. 

John Wm. Shube, in Philadelphia, in Pulaski's Corps, at Savannah, 
Camden, Mount Scoota, and James Island, discharged at Smith- 
field, Va. 

John Smith, in Pennsylvania Artillery, Capt. Proctor, at Trenton, 
with Gen. Clark down the Ohio in 1781, and one year with Gen. 
Harmar, discharged at Fort Pitt. 

William Turner, in Capt. Francis Taylor's Co., 2nd Va., at German- 
town and Stony Point. 

John Williams, in Brunswick County, Capt. John Overton's Co., 10th 
Va., at Guilford C. H., Eutaw Springs,- and Yorktown, discharged 
at Williamsburg. 


Samuel Barksdale 
Mica j ah Bo wen 
William Boyd 
Gideon Carr 
Meekins Carr 
John Collins 
Major Dowell Dunn 
George Gentry 
James Gentry 
Sharod Going 
John Hall 
Nathan Hall 
George Hardin 
William Harris 
Richard Hill 
Charles Huckstep 
Richard Johnson- 

William Jordan 

Adam Keblinger 

Samuel McCord 

Cornelius Maupin 

Daniel Maupin 

William Maupin 

Jonathan Munday, at Yorktown 

EJphraim Seamonds 

Richard Snow, at Yorktown 

Richard Spinner 

John Spradling 

David Strange, at Yorktown 

John Taylor 

Nathaniel Thacker 

Absalom Thomas 

John Thomas 

Roger Thompson, at Yorktown 

Micajah Wheeler 

John Wood. 




Military Organization of the County. 

It may be of interest to many to be informed in regard to the 
military force of the county, the bodies of which it was composed, 
and their officers, during- the period extending- from 1794 to 1802. 

Forty-Seventh Regiment, South of the Three Notched Road. 


Wilson C. Nicholas Samuel Murrell 

1st Battawon. 


Samuel Murrell James L,ewis 

Benj. I^acy 
Edward Garland 
Joseph Wingfield 

Cornelius Schenk 

William Iveake 
Walter L,eake 

William Tompkins 
William Hopkins 
John Staples 

Samuel Shelton 
Richard Pollard 
John S. Farrar 

1st company. 

Thos. Hamner 
Mart. Davenport 
Charles I/acy 


Christopher Wingfield 
Thomas Carr Jr. 
John T. Hawkins 

3rd company. 

Walter L,eake 
George Wharton 

Mart. Davenport 
Edward Garland 
Stephen L,acy 
Joseph Wingfield 
Francis Wingfield 

R. H. Allen 
Thomas Carr Jr. 
Charles Jouett 
Thomas Wells Jr. 

4th company. 
Clifton Garland 
Samuel Hopkins 
Charles A. Scott 
William Moon Jr. 


lyewis Nicholas 
William Davenport 
John S. Farrar 
Walter L,acy , 

Walter Coles 
George Wharton 
Edward Thomas 
Samuel Leake 

John Scott Jr. 
Samuel Hopkins 
Turner Moon 
William Moon Jr. 
William Hamner 

James Ming 
Joseph Bishop 
Joseph Coleman 
N. A. Thompson 



Samuel Carr 


Thomas Divers 

2nd Battawon. 

George Gilmer 


Dabney Minor 

John Jordon Edward Garland 

3-eorge Martin 
iVilliam Wharton 

Vienan Mills 
William Wood Jr. 

ramies Brooks 
Charles Yancey 

Fames Ivewis 
klicajah Woods 

Howell Ljewis 
Sobert Garland 

[iJlifton Garland 
Charles Hudson 

1st company. 

William Wharton 
Abraham Martin 
James Watson 

2nd company. 
Francis Montgomery 
William Wood Jr. 
John Field 

3rd company. 
Rice Garland 
Michael Woods 
Jechonias Yancey 

4th company. 
Tarleton Woodson 
Benj. Buster 

UGhT infantry. 
Robert Garland 
William Woods 

John Clarkson 
Walter Coles 

Schuyler Harris 
Bez. Maxwell Jr. 
Thomas Key 

John Piper 
Clifton Rodes 
Jesse Wood Jr. 

Michael Woods 
Charles Yancey 
Ephraim Musick 

Mica j ah Woods 
Tipton L(ewis 

John 'R. Kerr 
William Woods 
John Gilliam 
John P. Watson 

Weatherston Shelton 

Eighty-Eighth Regiment, North of the Three Notched Road. 


Thomas Bell Francis Walker 

1st battauon. 


Robert Jouett James Sirams 

Francis Walker Robert Warner Ivewis 



James Simms 
Achilles Doug-lass 
Samuel Brockman 

Joshua Key 
Micajah Carr 
Drury Wood 

Wm. D. Meriwether 
Charles B. Hunton 
James B. Ivindsay 

Edward Moore 
David Anderson 

Francis Walker 
David Clarkson 
Nimrod Bramham 

Thomas S. Buster 

1st company. 

Achilles Douglass 
Samuel Brockm^an 
Ambrose Brockman 
John Douglass 

2nd company. 
Micajah Carr 
Drury Wood 
John Sandridge 

3rd company. 
Charles B. Hunton 
James B. Ijindsay 
Thomas Hunton 

4th company. 
William Crenshaw 
John Henderson 
Kemp Catlett 


David Clarkson 
William Wirt 
Nimrod Bramham 
Madison Breedlove 
George Martin 


Reuben I^ewis 

Samuel Brockman 
William Simms J r. 
Ambrose Brockman 
John Douglass 
William Smith 

Drury Wood 
George Gilmer 
John Sandridge 
Thomas Travillian 

John Rogers 
James G. Waddell 
Thomas Hunton 
Matthew Maury 

John Henderson 
David Anderson 
Kemp Catlett 
George W. Catlett 

Thomas Walker Jr. 
Robert W. I^ewis 
LfUdlow Bramham 
Madison Breedlove 
George Martin 
Reuben Herndon 

Garland Brown 

Henry Burke 

2nd BaTTawon. 

John Wood Horsley Goodman 


Wyatt Mills 
Parmenas Rogers 

John Wood 
David Wood 

Thomas Fretwell 
Parmenas Rogers 
Edmund Davis 

2nd company. 
David Wood 
John Crenshaw 
Thomas Wood 

Parmenas Rogers 
Matthew P. Walton 

David Michie 
Joseph Edmoudson 



Villiam Jarmau 
(rig-htberry Brown 

lorsley Goodman 
Thomas Garth Jr. 

ilatthew Rodes 
Elijah Garth 

3rd company. 
Brig-htberry Brown 
John Rodes Jr. 

4th company. 
Thomas Garth Jr. 
Joseph Goodman 


Elijah Garth 
Swanny Ferg-uson 
William. Thompson 

John Rodes Jr. 
Robert T. Brown 
James Harris 
Charles Brown 

Joseph Goodman 
John A. Michie 
Alexander Garrett 

Nathan Harris 
Swanny Ferguson 
William Thompson 
James Ballard 


Phos. M. Randolph Peter Carr William Liove, Cornet 

Robert Jouett, Col. Artillery, 2nd Division 

'harles Yancey, 1806 
ohn S. Farrar, 181S 
Villiam Woods, S. 1817 
oseph Coffman, 1828 
Jeorg-e W. Kinsolving, 1830 
Javid Hays, 1832 
Villiam H. Brown, 1839 
ohh H. Timberlake, 1860. 

Subsequent Colonels. 


Lieut. Colonels. 
John Coles 

George W. Kinsolving 
Michael Johnson 
John R. Jones 

^imrod Bramham, 1806 
Thomas W. Wood, 1814 
Javid Carr, 1828 
ames O. Carr, 1829 
'ohn J. Bowcock, 1839 


Lieut. Colonels. 
Jesse W. Garth 
Isaac Simms 
David Carr 
Thomas Durrett 

Joshua Fry 
Peter Jefferson 

List of County Officers. 



Charles I^ynch 
Joseph Thompson 



William Cabell, M. 
Allen Howard 
James Daniel 

Isaac Bates 
Charles I<ewis Jr. 
Edmund Gray 
Samuel Jordan 
Valentine Wood 


Thomas Ballou 
Edwin Hickman 

David L,ewis 
John Reid 
James Nevell 
William Harris 
John Anthony 

Date of Appointment Unknown. 

John Hunter 
John Cobb 
John Cannon 
Robert Lewis 
Nicholas Meriwether 
John L<ewis 
Hudson Martin 

Nicholas Lewis 
George Gilmer 
Clifton Rodes 
James Kerr 
James Quarles 
James Garland 
John Key 
John Henderson 
James Minor 
Michael Thomas 

Bezaleel Brown 
Bernard BroWu 
William Clark 
Thomas W. Lewis 
George Divers 
Thomas Garth 
William Michie 
Rice Garland 

Charles Goodman 
Samuel Black 
Robert Davis 
Charles Wing-field Jr. 
Edward Moore 
William Wardlaw 

Isaac Davis 
Jesse Burton 
Roger Thompson 
Thomas Napier 
Thomas Jefferson 
, William Leigh 

Acting in 1783. 

John Marks 
James Marks, 
Bennett Henderson 
Joshua Fry 
David Rodes 
Reuben Lindsay 
John Piper 
William Hughes 
Henry Burke 



Tandy Key 

William D. Meriwether 
Wilson C. Nicholas 
Samuel Murrell 
James Simms 
Thomas Bell 
Charles B. Hunton 
Benjamin Harris 

Joshua Key 
Francis Walker 
Benjamin Brown 
Thomas M. Randolph 
Thomas C. Fletcher 



Achilles Doug-lass 
Marshall Durrett 

Garland Carr 


Charles Yancey 

James Monroe 


John Watson 
Christopher Hudson 

David Wood 
William Walker 
David Anderson 
Edward Garland 
Nimrod Braniham 

Dabney Minor 
Martin Dawson 
Samuel Carr 
Clifton Garland 

John R. Kerr 
John Harris 
James Harris 
James Old 
John Rodes Jr. 
Charles Everett 

Matthew Rodes 
Micajah Woods 
John Goss 
William Woods, S. 
Thomas W. Maury 
William A. Harris 
John M. Perry 
Thos. Eston Randolph 

Hugh Nelson 
William Moon 
Opie Norris 
Isaac Curd 



Howell L,ewis 



Peter Carr 
Charles A. Scott 
Walter Coles 
Joel Harris 
Isaac Miller 

Garrett White 
James Lewis 
John Staples 

Clifton Rodes 
Jechonias Yancey 
Parmenas Rogers 
David J. lyewis 
John A. Michie 


Thomas W. Wood 
Erancis Carr 
John Irvin 
James Clark 
Charles Brown 
Joseph CofEman 
James Michie 

Allen Dawson 
Thomas H. Brown 
Charles Cocke 
Robert Brooks 



Benjamin Ficklin 
James Jarman 
Richard Duke 
Achilles Broadhead 

EJdmund Davis 
John Pilson 
John B. Hart 

Henry White 
L(ewis Teel 
Gilly M. Lewis 
John Morris 

"William A. Bibb 

Chapman W. Maupin 
John S. Cocke 
Bezaleel Brown 
Ira B. Brown 
Carter H. Harrison 

James Duke 
James D. Watts 
John J. Bowcock 
Liilburn R. Railey 
Nimrod Bramham Jr. 
John S. Nicholas 

John 'L,. Thomas 
Daniel E. Watson 
William H. Harris 

George W. Spooner 
Robert H. Carter 
Franklin Minor 
Francis K. Nelson 

John Cochran 
John H. Timberlake 
Alexander P. Abell 
Matthew Blair 


John R. Jones 
William H. Dyer 
Thomas J. Randolph 

John T. Holman 
Mann Pag-e 








William B. Harris 
Daniel M. Railey 
John W. Gantt 
James Harris 

James R. Watson 

Charles Wingfield 
John Coles Carter 
John D. Moon 
William S. Dabney 
John A. G. Davis 

W. C. Nicholas 
Thomas Macon 
Thomas Garland 
Gabriel S. Harper 
William C. Adams 
William D. Hart 

M. L(. Anderson 
John W. Goss 
M. L,. Walker 

Nicholas M. Page 
John Tyler 
Alouzo Gooch 
James W. Goss 

Thomas C. Bowen 
Thomas R. Dunn 
William F. Gooch 
D. J. Hartsook 




Benj. F. Randolph 
Robert B. Moon 
John E. Roberts 

Austin M. Appling 
Marcus Durrett 
James E. Chapman 

The following- were recommended, but not appointed, as the new 
Constitution, about to go into effect, made the ofBce elective. 


Stokes Tunstall 
James Durrett 
William W. Minor 
Samuel G. Burnley 
Edwin B. Brown 
Carter H. Page 


1745. Edmund Gray 

1746. Gideon Marr 
1783. John "Walker 
1801. Dabney Carr 

1811. Joseph J. Monroe 

1812. William F. Gordon 
1813.. Jesse W. Garth 

1818. Jonathan Boucher Carr 



Joseph Thompson 



Edwin Hickman 



Charles Il^ynch 



James Daniel 



Samuel Jordan 



John Reid 



John Hunter 


Nicholas L,ewis 


David Rodes 


John Henderson 



James Quarles 



Clifton Rodes 



John Marks 



George Gilmer 



Michael Thomas 



James Garland 



James Kerr 



John Key 



William Hughes 



Samuel Murrell 


James C. Carter 
Paul H. Goodloe 
James ly. Dunn 
R. W. N. Noland 
John T. Randolph 


1829. Valentine W. Southall 
1852. William J. Robertson 
1858. R. T. W. Duke 

1865. Egbert R. Watson 

1866. R. T. W. Duke 

1869. William F. Worthington 

1870. R. T. W. Duke 
1870. Mica j ah Woods 

Thomas Garth 
Tandy Key 
Rice Garland 
Charles B. Hunton 
Benjamin Harris 
Robert Davis 
Charles Wingfield Jr. 
Marshall Durrett 
Charles Yancey 
Achilles Douglass 
John Watson 
William D. Meriwether 
Garrett White 
John Rodes 
Parmenas Rogers 
Micajah Woods 
William Woods, S. 
Francis Carr 
Charles Brown 
James Michie 



1801. William D. Meriwether 
1803. William Michie 
1805. Bezaleel Brown 

184S. Benjamin Ficklin 
1847. Richard Duke 
1849. Thomas H. Brown 
1851. Charles Cocke 

1792. George Bruce 

1851. Washington Chiles 

1801. Thomas Wells 

1855. William C. Walstrum 

1806. Triplett T. Estes 

1856. Orange S. Peterson 

1810. Elijah Garth 

1859. Allen Bacon 

1811. William Watson 

1870. William C. Walstrum 

1828. Joel W. Brown 

1875. Allen Bacon 

1832. William Watson 

1879. William G. Wright 

1841. James A. Watson 

1885. John G. Martin 

1849. William Summerson 



Edmund Gray 

Clement Read 

Gideon Marr 

Thomas Prestwood 

James Meredith 

Obadiah Marriott 

William Battersby 

John Harvie 


John Walker 
Thomas Miller 
W. Sidney Crawford 
George Nicholas 
John Breckinridge 

John Rice Kerr 
Robert Ware Peacock 
William Waller Hening 
Peter Carr 
Walter L,eake 

WilUam Wirt 
James McCampbell 
Fleming Payne 

Joseph Holt Irvin 
Austin I,eake 
Matthew Gooch 
Jesse Wharton 

Charles Jouett 





Robert Jouett 
John Allen 
William McDowell 
John Carr 

John Shackelford 
Joseph J. Monroe 
David Bullock 
Alexander Stuart 
Richard Bruce 

James Barbour Jr. 
William Cabell 

Dabney Carr 
Reuben Thornton 
Samuel I*. Crawford 

George Poindexter 



Philip Gooch 
"Williain t,ee Harris 
David Michie 

James G. WaddeU 
Joseph Ferguson 
Frederick Harris 
Richard C. Johnson 
Robert Michie 
David Watson 
Benjamin Brown 
William Buckner 
Francis Johnson 
Patrick Rose 

Robert Anderson 
Thomas T. Jones 
Thomas R. Whitlock 
John S. Wood 
Clifton Garland 

Henry White 
John M. Martin 
William Taylor 
Jonathan B. Carr 
James Forbes 
John Timberlake 

Archibald Austin 
Valentine W. Southall 
Briscoe G. Baldwin 

George Booker 
John Iv. Marye 
Charles Downing 

Augustine G. Monroe 
Francis B. Dyer 

William H. Meriwether 
Joseph M. White 
James Barbour 
James H. Simison 



William Aylett 
Thomas Clark 

William W. Irvin 
William Clark 
Isaac A. Coles 
Thomas W. Maury 
Hugh Nelson 
Philip P. Barbour 
Hudson M. Garland 
Peachy R. Gilmer 
Edward C. Stanard 
William White 

Robert Mallory 
Robert Garland 
James Garland 
Henry T. Harris 






William F. Gordon 
James Crawford 
Jesse Winston Garth 
John S. Barbour 
John N. Nicholas 

Garrett M. Quarles 
Walter L,. Fontaine 
Richard H. Field 

William Kinney 
Thomas Clark 

Rice Garland Jr. 
Edward J. Magruder 

John Ormond 
David Irvin 
William C. Rives 
George Carr 



Chapman Johnson 
Rice W. Wood 
Graudison Moseley 
Franklin Stanard 
John Wilson 
Thomas W. Gilmer 
George M. Payne 
Daniel G. Morrell 
Bdgar Macon 

Chesley Kinney 
Peyton Harrison 
Hugh P. Taylor 
Robert S. Brooke 
Thomas J. Michie 
Alexander Clayton 
Nicholas P. Trist 
Eston Stanard 
Alexander Rives 

John W. C. Watson 
Ivucian Minor 
William B. Napton 
Egbert R. Watson 
Thomas Wood 
William D. Hart 
John Forbes Jr. 
John T. Craig 
Alexander Moseley 
Hugh A. Garland 
Peachy R. Grattan 
William Tompkins 

James L,. Gordon 
Hudson S. Garland 
John Hill 
Franklin Minor 
William W. Minor 
Benj. J. Darueille 
Peter Carr 

Thomas T. Hill 
George W. Randolph 
Stephen O. Southall 


John B. Spiece 
Joseph Mills Jr. 
William McCord Jr. 
Thomas C. Gordon 
George Robertson 
Thomas G. Garth 
William Kingsley 
William R. Mills 
William Wertenbaker 

Calvin L. Perry 
Thomas J. Boyd 
James W. Saunders 
Robert H. Carter 
Daniel Perrow 
Benjamin H. Magruder 
Wilson M. Cary 
Nathaniel Wolfe 


Sterling Claiborne 

James P. Henderson 

Burwell Garth 

John C. R. Taylor 

John H. Gilmer 

William H. Brockenbrough 

John W. Stevenson 

William M. Randolph 

James I*. Carr 

John B. Minor 

Thomas L*. Preston 



William O. Maupin 
Hiram W. Dawson 
Shelton F. Eeake 
James C. Halsall 
Angus R. Blakey 
Allen B. Magruder 

William J. Robertson 
R. W. N. Noland 
Paul H. Goodloe 



George W. Trueheart 
Smith P. Bankhead 
Eugene Davis 

J. D. Imboden 
Clayton C. Harris 
Francis W. Rives 
William C. Rives Jr. 
Reuben ly. Gordon 
William J. Shelton 
Robert W. Poore 
John L,. Cochran 

R. T. W. Duke 
William F. Gordon Jr. 
James D. Jones 

John B. Gilmer 
John S. Mosby 
William H. Crank 
John B. Peyton 


Drury Wood 
Thomas T. Tutwiler 
John R. Tucker 

Alexander H. Michie 
William M. Wade 
Roger A. Pryor 
N. H. Massie 
St. George Tucker 
William T. McCarty 
James C. Southall 

R. R. Prentis 
Joel Miller 
Thomas, S. Martin 

John B. Moon 
Howe Y. Peyton 
George Perkins 
Ivouis T. Hanckel 
Bennett Taylor 
W. K. Bibb 
Jefferson R. Taylor 
W. O. Fry 

Thomas N. Page 
W. H. Boaz 
Walter D. Dabney 

James Blakey 
Samuel B. Woods 
James T,. Gordon 

William M. Lile 
C. D. Shackelford 



S. V. Southall 
Burwell W. Snead 
William M. Morris 

Isaac A. Moon 
George P. Hughes 
M. L,. Randolph 

Charles Wood 






Mica j ah Woods 
Camm Patterson 
James G. Field 

T. L,. Michie 

J. W. Fitz 

J. R. Wingfield 

J. M. McBryde 

Robert Sampson 

R. T. W. Duke Jr. 

Shelton F. Leake Jr. 

Robert H. Wood 
Frank Gilmer 
George W. Morris 

Z. J. Blakey 

J. Samuel McCue 

Daniel Harmon 

F. A. Massie 




Representatives of Albemarle in the House of Burgesses, and I^eg- 

1748. Charles L,ynch 
1VS5. Peter Jefferson 

1756. Peter Jefferson, Allen Howard 

1757. John Nicholas, William Cabell 

1758. John Nicholas, William Cabell 

1759. Allen Howard, William Cabell Jr. 
1761. Allen Howard, William Cabell Jr. 
1765. John Harvie 

1767. Thomas Walker, Edward Carter 

1768. Thomas Walker, Edward Carter 

1769. Thomas Walker, Edward Carter 

1770. Thomas Walker, Thomas Jefferson 

1771. Thomas Walker, Thomas Jefferson 

1772. Thomas Jefferson, John Walker 

1773. Thomas Jefferson, John Walker 

1774. Thomas Jefferson, John Walker 

1775. Thomas Jefferson, John Walker 
1777. Thomas Jefferson, Charles I^ewis 
1779. Thomas Jefferson, Georg'e Gilmer 

1785. W. C. Nicholas, Edward Carter 

1786. W. C. Nicholas, Joshua Fry 
1788. George Nicholas, Edward Carter 
1793. William Clark, Edward Moore 

1795. W. C. Nicholas, Edward Moore 

1796. W. C. Nicholas, Edward Moore 

1797. W. C. Nicholas, Joseph J. Monroe 

1798. W. C. Nicholas, Francis Walker 
1800. W. C. Nicholas, Francis Walker 

1805. Walter L,eake, W. W. Hening 

1806. W. W. Hening-, Joel Yancey 

1808. Hugh Nelson, Peter Carr 

1809. Hugh Nelson, Rice Garland 

1811. James Monroe, Tucker Coles 

1812. Nimrod Bramham 
1814. Charles Everett, Jesse W. Garth 
1816. Thomas W. Maury, Charles Yancey 

1818. Dabney Minor, Jesse W. Garth 

1819. Samuel Carr, William F. Gordon 

1820. William F. Gordon, Charles Everett 

1821. Charles Everett, Charles Cocke 

1822. William F. Gordon, William C. Rives 

1824. William F. Gordon, T. M. Randolph 

1825. William F. Gordon, Rice W. Wood 

William Cabell 
William Cabell 
Joseph Cabell 
Nicholas Cabell 
Nicholas Cabell 
Nicholas Cabell 
Nicholas Cabell 
Nicholas Cabell 
Nicholas Cabell 
Nicholas Cabell 
Nicholas Cabell 
Charles Yancey 
William B. Hare 
William B, Hare 
William B. Hare 
Joseph C. Cabell 

Joseph C. 
Joseph C. 
Joseph C. 
Joseph C. 
Joseph C. 
Joseph C. 
Joseph C. 
Joseph C. 
Joseph C. 




826. William ^. Gordon, Rice "W. Wood 

827. William F. Gordon, Charles Cocke 

828. William F. Gordon, Charles Cocke 

829. William F. Gordon, Hug-h Nelson 

830. Thomas W. Gilmer, Rice W. Wood 

831. Thomas W. Gilmer, Rice W. Wood 

832. Rice W. Wood, Thomas J. Randolph 

833. Thomas J. Randolph, T. W. Gilmer 
835. Thomas J. Randolph, Alexander Rives Charles Cocke 
837. Thomas J. Randolph, Alexander Rives Samuel Carr 

Joseph C. Cabell 
Joseph C. Cabell 
Joseph C. Cabell 
Joseph C. Cabell 
William F. Gordon 
Charles Cocke 
Charles Cocke 
Charles Cocke 

839. Thomas W. Gilmer, V. W. Southall 

840. Thomas W. Gilmer, V. W. Southall 
.841. V. W. Southall, Isaac A. Coles 

842. V. W. Southall, Isaac A. Coles 

843. T. J. Randolph, Shelton F. Leake 

844. V. W. Southall, Bezaleel Brown 

845. V. W. Southall, Bezaleel Brown 
.846. V. W. Southall, Bezaleel Brown 
847. Bezaleel Brown, William D. Hart 
.848. William D. Hart, Fg-bert R. Watson 
.849. William D. Hart, Fg-bert R. Watson 
.851. John J. Bowcock, Charles Carter 
.853. Alexander Rives 
.854. John W. Goss, James W. Mason 
L855. John W. Goss 

L856. Thomas Wood, William T. Early 
1857. Thomas Wood, William T. Early 
L858. John J. Bowcock, Benj. H. Mag-ruder 

1859. John J. Bowcock, Benj. H. Magruder 

1860. Benj. H. Magruder, William Garth 

1863. Benj. H. Mag-ruder, Franklin Minor 

1864. Benj, H. Mag-ruder, William A. Branch William D. Hart 

1865. Benj. H. Magruder, William A. Branch William D. Hart 

1866. John Wood Jr., William A. Turner James Gait 

1867. John Wood Jr., William A. Turner James Gait 

1868. John Wood Jr., William A. Turner James Gait 
1870-1. S. V. Southall, J. C. Hill, J. D. Jones Robert C. Beazley 
1872-3. J. C. Hill, G. B. Stephetts, J. A. Early Robert C. Beazley 
1874-5. ^^i. H. Magruder, John E. Mas- Robert C. Beazley 

sey, Richard G. Crank 
1876-7. JohnE. Massey, Richard G. Crank 

Thomas M. Dunn 
1878-9. Richard G. Crank, T. L,- Michie, 

J. Massie Smith 
1880-1. R. T. W. Duke, T. L,. Michie 
1882-3. Thomas M. Dunn, John B. Moon 

Samuel Carr 
Charles Cocke 
Charles Cocke 
Charles Cocke 
Charles Cocke 
John Thompson Jr. 
John Thompson Jr. 
John Thompson Jr. 
John Thompson Jr. 
John Thompson Jr. 
John Thompson Jr. 
John Thompson Jr. 
Egbert R. Watson 
Benj. P. Randolph 
Benj. F. Randolph 
Benj. F. Randolph 
Benj. F. Randolph 
Alexander Rives 
Alexander Rives 
Alexander Rives 
William D. Hart 

Robert C. Beazley 
John E. Massey 

Everett T. Early 
J. R. Wingfield 



Emigrants from Albemarle to Other States. 


Samuel Bell, Orange Co. 

Alexander Montg-omery, Orange Co. 

John Wright, Orange Co. 

John Campbell, Orange Co. 

Obadiah Martin, Orange Co. 

Josiah and Martha (Daniel) Brown, Orange Co. 

James Glenn, Surry Co. 

■William Burrus, Surry Co. 

David Nowlin, Surry Co. 

Samuel and John Boyd, Surry Co. 

Robert Harris, Surry Co. 

Thomas Burrus, Surry Co. 

William Bruce, Surry Co. 

Davis and Elizabeth Durrett, Surry Co. 

Samuel and William Stockton, Rutherford Co. 

Ann (lyewis) Willis, Rutherford Co. 

David I/ewis Jr., Rutherford Co. 

Eli and Daniel Melton, Rutherford Co. 

William and Mary (Melton) Jones, Rutherford Co. 

William T. Ivewis, Wilkes Co. 

John, Wilkes Co. 

Robert Ayres, Wilkes Co. 

Richard Blalock, Cumberland Co. 

John Geer, Johnson Co. 

John Graves, Rowan Co. 

Henry Tilley 

Thomas Carlton 

Joseph Phillips 

Churchill Jackson, Burke Co. 

Matthew Mills, Guilford Co. 

Jesse Gentry, Washington Co. 

David and Susan Dalton, Stokes Co. 

Micajah and Elizabeth Allen, Stokes Co. 

Rice Garland Jr., Iveakesville. 

Nancy (Daniel) Graves, Caswell Co. 

Samuel Daniel, Granville Co. 

Thomas D. Burch, Wake Co. 

James K. Burch, Wake Co. 

David S. Napier, Walker Co. 


John Thornton, Augusta Co. 
James and John Marks, Wilkes Co. 


Richard and Daniel Harvie, Wilkes Co. 

William and Judith (Cosby) Harvie, Wilkes Co. 

John and Margaret (Harvie) Davenport, Wilkes Co. 

David and Mary (Harvie) Meriwether, Wilkes Co. 

Richard and Jane (L,ewis) Davenport, Wilkes Co. 

John and Mary (Davidson) Forlaw, Washington Co. 

Fleming Jordan, Oglethorpe Co. 

Thomas Kennerly 

William Spears 

Mary Taylor 

William B. and Mourning (Clark) Key, Elbert Co. 

John Hamner, Wilkes Co. 

Jeremiah Hamner, Greene Co. 


John and Elizabeth (Lewis) Martin, Fayette Co. 

John and Mary (Cabell) Breckinridge, Fayette Co. 

Vincent and Mary (Rozell) Stephens, Fayette Co. 

John T. and Lucy Hawkins, Fayette Co. 

Charles and Dorcas (Black) Patrick, Fayette Co. 

Samuel Hughes Woodson, Jessamine Co. 

Nathan Dedman, Jessamine Co. 

Michael and Ann Wallace, Madison Co. 

William Briscoe, Madison Co. 

Thomas Collins, Madison Co. 

Fvan and Lucy (Coleman) Watson, Madison Co. 

Daniel and Frances Maupin, Madison Co. 

Robert Rodes, Madison Co. 

Richard and Jane (Harris) Gentry, Madison Co. 

Josiah and Nancy (MuUins) Gentry, Madison Co. 

Austin Gentry, Madison Co. 

Edward and Elizabeth (Gentry) Ballard, Madison Co. 

Bernard Franklin, Madison Co. 

Henry and Elizabeth (Ewell) Carr, Madison Co. 

James Goodman, Madison Co. 

John Mansfield, Madison Co. 

Charles Atkisson, Madison Co. 

Samuel Wallace, Madison Co. 

Thomas and Nancy Kindred, Madison Co. 

William Kindred, Madison Co. 

Ephraim and Winifred Musick, Madison Co. 

Archibald and Mourning (Shelton) Woods, Madison Co. 

Richard and Elizabeth (Shelton) Mobbery, Madison Co. 

Joshua Morris, Shelby Co. 

William and Charity (Burgher) Hays, Shelby Co. 

Joseph Hornsby, Shelby Co. 


Elizabeth {L,ewis) Henderson's family, Shelby Co. 

Flint H. Goodridge, Shelby Co. 

Barzillai Brown, Shelby Co. 

Nathaniel Hagg-ard, Clark Co. 

Dabne3' and Liucy Haggard, Clark Co. 

Robert Grimes, Clark Co. 

Hastings Marks, Clark Co. 

John W. and Elizabeth (Marks) Hinde, Clark Co. 

James and Benajah Gentry, Clark Co. 

Charles and Jane (Ivewis) Hudson, Barren Co. 

Hardin Davis, Barren Co. 

Joel and Martha (Rodes) Yancey, Barren Co. 

"Walter Crenshaw, Barren Co. 

Elizabeth W. Watts, Barren Co. 

Elijah and Benjamin Davis, Barren Co. 

Jonathan and Susan (Wood) Boiling, Barren Co. 

William J. and Elizabeth Wood, Barren Co. 

John and Elizabeth (Wood) Clack, Barren Co. 

Bennett H. Henderson, Barren Co. 

Clifton and Elizabeth (Jouett) Rodes, Barren Co. 

David and Elizabeth (Crenshaw) Watts, Barren Co. 

Samuel and Susan Murrell, Barren Co. 

James and Martha (Humphreys) Eoster, Barren Co. 

Cornelius and Sarah Gilliam, Barren Co. 

James and Mary (Garland) Woods, Garrard Co. 

Thomas Rothwell, Garrard Co. 

George and Jane (Newcomb) Naylor, Garrard Co. 

Asa and Elizabeth (Naylor) Storms, Garrard Co. 

Pleasant Sandridge, Green Co. 

John and Mary (Wood) Sandridge, Green Co. 

Peter A. and Eucinda Hall, Green Co. 

Garnett and Harriet (Smith) Ingram, Green Co. 

Thomas J. Smith, Green Co. 

Burton W. Carr, Green Co. 

James and Susan Page, Adair Co. 

Robert and Maria Page, Adair Co. 

Samuel and Mary (Smith) Page, Adair Co. 

Sherod and Mary (Page) Griffin, Adair Co. 

Burgess and Jane (Page) Griffin, Adair Co. 

John P. and Elizabeth Smith, Adair Co. 

John and Mary (Smith) Massie, Adair Co. 

John and Rebecca Terrell, Greenup Co. 

Henry Gaines, Greenup Co. 

John and Sarah Garth, Scott Co. 

John Herndon, Scott Co. 

William Kerr, Scott Co. 


Joseph and Mary (Rodes) Burch, Scott Co. 

John and Rachel Sharp, Henry Co. 

Isaac and Susan (Fitz) Sharp, Henry Co. 

John and Frances (Sharp) Kelly, Henry Co. 

James and Catharine (Goodridg-e) Burton, Henry Co. 

William Clarkson, Bourbon Co. 

Kenza and Sarah (Watts) Stone, Bourbon Co. 

James Stone, Bourbon Co. 

Elizabeth and Moses Brockman, Boone Co. 

John Rog-ers, Boone Co. 

Elijah L(Ucas, Boone Co. 

William DoUins, Boone Co. 

Isaac Wood, Hardin Co. 

John Davidson, Hardin Co. 

Reuben and George Turner, Pendleton Co. 

Isaac and Mary (L,ewis) Miller, Jefferson Co. 

Temple and Ann (Marks) Gwathmey, Jefferson Co. 

Richard and Harriet (Beale) Maupin, Jefferson Co. 

Nathaniel G. Carr, Jefferson Co. 

Robert and Mary (Rodes) Douglass, Jefferson Co. 

Moses J. and Matilda Moore, Jefferson Co. 

Henry and George Garrett, Montgomery Co. 

John and Martha (Key) White, Montgomery Co. 

Ulisha D. and I,ucy (Wood) Gilliam, Christian Co. 

Mildred E'lint, Christian Co. 

Tandy Brockman, Christian Co. 

Jesse Grady, Christian Co. 

Samuel Hopkins, Christian Co. 

Dr. Alfred Wood's family. Christian Co; 

William and Martha (Moon) Vires, Mason Co. 

Giles and Janet (Boyd) AUegre, Mason Co. 

John B. Wheeler, Mason Co. 

Charles McGehee, Mason Co. 

John Jouett, Bath Co. 

Abraham and Mildred (Burrus) Jones, Bath Co. 

Thomas Burrus, Allen Co. 

John and Frances (Henderson) Hiues, Allen Co. 

William T. Henderson, Allen Co. 

Nicholas Burgher, Estill Co. 

William and Arthur Tooley, Monroe Co. 

James and Elizabeth (Tooley) Gentry, Monroe Co. 

Thomas and Nancy (Old) Eubank, Monroe Co. 

David and Dorothy (Rodes) Kerr, Warren Co. 

Joseph Burgher, Warren Co. 

William Wood Jr., Warren Co. 

Josiah and Jane Huntsman, Eincoln Co. 


Sarah (Wood) Gooch, Lincoln Co. 

Fontaine Reynolds, l/incoln Co. 

Robert and Agatha (Twyman) Dearing-, Franklin Co. 

Travis and Elizabeth (Carver) Brown, Franklin Co. 

Joseph M. White, Franklin Co. 

Moses and Ann (Dedmau) Clack, Fleming Co. 

Samuel Burch's family, Fleming Co. 

James and IvUcy Fitzpatrick, Casey Co. 

George and Mary Fitzpatrick, Pulaski Co. 

James W. and Mary (Kinsolving) X,eigh, Caldwell Co. 

James and Margaret (Brown) Kinsolving, Caldwell Co. 

Matthew Gooch, Caldwell Co. 

John Thomas, Cumberland Co. 

Jesse and Elizabeth (Hopkins) Haden, Cumberland Co. 

John and Ann (Bailey) Gilliam, L,ogan Co. 

John N. Hopkins, Logan Co. 

Bennett D. Ballard, Todd Co. 

Paschal and Catharine (Wayt) Garth, Todd Co. 

Wilson Munday, Todd Co. 

Thomas Kimbrough, Todd Co. 

Thomas and Lucy (Carver) Broadhead, Todd Co. 

Thomas and Margaret Gay, Washington Co. 

Reuben and Jane Dowell, Wayne Co. 

Rodes Garth, Wayiie Co. 

John and Mary Burks, Grant Co. 

William and Joanna (Shepherd) Woods, Livingston Co. 

David Woods, Livingston Co. 

Henry and Susan (Woods) Williams, Livingston Co. 

Ann M. and Martha C. Lewis, Livingston Co. 

Washington and Lucy (Lewis) Griffin, Livingston Co. 

William Jones, Livingston Co. 

William Carver, Livingston Co. 

William and Nancy Cunningham, Trigg Co. 

William and Mildred (Rodes) Walden, Trigg Co. 

David J. and Martha Lewis, Breckinridge Co. 

Jacob and Ann (Shelton) Powers, Harrison Co. 

Anderson Garland's family, Lewis Co. 

Reuben and Lucy Clarksou, Meade Co. 

David Thomson, Woodford Co. 

Goodloe and Mary (Crenshaw) Carter, Woodford Co. 

David and Ruth (Twyman) Watts, Woodford Co. 

Joshua and Peachy (Walker) Fry, Boyle Co. 

John and Ann (Rodes) Garth 

Thomas Upton 

George and Mary (Smith) Nicholas 

Clifton and Sarah (Waller) Rodes 


Josiah and Hannah Wallace 

Tucker M. and Maria E. (Hudson) Woodson 

James Kerr 

John Rice and Sarah (Henderson) Kerr 

John Smith 

Robert L,. Slaughter 

Robert Brooks 

Nathan and Mildred (Clarkson) Goodman 

Auselm Clarkson 

Nicholas Li. Gooch 

John and Sarah Mc Williams 

John Jameson, Bedford Co. 
Bland Maupin, Bedford Co. 
Richard Moon Jr., Bledsoe Co. 
William and Nancy (Alphin) Fagg-, Blount Co. 
Jane (Alphin) Owen, Blount Co. 

Samuel and Lucinda (Farrar) Wharton, Davidson Co. 
Georg-e and Elizabeth (Farrar) Wharton, Davidson Co. 
Jacob and Sarah (I^ewis) Tilman, Davidson Co. 
Henry Kirby, Davidson Co. 
Samuel and Austin Hamner, Davidson Co. 
Edward Stone, Davidson Co. 
Nathan and Mary Blain, Fayette Co. 
William N. and Mary (Bates) Oliver, Fayette Co. 
James and Lucy (Thomas) L,ewis, Franklin Co. 
James Woods, Franklin Co. 
Dyer and Mary (Lewis) Moore, Franklin Co. 
Lawrence T. Catlett, Franklin Co. 
Tyree Rodes, Giles Co. 
John Shiflett, Hawkins Co. 

James and Frances (Allen) Wood, Hardeman Co. 
David and Lucy (Duke) Wood, Hardeman Co. 
William, George and Fendall Wood, Hardeman Co. 
Robert and Mary (Wood) Durrett, Hardeman Co. 
James D. and Martha, (Wood) Allen, Hardeman Co. 
Fendall and Ann (Royster) Thurman, Hardeman Co. 
Gideon Carr, Dickson Co. 

Meekins and Mary (Hamner) Carr, Dickson Co. 
John B. and Susan (Hamner) Carr, Dickson Co. 
Aaron Gentry, Knox Co. 
Elijah and Sarah Dowell, Knox Co. 
Peter Ogg, Knox Co: 

James S. and Frances (Harris) Blades, Madison Co. 
Isaac B. Hardin, Maury Co. 


John H. and Calvin M. Smith, Maury Co. 

Nathan Harris, Monroe Co. 

Dr. Charles Meriwether, Montg-omery Co. 

Alexander and Mary W. (Thomas) Clayton, Montgomery Co. 

Nicholas L,. and Ellen Thomas, Montg-omery Co. 

Charles L,. and Marg-aret Thomas, Montgomery Co. 

John J. and Lucy (Quarles) Thomas, Montgomery Co. 

Frances (Thomas) Hart, Montgomery Co. 

Nathaniel Anderson, Memphis 

John and Elizabeth (Burrus) Davis, Overton Co. 

Gideon and Elizabeth (Hardin) Morgan, Roane Co. 

I^ewis C. Anthony, Rutherford Co. 

Strother and John Winn Key, Sumner Co. 

Robert McClary, Sumner Co. 

John Davidson, Sumner Co. 

Thomas Jones, Sumner Co. 

Alexander Duff Gordon, Sumner Co. 

Reuben D. and Robert T. Brown, Sumner Co. 

Micajah Clark, Sumner Co. 

Roland and Nancy Horsley, Summer Co. 

"William and Lucy Nimmo, Sumner Co. 

Thomas Meadow, Sumner Co. 

William and Elizabeth Smith, Sumner Co. 

Abraham Martin, Sumner Co. 

Taverner and Mary (Edwards) Head, Sumner Co. 

Nicholas L. and Ann Wood, Tipton Co. 

Thomas G. Watkins, Washington Co. 

Randolph and Elizabeth Turner, White Co. 

Thomas Carr, Wilson Co. 

John R. and Margaret (McKesson) Campbell, Nashville 

George and Elizabeth (Buster) Moore 

Dr. Eachlan McLean 

Andrew Mc Williams 


Samuel E. Hart, Callaway Co. 

Samuel and Robert Dyer, Callaway Co. 

Thomas McCuUoch, Howard Co. 

D. Douglass, Howard Co. 

Thomas Eitzpatrick, Washington Co. 

Joseph T. Monroe, Franklin Co. 

Edward Blair and Harriet (Monroe) Cabell, Chariton Co. 

John A. and James Woods, Marion Co. 

Samuel and Sarah E. (Rodes) Woods, Marion Co. 

Joel R. Maupin, Marion Co. 

Jonathan A. J. Bishop, Marion Co. 

Rice and Elizabeth Wood, Saline Co. 


John and Adeline Piper, Saline Co. 

Robert and Nancy Field, Saline Co. 

John A. and Elizabeth (Durrett) Dunkum, Saline Co. 

Benjamin and T. (Pemberton) Durrett, Saline Co. 

Henry and EJlmira Keister, Saline Co. 

EJli and Nancy Keister, Saline Co. 

Samuel Keister, Saline Co. 

Isaac and Elizabeth (Keister) Stone, Boone Co. 

Georg-e and Mary Glenn, Monroe Co. 

Elizabeth (Meriwether) Lewis, Lincoln Co. 

N. H. and Ann (Meriwether) Lewis, Lincoln Co. 

James and Margaret (Lewis) Clark, Lincoln Co. 

Thomas and Emeline (Weimer) Lewis, Lincoln Co. 

Charles and Mary (Quarles) Lewis, Lincoln Co. 

Elizabeth (Lewis) Wells, Lincoln Co. 

John W. and Alice (Lewis) Davis, Lincoln Co. 

Jonathan B. and Barbara (Carr) Carr, Lincoln Co. 

Achilles and Mary (Carr) Broadhead, Lincoln Co. 

Peter and Lydia L. (Lewis) Carr, Lincoln Co. 

John and Julia (Thurmond) Damron, Lincoln Co. 

Boiling- and Mildred Smith, Lincoln Co. 

Elijah and Martha (Gentry) Dawson, Callaway Co. 

William Adams, Jackson Co. 

Pleasant Adams, Clay Co. ^ 

Dawson Adams, Ray Co. 

Joseph Harper, Daviess Co. 

Nathaniel and Langdon Bacon, St. Louis 

Charles W. and Mary (Harrison) Maupin, St. Louis 

Colin Johnson 

John M. and Frances Perry 

Talbot and Eliza (Kelly) Bragg 

William L. Wood 

Crenshaw and Sarah (Austin) White 

John Duggins 


Jesse Winston Garth 

Pleasant E. Boyd 

Nimrod and Martha (Hamner) Hendricks, Tuscaloosa 

Nathaniel Ragland, Madison Co. 

Joab Watson, Madison Co. 

Jeremiah Gilliam, Limestone Co. 

John Hudson, Limestone Co. 

John N. Rose, Mobile 

Richard McLeod, Mobile 

Hardin P. Lewis 


John and Nancy Dawson 
Nelson Hardin 
William and Burr Garland 

John "W. C. and Catharine (Davis) Watson, Holly Spring's 
William M. Woods's family 
William and Helen (Alexander) Morris 


Joseph Brand, New Orleans 
William White, New Orleans 
Gideon Fitz, St. I^andry 


William H. Brockenbrough 

Charles Downing 

William and Sarah (Strange) Stockton 


Walter T. Dabney 


James and Mary (Woods) Garth 

William and Elizabeth (Davis) Irvin, Lancaster 

Thomas Irvin, Lancaster 

Martin and Mildred Dawson, Gallia Co. 

Andrew J. Humphreys, Logan Co. 

John Wiant, Champaign Co. 

John and Sarah Garrison, Preble Co. 

Joseph and Agnes (Garrison) Waggoner, Preble Co. 

John and Frances (Garrison) Trent, Preble Co. 

Christopher and Jacob Bartley, Pickaway Co. 

Peter West, Pickaway Co. 

Daniel and Elizabeth Pence, Pickaway Co. 

Wiley Beckett, Pickaway Co. 

John Mundell, Pickaway Co. 

James H. and Ann (Burnley) Burnley, Pickaway Co. 

Joel Burnley, Pickaway Co. 

John and Elizabeth (Wertenbaker) Walker, Pickaway Co. 

Isaac W. Durrett, Pickaway Co. 


John and Elizabeth (Woods) Humphrey, Parke Co. 
Jacob and Elizabeth (Sharp) Razor, JefBerson Co. 
John T. and Mary (Jeffries) Bishop, Dearborn Co. 
Benjamin and Rachel Norvell, Franklin Co. 
John DoUins, Harrison Co. 
Susan (Dollins) Poison, Washington Co. 



William B. and Nancy (Kinsolving-) Wood, Washington Co. 
William Iv. and EJUen (Craven) Craven, Morgan Co. 
Dr. William A. Harris 

Nicholas Meriwether 

Matthew Jouett 

Dharles Hudson 

Richard Damron 
William Phelps 

Fohn Tooley 

Vndrew Reid 

Vrthur Osborne 
\.bner Abney 
Fames Nevell 

Charles Lynch 
Samuel Birk 

Fames Ireland 

Robert White 

Robert McNeely 

Vrthur McDaniel 

Fames McCann 

Fohn Cocke 

Fames Daniel 
Davis Stockton 

iVilliam Morrison 




Charles Blaney 

Robert Baber 

Robert Hamner 

Rev. Robert Rose 

Mark Lively 
Edward Maxwell 
David Reese 

Andrew Brown 
Samuel Birk Jr. 

Thomas McDaniel 

1755. ' 


Peter Jefferson 

Henry Martin 

Joseph Thompson 

William Horsley 

Thomas Cobb 

Lazarus Damron 

James Williamson 

Benjamin Franklin 

James Robertson 
John Henderson 

Thomas Goolsby 

Joshua Fry 

James McCord 



Benjamin Brown 
Michael Woods 

James Kinkead 

William Fitzpatrick 
David Mills 

Robert Harris 
Charles Smith 

Michael Dougherty 
William Wallace 

David Watts 

John Harvie 
Rev. James Maury 

Edwin Hickman 

Rev. Samuel Black 

John Hammock 

Andrew Mc Williams 
William Venable 

James Wharey 

Micajah Clark 
Joseph Kinkead 
Thomas Tindal 

John Coffey 
Richard Stockton 

James Mayo 
William Harris 
John Moran 

George Martin 
William Garland 

Joseph Martin 
William Mabe 

L(arkin Smith 

Peter I^yon 
Abraham Childress 

Joseph Thompson 

Arthur Hopkins 
Thomas Sowell 

Timothy Dalton 

John Hudson 

Matthew Jordan 

Rev. John Ramsay 

Archelaus Carver 

Nicholas Meriwether 

Mrs. Mary Fry 

Thomas Goolsby 
Hugh Rice Morris 
Richard Dalton 

Patrick Napier 
Rev. Samuel Leake 

Reuben Terrell 
Giles AUegre 

John Michie 
John Wood 

Alexander McKillecat 
Philip Joyner 

Thomas Sowell 

John McCord 

Samuel Arnold 
Robert L,ewis 

Obadiah Moore 

David Thompson 
Charles Smith 
Terisha Turner 

Joseph Huckstep 
Joel Terrell 

John Rodes 
William Blackwell 

John Watts 
Alexander Cleveland 

Jeremiah White 



Richard Flint 
John Fry 

Thomas Hughes 

Henry Head 
Robert Thompson 

Col. Charles L,ewis 

Christopher Shepherd Tucker Woodson Jr. 
John Woodson Nicholas Gentry 

William lyewis 

James Tooley 

Edmund Massie 

Silas Melton 
William Dalton 

William Watson 
Samuel Woods 

John Moore 
Robert Bain 

John Hunton 

Nicholas Caine 
Thomas Moorman 

Samuel Jam.eson 
Henry Washington 

Claude de L,a Cour 
George Murrell 
Jeremiah Yancey 

John Fortune 
William McCord 

Daniel Ferguson 
John Ballard 

James Garland Jr. 
James Defoe 

Charles L,ewis Jr. 
Thomas Burch 

Samuel Bowcock 
Thomas Smith 
Nathan Woods 

John McCord 
Richard Durrett 

Thomas Johnson 
Oliver Cleveland 
William Hamuer 

Benjamin Colvard 
John Cleveland 

Callum Bailey 
John Henderson 
John Dalton 

William Hamner 
Daniel Maupin 
Thomas Smith 

John Eubank 
James Kerr Jr. 
John Spencer 

Thomas Emerson 
Isham Lewis 
James Reid 

Henry Randolph 

David Lewis 
Samuel Brockman 

Manus Burgher 
Thomas Ballard 
James Michie 

Thomas Stockton 
William Via 

Tucker Woodson 

Andrew Wallace 
George Douglass 

Thomas Salmon 

Thomas Fitzpatrick 
Richard Sharp 

Andrew Leake 
William Harris 

William Gregg 
William Shelton 
Charles Turner 

Martin Hackett 
William Reynolds 



John Henderson 
James Minor 
David Anderson 

Edward Carter 
John Dunn 
John Bailey 

Richard Davenport 
Charles Irving 
Samuel Shelton 

Gideon Carr 
David Rodes 
James Travillian 
Joshua Grady 

Henry Foster 
Valentine Wood Jr. 
Peter Marks 

Samuel Gay 
James Coleman 
John Newcomb 
Philemon Snell 

Obadiah Britt 
Hugh Alexander 
L,eonard Drumheller 

Alexander McKinzie 
Samuel Taliaferro 
Charles Rodes 

Micajah Chiles 
James Jones Jr. 
Thomas Massie 
Peter Davie 

Thomas Bell 
William Moon 
William Clark 
William Thurmond 

Benjamin Huntsman 
John Woods 
Robert Greening 

Thomas Martin 
James Harris 

Nathaniel Garland 
Orlando Jones 
Bennett Henderson 

John Henderson 
Giles Rogers 
Thomas Walker 
Christopher Harris 

John McCuUoch 
John Clarkson 
George Gilmer 

Robert Jouett 
Nathan Barksdale 
Thomas Grayson 

James Minor 
James Harris 
Nathaniel Watkins 

John Pritchett 
John Simms 
Nelson Thomson 

David Epperson 
Robert W. Wheeler 
Thomas Jones 
Patrick Michie 

Maxey Ewell 
James Suddarth 
Bernard Brown 
John Childress 

Martin Key 
Thomas Smith 

John Gilliam 
Joseph Morton 

Stephen Hughes 
Joel Perkins 
Nicholas Hamner 

Gabriel Maupin 
John Shiflett 
Thomas West 
Bradley Berry 

William Dowell 
Giles Tompkins 

William Gooch 
William Barksdale 
John Slaughter 

Charles Patrick 
William Simms 
John Dowell 

John Scott 
Thomas Walker Jr. 
David Buster 

Henry Shelton 
Stephen Southall 
George Martin 
John L,ewis 

Samuel Dedman 
Samuel Burch 
Robert Alcock 
Thomas Smith 



John Hudson 
Richard Woods 
Swanny Ferguson 

William Cole 
William Jordan 

Peter I<ott 
Charles Wing-field 

Thomas Ballard 
John Fitz 

Richard H. Allen 
Lain Jones 
Henry Karr 

John Hudson 
Thomas Carr 

Richard Farrar 
Edward Wingfield 
Jeremiah Cleveland 
Joel Smith 

John Coles 
Samuel Irvin 
Wyatt Mills 

William Brockman 
Moses Gentry 
John Old 
Benjamin Taylor 
Meriwether I^ewis 

Robert Carter 
George Gentry 
John Rodes 

James Burnley 
William Michie 

Joseph Sutherland 
Joel Wheeler 
William Smith 

George Eubank 
George Goodridge 

William Shelton 
Schuyler Harris 

George Blain 
John Eewis 

Isaac Davis 
Bartholomew Kindred 
William Davenport 

John Maupin 
Francis Walker 

William Fretwell 
John White 
David Clarkson 
Hancock Allen 

Harwood Bacon 
Nicholas Lewis 
Edward Moore 

Bland Ballard 
Rev. William Irvin 
Robert Sharp 
Micajah Wheeler 
Henry Austin 

Madison Breedlove 
Taliaferro I/ewis 
Cornelius Scheuk 

William Leake 
John Walker 

Waddy Thomson 
Samuel Scott 
Ephraim Seamonds 

John Jouett 
Michael Thomas 

Henry Burke 
Benjamin Norvell 

Andrew Brown 
James Burnley 

Alexander Gordon 
Owen Lewis 
Joseph H. Irvin 

Holman Snead 
Jacob Morris 

Thomas W. Lewis 
Claudius Buster 
Jacob Spiece 

Peter Keblinger 
Rev. Matthew Maury 
William Wood 

John Carr 
Bezaleel Maxwell 
Richard Moore 
William. Wallace 
John Gilliam 

William Garrison 
Rev. Thos. Lumpkin 
Edmund Anderson 

Jacob Moon 
Martin Railey 



Nathaniel Anderson 
James Garland 
Joseph Cole 
John B. Magruder 
John Martin 

David Burgher 
Jacob Oglesby 
William Jarman 
William Hughes 
William Watson 

Joseph Brand 
Clifton Garland 
John Wingfield 

James Brooks 
Peter Carr 
I/awrence Suddarth 

Jason Bowcock 
Epaphroditus Rodes 
David Wood 

Edward Garland 
Nicholas Page 
James Barrett 

John Alphin 
West Eangford 
Andrew Squair 
David Watts 
Francis Browning 

James Powell Cocke 
Thomas Garth 
Julius Clarkson 
John Old 

Mask Leake 
David Wood 
John Wilkinson 
Kemp Catlett 

Peter Clarkson 
William Maupin 
James Harrison 

Rev. Bernis Brown 
Isaiah Humphrey 
James Turk 

William Elsom 
William G. Garner 

Elijah Garth 
William G. Arms 
Jacob Morris 

Daniel White 
William Moore 
Joseph Sutherland 
Chapman White 
Robert Barclay 

Charles B. Hunton Benjamin Richards 

Samuel Wi Anderson 
Robert Iveitch 
William Goolsby 
Jechonias Yancey 

John Buster 
Hugh Rice Morris 
Wilson C. Nicholas 

Rice Garland 
Richard Moon 
Eewis Johnson 
James Reynolds 

Isaac Hardin 
William Wood 
William Hopkins 

Micajah Carr 
John P. Watson 
Harmer Gilmer 
Richard P. Watson 

Robert Morrison 
James Hays 
Robert Moorman 
William S. Dabney 

William D. Fitch 
Charles Z,. Thomas 
Martin Key 

Samuel Black 
Jeremiah Hamner 
Jonathan Browning 

John Michie 
George Carter 

Samuel Hamner 
Richard Anderson 

David Humphrey 
Charles Massie 
George Twyman 
Cleviers Duke 
William McCord 
Sabrit Hoy 

Milburn Hogg 
Charles Wingfield Jr. 
Reuben Herndon 
Charles Burrus 

Robert McCullock 
Daniel Tilman 
John Timberlake 



Richard Durrett Rev. Martin Dawson 

Toseph Gilmore James Mayo 

IJhristopher Wingfield James Eubank 
Tames Old Rev. Jacob Watts 

James Durrett 
Whitaker Carter 
Jesse Davenport 

John C. Rag'land 
Andrew I^eitch Sr. 
Charles Doug'lass 

Joseph Field 
Dabney Minor 
Alexander Blain 

Christopher Hudson 
Robert Wing-field 
Alexander Fretwell 

Joseph Brand 
Francis Modena 
Chapman White 
Joel Harris 

Charles Goodman 
L/ittlebury Moon 
Richard Price 

Robert Draffen 
George Eubank 
Andrew Monroe 

Bezaleel Brown 
Thomas Goolsby 
Jesse Wood Jr. 
Rev. John Barksdale 
Philip Watts 

Erancis Birckhead 
Charles Massie 
William C. Wren 

Rev. Benj. Burgher 
Richard Woods Jr. 
[Christopher Gentry 

lohn H. Carr 

Rev. Samuel Wydown 

John Rodes 

Tohn Eubank 

Mrs. Mary W. L,ewis 

lesse Wood 

Douglass Bowcock 
Bezaleel G. Brown 
John A. Michie 

Francis Gilmer 
Thomas Jefferson 
Michael Thomas 
Benjamin Thurmau 

John Boiling 
Benjamin L(acy 
Rev. Hugh White 
Thomas Martin 

John Irvin 
Claiborne Rothwell 
Thomas M. Randolph 

James Powell Cocke 
William Grayson 
David Young 
Manoah Clarkson 
Richard Bruce 

John Kelly 
George Divers 
Benajah Gentry 

John Eubank 
David Maupin 
Benjamin Martin 
Benjamin Norvell 

John Grayson 
Peter Garland 
Elijah Sowell 

William Fretwell 
William Smith 
Daniel Black 

Robert Field 
William Tompkins 
Francis Browning 

William Ramsay 
Joseph Bishop 
Henry Wood 

Berry M. Hardin 
Samuel Shelton 
Matthew Watson 
Pleasant Dawson 

Horsley Goodman 
John Neilson 
John Hudson 

Abraham Eades 
James Fowles 
Jeremiah Yancey 

Robert Davis 
James Kinsolving 
James Clarkson 
John Fagg 
Joseph Goodman 

James Dinsmore 
Nicholas Merritt 
Eindsay Martin 



Reuben Lindsay 
Thomas W. Wood 
Richmond Walton 

Andrew Hart 
William Hopkins 
John Harris 
William Suddarth 
John B. Benson 

Stephen Moore 
John Early 

Jonathan Barksdale 
Joseph Wingfield 
Robert Rea 

John S. Farrar 
Georg-e Eubank 
Goodman Barksdale 
William Morris 
Edward Perneyhough 

Rice W. Wood 
Christian Wertenbaker 

Benjamin Harris Marshall Durrett 

Thomas Garth Charles L/. Bankhead 

Rev. Thornton Rogers Joel Shiflett 

Martin Dawson 
Peter Minor 
William Leake 
Andrew Zigler 

Hugh Nelson 
Parmenas Rogers 
Isaac Simms 

Craven Peyton 
Micajah Woods 
John Eretwell 
John N. C. Stockton 
David Isaacs 

John Rogers 
Thomas W. Gooch 
James Jones 
Sabrit King 

John Rodes 
Opie Norris 
James H. Grinstead 

John Gilmer 
Horsley Goodman 
Pleasant Moon 

Jesse Garth 
George Gilmer 
Norborne Powers 

Jesse Jopling 
William Woods B. 
Micajah Wheeler 
Horace Bramham 
Mace Pickett 

Garland Carr 
Francis B. Dyer 
Ivouis Leschot 

Robert W. Wood 
Joshua Wheeler 


Samuel and Celia Dyer Abijah S. Old 
Mrs. Elizabeth Clark James Tooley 

John Jordan 
Stephen Woodson 
William Tooley 

Richard Wallace 
Hugh Rice Morris 
John Patrick 
Charles C. Lacy 
Ison Walton 

J. Watson, High Top 
John Dettor 

Matthew Rodes 
Hudson Fretwell 
Peter U. Ware 

James P. Henderson 
Henry Price 
William Piper 

Peachy R. Gilmer 
Bphraim Seamouds 
William Via 

Reuben Lindsay 
John Winn 
John Yergain 
Charles Hudson 
Ezekiel Wilhoi 

Rev. John Goss 
Roger Thompson 
J. Addison Carr 

Jeremiah White 
Anderson Shiflett 

John H. Goodloe 
Zachariah Wood 



Charles Bonnycastle 
John Watson, Milton 
Samuel Leitch 
Howell Lewis 
Samuel Powell 

Ira B. Brown 
Gilly M. Lewis 
Samuel Barksdale 
Charles Smith 

Garrett White 
Charles H. Meriwether 
James H. Lewis 
Abraham Eades 

Reuben Lewis 
Thomas W. Gilmer 
Carter H. Harrison 

W. D. Meriwether 
Henry T. Harris 
John H. Craven 

John L. Thomas 
Joseph Coleman 
William Dunkum 
Elisha Thurman 

James Jarman 
John Thomas 
George M. Woods 
Joseph Twyman 

John Coles 
Charles Everett 
Henry St. Geo. Tucker 

Jesse Lewis 

Samuel W. Tompkins 

Benjamin Mosby 

Henry White 
William Woods, S. 
James Michie 
Benjamin G. Peyton 

John Rogers Jr. 
David Anderson 
John Minor 
David Michie 

Jonathan W. Beers 
John Pollock 
Reuben Wingfield 

John P. Emmett 
Francis Meriwether 
Joseph Antrim 

Dabney C. Gooch 
Achilles Douglass 
Oliver Cleveland 

Nimrod Bramham 
Michael Wallace 
John Brown 

Brightberry Brown 
Rezin Wheat 
John H. Holman 
John T. Early 

Daniel F. Carr 
John E. Roberts 
James Michie Jr. 
Robert Thrift 

Charles Harper 
William D. Eitch 
Albert C. Terrell 

Richard Duke 
Joseph Grayson 

Edmund Davis 
George Blaetterman 
Mann Page 
Meekins Carr 

Drury Wood 
Isaac A. Coles 
Michael Catterton 
Thomas Grady 

Thomas W. Maury 
E. W. Reinhart 
Joseph Watson 

James Oldham 
Adam Keblinger 
Lewis S. Poates 

Thomas Draffen 
James Duke 
Benjamin So well 

Stephen C. Price 
Nathan C. Goodman 

Frances McGee 
Blake Harris 
Samuel Black 

Cleviers Duke 
Wiley Dickerson 
John Lee 
Samuel Brockman 

Hardin Massie 
James W. Drumheller 

Thomas W. Fry 
John M. Wingfield 

Andrew McKee 
Samuel S. Gay 
Edmund Broadus 
James Jeffries 



Willis Garth 
Thomas Macon 
Richard Pollard 
Daniel Scott 

Georg-e Sinclair 
John Bowcock 

Edward H. Moon 
Thomas H. Grayson 
James H. Shelton 

Bernard Peyton 
Francis Carr 
Walter Coles 
John Eubank 

John B. Garrett 
John Pilson 
Andrew Iveitch 

Clement P. McKennie 
James H. Terrell 
G. W. Kinsolving 

Andrew Stevenson 
Samuel W. Martin 
Richmond Terrell 
Daniel Perrow 
Claudius Mayo 

Robert L. Jefferson 
David Hancock 
William F. Gordon 

Thomas L,. Shelton 
James W. Saunders 
John B. Gilmer 
John J. Wing'field 

Nathaniel Burnley 
Alexander Garrett 
William Garth 

Bernard Carr 
Peter N. Meriwether 
Anderson Brown 
John Rogers, Lan. 

Valentine Head 
Jonathan Barksdale 

David Higg-inbotham 
Edward Wertenbaker 

John Morris 
William W. Wallace 
N. Thompson Jr. 
A. Hamilton Michie 

John Dunkum 
James T. Early 
Meredith Martin 

Allen Hawkins 
William M. Woods 
Rev. Albert HoUaday 

John T. Hamner 
Benjamin E. Johnson 
John B. Hart 
Charles Massie 
John Terrell 

Lewis McGee 
William Woods, B. C. 
Hug-h Minor 

William T. McCarty 
Rev. John.S. Abell 
Isaiah Stout 
Samuel Carr 

Tucker Coles 
John W. Gantt 

Joel Terrell 
Philip Edge 
Edwin H. Gooch 
George W. Craven 

Zach. Shackelford 

Hawkey Ferguson 
Paul Tilman Jr. 

Reese Jurey 
Earkin Hudson 
George W. Turpin 

Nathaniel D. Goolsby 
Alphonso Garner 
Thomas Daniel 

John H. Maddox 
Matthew P. Walton 
George O'Toole 

James A. Watson 
Burwell Garth 
Jeremiah A. Goodman 
William McCoy 

Boswell P. Yates 
Gabriel Maupin 
Thomas C. Keller 

Charles A. Smith 
Henry Morris 
Caleb Abell 

Joseph Miller 
Hudson Strange 



M. L. Walker 
Nelson Barksdale 
Chapman W. Maupin 
Valentine W. Southall 
Peter F.' Jefferson 

Charles Minor 
A. Hamilton Rogers 
Jcflin Timberlake 
William M. Wade 
Thomas F. Ivewis 
Francis K. Nelson 

St. George Tucker 
James B. Rogers 
James D. Watts 

Rev. W. Timberlake 
Octavius G. Michie 
Benjamin Ficklin 

Beverly Staples 
William A. Bibb 
Charles A. Scott 

Joseph Sutherland Sr. 

rohn White 

William G. Barksdale 

Robert Rives 
Tranklin Minor 
fames R. Watson 
Charles Carter 
Javid Jeffries 
Tohn A. Wilson 

Abraham Wiant 
Tucker Coles Jr. 
Twyman Wayt 
Joseph Sutherland 
W. B. Phillips 

David Carr 
Dabney Carr 
Chapman C. Maupin 
Ivuther M. George 
James S. L,eitch 
Thomas Staples 

Thomas W. Meriwether 
George H. Geiger 
Ralph Thomas 

Ivewis Teel 
Rev. Charles Wingfield 

Alfred C. Wood 
Frederick Gilliam 
George Martin 

Iceland Blackwell 
William H. Foster 

Zachariah I^ewis 
Buckner Townley 
Chiles M. Brand 
John B. Douglass 

Thomas Woodson 
Roberts Coles 
M. Li. Anderson 
Richard D. Simma 
William B. Harris 
James H. Minor 

Ira Harris Ammonett 
Garland A. Garth 

Robert N. Trice 
Archelaus Robertson 

Peter White 
George W. Spooner 
James C. Carter 

Ralph Barksdale 
Jphn C. Hughes 

H. Carter Moore 
Edward J. Timberlake 
John S. Martin 
William H. Brown 
Charles W. Maupin 
Daniel P. Lewis 

fames Woods 
ohn R. Jones 
Villiam C. Rives 
ViUiam Crump 

ohn D. Moon Sr. 

Fdmund I. Thompson 
Clifton G. Sutherland 
John Jones 
Bland Rea 

Reuben Maury 

Prior Woodson 
George A. Farrow 
David R. Goodman 
John D. Carr 
Peter F. Jefferson 
Paul Tilman 

William M. Peyton 
Peter Harman 
Robert B. Nelson 
Willis White 

Elijah May 

Villiam P. Farish George L,. Williams 



James Hart 
Ira Garrett 
Samuel O. Moon 

Nathaniel Massie 
John H. Coleman 
Socrates Maupin 
Shepherd Moore 

Benjamin Wood 
M. L. Anderson 

W. Edgar Garth 
William H. McGuffey 
Georg-e W. Hamner 

Henry Howard 
Thomas H. Brown 
George Rives 
Nathaniel Thompson 

Richard Wingfield 
Thomas J. Randolph 
Joseph W. Campbell 

Teakle W. Savage 
J. H. Timberlake Jr. 
Rev. James Fife 

William D. Hart 
Charles D. Everett 
George W. Harris 

Joshua Jackson 
Marcus Durrett 
Bazaleel Brown 

Charles Brown 
Rice G. Barksdale 
John S. Cocke 

Henry Shepherd 
J. Erank Ery 
N. H. Massie 
James M. Bowen 

William Cowherd 
Benjamin Snead 
Eli Ames 

Peter A. Woods 
Richard Moon, B. 
Rev. James M. Goss 

Benjamin E. Randolph Benjamin E. Eicklin 
Magill O. Douglass John Vowles 

Roland H. Bates James C. L,upton 

Thomas J. Randolph Jr. 
Reuben Wood 

Edward Eerneyhough 
Thomas Durrett 
Ira Maupin 

Thomas Garland 
Miletus B. Jarman 
William T. Early 
Peter Craven 

John C. R. Taylor 
J. P. Halbach 
Stapletou C. Shelton 

Charles Goodyear 
Wilson C. Nicholas 
John Li. White 

William T. Brown 
William L,. Cochran 
Robert W. Eewis 

J. W. Poindexter 
Henry Massie 
Jacob Van Doren 

Hamilton Potts 
Daniel G. Smith 
David Strange 

D. J. Hartsook 
W. W. Staton , 
Randolph Harris 

Winston O. Purvis 
David E. Hancock 

Tucker Woodson 
George Norris 
Eewis Sowell 

Robert R. Prentis 
Robert Rodes 
William Summerson 
E. M. Paoli 

David Kyle 
William Cox 
Andrew Black 

Eondon Bruce 
Cosby M. Robertson 

John White 
David Hansbrough 
John O. Harris 

Alfred Carpenter 
Thomas Black 
John A. Brown 

Thornton W. Bowen 
George B. Young 

Robert C. Rivea 
Moses Maxwell 
Atwell Edge 



Richard G. Crank 
William F. Gooch 
Reuben Lindsay 

S. A. Hart 
Daniel E. Watson 
William Wertenbaker 

B. M. Pinkerton 
Edward Coles 
William D. Boaz 
John Cochran 
J. Summerfield Moon 

Shelton E. L,eake 
■George W. Macon 
William A. Rogers 

Parrott H. Elliott 
Benj. H. Mag-ruder 
John R. Woods 
John Staige Davis 

Slaughter W. Eicklin 
Thomas C. Bowen 

C. W. Purcell 
William W. Minor 
Egbert R. Watson 
Geo. Chris. Gilmer 

Peter McGee 
John H. Bibb 
Thomas E. Wingfield 

John Wood Jr. 
James I/. Cabell 

Rev. Thomas D. Bell 
John P. Michic 
James G. Alexander 

Robert B. Boiling 
John H. Timberlake 
Tilman T. Maupin 

John O. Massey 
John A. Rogers 
Caleb Abell 

Orlando B. Barksdale 
John W. Goss 
W. W. Dinwiddie 
Philip Edge 

John T. Antrim 
George M. Mclntire 
Orville Allen 

Stephen O. Southall 
Jerome B. Wood 
Stokes Tunstall 
Joseph E. Wingfield 

Bernard Peyton 
Littleton Waddell 

Fleming Broadhead 
Peyton S. Coles 
Isaac D. Early 
William H. Harris 

John S. White 
Bluford R. Eddins 

James H. Shepherd 
Alexander K. Yancey 

Miles S. Foster 
George C. Omohundro 

Joel N. Wheeler 
Pleasant Sowell 
John O. Wingfield 

Joseph W. Lipop 
Wilton Head 
Ezra M. Wolfe 

James M. Smith 
John A. Carter 
Alphonse L,auve 
Thomas W. Wood 

Fontaine Brockman 
William A. Keblinger 
Henry Gantt 

Charles Hancock 
John J. Winn 
John A. Snead 
Alexander Rives 

John H. Nicholas 

Horace George 
J. Finks Wayland 
John Thornley 
Richard H. Yancey 

George W. Stark 
Andrew J. Brown 

John S. Coles 
W. O. Fry 

James Fitz 
A. P. Boyd 


Agricultural Society, 101. 
Albemarle Academy, 91. 

Declaration of Independence, 

Emigrants, 386. 

Necrolog-y, 395. 

Rangers, 363. 

Representatives, 384. 
Alcock, "William, 198, 242. 
Aldermen, 89. 
Alexander, Hugh, 246. 
Anbury, Travels of, 33. 
Area of County, 14. 
Army allowances, 54. 
Attorneys for Commonwealth, 80. 

List of, 380. 
Bache, Dr. William, 62. 
Ballou, Solomon, 106. 
Bankhead, Charles Iy., 302, 305. 
Banks, 106. 
Baptist Churches, 132. 
Barboursville Road, 65. 
Barracks Prison, 31. 

Road, 65. 

Supplies for, 54. 
Barterbrook, 61. 
Batesville, 6, 22. 
Bear Creek, 23. 
Beaverdam, 18, 21. 
Belle Grove, 98, 222. 
Bible Society, 102. 
Birdwood, 4, 174, 244. 
Black's Call, Rev. Sam, 362. 
Blaetterman, Prof., 288.^ 
Blair, Justice John, 62. 
Bland, Col., 36. 
Blue Ridge, 14, 19. 

And Rivanna Turnpike, 70. 
Boiling. John, 201. 
Boundaries of County, 14. 
Breckinridge, John, 230. 
Brimmer Road, 68. 
British ravages, 25. 
Broad Mossing Ford, 65. 
Brown's Gap Road, 66. 

Turnpike, 69. 
Buck's Elbow, 15, 19. 
Buck Island, 17, 21. 

Mountain Road, 64. 
Burnt Mills, 65, 161, 181. 

Cabell V. Wilkinson, 57. 
Camp near Rockfish Gap, 30. 
Camping Branch, 21, 24. 
Capital Punishment, 75. 
Carr's Old I'ord, 65, 73. 
Carter's Bridge, 71. 

Road, 68. 
Cartersburg, 22. 
Castle Hill, 2, 271, 335. 
Central College., 91. 
Charlottesville, 26, 105. 

Hospital, 118. 
Chestnut Mountains, 2, 19. 
Chiles, Micajah, 276, 324. 
Chiswell, John, 7, 214. 
Church Erection, 136. 
Circuit Court, 79. 
Clark, Gen. G. R., SO. 
Clear Mount, 11, 163. 
Collins' Team, 73. 
Colonization Society, 102. 
Committee of Nine, 120. 
Commissioners at Rockfish Gap, 91 
County Court System, 78. 
County Officers, 8, 375. 
Court House Building, 80. 

First, 9. 
Court Proceedings, 9, 54, 74, 110. 
Cow Branch, 21. 
Crockett, Maj. Joseph, 284, 356. 
Currency, deranged, 53, 118. 
Davidson's patent, John, 7. 
David Wood's old place, 65. 
Davis, Prof. J. A. G., 114. 
Dawson's Meeting House, 134. 

Row, 94. 
Dean, Adam, 247. 
Debating Society, 103. 
Districts, 25. 
District Court, 79. 

No. 1, 118. 
Divers, George, 25, 48, 335. 
Divisions of County, 24. 
Doyle, John, 53. 
Drafts of servants, 117. 
D. S., 4, 11, 63, 158, 320. 
Early, W. T., 117. 
Edge, Atwell, 171. 
Edge's Creek, 21. 
Edgemont, 3, 61, 77. 



Education, 85. 

Elk Run, 23. 

Emigration, SS. 

Episcopal Churches, 124. 

Epperson's Mountain, 20. 

Eppes Creek, 3, 18, 168. 

Escheats, 47. 

Estes, Capt. T. T., 96. 

Families, alphabetically arranged, 

Farm, The, S, 70, 4S, 2S2. 
Farmington, 5, 47, 54. 
Fish, 23. 

Flood of 1771, 71. 
Forge Church, 56, 125. 
Fortune, 188. 

Forty-Sixth Virginia, 117. 
Franklin, Benjamin, 62. 
Franklins, 82. 
Fredericksburg Road, 65. 
Predericksville Parish, 124. 
Free Bridge, 72. 

Schools, 89. 
Frenchmen, 360. 
Gallatin, Albert, 9. 
Gambell's Grant, Matt., 7. 
Gambling, 110. 
Game, 22. 

Garland, James, Jr., 44. 
Garlick, Samuel, 7. 
Gazetteer of Virginia, 101. 
Giles, Nathaniel, 56. 
Gilmer, Dr. John, 76. 

Papers, 353. 
Glebes, 125, 127. 
Glendower, 10, 185, 238. 
Glover, John A., 114. 
Goochland County, 1. 
Grier, Andrew, 247. 
Grills, Eleanor, 52. 
Gymnasium, 88. 
Haggard's Road, 68. 
Hammock's Gap, 15, 58, 330. 
Hanover, Presbytery of, 131. 
Hardin's Tavern, 60, 217. 
Harrisonburg Turnpike, 71. 
Hatch, Rev. F. W., 127. 
Harvie, Col. John, 35, 225. 
Hebrews, 359. 
Henderson's Branch, 21. 

Warehouse, 58. 
Hening, W. W., 228. 
Henry, John, 5, 322. 

Patrick, 46. 
Hickman, Edwin, 4, 9, 255. 
Hodge, Dr. Charles, 62. 
Holt, Joseph, 233. 

Hopkins, Dr. James, 7S. 

Hudson's Creek, 18. 

Hunton, Charles B., 299. 

Inglis, Thomas, 51. 

Indians, 23. 

Indian Grave, 5, 23, 286. 

Irish Road, 68. 

Iron manufacture, 56. 

Island Ford, 73. 

Italians, 360. 

Ivy Creek, 21. 

Depot, 22. 
Jailors, 380. 
Jameson's Gap, 20. 

Mountain, 20. 
Jarman's Gap, 20. 
Jefferson on Barracks, 31. 
Jerdone, Francis, 47, 201. 
Jones, George, 261. 
Jones' Plantation, 33, 238. 
Johnson, Benjamin, 286. 

Michael, 256, 346. 
Jouett, John, 45, 240. 
Joyner, Philip, 206. 
Judges, 79. 

Keppel, Earl of Albemarle, 8. 
Key, Nelson, 188. 
Key's Meeting House, 135. 

Mill Creek, 20. 
King, Martin, 12, 68. 
Kinney, Jacob, 287. 
Kosciusko's Will, 361. 
I<afayette's Visit, 104. 
Legislature in Charlottesv ille, 

45, 46. 
Leigh, William, 54, 276. 
Eeitch, James, 82, 139, 253. 
Lewis's Creek, 3. 

Ferry, 72. 

Meeting House, 132. 

Mountain, 5, IS. 
Library, Public, 103. 
Lick Run, 23. 
Limestone, 17, 18, 257. 
Little D. S., 67. 

Eppes Creek, 18. 

Egypt, 209. 

Mountain, 19. 

River, 20, 85. 
Lumpkin, Rev. Thomas, 131. 
Lynch's Ford or Ferry, 10, 258. 
Lynchburg Road, 68, 70. 
Magistrates, 77, 375. 
Map of Virginia, 97. 
Marches to Williamsburg, 364. 
Market House, 106. 
Marks, John, 56, 263. 



Marriage licenses, SS. 
Marshall C. J. John, 63. 
Martin, Capt. John, 45, 264. 
Meade's Election, Bishop, 129. 
Mechum's Depot, 22. 
Meriwether's Bridge, 73. 
Merritt, Nicholas, 317. 
Methodist Churches, 134. 
Military of County, 372. 
Miller's Branch, 21. 
Milton, 3, 57. 
Mine, Betsy Martin, 57. 
Mouticello, 45, 141, 250. 

Bank Specie, 108. 
Moore's Creek Bridge, 72. 

Ford, 20, 72. 
Morgantown, 60. 
Mosby, Col. John S., 115. 
Mountain Falls Creek, 21. 
Mount Fd Church, 87, 134. 
Names, 19. 

Negroes, teaching. 111. 
New Haven, 61. 
Newspapers, 99. 
New York, 59. 
Nicholas' Warehouse, 58. 
Nineteenth Virginia, 117. 
Nixville, 22. 

Norris, Opie, 70, 106, 243. 
North Milton, 59. 
Nutter, George, 115. 
Offices, Court Square, 82. 
Old's Forge, 57, 68, 291. 
Oliver's Store, 22. 
Ordinaries, 10, 39. 
Organization, County, 8. 
Pantops, 4, 88, 139. 
Partition of County, 26. 
Patents, Early, 2. 
Personal Collisions, 110. 
Petersburg, 22. 
Phillips, Gen., 35. 
Pigeon Top, 15, 20. 
Pillory, 9, 82. 

Piney Mountain, 5, 15, 20. 
Pinch-'em-slyly, 61. 
Plank Road, 69. 
Pleasant Grove, 59. 
Plum Orchard Branch, 21. 
Plum Tree Branch, 21. 
Poindexter, George, 77. 
Poindexter's Mountain, 20. 
Population, 11. 
Presbyterian Churches, 129. 
Prison Spring, 28. 
Punishments, 12. 
Railroads, 115. 

Rea's Ford Road, 67. 
Reconstruction, 119. 
Records, 13, 25. 
Red Bank Falls, 3. 
Revolution, 29. 
Richard Woods Road, 67. 
Riedesel, Madame, 37. 
Rio Bridge, 73. 
Rivanna Navigation Co. , 84. 
River Road, 64. 
Roads, 10, 63. 
Rock Spring, 71. 
Rockfish Gap, 20, 64, 91. 
Rodes's Road, 66. 
Round Top Mountain, 22. 
Salmon, John H., 122. 
Scales Creek, 21. 
School Commissioners, 86. 
Scottsville, 97. 
Secretary's Road, 68. 
Settlement of Virginia, 1. 
Shelby, Letitia, 49. 
Sheriffs, 379. 
Short, William, 24, 217. 
Signs of War, 116. 
Simpson's Tanyard, 67. 
Slaughter, John, 329. 
Smith, Ambrose Joshua, 7. 
Soapstone Works, 18. 
Soldiers of Revolution, 367. 
South River, 20. 
South West Mountain, 14, 19. 
Spencer, John, 189. 
Sprouse, Hudson, 112. 
St. Anne's Parish, 124. 
Staunton and James River Turn- 
pike, 69. 
Still House Mountain, 66. 
Stockton's Creek, 17, 319. 
Stony Point, 22. 
Swan Tavern, 46, 240. 
Tarleton's Raid, 44. 
Taylor's patent, William, 6, 324. 
Teachers, 85. 

Temperance Society, 94, 103. 
Three Notched Road, 63. 
Todd,'Rev. John, 233. 
Tom's Mountain, 17, 171, 328. 
Tooley's Creek, 332. 
Topography, 14. 
Tories, 47. 
Towns, 57. 
Townships, 25. 
Travellers' Grove, 59. 
Tufton, 5, 260, 310. 
Turkey Run, 22. 
Turk's Gap, 20. 



Underwood Convention, 119. 
University of Virg'inia, 92. 
Wade's Spring, 66. 
Walker, Dr. Thomas, 51, 334. 
War of 1812, 96. 
Ware, Peter, 113. 
Warren, 58. 
Washing-ton, Gen., 70. 

Henry, 299. 
Wayland, Jeremiah, 301. 
Webb's Mountain, 7, 20. 
Webster, John Ivee, 56. 
West's Saw Mill Run, 68. 

Wheeler Road, 68. 
Whitehall, 22. 
Wilkinson, John, 56, 344. 
Wirt, William, 207. 
Wolf Pit, 22. 
Wolf Trap Branch, 22. 
Wolves, 13. 
Woodridge, 68. 
Woods' Gap, 11, 20, 63. 
Woods', Meeting at James, 30. 
Yellow Mountain, 20. 
Yergain, John, 358. 




^' ■" w-W